click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Society of United Irishmen

The Society of United Irishmen, founded as a Radical or liberal political organisation in 18th-century Belfast, Ireland sought Parliamentary reform. It evolved into a revolutionary republican organisation, inspired by the American Revolution and allied with Revolutionary France, it launched the Irish Rebellion of 1798 with the objective of ending British monarchical rule over Ireland and founding a sovereign, independent Irish republic. During the 1780s, a few liberal members of the ruling Protestant Ascendancy, organised as the Irish Patriot Party led by Henry Grattan, campaigned for the following: reform of the Irish Parliament, a lessening of British interference in Ireland's affairs, expanding the rights and voting franchise for Catholics and Presbyterians. Supporting them was the Irish Volunteers movement, which had widespread Protestant support. Whilst they had limited success such as the establishment of Grattan's Parliament and the repeal of some of the discriminatory Penal Laws, they fell short of many of their aims.

When the parliamentary reform movement collapsed in 1784, it left radicals without a political cause. By the mid-1780s, radicalism in Ireland was taking a new, bolder form, typified by the letters penned by William Drennan, which were published in the Belfast Newsletter and in pamphlets. In them he hit out at leaders of the Volunteers such as Grattan and Charlemont for their conservatism and restraint, at the political establishment for preventing the reform of the Irish Parliament. Most notably was his appeal for all Anglicans and Roman Catholics to unite as one indifferent association, however he accepted that this would only appeal to the minority within each denomination. Inspiring and increasing the radicalisation of Irish reformists was the French Revolution which had started in 1789, had so far remained bloodless, with the French king forced to concede effective power to a National Assembly. In 1778 the Whig party was founded in Ireland and soon it became an alliance of radicals, reform-minded parliamentarians, dissident representatives of the governing class.

By 1791 this alliance however was fracturing, several rival Whig clubs were set up by people such as Napper Tandy in Dublin and Belfast. Another grouping was a "shadowy" organisation of eleven people headed by Samuel Neilson, that sought to move the revived Volunteer movement in as far a radical direction as possible; the enthusiasm for the French Revolution saw great Irish interest in Thomas Paine's Rights of Man, released in May 1791, which defended it and saw around 20,000 cheap copies printed for digest in Ireland. A couple of months the Belfast Volunteer company gathered to celebrate the second anniversary of the fall of the Bastille, it was intended that a new radical society was to be announced during the celebrations which William Drennan, to give a declaration, asked to add in resolutions. Drennan refused, due to the short notice of the request, suggested that Theobald Wolfe Tone be asked. Tone's reformist radicalism had advanced beyond that of the Whigs, he proposed three resolutions for the new society, which he named the Society of United Irishmen.

The first resolution was for the denouncing of the continuing interference of the British establishment in Irish affairs. The second was for the full reform of its representation; the last resolution called for a union of religious faiths in Ireland to "abolish the differences that had long divided Irishmen" and sought to give Catholics political rights. This last proposal however was dropped by the Belfast Volunteers to ensure unanimity for the proposals amongst the people; this seemed to delay the launch of the new society and by August 1791, Tone in response to the rebuff of his third resolution, published the popular and robust An Argument on Behalf of the Catholics of Ireland, which argued why they should be included in attempts at reform. That October, Tone was invited to a debate on the creation of a new society by a group of people including Neilson. Here he found that his resolutions were now found a few months to be "too tame". A new set of resolutions were drafted and agreed to on 14 October, which the Belfast branch of the Society of United Irishmen adopted on 18 October, the Dublin branch on 9 November.

The main problem they identified for Ireland was the issue of national sovereignty: All attendees at the first meeting of the Belfast branch were Protestant. Two were the rest Presbyterian. Along with Tone and Russell, the men involved were: William Sinclair, Henry Joy McCracken, Samuel Neilson, Henry Haslett, Gilbert McIlveen, William Simms, Robert Simms, Thomas McCabe, William Tennant, Thomas Pearce. After forming, the Society named chandler Samuel McTier as its first President; as 1793 drew to a close there were references to other lesser branches of the United Irishmen in a number of places such as: Armagh, Clonmel and Lisburn, yet Belfast and Dublin retained their primacy. The popularity of the society continued to grow throughout Ulster amongst the Presbyterians. In 1795 the United Irishmen linked up with a Catholic agrarian secret society; the movement developed a strategy of spreading its ideals by means of pamphlets, newspapers, ballads, "catechisms" and travelling emissaries. Whilst the Belfast Newsletter was a liberal newspaper, the society sought the publication of a more radical one in Belfast, resulting in the Northern Star.

It was successful, both commercially and politically, had a wide readership until its suppression in 1797. The spread of the Society was watched with growing alarm by the authorities

Vindhyavasini

Vindhyavasinior YogaMāya is name of a benevolent aspect of Devi Amba or Durga. Her temple is located at Vindhyachal, 8 km away from Mirzapur on the banks of river Ganges, in Uttar Pradesh. Another shrine is located in Bandla, Himachal Pradesh called Bandla Mata Temple; the goddess gets her name from Vindhya Range and the name Vindhyavasini means, she who resides in Vindhya. As it is believed that the Shaktipeeths were created on earth, where the body parts of Sati fell, but Vindhayachal is the place and a Shaktipeeth, where the Devi had chosen to reside after her birth. At the time of the birth of Krishna as 8th Child of Devaki-Vasudeva, Maha-Yogini Mahamaya has taken birth at same time at Nanda-Yashoda and as per the instruction from God Vishnu, Vasudev had replaced Krishna with this girl child of Yashoda; when Kansa tried to kill this girl child she escaped from the hand of Kansa and turned into Devi form and informed him that Oh!! You fool!! The one who will kill you is born and safe and vanished from the prison of Mathura.

The child, Yoga-māyā-devī, the younger sister of Lord Viṣṇu, slipped upward from Kaṁsa’s hands and appeared in the sky as Devī, the goddess Durgā, with eight arms equipped with weapons O Kaṁsa, you fool, what will be the use of killing me? The Supreme Personality of Godhead, your enemy from the beginning and who will kill you, has taken His birth somewhere else. Therefore, do not unnecessarily kill other children Thereafter, she choose Vindhyachal mountains to reside, where her temple is located at present; the temple is one of the most revered Shakti Peethas of India. The Vindhyavasini Devi is known popularly by name of Kajala devi. Goddess Kali is adorned in the form of Vindhyavasini Devi; the huge number of crowds visit the temple during Navaratri in Hindu months of Chaitra and Ashwin. In month of Jyeshtha, the Kajali competition, a folk genre are held here. There is a temple of Mahasaraswati named Ashtbhuja Temple, 3 km away on a hillock and a temple of goddess Kali in cave called Kali khoh temple.

The pilgrims prefer to visit these three temples, a part of rite called Trilokan Parikrama. There is a temple dedicated to goddess in Pokhara, Nepal. Shaktipeeth Yashoda 5.↑ Mahatmya of Maa Vindhyavasini

Nicolaos Matussis

Nicolaos Matussis, Nicolae Matussi was a Greek Aromanian lawyer and leader of the Vlach "Roman Legion", a collaborationist, separatist Aromanian paramilitary unit active during World War II in Central Greece. Nicolaos Matussis was born in the village of Samarina into an Aromanian family. After graduating from the Gymnasium in Trikala, he studied law at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, he went on to work as a lawyer in Larissa. He was a devoted Aromanian nationalist and became an early member of the Communist Party of Greece becoming a member of its central committee before being expelled from it in 1926, he returned to Larissa where he was active in Ioannis Sofianopoulos's Agrarian Party. With the beginning of the Axis occupation of Greece, Matussis reestablished his links with Alcibiades Diamandi whom he had first met in 1920. Together they founded the Aromanian separatist state of the Principality of the Pindus, spanning from Thessaly to Epirus and Macedonia, encompassing all Vlach populated areas within Greece.

Matussis, Demosthenes Tsoutras and Konstantinos Tahas confounded the Italian-sponsored Vlach "Roman Legion" which became the state's official military force. In 1942, after Diamandi left Greece to go to Romania, Matussi became leader of the so-called Roman Legion; when the Legion collapsed since their Italian supporters left and were replaced by the Germans and the Greek resistance grew more active, he went to Athens, where his attempt to court the German occupational authorities failed and he was denied a cabinet seat in the government of the Hellenic State. Having abandoned his ambitions of a Vlach state, he founded a pro-German collaborationist organization Organization of Pioneers of New Europe. In late 1943 or early 1944, he followed Diamandi's footsteps. Following King Michael's Coup, the Romanian Communist Party seized power in the country, sentencing Matussis to 20 years in prison on a Danube island. In 1964, following his requests and the request of the Greek government, he was released to the hands of Greek authorities, who put him to prison and took him to court, accused of treason.

In this court and with the support of defense witnesses he was declared innocent of war crimes. In 1976 his civil rights were restored by a Greek court, he subsequently lived in Athens and from 1966 in Larissa where he died in 1991. In 1920, he married Sofia Balodimou. Together they had a daughter Xeni, painter

Don Shelby

Donald Gilbert Shelby is a retired American journalist, most a news anchor on WCCO-TV in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is regarded as an experienced investigative journalist, as his work has earned two Peabody awards and an Emmy Award. Shelby joined WCCO-TV in 1978 as a news reporter. After continued work as a reporter, Shelby began assuming anchor responsibilities in greater capacity assuming the primary anchor chair from Dave Moore. Shelby was the chief architect behind WCCO's "I-Team" segment, which spotlighted current issues, both local and on a larger world scale, with rigorous investigative journalism. After suffering a mild stroke in early 2004, Shelby returned to news reading duties by the end of that year. Shelby retired from television after his final WCCO-TV newscast on November 22, 2010. In February 2006, Shelby began hosting a series of video essay segments entitled "In The Know", during the station's 10:00 newscast; these segments sometimes touched on political and other topics with the same pointed journalistic style of Shelby's earlier "I-Team" efforts.

In recent years, Shelby undertook a dual responsibility of hosting an afternoon radio show on WCCO which ended at 6:00 after which he anchored the TV newscast. In June 2009, Monday Night Football sideline reporter Michele Tafoya took over the radio show, which Shelby still contributes to as a guest. Shelby's final radio show took place on December 11, 2009. Shelby has played an active role in the maintenance of the Mississippi River. Through his WCCO-TV segment entitled "Project Energy", Shelby has investigated energy conservation, renewable energy, alternative fuels. Shelby has given his time as an on-air representative for a number of pledge drives on behalf of the local PBS station TPT, as well as narrated the third installment of "Lost Twin Cities", a TPT produced documentary, he has appeared in America Unearthed Known to many in the Minnesota community as a "jack-of-all-trades," Shelby has many hobbies, among other things, beekeeping. Shelby has been an enthusiastic fan of women's basketball.

His first book, The Season Never Ends: Wins and the Wisdom of the Game, was published on August 30, 2011. It features a foreword by former University of Minnesota men's basketball head coach Tubby Smith and endorsements from NBA analyst Ahmad Rashād and author Will Weaver, his eldest daughter, Ashley Shelby, is the author of Red River Rising: The Anatomy of a Flood and the Survival of an American City and South Pole Station: A Novel. Another daughter, Lacy Shelby, is the former Director of Green Infrastructure for the City of New York's Department of Transportation, she is Principal Urban Designer for the City of Minneapolis. His youngest daughter, Delta Larkey, is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and co-owner of St. Paul-based Family Development Center. Shelby, in his time on television, popularized the Pratt necktie knot, to the extent that it is sometimes referred to as the "Shelby Knot" or "Pratt-Shelby." The knot was created by Jerry Pratt, an employee of the US Chamber of Commerce, who taught it to Shelby in 1986.

The knot was considered at the time to be "the first new knot for men in over 50 years" by the New York Times. It is speculated that the knot had been in use for a time, but the knot had not been documented until Don Shelby made it famous by the help of Jerry Pratt and the Minneapolis clothier Kingford Bavender. Kingford Bavender is considered to have coined the term the "Shelby" knot. In honor of the history of the Shelby Knot and Don Shelby, a bespoke clothier company by the name of King Brothers Clothiers partnered with Mr. Shelby and launched the Shelby Knot Collection of ties in the spring of 2013. Together, Don Shelby and King Brothers Clothiers, selected the designs of the ties that reflected Don's tastes. University of Minnesota Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment Annual Research Symposium Don Shelby's MySpace fan page'Best Of' Don Shelby Memories

Stachys hispida

Stachys hispida known as hispid hedgenettle, is a species of flowering plant in the mint family. It is native to eastern North America, where it is found in the United States, its natural habitat is in moist areas, such as alluvial banks, bottomland forests, wet meadows. Stachys hispida is a perennial that produces white flowers in mid-summer, it appears to be close to Stachys tenuifolia, which it was considered a variety of. S. hispida is distinguished by its more pubescent leaves and calyx, unbranching stem. The taxonomy of Stachys in the eastern United States remains poorly understood, is subject to ongoing investigations. Four new species of Stachys have been described out of the Southeast in the 2010s alone

Alex Aldi

Alex Aldi is a New York City-based record producer and mixing engineer who has worked with bands such as Passion Pit, Magic Man, Holy Ghost!. Magic Man - Before the Waves - Producer, Mixing Tiny Victories - Haunts - Producer, Mixing Gentlemen Hall - All Our Love - Mixing, Addl. Production Passion Pit - Constant Conversations EP - Mixing, Addl. Production Magic Man - You Are Here - Producer, Mixing Wildcat! Wildcat! - EP - Mixing Down With Webster - One In A Million - Mixing Futurbrite - Part I EP - Mixing Hands - Synesthesia - Mixing Passion Pit - Gossamer - Mixing, Addl. Production Passion Pit - Twilight: Breaking Dawn Pt.2 - Producer, Mixing The Hundred in the Hands - Come With Me - Mixing Holy Ghost! - Holy Ghost! - Mixing, Engineer Outasight - Figure 8 EP - Mixing We Barbarians - Headspace EP - Mixing The Chain Gang of 1974 - The Wayward Fire - Mixing Holy Ghost! - Static On The Wire - Mixing, Engineer Suckers - Wild Smile - Mixing, Engineer The Hundred in the Hands - The Hundred in the Hands - Mixing, Engineer Shy Child - Liquid Love - Mixing, Engineer Theophilus London - "Humdrum Town 12" - Mixing Chapel Club - "Surfacing" - Mixing Passion Pit - "Manners" - Mixing, Engineer Pepper Rabbit - "Shakes EP" - Mixing Les Savy Fav - "Score!

20 Years Of Merge Records" - Mixing Harlem Shakes - "Technicolor Health" - Mixing, Engineer The Rakes - "Klang!" / Universal Records - Mixing The Hundred in the Hands - "Dressed In Dresden" - Mixing, Engineer Asobi Seksu - "Hush" - Engineer The Walkmen - "You & Me" - Engineer Tokyo Police Club - "Elephant Shell" - Engineer Bridges and Powerlines - "Ghost Types" - Mixing Frances - "All The While" - Mixing, Engineer Les Savy Fav - "Let's Stay Friends" - Engineer Gregor Samsa - "Rest" - Engineer White Rabbits - "Fort Nightly" - Mixing White Rabbits - "Cotillion Blues" - Mixing The Boggs - "Forts" - Mixing Engineer Ghastly City Sleep - "Ghastly City Sleep" - Producer, Engineer Shy Child - "Noise Won't Stop" - Engineer Aa - "GAame" - Asst. Engineer Dragon's Of Zynth - "Xerathyn" - Asst. Engineer My Best Fiend - "Acid Happy" - Asst. Engineer Asobi Seksu - "Stay Awake" - Asst. Engineer Harlem Shakes - "Burning Birthdays" - Asst. Engineer Asobi Seksu - "Citrus" - Asst. Engineer Human Television - "Look Who You're Talking To" - Asst.

Engineer Trick & The Heartstrings - "We're The Hardest" - Asst. Engineer