Solo Man

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Solo Man
Temporal range: Pleistocene
Ngandong 7-Homo erectus.jpg
Cast of Ngandong 13 from the National Museum of Natural History
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Hominidae
Subfamily: Homininae
Tribe: Hominini
Genus: Homo
Species: H. erectus
Subspecies: H. e. soloensis
Trinomial name
Homo erectus soloensis
Oppenoorth, 1932

Solo Man (Homo erectus soloensis) is a subspecies of Homo erectus., identified based on fossil evidence discovered between 1931 and 1933 by Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald,[1] from sites along the Solo River, on the Indonesian island of Java, dated to between 550,000 and 143,000 years old.[2] The remains are also commonly referred to as Ngandong (now at Kradenan district, Blora Regency), after the village near where they were first recovered.

It is a late variant of H. erectus, dated to after 550,000 years ago, overlapping with Homo heidelbergensis and possibly with early Homo sapiens. Though its morphology was, for the most part, typical of Homo erectus, its cranial capacity of 1,013–1,251 cm³ places it amongst the larger-brained representatives of its species (compared to 900 cm³ for the older Java Man),[3] and its culture was also unusually advanced.[4][5]

Due to the tools found with the fossils and many of their more gracile anatomical features, Solo Man was first classified as a subspecies of Homo sapiens (dubbed Homo sapiens soloensis) and long thought to be the ancestor of modern Australo-Melanesians. More rigorous studies in the 1990s have concluded that this is not the case.[6] Analysis of 18 crania from Sangiran, Trinil, Sambungmacan, and Ngandong show chronological development from the Bapang-AG to Ngandong periods.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Schwartz, Jeffrey H.; Tattersall, Ian (2005). The Human Fossil Record, Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Africa and Asia). John Wiley & Sons. p. 450. ISBN 9780471326441. 
  2. ^ Finding showing human ancestor older than previously thought offers new insights into evolution, 5 July 2011.
  3. ^ a b Kaifu, Y; Aziz, F; Indriati, E; Jacob, T; Kurniawan, I; Baba, H (Oct 2008). "Cranial morphology of Javanese Homo erectus: new evidence for continuous evolution, specialization, and terminal extinction". Journal of Human Evolution. 55 (4): 551–80. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.05.002. ISSN 0047-2484. PMID 18635247. 
  4. ^ Ngandong Archived 2007-02-08 at the Wayback Machine. (Emuseum@Minnesota State University, Mankato)
  5. ^ Peter Brown: Recent human evolution in East Asia and Australasia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Biological Sciences, Vol. 337, 235-242, 1992
  6. ^ Peter Brown: Recent human evolution in East Asia and Australasia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Biological Sciences, Vol. 337, 235-242, 1992

External links[edit]