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Some Like It Hot

Some Like It Hot is a 1959 American black-and-white romantic comedy film directed and produced by Billy Wilder, starring Marilyn Monroe, Tony Curtis, Jack Lemmon. The supporting cast includes George Raft, Pat O'Brien, Joe E. Brown, Joan Shawlee, Nehemiah Persoff; the screenplay by Billy Wilder and I. A. L. Diamond is based on a screenplay by Robert Thoeren and Michael Logan from the French film Fanfare of Love; the film is about two musicians who dress in drag in order to escape from mafia gangsters whom they witnessed committing a crime. Some Like It Hot opened to critical and commercial success and is considered to be one of the greatest films of all time; the film received six Academy Award nominations, including Best Actor, Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay. It was voted as the top comedy film by the American Film Institute on their list on AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs poll in 2000, was selected as the best comedy of all time in a poll of 253 film critics from 52 countries conducted by the BBC in 2017.

In 2005, the British Film Institute included this film on its list of "Top fifty films for children up to the age of 14". The film was produced without approval from the Motion Picture Production Code because it plays with the idea of homosexuality and features cross-dressing; the code had been weakening in its scope since the early 1950s, due to greater social tolerance for taboo topics in film, but it was still enforced until the mid-1960s. The overwhelming success of Some Like It Hot is considered one of the final nails in the coffin for the Hays Code. In February 1929 in Prohibition-era Chicago, Joe is a jazz saxophone player and an idealistic gambler and ladies' man, they work in a speakeasy owned by gangster "Spats" Colombo. Tipped off by informant "Toothpick" Charlie, the police, led by treasury agent Mulligan, raid the joint. Joe and Jerry flee, only to accidentally witness Spats and his henchmen exacting revenge on "Toothpick" and his own gang. Poor and eager to get out of town and Jerry disguise themselves as women named Josephine and Daphne so they can join Sweet Sue and her Society Syncopators, an all-female band headed to Miami.

They board a train with its male manager, Bienstock. Joe and Jerry notice the band's vocalist and ukulele player. Joe and Jerry become obsessed with Sugar and compete for her affection while maintaining their disguises. Sugar confides to Joe that she has sworn off male saxophone players, who have stolen her heart in the past and left her with "the fuzzy end of the lollipop", she has set her sights on finding a bespectacled millionaire in Florida. During the forbidden drinking and partying on the train and Daphne become close friends with Sugar, must struggle to remember that they are supposed to be girls and cannot make passes at her. Once in Miami, Joe woos Sugar by assuming a second disguise as millionaire Junior, the heir to Shell Oil, while feigning indifference to her. An actual millionaire, the much-married aging mama's-boy Osgood Fielding III, tries to pick up Daphne, who rejects him. Osgood invites Daphne for a champagne supper on New Caledonia. Joe convinces Daphne to keep Osgood occupied onshore so that Junior can take Sugar to Osgood's yacht, passing it off as his own.

Once on the yacht, Junior explains to Sugar that psychological trauma has left him impotent and frigid, but that he would marry anyone who could change that. Sugar tries to arouse sexual response in Junior, begins to succeed. Meanwhile and Osgood dance the tango till dawn; when Joe and Jerry get back to the hotel, Jerry announces that Osgood has proposed marriage to Daphne and that he, as Daphne, has accepted, anticipating an instant divorce and huge cash settlement when his ruse is revealed. Joe convinces Jerry that he cannot marry Osgood; the hotel hosts a conference for "Friends of Italian Opera", in fact a major meeting of the national crime syndicate, presided over by "Little Bonaparte". Spats and his gang from Chicago recognize Joe and Jerry as the witnesses to the Valentine's Day murders. Joe and Jerry, fearing for their lives, realize they must leave the hotel. Joe breaks Sugar's heart by telling her that he, must marry a woman of his father's choosing and move to Venezuela. Joe and Jerry evade Spats' men by hiding under a table at the syndicate banquet.

"Little Bonaparte" has his men killed at the banquet. Joe, dressed as Josephine, sees Sugar onstage singing, he kisses her before he leaves, Sugar realizes that Joe is both Josephine and Junior. Jerry persuades Osgood to take "Daphne" and "Josephine" away on his yacht. Sugar runs from the stage at the end of her performance and jumps aboard Osgood's launch just as it is leaving the dock with Joe and Osgood. Joe tells Sugar that he is not good enough for her, that she would be getting the "fuzzy end of the lollipop" yet again, but Sugar wants him anyway. Meanwhile, Jerry lists reasons why "Daphne" and Osgood cannot marry, ranging from a smoking habit to infertility. Osgood dismisses them all. Exasperated, Jerry removes his wig and shouts, "I'm a man!" Osgood, unfazed responds: "Well, nobody's perfect", to Jerry's confusion. Marilyn Monroe as Sugar "Kane" Kowalczyk, a ukulele player and singer Tony Curtis as Joe/"Josephine"/"Shell Oil Junior", a saxophone player Jack Lemmon as Jerry /"Daphne", a double bass player George Raft


Anjum is a village in the Dutch province of Friesland. It is located in the municipality Noardeast-Fryslân and had, as of January 2017, a population of 1136; the name of the village is said to mean "home of the Anos or Aningas". Another explanation is that it comes from the word "Hanjum", it is thought. The terp of Anjum was set up on a then-existing marsh ridge and, in the course of time got bigger and bigger; the village suffered floods. The All Saints' Flood claimed hundreds of victims, the Christmas flood of 1717 drowned 53. From 1913 to 1935 Anjum was the terminus of the North Friesland Railway; the line reopened in May 1940 and closed in July 1942. The station building still stands. Before 2019, the village was part of the Dongeradeel municipality. Media related to Anjum at Wikimedia Commons

Preimage attack

In cryptography, a preimage attack on cryptographic hash functions tries to find a message that has a specific hash value. A cryptographic hash function should resist attacks on its preimage. In the context of attack, there are two types of preimage resistance: preimage resistance: for all pre-specified outputs, it is computationally infeasible to find any input that hashes to that output, i.e. given y, it is difficult to find an x such that h = y. second-preimage resistance: it is computationally infeasible to find any second input which has the same output as that of a specified input, i.e. given x, it is difficult to find a second preimage x′ ≠ x such that h = h. These can be compared with a collision resistance, in which it is computationally infeasible to find any two distinct inputs x, x′ that hash to the same output, i.e. such that h = h. Collision resistance does not guarantee preimage resistance. Conversely, a second-preimage attack implies a collision attack. By definition, an ideal hash function is such that the fastest way to compute a first or second preimage is through a brute-force attack.

For an n-bit hash, this attack has a time complexity 2n, considered too high for a typical output size of n = 128 bits. If such complexity is the best that can be achieved by an adversary the hash function is considered preimage-resistant. However, there is a general result that quantum computers perform a structured preimage attack in √2n = 2n/2, which implies second preimage and thus a collision attack. Faster preimage attacks can be found by cryptanalysing certain hash functions, are specific to that function; some significant preimage attacks have been discovered, but they are not yet practical. If a practical preimage attack is discovered, it would drastically affect many Internet protocols. In this case, "practical" means that it could be executed by an attacker with a reasonable amount of resources. For example, a preimaging attack that costs trillions of dollars and takes decades to preimage one desired hash value or one message is not practical. All known practical or almost-practical attacks on MD5 and SHA-1 are collision attacks.

In general, a collision attack is easier to mount than a preimage attack, as it is not restricted by any set value. The time complexity of the collision attack, in contrast, is 2n/2. To improve resistance to collision attacks, double hashing is a good solution in case someone discovers a preimage attack on the first hash; the Bitcoin system uses double hashed SHA256, a common way to slow down hashing searches in the 2000s. Birthday attack Cryptographic hash function Rainbow table Random oracle IETF RFC 4270: Attacks on Cryptographic Hashes in Internet Protocols

Nguyễn Hợp Đoàn

Nguyễn Hợp Đoàn was to be the last Mayor of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam and Governor of Gia Dinh Province, before the fall of Saigon that led to the reunification of Vietnam under the Communist party in 1975. Born in Hải Dương Province in 1928 to Nguyễn Thúc Vinh, a former Governor of Bắc Kạn Province in North Vietnam; the senior Nguyễn nearly captured Ho Chi Minh early in Ho's career. For his efforts, Ho's comrades killed Nguyễn's mother. Fiercely anticommunist, the family fled South at the partitioning of the country following the Geneva Accords of 1954. Nguyen attended the 4th class of the elite Vietnamese National Military Academy in Dalat, the U. S. Army Command and General Staff College in 1964 and the U. S. Army War College, he was the youngest Major in the South Vietnamese Army at age 24. He served as Commanding Officer of 705th Battalion, Commanding Officer of 42nd Brigade, Commanding Officer of 14th Division, Deputy Director National School of Psychological Warfare, Deputy Chief of Staff for 4th Corp Psychological Warfare and Chief of Staff of 9th Division.

He served as High Command’s Chief of Staff of Vietnam's Airborne Rangers in 1961 and High Command’s Chief of Staff of Vietnam's Special Forces in 1965 and participated in the successful Phoenix Program. The program was designed to "neutralize" -- capture. Nguyen was Province Chief of Kon Tum Province from 1965–70, where the communist Tet Offensive of 1968 was soundly defeated, he excelled as a Military Officer and as a Public Servant, in his dual role as the Governor of the Military District of Tuyen Duc, as Mayor of the provincial capital city of Dalat from 1970–75. During his tenure, Dalat was a safe haven, he built on its charm and beauty, kept it a favorite honeymoon destination. Dalat was a center of learning, with many boarding schools, military academies and seminaries. South Vietnam's sole nuclear reactor and associated scientists and personnel were based in Da Lat. In 1975, in the hope that he would bring tranquility to the capital city, President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu appointed Nguyễn its next mayor.

He was made plans to assume the mayorship. Nguyen received numerous Medals and Citations including National Order of Vietnam, 4th Class, ARVN Joint Forces Order, Service Medal, Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal, 12 Gallantry Cross Medals, Korea Medal of Honor and the United States Silver Star and Bronze Star with "V" Device Medals. Vietnam Multimedia Archive Picturesque Dalat Several high quality photos Texas Tech University Vietnam Project - Large Vietnam Era Archive Vietnam War in Pictures Battlefield: Vietnam - Acclaimed PBS miniseries U. S. Army Command and General Staff College U. S. Army War College

Piano Solo (Thelonious Monk album)

Piano Solo is a 1954 album by jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, recorded in Paris, France on June 4, 1954 for a radio broadcast. The original album was released on the French Disques Vogue label as a 10" mini-LP. Several of the song titles were listed inaccurately on the original release, Monk's first name included an extra'o'; the material has been re-released over the years, under a number of titles, on GNP Crescendo and several other labels. Some releases include "Hackensack" as an additional track, sometimes listed inaccurately as "Well You Needn't." A 2017 re-release by Sony contains all tracks in recording order. Plus unreleased tracks from June 1st and 3rd, 1954, Salle Pleyel, Paris, its recording in June 1954 places it chronologically between the recording dates for Monk's 3rd and 4th Mini-LPs for Prestige Records. All compositions by Thelonious Monk except where indicated.'Round About Midnight Evidence Smoke Gets in Your Eyes Well You Needn't Reflections We See Eronel Off Minor Introduction by André Francis 0:52 Evidence 3:05 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes 3:27 Hackensack 3:04'Round Midnight 5:18 Eronel 2:34 Off Minor 2:34 Well, You Needn't 3:28 Portrait of an Ermite 5:00 Manganese 2:36 Announcement 1:31 Well, You Needn't 6:02'Round Midnight 5:18 Off Minor 5:10 Hackensack / Epistrophy 3:32'Round Midnight 2:56 Bass – Jean-Marie Ingrand DrumsJean-Louis Viale Drums – Gérard "Dave" Pochonet

Stenocarpus umbelliferus

Stenocarpus umbelliferus is a species of flowering plant in the family Proteaceae. It is endemic to New Caledonia, it has a upright habit, growing up to 5 metres in height. Stems are flattened when young becoming rounded; the leaves are thick and leathery with a wavy margin. These may be ovate, lanceolate or spathulate in shape with petioles that are 3 to 12 mm long. White, cream or pale yellow flowers occur in groups of 3 to 8 per umbel; these are followed by dark-coloured glabrous follicles that are 3 to 5 mm wide. The species was collected by botanist Johann Reinhold Forster and his son Georg Forster during James Cook's second voyage and formally described by them in 1775. Two varieties are recognised: Stenocarpus umbelliferus var. billardieri Guillaumin Stenocarpus umbelliferus Druce var. umbelliferusThe species is common at altitudes between 20 and 1300 metres on the mainland as well as the Isle of Pines