Southampton is a city in Hampshire, South East England, 70 miles south-west of London and 15 miles north-west of Portsmouth. A major port, close to the New Forest, it lies at the northernmost point of Southampton Water, at the confluence of the River Test and Itchen, with the River Hamble joining to the south; the unitary authority had a population of 253,651 at the 2011 census. A resident of Southampton is called a Sotonian. Significant employers in the city include Southampton City Council, the University of Southampton, Solent University, Southampton Airport, Ordnance Survey, BBC South, the NHS, Associated British Ports and Carnival UK. Southampton is noted for its association with the RMS Titanic, the Spitfire, as one of the departure points for D-Day, more as the home port of some of the largest cruise ships in the world. Southampton has a large shopping centre and retail park, Westquay. Archaeological finds suggest. Following the Roman invasion of Britain in AD 43 and the conquering of the local Britons in AD 70 the fortress settlement of Clausentum was established.
It was an important trading port and defensive outpost of Winchester, at the site of modern Bitterne Manor. Clausentum is thought to have contained a bath house. Clausentum was not abandoned until around 410; the Anglo-Saxons formed a new, settlement across the Itchen centred on what is now the St Mary's area of the city. The settlement was known as Hamwic, which evolved into Hamtun and Hampton. Archaeological excavations of this site have uncovered one of the best collections of Saxon artefacts in Europe, it is from this town. Viking raids from 840 onwards contributed to the decline of Hamwic in the 9th century, by the 10th century a fortified settlement, which became medieval Southampton, had been established. Following the Norman Conquest in 1066, Southampton became the major port of transit between the capital of England and Normandy. Southampton Castle was built in the 12th century and surviving remains of 12th-century merchants' houses such as King John's House and Canute's Palace are evidence of the wealth that existed in the town at this time.
By the 13th century Southampton had become a leading port involved in the import of French wine in exchange for English cloth and wool. The Franciscan friary in Southampton was founded circa 1233; the friars constructed a water supply system in 1290, which carried water from Conduit Head some 1.1 miles to the site of the friary inside the town walls. Further remains can be observed at Conduit House on Commercial Road; the friars granted use of the water to the town in 1310. Between 1327 and 1330, the King and Council received a petition from the people of Southampton; the community of Southampton claimed that Robert Batail of Winchelsea and other men of the Cinque Ports came to Southampton under the pretence that they were a part of Thomas of Lancaster's rebellion against Edward II. The community thought; the petition states that, the supposed rebels in the Despenser War'came to Southampton harbour, burnt their ships, their goods and merchandise, in them, carried off other goods and merchandise of theirs found there, took some of the ships with them, to a loss to them of £8000 and more.'
For their petition to the King somewhere after 1321 and before 1327 earned some of the people of Southampton a prison sentence at Portchester Castle for insinuating the king's advisor Hugh le Despenser the Younger acted in conspiracy with the Cinque Port men to damage Southampton, a flourishing port in the fourteenth century. When King Edward III came to the throne, this petition was given to the king and his mother, Queen Isabella, in charge of the town, the country at this stage organised the writ of trespass that took any guilt away from the community at Southampton; the town was sacked in 1338 by French and Monegasque ships. On visiting Southampton in 1339, Edward III ordered that walls be built to "close the town"; the extensive rebuilding — part of the walls dates from 1175 — culminated in the completion of the western walls in 1380. Half of the walls, 13 of the original towers, six gates survive. In 1348, the Black Death reached England via merchant vessels calling at Southampton. Prior to King Henry's departure for the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, the ringleaders of the "Southampton Plot"—Richard, Earl of Cambridge, Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham, Sir Thomas Grey of Heton—were accused of high treason and tried at what is now the Red Lion public house in the High Street.
They were summarily executed outside the Bargate. The city walls include God's House Tower, built in 1417, the first purpose-built artillery fortification in England. Over the years it has been used as home to the city's gunner, the Town Gaol and as storage for the Southampton Harbour Board; until September 2011, it housed the Museum of Archaeology. The walls were completed in the 15th century, but development of several new fortifications along Southampton Water and the Solent by Henry VIII meant that Southampton was no longer dependent upon its fortifications. During the Middle Ages, shipbuilding had become an important industry for the town. Henry V's famous warship HMS Grace Dieu was built in Southampton and launched in 1418; the friars passed on ownership of the water supply system itself to the town in 1420. On the other hand, many of
S5P4418 is a system-on-a-chip based on the 32-bit ARMv7-A architecture for tablets and cell-phones. S5P4418 uses the ARM Cortex-A9 in a quad core configuration, the latter provides a 50% overall performance boost over the earlier Cortex-A8 core; the SoC memory controller supports a maximum memory bandwidth of 6.4GB/s for heavy traffic operations such as 1080p video encoding and decoding, 3D graphics display and high resolution image signal processing with a Full HD display. The application processor supports dynamic virtual address mapping, which helps software engineers to utilize the memory resources with ease; the S5P4418 features the Mali-400MP graphics processing unit which supports OpenGL ES 1.1 and 2.0. The native dual display, in particular, supports Full HD resolution of a main LCD display and 1080p 60 frame HDTV display throughout HDMI, simultaneously. 28 nm HKMG process. Quad-core ARM Cortex-A9 at 1.4 GHz ARM Mali-400MP GPU Full-HD Multi Format Video Codec Supports MLC/SLC NAND Flash with Hardwired ECC algorithm Dual Display up to 2048x1280, TFT-LCD, LVDS, HDMI 1.4a, MIPI-DSI output Supports various memory types: x32 LPDDR3 up to 667 MHz, Low Voltage DDR3, DDR3 up to 800 MHz 3 channel ITUR.
BT 656 Parallel Video Interface and MIPI-CSI Security functions and Secure JTAG ARTIK530 — ARTIK530 is Samsung IoT module optimized for IoT gateway or devices with modest video and processing requirements. MINI4418 — MINI4418 module is the Computer-on-Module that Boardcon designed for embedded solutions. EM4418 — A single board computer features Samsung S5P4418 processor with 1GB RAM and 4GB eMMC Flash
Irish immigration in Saint Kitts and Nevis began in the 1620s with the English settlement of the island, continued into the 18th century. The first English colony was established in 1623, followed by a French colony in 1625; the English and French united for the Kalinago Genocide of 1626, partitioned the island, with the English colonists in the middle and the French on either end. A Spanish force sent to clear the islands of non-Spanish settlement led to the Battle of St. Kitts; the English settlement was rebuilt following the 1630 peace between Spain. The Irish emigrated to the islands with the English, both as merchants and Irish indentured servants. One of the earliest known Irish settlers, merchant Gregory French of Galway, was there in 1630 when tried for "certain speeches... tending to the dishonour" of King Charles I. In an incident at Kinsale in 1634, Irish emigrants were "ready to go... to the West Indies.. could have carried 150 passengers thence, for which passage there is paid £6 per head... and the freight of goods from Ireland to St Christopher, or other parts of the West Indies, is £3 to £4 per ton."According to Matteo Binasco, The English Caribbean received a growing influx of white settlers, whose number, before 1660, was estimated to be around 190,000.
This emigration pattern was dictated by the absence of a large native population that could be used as a labour force, the islands needed indentured servants. A considerable number of these indentured servants were Irish, who, in the 1630s, began to be recruited to work in the English West Indies... and decided to improve their economic and social conditions. Citing as typical the case of Captain Thomas Anthony, forced in 1636 by his Irish passengers to change his course from Virginia to St. Christopher the West Indies, Akenson writes: "Irish labourers were well informed about comparatives wage rates and knew they would be better paid in the West Indies than in Virginia. So Captain Anthony was forced to make St. Christopher his destination. In March 1638, Archbishop of Tuam Malachy Ó Caollaidhe sent two priests, Ferdinand Fareissy and David O’Neill, to accompany "six hundred Irish of both sexes came to those parts, thanks to a safe and functional communication line established." It was believed that the mission would be a success because of "the scarce presence of Protestant ministers."
Irish emigration was disrupted during the Irish Confederate Wars. In its aftermath, around 10,000 Irish and an unknown number of English and Scots were transported as convicts and prisoners of war to colonies in British North America, including Saint Kitts and Nevis. While Irish immigration continued, the rise of the Atlantic slave trade in Africans brought indenture wages down and forced many to leave the islands for mainland North America; some former indentures became slave-owners. According to Nini Rogers: "The irony of the Irish as ‘colonised and coloniser’ is intellectually disturbing to readers in a generation. Needy Catholic gentry, landless swordsmen from the provinces of Connacht and Munster, might look west to recoup their losses; the earliest surviving Irish emigrant letter from the New World comes from the Blake brothers on Barbados and Montserrat, conventionally carrying messages home to Galway of the good living to be made in a new land." Irish immigration to Barbados Irish people in Jamaica Irish slaves myth Redlegs "A "riotous and Unruly Lot": Irish Indentured Servants and Freemen in the English West Indies, 1644-1713, in The William and Mary Quarterly 47, no.
4, Hilary Beckles, 1990. If the Irish Ran the World: Montserrat, 1630-1730, Donald Harman Akenson, 1997 Subjects Without an Empire: The Irish in the Early Modern Caribbean and Present, Kristen Block, 2011. Everyday Life in the Early English Caribbean: Irish and the Construction of Difference, Jenny Shaw, University of Georgia Press, 2013. "If the Irish Ran the World - McGill-Queen's University Press". Mqup.ca. Retrieved 30 August 2017. "Matteo Binasco'The Activity of Irish Priests in the West Indies: 1638-1669'". Irlandeses.org. Retrieved 30 August 2017