The Southwest Conference was an NCAA Division I college athletic conference in the United States that existed from 1914 to 1996. Composed of schools from Texas, at various times the conference included schools from Oklahoma and Arkansas as well, but not from the actual Southwestern United States. For most of its history, the core members of the conference were Texas-based schools plus one in Arkansas: Rice University, Southern Methodist University, Texas A&M University, Texas Christian University, Baylor University, the University of Arkansas, the University of Texas. After a long period of stability, the conference's overall athletic prowess began to decline throughout the 1980s, due in part to numerous member schools violating NCAA recruiting rules, culminating in the suspension of the entire SMU football program for the 1987 and 1988 seasons. Arkansas, after years of feeling like an outsider in the conference, left after the 1990–91 school year to join the Southeastern Conference, although they did compete in the SWC in football for the 1991 season.
Five years the conference precipitously broke up as Baylor, Texas A&M, Texas Tech combined with the members of the former Big Eight Conference to form a new league, the Big 12 Conference, while Rice, SMU, TCU, Houston found homes in less prominent conferences. L. Theo Bellmont, the University of Texas athletic director sent out questionnaires to schools in Texas and neighboring states to gauge their interest in organizing an athletic conference. By March 1, 1914 a number of schools had responded favorably to the idea; the first organizational meeting of the conference was set for April 30, 1914. It was chaired by Bellmont, who wanted Louisiana State University and the University of Mississippi to join the conference as well, but they declined to do so; the Southwest Intercollegiate Athletic Conference became an official body on December 8, 1914, at a formal meeting at the Rice Hotel in Houston. Its early years saw fluctuation in membership. Rice University left the conference in 1916, only to re-join in 1918.
Phillips University was a conference member for one year. Oklahoma left in 1919 to join the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association, was followed by Oklahoma A&M in 1925. However, the series between Texas and Oklahoma would continue as a non-conference matchup in the annual Red River Rivalry game held in Dallas. From 1925 until 1991, the University of Arkansas would be the only conference member not located within the state of Texas. By 1925, the conference's name was shortened to Southwest Conference. After its organizational years, the conference settled into scheduled meetings among its members, began to gain stature nationwide; the SWC would be guided by seven commissioners, the first of whom, P. W. St. Clair, was appointed in 1938. In 1940, the conference took control of the five-year-old Cotton Bowl Classic, which further established the prestige of both the bowl and the conference. Texas Technological College joined the SWC in 1958, followed by the University of Houston for the 1976 season.
The conference celebrated its glory football years in the 1960s, dominated by two teams and Arkansas. Texas won the 1963 national championship, Arkansas won a national championship in 1964 in the Football Writers Association of America and Helms Athletic Foundation polls. In 1969, Texas won another national championship by beating #2-ranked Arkansas 15-14 in the regular season's final game; the 1969 Arkansas-Texas game in Fayetteville, attended by President Richard Nixon, is counted among the greatest college football games played. Texas won the 1970 United Press International National Championship, which until 1974 was awarded prior to the bowl games. Texas lost the Cotton Bowl Classic following the 1970 season to Notre Dame by a score of 24-11, giving the Associated Press Championship to Nebraska after they beat LSU by a score of 17-12 in the Orange Bowl. Since its first Cotton Bowl Classic and lasting until 1995, the Southwest Conference Champion automatically received an invitation as the "host" team in the Cotton Bowl Classic game on New Year's Day in Dallas, Texas.
Opponents were the runners-up from the Big 8 Conference or the Southeastern Conference, although independents Penn State and Notre Dame were often featured. From the 1940s onward, the Cotton Bowl Classic was counted among the four major bowl games, had national championship implications. However, in the 1990s, the game declined in importance because of the decline of SWC prominence. In 1977, Notre Dame became the last team to win a national championship in the Cotton Bowl Classic by beating Texas in the January 1978 game; the SWC had many legendary coaches over the years. In football, John Heisman, Dana X. Bible, Paul "Bear" Bryant, Darrell Royal, Frank Broyles, Hayden Fry, Lou Holtz, Bill Yeoman, Gene Stallings, Grant Teaff all served as head coaches in the conference; some notable SWC players included Davey O'Brien, Sammy Baugh, Bobby Layne, Doak Walker, Tom Landry, Bob Lill
The Bublimotin, Bubli Motin, Bublimating or Ladyfinger Peak, is a distinctive rock spire in the Batura Muztagh, the westernmost subrange of the Karakoram range in Pakistan. It lies on the southwest ridge of the Ultar Sar massif, the most southeasterly of the major groups of the Batura Muztagh; the whole massif rises precipitously above the Hunza Valley to the southeast. Bublimotin, while having little prominence above the saddle with nearby Hunza Peak, is notable for being a sharp snowless rock spire among snow peaks. This, combined with its height above the valley, makes it quite eye-catching, it has been the scene of some notable paragliding. An interesting folk tale about the peak is that Kisar, a prince from Baltistan, came to Hunza on one of his adventures and married a princess, a gas, called Bubli; when he received news that his first wife in Baltistan, had been kidnapped, he made preparations to set off and rescue her. He took Bubli up to this mountain, handed her a sack of grain as well as a hen or chicken.
She must have asked whether - and when - he would be back, he told her: "Every year give this chicken a single grain to eat. When the sack is empty, I will return; until that time, stay here." He left, they say, Bubli is waiting there still. List of mountains in Pakistan Highest Mountains of the World ^. Climbs and Expeditions:Pakistan, The American Alpine Journal, pp. 306 - 331 Jerzy Wala, Orographical Sketch Map of the Batura Muztagh, 1988. Himalayan Index Ladyfinger Peak - Weather Forecast
The Elder Brother is an early seventeenth-century English stage play, a comedy written by John Fletcher and Philip Massinger. Dating from 1625, it may have been the last play Fletcher worked on before his August 1625 death. Both the Prologue and the Epilogue of the play mention Fletcher's passing; the Elder Brother is unusual in the canons of both Fletcher and Massinger in being entirely in prose rather than verse. A prose play was logically quicker to compose that a work in verse, it is possible that The Elder Brother was a "rush job" done in the final weeks and months of Fletcher's life. The early performance history of the play is unknown; the first recorded performance occurred at the Blackfriars Theatre on 25 April 1635. The play was revived like many other popular plays in the Fletcher canon; the play remained in the repertory for years, was a "principal old stock play" of the era. The play was first published in 1637, in a quarto printed by Felix Kingston for the booksellers John Benson and John Waterson, with a title-page attribution to Fletcher.
The first quarto exists with minor typographical differences between them. A second quarto was issued in 1651 by bookseller Humphrey Moseley. A third quarto followed in 1661, with a fourth in 1678 The Elder Brother was omitted from the first Beaumont and Fletcher folio of 1647, like other printed Fletcher plays; the title pages of all the quartos agree that the play was staged by the King's Men at the Blackfriars Theatre. The play exists in a manuscript, part of the collection MS. Egerton 1994 in the collection of the British Library; the text of the MS. shows a range of small differences from the printed texts. The play was assigned to Fletcher alone. Q3 returns to the original attribution to Fletcher alone. Given Fletcher's distinctive literary style, it has not been difficult for scholars to delineate the respective shares of the two authors. Cyrus Hoy, in his comprehensive study of authorship problems in Fletcher's canon, agrees with other commentators in assigning Acts I and V to Massinger, Acts II, III, IV to Fletcher — the same division of shares displayed in The False One, another of their collaborative efforts.
Hoy judged The Elder Brother to be a work by Fletcher alone, "the first and last acts of which have been rewritten by Massinger." Lewis is a French nobleman who lives on his country estates, where he raises his only child, Angellina. He takes care to guide the girl away from the sybaritic sloth in which many aristocratic women indulge, encouraging her to "rise with the sun, dance, or hunt, learn the virtues of plants and simples", yet now that she is fourteen years old, he judges it appropriate that she be married to a fitting husband. Lewis looks toward his neighbor Brisac; the older, Charles, is a scholar, who prefers his books. Both Lewis and Brisac decide, they face a problem, however: under the rules of primogeniture, Charles is heir to his father's estates, while Eustace is a younger son with no independent income. The two fathers scheme to oust Charles from his privileged place and convey his birthright to Eustace; the protests of Brisac's brother Miramount, who favors Charles and admires his intellectual pursuits, are dismissed.
Brisac promises Charles an income. He is swept away by her, as she is with him, he refuses to sign the legal documents that Brisac and Lewis have prepared, documents that would disinherit him. Brisac and Lewis are both outraged at the failure of their plan. Brisac orders Charles out of his house. Angellina is at first concerned about her honor and reputation — but Charles assures her that he will treat her with respect and discretion. Eustace and two of his courtier friends and Egremont, go to confront Charles. Brisac and Lewis, have a falling-out over the bad outcome of their scheme. In conversation with Cowsy and Egremont, Eustace is disillusioned by their frank cowardice and their self-centered disregard for considerations of honor; the two brothers begin a duel over their disrupted inheritance. Miramount tries to stop them, they are interrupted