The Spokane River is a tributary of the Columbia River 111 miles long, in northern Idaho and eastern Washington in the United States. It drains a low mountainous area east of the Columbia, passing through the Spokane Valley and the city of Spokane, Washington; the Spokane River drains the northern part of Lake Coeur d'Alene in the Idaho Panhandle, emptying into the Columbia River at Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake 180 km downstream. From Lake Coeur d'Alene, the Spokane River traverses the Rathdrum Prairie until reaching Post Falls, Idaho where it passes over a dam, a natural 40-foot waterfall. Continuing westward. In Spokane, it flows over the Spokane Falls, which are located in the heart of Downtown Spokane one third of the way down the river's length. About a mile the river receives Latah Creek from the southeast. Soon afterwards, it is met from the northeast by the Little Spokane River, on the western edge of the city of Spokane, it flows in a zigzag course along the southern edge of the Selkirk Mountains, forming the southern boundary of the Spokane Indian Reservation, where it is impounded by the Long Lake Dam to form Long Lake, a 15 mi reservoir.
It joins Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake on the Columbia from the east at Miles; the site of historic Fort Spokane is located at the confluence of the Columbia rivers. The Spokane River's entire drainage basin is about 6,240 square miles large, of which 3,840 square miles are above Post Falls Dam at the outlet of Coeur d'Alene Lake, its mean annual discharge is 7,946 cubic feet per second. Until the 18th century, the Coeur d'Alene and Spokane Native Americans used to live and travel along the banks of the Spokane River. In 1807, David Thompson was the first European to explore the area. Today, the metropolitan area of the city of Spokane, Washington is the largest human settlement on the banks of the Spokane River; the metropolitan areas of Coeur d'Alene and Post Falls, Idaho are seated alongside the river. The Spokane River and Lake Coeur d'Alene are the primary sources of recharge for the Spokane Valley–Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer, the primary source of drinking water for each of these settlements; the Spokane River contains some of the highest concentrations of heavy metals of any river in the state, resulting from pollution coming from Lake Coeur D'Alene and traveling from the Bunker Hill Mine and Smelting Complex Superfund Site.
Spokane's sewage treatment facilities empty their outflow into the Spokane River. In 1889, Spokane built a sewage system that dumped raw sewage directly into the river, visibly noticeable by 1920. In 1957 a primary treatment facility was installed; this led to the construction of a more advanced treatment plant that utilized chemical precipitation technology, connected in 1975, operational by 1977. After the Northern Pacific Railway lines arrived in Spokane in 1882, there was rapid growth in milling operations along the river. Many of these mills required dams to provide power for their machinery; as a result of the dams blocking the river, salmon populations in the Spokane plummeted, leading to complaints from many of the people living upstream. After the construction of Little Falls Dam in 1910 by Washington Water Power blocked upstream passage, the river's salmon populations disappeared completely. Steelhead were abundant on the Spokane River, prior to pollution and the construction of the dams.
Today, the Spokane River system is one of the two largest unoccupied stretches of steelhead habitat within their former range. Today, the Spokane River supports populations of rainbow trout, northern pikeminnow, Bridgelip Suckers, as well as several non-native species. Many of the remaining fish, are not suitable for human consumption due to the chemical pollution in the river, with signs alongside the river warning that the fish are contaminated with PCBs. Bunker Hill Mine and Smelting Complex List of Idaho rivers List of longest streams of Idaho List of Washington rivers Spokane River Centennial Trail North Idaho Centennial Trail Harker Canyon National Research Council Committee on Superfund Site Assessment. Superfund and mining megasites: lessons from the Coeur D'Alene River basin. National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-09714-7. Soltero, Raymond A.. "The Changing Spokane River Watershed". In Naiman, Robert J.. Watershed Management: Balancing Sustainability and Environmental Change. Springer.
Pp. 458–478. ISBN 978-0-387-94232-2. Clark, Ella E. & Inverarity, Robert Bruce. "The Origin of the Spokane River". Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest. University of California Press. Pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-0-520-23926-5. Spokane River at night USGS: Spokane River Basin Spokane River: 6th Most Endangered River of 2004
V was a line operated by the Los Angeles Railway from 1920 to 1958, by the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority from 1958 to 1963. The Vermont-Vernon line was the last new route built by the Los Angeles Railway. Although Henry Huntington had been reluctant to build any cross-town lines, exponential growth along the Wilshire Corridor made it necessary. At the time, Los Angeles had no buses. From Vermont and Beverly, the route ran south on Vermont Avenue to Vernon Avenue, thence east on Vernon to Pacific Boulevard east again on Leonis Boulevard to Downey Road in Vernon. A branch line ran from Vernon Avenue south on Santa Fe Avenue to Slauson Avenue. In 1920, the route was renamed "V." In 1925, plans had been drawn up to extend the Vermont line over 2 miles further north to Los Feliz Boulevard. Instead, the route was extended less than a mile north to Monroe Street and west on Monroe to Heliotrope, on what was the campus of UCLA. Today, the campus of Los Angeles City College. During the LATL era, the Leonis and Santa Fe branches were eliminated.
The list of marine animals of Australia is a list of marine and shore-based species that form a part of the fauna of Australia. This list includes animals which either live marine lives, or which spend critical parts of their lives at sea; the geographical range is south of Perth, Western Australia and the border of New South Wales and Queensland, including the whole of the coasts of South Australia and Tasmania and their offshore islands. Tropical species which are found in this range may be listed here; the listed organisms are identifiable to the naked eye. Many microscopic animals inhabit this region. Ranges are given relating to Australian waters. If listed as endemic, they have been found only in the listed range. Others may have much greater ranges. Ancorina geodides Grey ball sponge Aplysilla rosea, Encrusting rose sponge Aplysina lendenfeldi Bergquist, 1980, Lendenfeld's tube sponge Caulospongia biflabellata Fromont, 1998, Western staircase sponge Chondrilla australiensis Carter, 1873, Liver sponge Clathria cactiformis, Orange palm sponge Cliona sp.
Orange dimpled sponge Dendrilla cactos, Prickly rose sponge Darwinella sp. Darwin's yellow sponge Echinoclathria axinelloides, Dendy's finger sponge Echinoclathria leporina, Orange fan sponge Holopsamma arborea Brown honeycomb sponge Holopsamma laminaefavosa Carter, 1885, Cream honeycomb sponge Iophon sp. Orange pipe sponge Mycale mirabilis Slimy lemon sponge Polymastia sp. Purple pasta sponge Rhizaxinella sp. Pumpkin sponge Spongia sp. Rubber sponge Strepsichordaia caliciformis, Green plate sponge Strongylacidon sp. Papillate encrusting sponge Sycon sp. 1 Sycon sp. 2 Syphonochalina sp. Apricot tube sponge Tedania anhelans syn. T digitata Apricot bulbous sponge Tethya bergquistae Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994, Southern golfball sponge Tethya ingalli Bowerbank, 1858, Ingall's golfball sponge Thorecta sp. Cream columnar sponge Aequorea eurhodina Peron and Lesueur, 1809, Umbrella jelly Gymnangium ascidioides, Bale's feather hydroid Gymnangium superbum, Superb feather hydroid Halopteris campanula Yellow feather hydroid Nemertesia procumbens Spencer's hydroid Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820, Salt and pepper feather hydroid Porpita porpita, Porpita sailor Ralpharia magnifica Watson, 1980, Magnificent hydroid Solanderia fusca, Dusky hydroid Stereotheca elongata, Elongate seagrass hydroid Turritopsis nutricula, Red thimble jelly Velella velella.
By-the-wind-sailor Olindias phosphorica, Phosphorus jelly Olindias singularis Browne, 1905, Orange saucer jelly Physalia physalis, Portuguese man o' war Stylaster sp. Western pink hydrocoral Stylaster brunneus Boschma, 1970, Lord Howe hydrocoral Actinia tenebrosa Farquhar, 1898, Waratah anemone Actiniid sp.1 Bryozoan anemone, Actiniid sp.2 Speckled seawhip anemone, Actiniid sp.3 White striped anemone, Actinothoe glandulosa Carlgren, 1954, White anemone
Kiyoshi Inoue was a Japanese academic, historian and professor emeritus of the Kyoto University. He was considered a specialist in modern Japanese history, he was known as a "progressive historian" and a "Marxist historian." Inoue was born in Kochi Prefecture. He studied at the University of Tokyo, he was awarded his Ph. D. in 1936. In 1954, Inoue joined the faculty of the University of Kyoto as an associate professor at the Institute of Humanities. In 1961, he was named a professor, he continued as a member of the Kyoto faculty until his retirement in 1977. In his early career, Inoue established himself as a Marxist historian, publishing works on such subjects as the Japanese imperial system and buraku. In his years, Inoue worked to expand the number of academic exchanges between Japan and China, led a movement seeking solidarity with Asian nations, he published works on the subject of the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands dispute that sided with the Chinese claim. Inoue received an honorary degree from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1997.
Inoue had published a book criticizing the imperial system. In a range of topics, his work was viewed as controversial due to his active protests and lawsuits against the Japanese government. During the Japanese students riots in 1969, Professor Inoue supported the students who were demanding the scrapping of the U. S.-Japan Security Treaty. Inoue was very critical of "Japanese militarism" in the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands dispute with China, had written a number of books on the subject. In a statistical overview derived from writings by and about Kiyoshi Inoue, OCLC/WorldCat encompasses 100+ works in 200+ publications in 6 languages and 1,000+ library holdings. Books日本女性史 明治維新 天皇制 新版日本の軍国主義 条約改正: 明治の民族問題 日本近代史 日本の歴史 日本帝国主義の形成 釣魚列島的歷史和主權問題 Diaoyu Dao - Li Shi Yu Zhu Quan Senkaku Letto/Diaoyu Islands - The Historical Treaties JournalsJapanese Militarism & Diaoyutai Island - A Japanese Historian's View. Historical Research, February 1972. History of Japan Japanese politics Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, official spokesman recommending Inoue's 1972 book, Historical Facts of Senkaku Islands/Diaoyu Islands GlobalSecurity.org, Senkaku Islands: References, citing Inoue International Boundaries Research Unit, Boundary related links, citing Inoue Inventory of Conflict and Environment, Diaoyu Islands Dispute, citing Inoue
The 2016–17 Temple Owls women's basketball team will represent Temple University during the 2016–17 NCAA Division I women's basketball season. The season marks the third for the Owls as members of the American Athletic Conference; the Owls, led by eighth year head coach Tonya Cardoza, played their home games at McGonigle Hall and the Liacouras Center. They finished the season 13 -- 3 in AAC play to finish in second place, they advanced to the semifinals of the American Athletic Conference Women's Tournament where they lost to South Florida. They received at-large bid to the NCAA Women's Tournament, their first time since 2007, where they were upset by Oregon in the first round. All Owls home games will have video streaming on ESPN3, or AAC Digital. Road games will be streamed on the opponents website, though conference road games could appear on ESPN3 or AAC Digital. There are no radio broadcasts for Owls women's basketball games. 2016–17 Temple Owls men's basketball team
Danielle Spera is an Austrian journalist and the current director of the Jewish Museum Vienna. Spera studied English and French for two semesters at the University of Vienna, before changing to journalism and political science. In 1983 she completed her doctorate on the election campaigns of the Social Democratic Party in the interwar period, from 1990 to 2002 she was a lecturer at the Department of Communication at the University of Vienna. Spera started working at the Austrian broadcasting corporation ORF in 1978 while still at university. After two years on the foreign desk of the evening news show, Zeit im Bild 2, she changed to the Wochenschau program returning to the foreign desk. After assignments in Central America and Cyprus, she was appointed ORF correspondent in the USA in April 1987, shortly before the announcement that Austrian president Kurt Waldheim was put on the Watch List of persons banned from entering the United States over suspicions about his wartime record. In 1988 Spera returned to the ORF centre in Vienna, took up the moderation of the main news program of the ORF, the Zeit im Bild 1.
She held that position for over 4,000 shows until June 2010, becoming one of the most recognized faces in the Austrian media scene. Her moderation partners included Horst Friedrich Mayer, Josef Broukal, Martin Traxl and Tarek Leitner, she moderated the weekend magazine'Brennpunkt. Spera applied for the post of director of the Jewish Museum of Vienna in 2009, formally took over the job in July 2010. In interviews around the time of her appointment, she said she would put her name and celebrity at the service of the museum, at the time rather unknown to the general public, she said she aimed to "open up" the museum to the public, to create a space where fears and prejudices were dispelled and non-Jews could experience both the traumatic past and the vibrant present of the Austrian Jewish community. Specific goals included reaching out to young people with targeted projects for schools, to tourists."Much has normalised. But there are still many people who have difficulty with it, uttering the word'Jew', they say'our Jewish fellow citizens'.
I want to open the museum up so people get to know Judaism better," she said in an interview. To accommodate the new direction of the museum, Spera made the immediate renovation of the Dorotheergasse premises a priority, launching an intensive fundraising effort both from official sources in Austria and from the Jewish diaspora in the United States; the renovation, between January and October 2011 aimed at a complete technical overhaul of the museum infrastructure as well as to changes in layout and visitor facilities. During the renovation project of 2011, a set of glass holograms showing 3D depictions of old Viennese life was broken on its removal from the museum. A museum employee took pictures and sent them to curator blogs and the local media, creating a furore about what critics said was the destruction of cultural artifacts. Spera herself was attacked as she was seen as the driving force behind the renovation project; the museum responded with a report from a court-certified expert who testified the holograms could not have been unmounted without damage as they had been glued together 15 years prior.
The museum added that a second set of the same holograms, that had not been on display, was still intact and would be placed in storage for future use. Spera was a controversial choice for director due to her lack of museum experience, but has since been credited with increasing the public profile of the museum through her choice of exhibition themes with wide appeal, pushing for cooperations with other cultural institutions, personal engagement in publicizing the museum's work through video podcasts and media work. Since its re-opening after the renovation, the museum has attracted record numbers of visitors, both to its regular exhibitions and to its evening program of events featuring visiting artists, which Spera moderates; the Judenplatz location posted doubling of its visitor numbers year on year while attendance to its evening events program tripled. The museum is in the Top 30 of Viennese attractions. In 2000, Spera co-founded the Jewish cultural magazine Nu, to which she is still a frequent contributor.
She appears as a moderator in cultural events, for example leading meetings with prominent artists in the City Theatre Walfischgasse, appearing at the Literatur im Nebel with Salman Rushdie in October 2006, or arranging readings of children’s books by Mira Lobe. She has been a member of the Advisory Board of the Nitsch Foundation since 2011, in 2013 was appointed to the university council of the Medical University of Innsbruck and to the program committee of television station ARTE. In addition to the general management of the museum, Spera acts as a curator, most for the exhibitions TATIANA LECOMTE, Jewish genius: Warhol's Jews and Waiting room of hope: The Rothschild Hospital in November 1947 - Photos of Henry Ries In 1992 and 2007 she received the Austrian television award Romy for the most popular moderator. In 1999 Spera published a biography of Hermann Nitsch -- Work; the book was released in an updated edition in 2005. Other recent publications include: - "Jewish Museums between yesterday and today, Viennese Yearbook for Jewish History", Culture and Museum Science Issue 10-2013/14, with Dr. Werner Hanak-Lettner (published in German as Jüdische Museen zwischen gestern und morgen.
Reflexionen aus involvierter Außenperspektive. Wiener Jahrbuch für jüdische Geschichte, Kultur und Museumswes