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Springdale, Arkansas

Springdale is the fourth-largest city in Arkansas, United States. It is located in both Benton counties in Northwest Arkansas. Located on the Springfield Plateau deep in the Ozark Mountains, Springdale has long been an important industrial city for the region. In addition to several trucking companies, the city is home to the world headquarters of Tyson Foods, the world's largest meat producing company. Named Shiloh, the city changed its name to Springdale when applying for a post office in 1872; the four-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 109th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 in 2010 according to the United States Census Bureau. The city had a population of 69,797 at the 2010 Census. Springdale has been experiencing a population boom in recent years, as indicated by a 133% growth in population between the 1990 and 2010 censuses. During this period of rapid growth, the city has seen a new Shiloh Museum of Ozark History, the establishment of a Springdale campus of Northwest Arkansas Community College and the Northwest Arkansas Naturals minor league baseball team move into Arvest Ballpark.

Tyson remains the city's top employer, is visible throughout the city. Many public features bear the Tyson name, including the Randal Tyson Recreational Complex, Don Tyson Parkway, Helen Tyson Middle School, John Tyson Elementary and Don Tyson School of Innovation. Governor Mike Beebe signed an act into law recognizing Springdale as "The Poultry Capital Of The World" in 2013. Springdale was called "Shiloh", after the local Shiloh church, was platted under that original name in 1866. In 1878, the town was incorporated with the name of Springdale. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 108.9 square miles, of which, 108.3 square miles of it is land and 0.7 square miles of it, or 0.62%, is water. The city limits extend north into southern Benton County. Springdale is bordered by the cities of Cave Springs and Bethel Heights to the north, by Elm Springs and Tontitown to the west, by Johnson and Fayetteville to the south; the city is located in both Benton and Washington counties along Interstate 49/US Highway 62/US Highway 71.

This is the only controlled access route through the area, which replaced the winding US 71 in the 1990s. An interstate connection with Fort Smith to the south and Kansas City, Missouri to the north has helped to grow Springdale. Within Washington County, Springdale is bordered along the south by Johnson. In some locations, this transition is seamless; the city extends east along Highway 412 toward Tontitown and Beaver Lake, respectively. Springdale is located on the Springfield Plateau, a subset of The Ozarks which run through northwest Arkansas, southern Missouri, Northeastern Oklahoma. In the Springdale area and shales were deposited on top of the Springfield Plateau during the Pennsylvanian Period; these were eroded after the Ouachita orogeny and uplift, exposing Mississippian limestone formations of the Springfield Plateau visible today. The Northwest Arkansas region consists of three Arkansas counties: Benton and Washington; the area had a population of 347,045 at the 2000 census which had increased to 463,204 by the 2010 Census.

The Metropolitan Statistical Area does not consist of the usual principal-city-with-suburbs morphology. Springdale lies in the humid subtropical climate zone with influence from the humid continental climate type; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 89 °F and an average low of 69 °F. Temperatures above 100 °F are uncommon but not rare, occurring on average twice a year, with 57 days over 90 °F annually. January is the coldest month with an average high of 46 °F and an average low of 26 °F; the city's highest temperature was 111 °F, recorded in 1954. The lowest temperature recorded was −24 °F, in 1899. Precipitation is weakly seasonal, with a bimodal pattern: wet seasons in the spring and fall, drier summers and winters, but some rain in all months; as of the census of 2010, there were 69,797 people, 22,805 households, 16,640 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 64.7% White, 1.8% Black or black, 1.8% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 5.7% Pacific Islander, 22% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races.

35.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 22,678 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.0% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.54. The median income for a household in the city was $26,523, the median income for a family was $46,407. Males had a median income of $31,495 versus $26,492 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,645. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 33.6% of those under the age of 18 and 6.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.56.8% of Springdale's population describes themselves as religious above the national average of 48.8%. 25.6% of people in Springdal

Alison Mary Smith

Alison Mary Smith FRS is Strategic Programme Leader at the John Innes Centre in Norwich and an Honorary Professor at the University of East Anglia in the UK. Smith was educated at the University of Cambridge where she was awarded a PhD in 1978 for research into the effect of anaerobiosis on plant metabolism. Smith studies the metabolism in plants of starch and sucrose – the carbohydrate products of photosynthesis that fuel plant growth, her research has uncovered metabolic pathways responsible for the synthesis and degradation of starch granules in plants. She showed that these processes in leaves are subject to complex control by the circadian clock over the day-night cycle, ensuring the availability of carbohydrate to fuel metabolism during the night, her focus is now on the mechanisms underlying this control, the way in which carbohydrate availability is integrated with other sources of information to determine rates and patterns of growth and development in plants. Smith uses information from her fundamental studies to examine starch turnover in crop plants.

Current research on starch synthesis in cereal grains has the potential to increase crop yield, to change important functional and nutritional properties of flour. Her lab is investigating the genetic and molecular control of starch degradation in leaves and storage organs, how this is coordinated with plant growth and sprouting. With George Coupland, Liam Dolan, Nicholas Harberd, Jonathan D. G. Jones, Cathie Martin, Robert Sablowski and Abigail Amey, Alison is a co-author of the textbook Plant Biology. Smith was appointed Order of the British Empire for services to plant biochemistry in the 2006 Birthday Honours and elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2016. Alison Smith is the daughter of conservation pioneer Ted Smith and the sister of arachnologist Dr Helen Smith

Miami Norland Senior High School

Miami Norland Senior High School is a secondary school located at 1193 NW 193th St Norwood neighborhood of Miami Gardens, Florida. The school's name came from it being the northernmost school in Miami-Dade County, following after North Dade Jr./Sr. High School; as of 1998 Dr. Michael M. Krop High School is the northernmost school in Miami-Dade County. Miami Norland opened its doors to students in 1958 as an all-white school, taking in 50 students in grades 7-12. Once Norland Junior High School opened across the street, grades 7-9 moved there. Miami Norland continued to have three grade levels until 1985; the first principal of Miami Norland, Foster Hunter, guided the school from its inception into the mid-1970s. For more than a decade, it was an all-white school; the original buildings of Miami Norland were demolished during the summer of 2016, after a new, more modern facility was built to replace the old facility. Prior to the teardown, the school hosted a walk-through for alumni to take a last look at the old building.

The new building opened for classes on August 2016, at the beginning of the 2016-17 school year. This new building was the last new facility for the northern Miami-Dade County high schools; the school now offers an Academy of Fine Arts and Tourism and Teaching magnet programs. Prior to the opening of North Miami Beach High School and Dr. Michael Krop High School, students from North Miami Beach were assigned to North Miami High School and Miami Norland High School. In Florida's oppressive heat, there was no air conditioning at the school until the late 1970s. Miami Norland Senior High is the sister school by original blueprints of Miami Palmetto Senior High in Southwest Dade County. Miami Norland was graded an "A" school in December 2012. Miami Norland is 4 % Hispanic and 1 % non-white Hispanic. Students are required to wear school uniform shirts in maroon, gray, they may wear solid maroon, khaki, or black pants or shorts. 2013 2013 2015 2015 - This was the first time boys were on the team in 55 years.

Back-to-back State Champions FHSAA State Champions 2009 2012 FHSAA State Runner-Up 2006 FHSAA State Champions 2008 FHSAA State Champions 2012 FHSAA State Champions 2013 FHSAA State Champions 2014 FHSAA State Champions 2015 FHSAA State Champions 2002 FHSAA 6A State Champions 2010 FHSAA 3A State Runner-Up 2011 FHSAA 5A State Champions Antwan Barnes, current NFL outside linebacker free agent Tombi Bell, former WNBA 3rd round draft pick by the Minnesota Lynx Dwayne Bowe, former NFL wide receiver Tabarie Henry, 2x Olympic Sprinter Antonio Brown, former NFL wide receiver for the New England Patriots Amir Celestin, plays for Maccabi Haifa of the Israeli Basketball Premier League Daniel Conahan and possible serial killer Ereck Flowers, current NFL offensive tackle for the Washington Redskins Rachel Jeantel, star witness in the Trayvon Martin case Duke Johnson, current NFL running back for the Houston Texans Edwarda O'Bara, longest coma patient, didn't finish high school due to complications from diabetes in late 1969 Gil Patterson, former professional baseball player, New York Yankees Xavier Rhodes, current NFL cornerback for the Minnesota Vikings Ian Richards, County Court Judge of Florida's 17th Judicial Circuit Randy Shannon, football coach at the University of Central Florida.

Demonstration Turns Violent at Norland High. The Miami Herald, page 1A Walters, S. No Peace at Norland; the Miami Herald, page 1B Samuels, R. Jesse Jackson delivers message of hope to kids; the Miami Herald, page 6B

Radko Association

The Radko Association is a political organization of citizens of the Republic of Macedonia with a Bulgarian national consciousness. Founded in 2000 and based in Ohrid, the association was named after Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization leader Ivan Mihailov's most popular pseudonym; the Radko Association was presided by the Ohrid native Vladimir Pankov until his death in 2019. Among the association's goals are amendments to the Macedonian constitution in order to make Bulgarian an official language, the constitutional recognition of Bulgarians as a national community, the cessation of state discrimination and repression towards the Bulgarian-identifying population; the association is critical of the official historiography in the Republic of Macedonia and claims that the Macedonian ethnic identity was forcefully imposed on Vardar Macedonia's Bulgarian population. In 2001, the association was declared unconstitutional and banned by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Macedonia.

However, the European Court of Human Rights held that the dissolution of the Association infringed Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The court ordered the Macedonian state to pay five thousand euros in respect of non-pecuniary damage and four thousand euros in respect of costs and expenses. Bulgarians in the Republic of Macedonia Macedonian Bulgarians Bulgarian Cultural Club – Skopje Radko Knoll Archived website Website European Court of Human Rights judgement on the Association of Citizens Radko & Paunkovski v. the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia case

Gelliodes

Gelliodes is a genus of sponges in the family Niphatidae. Gelliodes bifacialis Topsent, 1904 Gelliodes biformis Brøndsted, 1924 Gelliodes callista de Laubenfels, 1954 Gelliodes carnosa Dendy, 1889 Gelliodes coscinopora Lévi, 1969 Gelliodes fayalensis Topsent, 1892 Gelliodes fibroreticulata Gelliodes fibrosa Dendy, 1905 Gelliodes fibulata Gelliodes fragilis Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1984 Gelliodes gracilis Hentschel, 1912 Gelliodes incrustans Dendy, 1905 Gelliodes leucosolenia de Laubenfels, 1934 Gelliodes licheniformis Gelliodes luridus Gelliodes macrosigma Hentschel, 1912 Gelliodes nossibea Lévi, 1956 Gelliodes obtusa Hentschel, 1912 Gelliodes persica Fromont, 1995 Gelliodes petrosioides Dendy, 1905 Gelliodes poculum Ridley & Dendy, 1886 Gelliodes porosa Thiele, 1903 Gelliodes pumila Gelliodes ramosa Kieschnick, 1898 Gelliodes spinosella Thiele, 1899 Gelliodes spongiosa Topsent, 1916 Gelliodes strongylofera Brøndsted, 1924 Gelliodes tenuirhabdus Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 Gelliodes truncata Gelliodes tubulosa Lendenfeld, 1887 Gelliodes wilsoni Carballo, Aquilar-Camacho, Knapp & Bell, 2013

2006 Poinsettia Bowl

The 2006 Poinsettia Bowl was an American college football bowl game between the Texas Christian University Horned Frogs and the Northern Illinois Huskies on December 19, 2006 at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego, California. TCU defeated NIU 37–7 in this game, the second year in the bowl's existence. TCU - Hobbs 4 yard touchdown run, 1st 12:03 TCU - Ballard 10 yard touchdown run, 2nd 14:49 TCU - Manfredini 25 yard field goal, 2nd 0:00 TCU - Ballard 1 yard touchdown run, 3rd 12:06 TCU - Ballard 6 yard touchdown run, 3rd 9:08 Northern Illinois - Tranchitella 32 yard blocked punt return, 4th 14:14 TCU - Hecht 6 yard touchdown pass from Ballard, 4th 10:55 TCU rushed for 198 yards while NIU rushed for -20 yards; the Horned Frogs threw for. They controlled the ball for 32:24 of the game while Jeff Ballard threw 19-of-29 for 258 yards, with three touchdowns runs, it was not so much that NIU had terrible rushing as it was their quarterback Dan Nicholson, sacked five times for -48 yards. TCU finished the season 11-2 while NIU finished 7-6