St. Louis Public Library
The St. Louis Public Library is a municipal public library system in the city of St. Louis, Missouri, it operates sixteen locations, including the main Central Library location. Although named, the St. Louis Public Library is unrelated to the St. Louis County Library system. In 1865, Ira Divoll, the superintendent of the St. Louis Public School system, created a subscription library in the public school library that would evolve into the St. Louis Public Library. Divoll believed that library should work in tandem with the public education system and offer citizens an opportunity for self-improvement and culture. By 1869, Divoll’s the subscription library moved to the Board of Education building; the library consisted of 4 staff members. The library encouraged children to visit the library and had no age restrictions like most libraries of the day. Due to rapid growth of the library collection, which grew from 1500 volumes in 1865, to 90,000 volumes by 1893, the library required more space. In 1893, the library moved into a new space on the top floors of the new Board of Education building.
In 1893, the citizens of St. Louis voted to move the administration of the Library to an independent board, supported by a property tax; this vote enabled to library to offer a library free of subscription fees and be open to all St. Louis residents; the Library occupied the board of education building from 1893 until 1909, as construction on Central Library was being completed. This buildings size wasn’t large enough to accommodate the library's growing collection, it was during this time, the library began its role as a lending library, allowing the public to ‘check out’ and take books home. In 1901, Andrew Carnegie made a large donation, used for expansion, including the building, the central library. By this time the collection included 90,000 books. By 1938 the collection included 900,000 items, by 2014, 4,600,000 items The St. Louis Public Library operates 17 libraries, including the main Central Library. Branches include Baden, Buder, Carondelet, Central Express, Charing Cross, Julia Davis, Kingshighway, Marketplace and Walnut Park.
In addition to the Central Library building, Cabanne and Carondelet branch buildings were Carnegie libraries. The Central Library building at 13th and Olive was built in 1912 on a location occupied by the St. Louis Exposition and Music Hall and was designed by Cass Gilbert; the main library for the city's public library system has an oval central pavilion surrounded by four light courts. The outer facades of the free-standing building are of rusticated Maine granite; the Olive Street front is disposed like a colossal arcade, with contrasting marble bas-relief panels. A projecting three-bay central block, like a pared-down triumphal arch, provides a monumental entrance. At the rear, the Central Library faces a sunken garden; the interiors feature some light-transmitting glass floors. The ceiling of the Periodicals Room is modified from Michelangelo's ceiling in the Laurentian Library. Renovation and expansion of the building began in 2010 and finished in 2012. Children's Sections Launch Pads Reference Services Programs, Special Events, Author Visits/Book Signings Periodicals & Nationwide/Worldwide Newspapers Audio-Visual Material including DVDs, Blu-Ray, VHS Tapes, Books on CD, Music CDs Video Games Digital Services Neighborhood Specific Material Interlibrary loan Computers with High Speed Internet, Word Processing capabilities Voter Registration Computer Visitor Passes List of Carnegie libraries in Missouri Frederick M. Crunden St. Louis Public Library Libraries.org | https://librarytechnology.org/library/3063 Ask A Reference Question Saint Louis libraries
St. Louis is an independent city and major inland port in the U. S. state of Missouri. It is situated along the western bank of the Mississippi River, which marks Missouri's border with Illinois; the Missouri River merges with the Mississippi River just north of the city. These two rivers combined form the fourth longest river system in the world; the city had an estimated 2017 population of 308,626 and is the cultural and economic center of the St. Louis metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in Missouri, the second-largest in Illinois, the 22nd-largest in the United States. Before European settlement, the area was a regional center of Native American Mississippian culture; the city of St. Louis was founded in 1764 by French fur traders Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, named after Louis IX of France. In 1764, following France's defeat in the Seven Years' War, the area was ceded to Spain and retroceded back to France in 1800. In 1803, the United States acquired the territory as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
During the 19th century, St. Louis became a major port on the Mississippi River, it separated from St. Louis County in 1877, becoming an independent city and limiting its own political boundaries. In 1904, it hosted the Summer Olympics; the economy of metropolitan St. Louis relies on service, trade, transportation of goods, tourism, its metro area is home to major corporations, including Anheuser-Busch, Express Scripts, Boeing Defense, Energizer, Enterprise, Peabody Energy, Post Holdings, Edward Jones, Go Jet and Sigma-Aldrich. Nine of the ten Fortune 500 companies based in Missouri are located within the St. Louis metropolitan area; this city has become known for its growing medical and research presence due to institutions such as Washington University in St. Louis and Barnes-Jewish Hospital. St. Louis has two professional sports teams: the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball and the St. Louis Blues of the National Hockey League. One of the city's iconic sights is the 630-foot tall Gateway Arch in the downtown area.
The area that would become St. Louis was a center of the Native American Mississippian culture, which built numerous temple and residential earthwork mounds on both sides of the Mississippi River, their major regional center was at Cahokia Mounds, active from 900 to 1500. Due to numerous major earthworks within St. Louis boundaries, the city was nicknamed as the "Mound City"; these mounds were demolished during the city's development. Historic Native American tribes in the area included the Siouan-speaking Osage people, whose territory extended west, the Illiniwek. European exploration of the area was first recorded in 1673, when French explorers Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette traveled through the Mississippi River valley. Five years La Salle claimed the region for France as part of La Louisiane; the earliest European settlements in the area were built in Illinois Country on the east side of the Mississippi River during the 1690s and early 1700s at Cahokia and Fort de Chartres. Migrants from the French villages on the opposite side of the Mississippi River founded Ste.
Genevieve in the 1730s. In early 1764, after France lost the 7 Years' War, Pierre Laclède and his stepson Auguste Chouteau founded what was to become the city of St. Louis; the early French families built the city's economy on the fur trade with the Osage, as well as with more distant tribes along the Missouri River. The Chouteau brothers gained a monopoly from Spain on the fur trade with Santa Fe. French colonists used African slaves as domestic workers in the city. France, alarmed that Britain would demand French possessions west of the Mississippi and the Missouri River basin after the losing New France to them in 1759–60, transferred these to Spain as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain; these areas remained in Spanish possession until 1803. In 1780 during the American Revolutionary War, St. Louis was attacked by British forces Native American allies, in the Battle of St. Louis; the founding of St. Louis began in 1763. Pierre Laclede led an expedition to set up a fur-trading post farther up the Mississippi River.
Before Laclede had been a successful merchant. For this reason, he and his trading partner Gilbert Antoine de St. Maxent were offered monopolies for six years of the fur trading in that area. Although they were only granted rights to set-up a trading post and other members of his expedition set up a settlement; some historians believe that Laclede's determination to create this settlement was the result of his affair with a married woman Marie-Thérèse Bourgeois Chouteau in New Orleans. Laclede on his initial expedition was accompanied by Auguste Chouteau; some historians still debate. The reason for this lingering question is that all the documentation of the founding was loaned and subsequently destroyed in a fire. For the first few years of St. Louis's existence, the city was not recognized by any of the governments. Although thought to be under the control of the Spanish government, no one asserted any authority over the settlement, thus St. Louis had no local government; this led Laclede to assume a position of civil control, all problems were disposed i
St. Louis County, Missouri
St. Louis County is located in the far eastern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. It is bounded by the city of St. Louis and the Mississippi River to the east, the Missouri River to the north, the Meramec River to the south; as of the 2016 Census Bureau population estimate, the population was 998,581, making it the most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Clayton. Saint Louis County was settled by French colonists in the late 1700s, before switching to U. S. rule following the Louisiana Purchase. Saint Louis County split from St. Louis City in 1877. In the 1960s, with the growing suburbanization in Greater St. Louis, the County's population overtook the City's population for the first time. St. Louis County borders, but does not include, the city of St. Louis, an independent city; the county is included in MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2019 there was a proposal to merge the county after a Saturday-wide vote. During the 18th century, several European colonial settlements were established in the area that would become St. Louis County.
French colonists moved from east of the Mississippi River after France ceded those territories to Spain after losing the Seven Years' War. The earliest of these, Saint Louis, was founded by Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau on February 14, 1764, who became major fur traders in the city. Founded in about 1767 was Carondelet, at the southern end of what is now the city of St. Louis. Florissant known as St. Ferdinand, was established in 1785 about twelve miles northwest of St. Louis on a tributary of the Missouri River. During the 1790s small settlements known as Creve Coeur and Point Labadie were built north and west of St. Louis. Upon the sale and transfer of French Louisiana to the United States on October 1, 1804, President Thomas Jefferson suggested that the territory retain the districts drawn by Spanish officials during their decades-long rule of the territory after an arrangement with the French. During this time, the first governing body of St. Louis County was established; this government, called the Court of Quarter Sessions, was composed of Charles Gratiot, Auguste Chouteau, Jacques Clamorgan, David DeLaunay, all ethnic French or French Canadians.
On October 1, 1812, the District of St. Louis was renamed St. Louis County during a federal reorganization of the Louisiana Territory's status. After the transfer of Louisiana to the United States, the authority to grant incorporation to municipalities was delegated to the Territory and was a state power; the first to gain municipal status in St. Louis County was St. Louis, which incorporated on November 9, 1809, under the territorial legislature, gained city status on December 9, 1822. Only a handful of other municipal incorporations took place prior to the separation of the county and city: St. Ferdinand was granted incorporation in 1829, while Bridgeton, a settlement along the Missouri River near Florissant, gained incorporation in 1843. Two towns grew and incorporated in the 1850s, with their growth stimulated by the construction of the Pacific Railroad: Pacific and Kirkwood. Pacific, a community along the Meramec River, known before the railroad line connection as Franklin, straddles St. Louis and Franklin counties.
Kirkwood was settled in 1853 after Hiram Leffingwell and Richard Elliott platted and auctioned land along the railroad line. Leffingwell organized the town as a planned suburb, Kirkwood was granted incorporation by the state in 1865. Other areas of the county did not incorporate as towns. Among these were Chesterfield, Gumbo, both settled in the 1820s in west St. Louis County, Gravois and Affton, which were settled in south St. Louis County in the 1850s and 1860s; the first St. Louis Public Schools were established in the major city in the 1830s, it was a decade and more before some of the settlements of St. Louis County began providing public education. In 1854, the School District of Maplewood was established, it included all of today's Maplewood district, part of what became Webster Groves, along the south and southwest, a large part of St. Louis in the east, to the north up to Clayton Road; the first school called the Washington Institute and renamed as Maplewood High School, opened as a one-room stone building at the crossing of Manchester Road over the Missouri Pacific Railroad tracks.
Another antebellum school district was Rock Hill, which provided a one-room school across from the Rock Hill Presbyterian Church until about 1870. The first school in Florissant opened in 1819 under the direction of the Religious of the Sacred Heart, a Roman Catholic religious congregation; the instructor, Rose Philippine Duchesne, was a French immigrant, described as "one of the foremost educators in the state of Missouri." A second school an Indian school known as the St. Regis Academy, was operated for young boys from 1823 to 1829; the complex included a Jesuit seminary known as St. Stanislaus Seminary, which continued to operate until 1971; the earliest public school in Florissant was the St. Ferdinand School, authorized by the General Assembly in 1845 and operated until 1871, when the Florissant School District was formed. From 1813 to 1830, the county initiated several c
Chesterfield is a city in St. Louis County, United States, a western suburb of St. Louis; as of the 2010 census, the population was 47,484. The broader valley of Chesterfield was referred to as "Gumbo Flats", derived from its soil, which though rich and silty, became like a gumbo when wet. Chesterfield is located 25 miles west of St. Louis. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.52 square miles, of which 31.78 square miles is land and 1.74 square miles is water. Portions of Chesterfield are located in the floodplain of the Missouri River, now known as Chesterfield Valley as Gumbo Flats; this area was submerged during the Great Flood of 1993. Chesterfield Valley is the location of Spirit of St. Louis Airport, used for corporate aviation, as well as the longest outdoor strip mall in America; the remainder of Chesterfield is located on the bluffs above the floodplain, includes residential and retail development. Chesterfield is home to several mid- to high-rise buildings, the tallest being the Drury Plaza Hotel, 12 stories and 125 feet tall.
According to the 2007–2011 American Community Survey estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $95,006, the median income for a family was $88,568. Males had a median income of $94,322 versus $54,934 for females; the per capita income for the city was $51,725. About 1.7% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 47,484 people, 19,224 households, 13,461 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,494.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 20,393 housing units at an average density of 641.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.5% White, 2.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 8.6% Asian, 0.7% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population. There were 19,224 households of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 30.0% were non-families.
26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age in the city was 46.6 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 46,802 people, 18,060 households, 13,111 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,485.4 people per square mile. There were 18,738 housing units at an average density of 594.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.30% White, 0.86% African American, 0.12% Native American, 5.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.55% of the population. There were 18,060 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families.
23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03. In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. Present-day Chesterfield is known to have been a site of Native American inhabitation for thousands of years. A site in western Chesterfield containing artwork and carvings has been dated as 4,000 years old. A Mississippian site, dated to around the year 1000, containing the remains of what have been identified as a market and ceremonial center, is located in modern Chesterfield; the present-day city of Chesterfield is made up of several smaller historical communities, including: Bellefontaine, or as the locals called it, "Hilltown", dates to about 1837 with the arrival of August Hill.
The first post office was established as Bellemonte in 1851. Eighteen years in 1869, the town and post office name were both changed to Bellefontaine. Rinkel's Market was a familiar landmark for years, at the intersection of present-day Olive Boulevard and Chesterfield Parkway; the town of Lake started out as "Hog Hollow," in about 1850. The post office was established as Hog Hollow in 1871, but a year the town's name was changed to what some thought was the more suitable name of Lake. Zierenberg's General Merchandise and Saloon was a well-known landmark at the 18-mile marker on Olive Street Road; the original structure was destroyed by fire in 1918. It was replaced by the existing structure on the same site. Gumbo is located in the valley at the present intersection of Chesterfield Airport Road and Long Road. A notable landmark was the old Twenty Five Mile House - so named because of its
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch is the major regional newspaper in St. Louis, serving St. Louis City and County, St. Charles County, the Metro East and surrounding counties, it is the only daily newspaper in the city. The publication has received 18 Pulitzer Prizes; the paper is owned by Lee Enterprises of Davenport, which purchased Pulitzer, Inc. in 2005 in a cash deal valued at $1.46 billion. The paper is sold at $4 on Sundays and Thanksgiving Day; the price may be higher outside adjacent states. Sales tax is included at newsracks. On April 10, 1907, Pulitzer wrote what became known as the paper's platform: I know that my retirement will make no difference in its cardinal principles, that it will always fight for progress and reform, never tolerate injustice or corruption, always fight demagogues of all parties, never belong to any party, always oppose privileged classes and public plunderers, never lack sympathy with the poor, always remain devoted to the public welfare, never be satisfied with printing news, always be drastically independent, never be afraid to attack wrong, whether by predatory plutocracy or predatory poverty.
In 1878, Joseph Pulitzer purchased the bankrupt St. Louis Dispatch at a public auction and merged it with the St. Louis Evening Post to create the St. Louis Post and Dispatch, whose title was soon shortened to its current form, he appointed John A. Cockerill as the managing editor, its first edition, 4,020 copies of four pages each, appeared on December 12, 1878. In 1882, James Overton Broadhead ran for US Congress against John Glover; the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, at Cockerill's direction, ran a number of articles questioning Broadhead's role in a lawsuit between a gaslight company and the city. Broadhead's friend and law partner, Alonzo W. Slayback, publicly defended Broadhead, asserting that the St. Louis Post-Dispatch was nothing more than a "blackmailing sheet." The next day, October 13, 1882, Cockerill re-ran an offensive "card" by John Glover that the paper had published the prior November. Incensed, Slayback barged into Cockerill's offices at the paper demanding an apology. Cockerill killed Slayback.
A grand jury refused to indict Cockerill for murder, but the economic consequences for the paper were severe. Therefore, in May 1883, Pulitzer sent Cockerill to New York to manage the New York World for him; the Post-Dispatch was one of the first daily newspapers to print a comics section in color, on the back page of the features section, styled the "Everyday Magazine." At one time, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch had the second-largest news bureau in Washington, D. C. of any newspaper in the Midwestern United States. After Joseph Pulitzer's retirement, generations of Pulitzers guided the newspaper, ending when great-grandson Joseph Pulitzer IV left the company in 1995; the Post-Dispatch was characterized by a liberal editorial page and columnists, including Marquis Childs. The editorial page was noted for political cartoons by Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, who won the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for editorial cartooning, Bill Mauldin, who won the Pulitzer for editorial cartooning in 1959. Several months prior to the anniversary edition, the newspaper published a 63rd anniversary tribute to "Our Own Oddities", a lighthearted feature that ran from 1940 to 1990.
During the presidency of Harry S. Truman, the paper was one of his most outspoken critics, it associated him with the Pendergast machine in Kansas City, attacked his integrity. In 1950, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch sent a reporter, Dent McSkimming, to Brazil to cover the 1950 FIFA World Cup; the reporter paid for his own travelling expenses and was the only U. S. reporter in all of Brazil covering the event. In 1959 the St. Louis Globe-Democrat entered into a joint operating agreement with the Post-Dispatch; the Post–Globe operation merged advertising, printing functions and shared profits. The Post-Dispatch, distributed evenings, had a smaller circulation than the Globe-Democrat, a morning daily; the Globe-Democrat folded in 1983, leaving the Post-Dispatch as the only daily newspaper in the region. In August 1973 a Teamsters union representing Globe and Post-Dispatch staffers went on strike, halting production for six weeks. On January 13, 2004, the Post-Dispatch published a 125th anniversary edition, which included some highlights of the paper's 125 years: Coverage of Charles Lindbergh, who flew across the Atlantic despite being denied financial or written support from the Post-Dispatch.
A Pulitzer Prize-winning campaign to clean up smoke pollution in St. Louis. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, the city had the filthiest air in America. See 1939 St. Louis smog. Sports coverage, including nine "St. Louis baseball Cardinals" championships, an NBA title by the St. Louis Hawks in 1958, the 2000 Super Bowl victory of the St. Louis Rams. Coverage of the city's "cultural icons" including Kate Chopin, Tennessee Williams, Chuck Berry, Miles Davis. On January 31, 2005, Michael Pulitzer announced the sale of Pulitzer, Inc. and all its assets, including the Post-Dispatch and a small share of the St. Louis Cardinals, to Lee Enterprises of Davenport, for $1.46 billion. He said. On March 12, 2007, the paper eliminated 31 jobs in its circulation, classified phone rooms, purchasing, telephone operations and marketing departments. Several rounds of layoffs have followed. On March 23, 2009, the paper converted to a compact style every day from the previous broadsheet Sunday through Friday and tabloid on Saturday.
On May 4, 2012, the Post-Dispatch named Gilbert Bailon. In 2015
Ladue is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in central St. Louis County, United States; as of the 2013 census, the city had a population of 8,560. Ladue has the highest median household income of any city in Missouri with a population over 1,000. Ladue is located at 38°38′13″N 90°22′54″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.55 square miles, all land. The homeownership rate is 91.6%. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,521 people, 3,169 households, 2,538 families residing in the city; the population density was 996.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,377 housing units at an average density of 395.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 1.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 3,169 households of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 19.9% were non-families.
18.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age in the city was 46.4 years. 27.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,645 people, 3,414 households, 2,598 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,006.2 people per square mile. There were 3,557 housing units at an average density of 414.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.83% White, 0.88% African American, 0.10% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population. Ladue is Missouri's best-educated city, with 74.5% of adult residents holding an associate degree or higher, 71.8% of adults possessing a Bachelor degree or higher. There were 3,414 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families.
22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.94. In the city the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 16.9% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $141,720, the median income for a family was $179,328. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $51,678 for females; the per capita income for the city was $89,623. About 1.4% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over. The Ladue School District serves all of Ladue and part of Frontenac and Creve Coeur; the Ladue School District is home to the elementary schools Conway, Old Bonhomme and Spoede.
Ladue Horton Watkins High School is located in Ladue. As of the 2015-2016 academic year, Ladue High School had an enrollment of 1,301 students. Ladue is home to two of St. Louis' private high schools, the John Burroughs School and Mary Institute and St. Louis Country Day School The Headquarters Branch of the St. Louis County Library is located in Ladue on Lindbergh Boulevard; the historical anecdotes contained in this section were derived from the 2011 book "Ladue Found", written by Charlene Bry, former editor and owner of "The Ladue News."Ladue began as a farming community St. Louis County suburb. After St. Louis City ejected St. Louis County in 1876, Ladue was known as ranges 4 and 5 of "Township 45," with Clayton being the political hub. Original Township 45 farming families included the Dennys, Conways, McCutcheons, McKnights, Schraders, Luedloffs, Seigers Per 1868 Pitzman map of St. Louis</ref>, as well as 1878 and 1909 maps of St. Louis County </ref>, LaDues, Lays, Barnes and Watsons.
Once automobiles replaced horse and wagon as the primary mode of transportation, farmers in the area began selling portions of their land to city workers who wished to live outside of the urban setting. Three small villages merged in 1936 to become. Ladue was named from Ladue Road, the main thoroughfare in the area that led from St. Louis City to wealthy entrepreneur Peter Albert LaDue's large property at the current intersection of Warson Rd. and Ladue Rd.. Peter Albert LaDue was born in Kinderhook, New York in 1821, a descendant of Pierre LaDoux who arrived from France in the 1600s, he arrived in Saint Louis about 1848 and became a prominent attorney and banker and land speculator. In the early 1990s, the city tried to force a woman to take down a yard sign stating "Say No to the War in the Persian Gulf, Call Congress Now" a
Bridgeton is a second-ring suburb of Greater St. Louis in northwestern St. Louis County, United States. Bridgeton is located at the intersection of the St. Louis outer belt and I-70. Bridgeton serves as the primary transport hub within Greater St. Louis; the population at the 2010 census was 11,550. Portions of Lambert-St. Louis International Airport are within Bridgeton; the populated areas of the city are located between Lambert-St. Louis International Airport and St. Charles; the Missouri River serves as the city's northwestern boundary. Bridgeton is centered at 38°45'26" North, 90°25'4" West; the area has long been influenced by its proximity to important local transportation routes, dating back to Native American trails established by the Osage Nation. Many of those trails became the basis of the first roads in the area, such as Natural Bridge and the historic St. Charles Rock Road, which date back to the days of Spanish and early American settlement; the intersection of I-70 and I-270 in this area add to air and rail access to make the area a good base for transportation-dependent industries.
The recreational American Discovery Trail passes through the area, According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.24 square miles, of which 14.60 square miles is land and 0.64 square miles is water. Bridgeton has a uneven history; the first Europeans to interact with Native American peoples and settle there were associated with the area's days as part of the French Illinois Territory. The French explorer, Étienne de Veniard de Bourgmont traveled the area in 1724, on a trail that developed as the main route between St. Louis and St. Charles; the Spanish gained colonial control in 1768 after France was defeated by Great Britain in the Seven Years' War and ceded its territory west of the Mississippi to Spain. In a 1799 census, the population of "Marais des Liards" was given as 42 slaves. Bridgeton was first platted in 1794, named Marais des Liards, it was known as Village à Robert, named after Robert Owen, its founder, who had received a land grant from the Spanish government.
In a Spanish census two years it had a population of 77 males and 47 females. As the area received more and more English-speaking settlers, the village's name became Owen's Station; because of its location, including its proximity to a ferry across the Missouri River, Bridgeton became a stop along the way from St. Louis to St. Charles. Meriwether Lewis passed through on his way to meet members who were gathering as part of the Lewis and Clark Expedition; the city was granted a state charter in 1843. The Jesuits, a Catholic religious order of priests and brothers, came to Bridgeton from St. Stanislaus Seminary and St. Ferdinand Parish of Florissant, Missouri; the order established St. Mary's Church in 1851 as a mission to serve area Catholics; the Archdiocese of St. Louis suppressed the parish in 2001 due to the expansion of Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, which caused a decline in residential population. By 1950, Bridgeton's population was 276, lower than it had been in the late 1790s and early 19th century.
The city expanded in size during the decade, growing to 16 square miles. The decade included the founding of the Northwest Chamber of Commerce, the chamber of commerce for the Northwest St. Louis area, which includes Bridgeton; this led into its period of greatest residential growth, the 1960s, during which nearly 8000 single-family homes were built. Denser development was strong during that decade as well, at nearly 2000 units. Unlike with single-family development, the multi-family development continued at about the same average pace during the 1970s and 1980s. While residential construction nearly ended in the 1990s, that decade has seen significant growth in commercial development. Levee-protected floodplains of the river, together with good access to interstate highways and the airport have translated into continued growth for Bridgeton and nearby communities, a diversification of the city's tax base. Proximity to Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport proved to be a mixed blessing. Starting in 1995, an expansion plan for the airport, centered on a new runway plan called W-1W, was fought by the city.
The new runway led to the elimination of 2000 homes in the city, most notably in the Carrollton subdivision, undoubtedly playing a significant role in the city's recent population decline. As of the census of 2010, there were 11,550 people, 4,760 households, 2,957 families residing in the city; the population density was 791.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,088 housing units at an average density of 348.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 72.4% White, 18.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 4.1% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.4% of the population. There were 4,760 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.9% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age in the city was 44.6 years. 19.9%