St Andrews is a town on the east coast of Fife in Scotland, 10 miles southeast of Dundee and 30 miles northeast of Edinburgh. St Andrews has a recorded population of 16,800 in 2011, making it Fife's fourth largest settlement and 45th most populous settlement in Scotland; the town is home to the University of St Andrews, the third oldest university in the English-speaking world and the oldest in Scotland. According to some rankings, it is ranked as the second best university in the United Kingdom, behind Cambridge; the University is an integral part of the burgh and during term time students make up one third of the town's population. The town is named after Saint Andrew the Apostle. There has been an important church in St Andrews since at least the 747 AD when it was mentioned in the Annals of Tigernach, a bishopric since at least the 11th century; the settlement grew to the west of St Andrews cathedral with the southern side of the Scores to the north and the Kinness burn to the south. The burgh soon became the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland, a position, held until the Scottish Reformation.
The famous cathedral, the largest in Scotland, now lies in ruins. St Andrews is known worldwide as the "home of golf"; this is in part because of The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, founded in 1754, which until 2004 exercised legislative authority over the game worldwide. It is because the famous St Andrews Links are the most frequent venue for The Open Championship, the oldest of golf's four major championships. Visitors travel to St Andrews in great numbers for several courses ranked amongst the finest in the world, as well as for the sandy beaches; the Martyrs Memorial, erected to the honour of Patrick Hamilton, George Wishart, other martyrs of the Reformation epoch, stands at the west end of the Scores on a cliff overlooking the sea. The civil parish has a population of 18,421; the town contains numerous museums, a botanic garden and an aquarium. The earliest recorded name of the area is Cennrígmonaid; this is Old Gaelic and composed of the elements ríg and monaid. This was Scoticised to Kilrymont.
The modern Gaelic spelling is Cill Rìmhinn. It is that the Gaelic name represents an adaptation of a Pictish form *Penrimond; the name St Andrews derives from the town's claim to be the resting place of bones of the apostle Andrew. According to legend, St Regulus brought the relics to Kilrymont, where a shrine was established for their safekeeping and veneration while Kilrymont was renamed in honour of the saint; this is the origin of a third name for the town Kilrule. The first inhabitants who settled on the estuary fringes of the rivers Tay and Eden during the mesolithic came from the plains in Northern Europe between 10,000 and 5,000 BCE; this was followed by the nomadic people who settled around the modern town around 4,500 BCE as farmers clearing the area of woodland and building monuments. In the mid-eighth century a monastery was established by the Pictish king Oengus I, traditionally associated with the relics of Saint Andrew, a number of bones supposed to be the saint's arm, three fingers and a tooth believed to have been brought to the town by St Regulus.
In AD 877, king Causantín mac Cináeda built a new church for the Culdees at St Andrews and the same year was captured and executed after defending against Viking raiders. In AD 906, the town became the seat of the bishop of Alba, with the boundaries of the see being extended to include land between the River Forth and River Tweed. In 940 Constantine III took the position of abbot of the monastery of St Andrews; the establishment of the present town began around 1140 by Bishop Robert on an L-shaped vill on the site of the ruined St Andrews Castle. According to a charter of 1170, the new burgh was built to the west of the Cathedral precinct, along Castle Street and as far as what is now known as North Street; this means that the lay-out may have led to the creation of two new streets from the foundations of the new St Andrews Cathedral filling the area inside a two-sided triangle at its apex. The northern boundary of the burgh was the southern side of the Scores with the southern by the Kinness Burn and the western by the West Port.
The burgh of St Andrews was first represented at the great council at Scone Palace in 1357. St Andrews, in particular the large cathedral built in 1160, was the most important centre of pilgrimage in medieval Scotland and one of the most important in Europe. Pilgrims from all over Scotland came in large numbers hoping to be blessed, in many cases to be cured, at the shrine of Saint Andrew; the presence of the pilgrims brought about increased development. Recognised as the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland, the town now had vast economic and political influence within Europe as a cosmopolitan town. In 1559, the town fell into decay after the violent Scottish Reformation and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms losing the status of ecclesiastical capital of Scotland; the University of St Andrews was considering relocating to Perth around 1697 and 1698. Under the authorisation of the bishop of St Andrews, the town was made a burgh of barony in 1614. Royal Burgh was granted as a charter by King James VI in 1620.
In the 18th century, the town was still in decline, but despite this the town was becoming known for having links'well known to golfers'. By the 19th century, the town be
The Meizu M3S is a smartphone designed and produced by the Chinese manufacturer Meizu, which runs on Flyme OS, Meizu's modified Android operating system. It is a current model of the M series, it was unveiled on June 2016 in Beijing. On May 25, 2016 it has been reported that a new Meizu device has been certified by the Chinese telecommunication authority TENAA, the Chinese equivalent to the American Federal Communications Commission. According to the certification information, the new device should feature a 5-inch display with a resolution of 720 by 1280 pixels. In the beginning of June 2016, there were statements on Chinese social media that the upcoming device could be called Meizu M3S. Furthermore, a launch event for the new device on June 13, 2016, was announced; as announced, the M3S was released in Beijing on June 13, 2016. Pre-orders for the M3S began after the launch event on June 13, 2016; the Meizu M3S was released with an updated version of Flyme OS, a modified operating system based on Android Lollipop.
It features improved one-handed usability. The Meizu M3S features a MediaTek MTK 6750 system-on-a-chip with an array of eight ARM Cortex-A53 CPU cores, an ARM Mali-T860 MP2 GPU and 2 GB or 3 GB of RAM; the M3S reaches a score of 38451 points the in AnTuTu benchmark. The M3S is available in four different colors and comes with either 2 GB of RAM and 16 GB of internal storage or 3 GB of RAM and 32 GB of internal storage; the Meizu M3S weighs 138 g. It has a slate form factor, being rectangular with rounded corners and has only one central physical button at the front. Unlike most other Android smartphones, the M3S doesn't have capacitive buttons nor on-screen buttons; the functionality of these keys is implemented using a technology called mBack, which makes use of gestures with the physical button. The M3S further extends this button by a fingerprint sensor called mTouch; the M3S features a laminated 5-inch IPS multi-touch capacitive touchscreen display with a HD resolution of 720 by 1080 pixels.
The pixel density of the display is 293 ppi. In addition to the touchscreen input and the front key, the device has volume/zoom control buttons and the power/lock button on the right side, a 3.5mm TRS audio jack on the top and a microUSB port on the bottom for charging and connectivity. The Meizu M3S has two cameras; the rear camera has a resolution of 13 MP, a ƒ/2.2 aperture, a 5-element lens, phase-detection autofocus and an LED flash. The front camera has a resolution of a ƒ/2.0 aperture and a 4-element lens. Meizu Comparison of smartphones Official product page Meizu
Craig R. Barrett is an American business executive who served as the chairman of the board of Intel Corporation until May 2009, he became CEO of Intel in a position he held for seven years. After retiring from Intel, Barrett joined the faculty at Thunderbird School of Global Management in Phoenix. Barrett served as the president of Intel starting in 1997 and its chief executive officer from 1998 to 2005, he led the corporation through some of its worst times, including the burst of the dot-com bubble and a severe recession. He was appointed as a member of the Hong Kong Chief Executive's Council of International Advisers in the years of 1998–2005, he joined the board of trustees of the Society for Science & the Public in 2010. He serves as president and chairman of BASIS School Inc. a charter school group as well as chair of the board of directors for the National Forest Foundation, the nonprofit partner to the U. S. Forest Service. Barrett attended Stanford University from 1957 to 1964 and received a Ph.
D. in Materials Science. During his time at Stanford, he joined the Kappa Sigma fraternity. After graduation, he joined the Stanford University Department of Materials Science and Engineering and remained there until 1974. Barrett was NATO Postdoctoral Fellow at the National Physical Laboratory in the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1965. Craig and his wife Barbara gave a $10 million endowment to Arizona State University in 2000. In recognition of their donation, Arizona State renamed their honors program Barrett, The Honors College. In 1969, Barrett received the Robert Lansing Hardy Award of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and remains a member of the National Academy of Engineering, he is the author of over forty technical papers dealing with the influence of microstructure on the properties of materials and co-authored a textbook on materials science, The Principles of Engineering Materials, along with UCLA professor Alan S. Tetelman and Stanford professor William D. Nix, published by Prentice-Hall in 1973, which remains in use today.
On January 31, 2006, Barrett and his wife were awarded the Woodrow Wilson Award for Corporate Citizenship by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. On June 28, 2009, he was announced the 2009 Laureate of the Global Award of the President of the Republic of Armenia for Outstanding Contribution to Humanity through IT. On June 27, 2014, Trinity College Dublin awarded him with an honorary doctorate. Barrett was employed by Intel Corporation in 1974 as a manager, he was promoted to vice president of the corporation in 1984, to senior vice president in 1987, executive vice president in 1990. Barrett was elected to Intel's board of directors in 1992 and was named the company's chief operating officer in 1993, he became Intel's fourth president in May 1997 and chief executive officer in 1998. He became chairman of the board in May 2005. In January 2009, he announced that he would be stepping down as chairman and member of the board at the annual stockholders' meeting in May 2009. Barret is married to Barbara McConnell Barrett, the United States Ambassador to Finland from 2008 to 2009.
She is now the Secretary of the Air Force. List of chief executive officers Intel website biography – background information'On the Record: Craig Barrett' – Retirement interview, in SFGate.com 2006 Congressional testimony on U. S. International Business Tax policy Appearances on C-SPAN