140 St Georges Terrace
140 St Georges Terrace is a 30-storey skyscraper in Perth, Western Australia. Opened in 1975, the 131-metre tower was known as the AMP Building or AMP Tower after its owner and former flagship tenant, AMP Limited; the building became the tallest completed skyscraper in Perth in 1975, a title which it held only until 1976, when Allendale Square was opened. The site at the corner of St Georges Terrace and William Street known as "Carr's Corner" was purchased by AMP in 1910, in 1915 the AMP Chambers designed by Oldham and Cox were built on the corner; this six-storey building was clad with sandstone, the interior was decorated with jarrah. The top of the building featured an iconic bronze statue; the 12-foot high statue depicted four figures: a central figure symbolised protection, it was flanked by a man and child. Weighing around 2,000 pounds, the sculpture was hollow with a wooden base and was thought to have been made in Europe; when AMP announced plans to demolish the building and erect in its place a modern skyscraper, the National Trust refused to classify the building as in need of protection.
The Trust Administrator N. J. Armitage instead applauded the development and the open space that would be created in the forecourt of the new tower. Although the building could not be saved from demolition, the iconic statue atop it was saved by Clive Rutty and purchased by millionaire collector Lew Whiteman, who paid $1000 for it; when the statue was removed from the building on 19 March 1972, a piece of wood was found within it with the names on it of the four men who erected it in October 1914. AMP asked to buy the statue back from Whiteman, he told them they did not deserve it. After the death of Whiteman, the statue was bought at auction for A$60,800 by the land developers, Sherwood Overseas, placed in its current position as a contribution to public art, it now stands on the western side of Herdsman Lake. The developers were allowed to build their tower beyond the allowable plot ratio because of planning concessions awarded in return for the provision of public amenities, namely the open space in front of the building and seats provided for the public.
A further bonus was given for the linking of the development with the Elders development across St Georges Terrace. Demolition of the old building started in May 1972; the building housed an observation deck on the 29th floor, offering sweeping views across the central business district. However, when both its west and east views were blocked by the construction of the BankWest Tower in 1988 and Central Park in 1992, this observation deck was closed; when the tower was first built in 1975, an "iconic" commissioned sculpture by Howard Taylor was installed in its forecourt. The sculpture, entitled "The Black Stump", was constructed of concrete and mosaic tile and weighed more than 28 tonnes, it was relocated to the University of Western Australia in 1990, where it has remained beside the Octagon Theatre since. The building was used by AMP as its state headquarters from its opening in 1975 until 2002 when most of its staff moved to West Perth offices; the last AMP staff shifted out of the building in 2003.
Since 1997, the tower has been used as a launching pad for some shells in the annual Lotterywest Skyworks fireworks display. Owned by AMP companies since 1915, the building was put on the market by owner AMP Asset Management in 2000 and was expected to fetch A$80 million. A Perth-based syndicate headed by Brett Wilkins offered to buy the tower for between $75 and 80 million. However, the property failed to sell, remained within AMP ownership. In August 2005, the building was sold by AMP Life Statutory Fund No 1 to the AMP-managed Australian Core Property Portfolio for $153.5 million. In 1992, the building underwent refurbishment, but this was only minor cosmetic refurbishment. Coinciding with the completion of Central Park, the $15 million project was conducted by Multiplex; the refurbishment involved a facelift for the ground floor lobby, including polished granite flooring, wall panelling and coffered ceilings with concealed lighting, improved revolving doors, new glass and planter boxes. The facelift saw the repaving of the building's forecourt with cobblestone, new landscaping, further public seating and the integration of the tower's underground car parking with Central Park's.
Despite the 1992 refurbishment, by 2000 the building was widely regarded as in need of an upgrade. In 2003, when the building was "almost empty", an extensive refurbishment of the building was undertaken, at a cost of A$34 million; the largest office tower refurbishment in Perth's history, work started in April 2003. The refurbishment was an internal one, refreshing office floors and replacing building services such as air conditioning and lifts; the bulk of the facade remained unchanged, aside from a new "two-storey high, 15-metre long bronzed-glass canopy" at ground level. The glass of the canopy is coated with small white dots which have a shading effect during the day, but uplighting produces a white ceiling effect at night; this canopy was intended to give the tower a more prominent entrance. The refurbishment involved the installation of new conference facilities; the 2003 refurbishment was designed by architects Cox Howlett & Bailey Woodland, the refurbishment contract won by Multiplex.
The project took until 2005, finishing on-budget. The refurbishment was a success, with the building going from "sparesely occupied" at the start of the refurbishment project to "practically full" in 2006; the refurbishment was expe
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.04 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp; the first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port both founded downriver. Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony, it gained city status in 1856 and was promoted to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929. The city inherited its name due to the influence of Sir George Murray Member of Parliament for Perthshire and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies; the city's population increased as a result of the Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century.
During Australia's involvement in World War II, Fremantle served as a base for submarines operating in the Pacific Theatre, a US Navy Catalina flying boat fleet was based at Matilda Bay. An influx of immigrants after the war, predominantly from Britain, Greece and Yugoslavia, led to rapid population growth; this was followed by a surge in economic activity flowing from several mining booms in the late 20th and early 21st centuries that saw Perth become the regional headquarters for several large mining operations located around the state. As part of Perth's role as the capital of Western Australia, the state's Parliament and Supreme Court are located within the city, as is Government House, the residence of the Governor of Western Australia. Perth came seventh in the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2016 list of the world's most liveable cities and was classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2010 as a Beta world city; the city hosted the 1962 Commonwealth Games.
Perth is divided into 30 local government areas and 250 suburbs, stretching from Two Rocks in the north to Singleton in the south, east inland to The Lakes. Outside of the main CBD, important urban centres within Perth include Joondalup. Most of those were established as separate settlements and retained a distinct identity after being subsumed into the wider metropolitan area. Mandurah, Western Australia's second-largest city, has in recent years formed a conurbation with Perth along the coast, though for most purposes it is still considered a separate city. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Perth area for at least 38,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological remains at Upper Swan; the Noongar people lived as hunter-gatherers. The wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain were important to them, both spiritually and as a source of food; the Noongar people know the area. Boorloo formed part of the territory of the Mooro, a Noongar clan, which at the time of British settlement had Yellagonga as their leader.
The Mooro was one of several Noongar Indigenous clans based around the Swan River known collectively as the Whadjuk. The Whadjuk themselves were one of a larger group of fourteen tribes that formed the south-west socio-linguistic block known as the Noongar sometimes called the Bibbulmun. On 19 September 2006, the Federal Court of Australia brought down a judgment recognising Noongar native title over the Perth metropolitan area in the case of Bennell v State of Western Australia FCA 1243; the judgment was overturned on appeal. The first documented sighting of the region was made by the Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew on 10 January 1697. Subsequent sightings between this date and 1829 were made by other Europeans, but as in the case of the sighting and observations made by Vlamingh, the area was considered to be inhospitable and unsuitable for the agriculture that would be needed to sustain a settlement. Although the Colony of New South Wales had established a convict-supported settlement at King George's Sound on the south coast of Western Australia in 1826 in response to rumours that the area would be annexed by France, Perth was the first full-scale settlement by Europeans in the western third of the continent.
The British colony would be designated Western Australia in 1832 but was known informally for many years as the Swan River Colony after the area's major watercourse. On 4 June 1829, newly arriving British colonists had their first view of the mainland, Western Australia's founding has since been recognised by a public holiday on the first Monday in June each year. Captain James Stirling, aboard Parmelia, said that Perth was "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had witnessed". On 12 August that year, Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the second ship, cut down a tree to mark the founding of the town, it is clear that Stirling had selected the name Perth for the capital well before the town was proclaimed, as his proclamation of the colony, read in Fremantle on 18 June 1829, ended "given under my hand and Seal at Perth this 18th Day of June 1829. James Stirling Lieutenant Governor"; the only contemporary information on the source of the name comes from Fremantle's diary entry for 12 August, which records that they "named the town Perth according to the wishes of Sir George Murray".
Murray was born in Perth and was in 1829 Secretary of State for the Colonies and Member for Perthshire in the British House of Commons. The town was named after the Scottish Pert
Central business district
A central business district is the commercial and business center of a city. In larger cities, it is synonymous with the city's "financial district". Geographically, it coincides with the "city centre" or "downtown", but the two concepts are separate: many cities have a central business district located away from its commercial or cultural city centre or downtown; the CBD is also the "city centre" or "downtown", but this is often not the case. Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the world. For example, London's "city centre" is regarded as encompassing the historic City of London and the mediaeval City of Westminster, whereas the City of London and the transformed Docklands area are regarded as its two CBDs. Mexico City has a historic city centre, the colonial-era Centro Histórico, along with two CBDs: the mid-late 20th century Paseo de la Reforma - Polanco, the new Santa Fe; the shape and type of a CBD always reflect the city's history. Cities with strong preservation laws and maximum building height restrictions to retain the character of the historic and cultural core will have a CBD quite a distance from the centre of the city.
This is quite common for European cities such as Vienna. In cities in the New World that grew after the invention of mechanised modes such as road or rail transport, a single central area or downtown will contain most of the region's tallest buildings and act both as the CBD and the commercial and cultural city center. Increasing urbanisation in the 21st century have developed megacities in Asia, that will have multiple CBDs scattered across the urban area, it has been said. No two CBDs look alike in terms of their spatial shape, however certain geometric patterns in these areas are recurring throughout many cities due to the nature of centralised commercial and industrial activities. In Australia the acronym CBD is used commonly to refer to major city "centres", it is used in particular to refer to the skyscraper districts in state capital cities such as Melbourne, Perth and Sydney. Melbourne is Australia's largest CBD with Sydney second and Brisbane third when judged by area size; the iTowers of Masa Square CBD were built for doing business tasks only.
It is located within Gaborone. In China terms "city centre" are used but a different commercial district outside of the historic core called a "CBD" or "Financial District" may exist. Large Chinese cities have multiple CBDs spread throughout the urban area. Cities traditionally being major cultural centres with many historic structures in the core such as Beijing, Suzhou or Xi'an will have the greenfield CBDs built adjacent to the urban core, similar to European cities. While other cities such as Guangzhou, Shanghai and Wuhan the city centre will house a number of CBDs in addition to greenfield CBDs built in the periphery. In France, the term « quartier d’affaires » may be used to describe the central business district; the main ones business districts in the country are as following: La Défense in Paris, which with 3,300,000 square metres of office space is Europe's leading business district in terms of area. La Part-Dieu in Lyon, is the 2nd largest business district in France and has nearly 1,600,000 square metres.
Euralille in Lille, is the 3rd business district of France with 1,120,000 square metres of offices. Euroméditerranée in Marseille, is the 4th business district in France with 650,000 square metres of offices. In Germany, the terms Innenstadt and Stadtzentrum may be used to describe the central business district. Both terms can be translated to mean "inner city" and "city centre"; some of the larger cities have more than one central business district, like Berlin, which has three. Due to Berlin's history of division during the Cold War, the city contains central business districts both in West and East Berlin, as well as a newly-built business centre near Potsdamer Platz; the city's historic centre — the location of the Reichstag building, as well as the Brandenburg gate and most federal ministries — was abandoned when the Berlin Wall cut through the area. Only after the reunification with the redevelopment of Potsdamer Platz, the construction of numerous shopping centers, government ministries, office buildings and entertainment venues, was the area revived.
In Frankfurt, there is a business district, in the geographical centre of the city and it is called the Bankenviertel. In Düsseldorf, there is a business district, located around the famous High-Street Königsallee with banks and offices. In Hong Kong, Sheung Wan and Causeway Bay are considered as the central business districts of Victoria City; the Yau Tsim Mong District has been considered the city centre of Kowloon before another core emerged in Cheung Sha Wan. As part of the Airport Core Programme, the Union Square project launched by the MTR Corporation has brought it another CBD in West Kowloon. With the latest implementation of "Energising Kowloon East" Scheme by the Hong Kong Government, Kowloon Bay and Kwun Tong Business Area have been redeveloped and transformed into CBDs; the CBDs of new towns and satellite cities such as Tuen Mun, Sha Tin and Tung Chung have been characterised by sky-scraping residential blocks on top of large shopping centres that provide services to local resi
100 St Georges Terrace
100 St Georges Terrace is a 24-storey skyscraper located at 100 St Georges Terrace in Perth, Western Australia. It is a mixed commercial property; the retail component, named enex perth, is made up of three floors of shops and food outlets between St Georges Terrace and the Hay Street Mall. The office tower is 103 metres high and the project was the first office building constructed in Perth to a 4.5-star Australian Building Greenhouse Rating. The St Georges Terrace side of the site was occupied by several buildings; the site adjacent to Trinity Church was opened as a branch of the Union Bank of Australia in 1885. The seven-storey New Zealand Insurance Company building was constructed at 100 St Georges Terrace in 1927, followed by the neighbouring six-storey Airways House in 1933; the Union Bank became ANZ Bank, in May 1963 it vacated its building to allow for the construction of a modern replacement building on the same site. The replacement ANZ Bank was opened in November 1965 by Premier David Brand.
The site became home to the National Mutual Arcade. The Hay Street side of the site was home to department store Sandovers; the original building on the site designed by architect J. Talbot Hobbs was destroyed by fire in 1907 and replaced with a new building; this remained the home of Sandovers until the company closed down late in the 20th century, the facade remains standing to this day. The ANZ Bank Building was demolished in the late 1980s, the National Mutual Arcade was demolished in early 1991; this was to make way for a A$100 million development retail arcade and 39-storey office tower, however due to a market downturn the plans never eventuated. Instead, the St Georges Terrace half of the site was landscaped into a park and the northern half saw construction of a Toys "R" Us store. In 2001, Futuris Corporation subsidiary Caversham Properties obtained a $30 million option over the site to develop an office tower. In 2002 Futuris unveiled its plans to build a $120 million, 27-storey tower on the site named Century City, received planning approval for the development.
The development would include a large shopping cinema beneath the office tower. The development did not attract sufficient interest from major tenants, Futuris' option was terminated. After the termination of Futuris' option, an option to develop the site was taken up by Pivot Group, the private group of Incitec chairman Peter Laurance, in September 2003. At this time, the site was owned by AXA Statutory Fund, managed by Deutsche Asset Management. On 17 December 2004, the Pivot Group exercised its option to buy the site from Axa Pacific for A$30 million. On the same day, it announced fresh redevelopment plans for the site; the development was undertaken as a joint venture between Incitec and the Industry Superannuation Property Trust, the latter of which owned the nearby Forrest Chase shopping centre. Upon completion, ISPT would take full ownership of the property. In order to facilitate the redevelopment, the properties fronting the Hay Street Mall were purchased by the Pivot Group. Development approval was received from the City of Perth in April 2004.
The project was to be the largest retail development in the Perth central business district since Forrest Chase was completed in 1989. Construction was expected to begin in early 2005, the building was expected to have a value upon completion of A$140 million; the plans included underground car park as well as a 22-bay loading dock, to be used by tenants of the shopping centre as well as other retailers on the Hay Street Mall. However, despite wanting such a loading dock for the mall since 1989, the City of Perth refused to invest public money in the project. Before construction started, supermarket chain Woolworths took up a 20-year lease over 2,500 square metres of space in the retail component of the project, out of a total of 15,000 square metres of total retail space; the development was structured so that if there was insufficient demand for office space, the office tower would be scrapped in favour of a pure retail development. Due to an economic boom in Western Australia, during planning and construction the retail and office rental markets in the Perth CBD dried up, with vacancy rates falling to record lows.
Despite this and rents among the lowest in the Perth office market, the developers had trouble securing an anchor tenant for the office tower portion of the development. The developers confirmed in October 2005 that the construction of the office tower would go ahead without an anchor tenant. Existing leases over the remaining buildings fronting the Hay Street Mall expired at the end of January 2006, demolition started in February 2006; the heritage-listed facades of these buildings were retained and incorporated into the new development. Demolition was complete by April 2006, with construction by building company Multiplex expected to get underway by July 2006. By this stage, the cost of the development had been revised to $250 million. Axiom Properties joined the development on 27 June 2006, investing A$5 million in exchange for half of the profits of the office tower portion of the development; the first major office tenancy was achieved in March 2007 when Japanese oil and gas giant Inpex signed a 10-year lease over 7,000 square metres of space across the building's top four floors.
This was followed by the National Australia Bank which took up 8,900 square metres of space in the tower and became its anchor tenant, to enable it to shift from its current location in St Martins Centre. The bank leased 2,000 square metres of retail space over two levels to open a new retail headquarters fronting St Georges Terrace, secured signage rig
Parliament House, Perth
Parliament House, Perth is located on Harvest Terrace in West Perth, Western Australia. It is the home of the Parliament of Western Australia, including the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly; the Swan River Colony's original Legislative Council was housed in small 1830s government offices in St Georges Terrace, the Legislative Assembly in Howick Street near the Town Hall. An 1897 Royal Commission recommended proposals to house the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly in the same building, suggested two possible locations: the site of the existing Legislative Council in St Georges Terrace, the hill in Harvest Terrace, behind the Pensioner Barracks. After designs were completed for both sites, the Royal Commission recommended the St Georges Terrace site. Politicians John Winthrop Hackett and George Leake favoured the Harvest Terrace site, chosen by Parliament. An Australia-wide competition was held for the design of Parliament House, adjudicated by the government architect of New South Wales.
He gave awards of merit. One of the awards went to four officers of the Public Works Department; the decision was referred to the parliamentary committee, which awarded the design to the Public Works Department whose chief architects were John Grainger and Hillson Beasley, who became acting chief from November 1903 during Grainger's absence through illness. Building of the first stage of Parliament House commenced in 1902; the walls are of local brick with tile facing from Rottnest Island, Donnybrook stone, jarrah woodwork and locally-made clay tiles. A large general room for members and a library were added to the initial design during construction, completed in 1904; the building opened on 28 July 1904, The West Australian commented: When the assembly members trooped into the Council Chamber to hear the Commission read, the visitors had time to criticise the extraordinary colour scheme of the Assembly Chamber, count the hundreds of black swans swimming in the blue sea of carpet, comment on the dizzying height of the galleries, draw comparisons – born of the wearying display of stained glass and coloured wood – between the general appearance of the Chamber and that of a glorified saloon… The eastern wing was added between 1958 and 1964.
The building was extended to the south in 1978. During the 1980s, uneventful proposals were put forward to extend the structure eastwards by covering the adjoining Mitchell Freeway, incorporating commercial development, connecting the Parliament House precinct with St Georges Terrace. In 1997, protesting union workers established a "Workers' Embassy" on vacant land opposite Parliament House, a site, reserved and named Solidarity Park by a subsequent Labor government. Parliament of Western Australia
Citibank House is an 18-storey office building in Perth, Western Australia. The 224-foot building was opened in 1962 as the T & G Building, was the tallest building in Perth until 1970 when Hamersley House was opened, it underwent a major refurbishment in the 1980s which altered the building's external features. The building adopted its current name; as of December 2008, the tower is the 26th-tallest completed building in Perth. The site at the corner of St Georges Terrace and Barrack Street was occupied by hostelries from the colony's earliest days, housed the Weld Club. During the Western Australian gold rush in 1897, the Moir Building was constructed on the site. Designed by Talbot Hobbs, the building was one of the most well-known buildings in Perth at the time, it became the headquarters for the T & G Mutual Life Assurance Society and was renamed to the T & G Chambers. The southern end of the site was home to the McNeil Chambers. Growth in T & G's business, coupled with a desire for a modern tower, led to the decision to demolish the iconic chambers.
The original T & G Chambers were demolished in early 1960, excavation for the new tower's foundation began in June 1960. The high water table of the site necessitated the use of a raft-type foundation. The4 feet thick foundation was formed by the pour of 970 cubic yards of concrete in one continuous pour, which occurred on 25 September 1960. After this, a 21-inch concrete retaining wall was poured around the basement levels and the steel frame of the building was erected; the floors of the building were formed by attaching permanent galvanised iron formwork to the steel frame, adding steel reinforcement mesh and pouring 4 inches of concrete on top. The building was the tallest in Perth upon its completion; the T&G Building was designed by architects Fitzhardinge. The service tower on the building's west side housed the tower's services, including its four high-speed lifts, a lift lobby, plumbing, tea room and two escape stairwells; the containment of the services within the service tower enabled the 4,200 square feet of office space on each floor to be contiguous.
The service tower rose 27 ft 3 in above the roof of the main building. The building is of a steel frame construction, clad with aluminium and precast aggregate concrete panels; the building is supported by 32 steel columns. The ground floor was clad with black polished granite, the lobby featured Travertine marble; the office floors had external sun shades 3.5 inches thick protruding 3 feet from the side of the building to reduce the heat load of the building during summer. The "fully automatic" lifts which were installed in the building were the most advanced in Australia. A 40-foot steel flag pole was placed on the northern end of the service tower; when the T & G Building was constructed, there were no plot ratio limits imposed by the City of Perth on multistorey developments, the building had a plot ratio of 7:1. However, subsequent to the construction, a limit of 5:1 was imposed; as a result, in the 1980s when the tower was outdated and showing signs of age, the owners found that they would be unable to replace the tower with a new one of a similar size.
As a result, a decision was made to extensively refurbish the building. The roof of the building, which featured a small caretaker's flat, was enclosed as an extra office floor. Above this, a facade was added bringing all sides of the building to the top of the mechanical penthouse which rose several floors above the roof; the window shades above every floor were enlarged and extended outwards from the building, all window glass was replaced. "Progress Bulletin of the New T & G Building". The Australasian T & G Mutual Life Assurance Society Ltd. 1960–1962. Photographs of the tower and the Old T & G Building in the State Library of Western Australia Pictorial Collection Emporis page on the tower
St George's House, Perth
St George's House is located at 237 St Georges Terrace in Perth, Western Australia. It was previously known as Cardigan House, Bishop's Grove and Ingle Hall. St George's House is a two-storey brick and corrugated iron building constructed in 1891/92, Federation Queen Anne style. St George's House was built by the Perth Diocesan Trust of the Anglican Church to provide an income for the Trust. In 1856 Matthew Hale, the first Anglican Bishop of Perth and an independently wealthy clergyman, purchased five allotments on St George's Terrace to build a residence for himself and his family. Hale favoured this location because of the large grounds and natural spring that flowed all year round, because there was an existing house and stables; the land was purchased from Alfred Hillman Senior. These lots form the land known as the Bishop's See, located between St Georges Terrace, Mount and Spring Streets at the western end of the Perth central business district. Hale built several buildings on the Bishop's See, including Bishop's House, Bishop's Cottage, Hale House.
In 1875 Hale handed all his Perth properties over to the Perth Diocesan Trust and left Western Australia to take up his appointment as Bishop of Brisbane. The Perth Diocesan Council constructed a number of buildings on the Bishop's See following Hales departure, included St George's House, St George's Mansion and Bishop's Court. All these residential properties were leased to private tenants to provide an income for the diocese. St George's House was constructed in 1891/92 as a set of three two-storey houses in conjunction with a pair of two-storey semi-detached houses; the houses were to the design of architect John Talbot Hobbs, the official architect for the Perth Diocesan Council. He arrived in Western Australia in 1887. An entry in one of Hobbs' ledgers records the preparation of plans and specifications, supervision of the erection of five houses on St George's Terrace and the erection of a fence; the cost of this work was 225 pounds 3 shillings and it was commissioned in August 1891. A photograph taken in 1895 shows these two buildings, which were similar in style.
Both have prominent gables facing the street, corbelled chimneys, single level verandahs with decorative timber-work and rendered quoins, string courses and dressings to the windows. Whilst the verandah extended across the whole facade of the semi-detached houses, St George's House has two separate verandahs on each of the two larger gable fronts and a small awning covering a secondary entry of the western side of the building. A photograph dated 1894, shows St George's House in more detail, including turned balustrades to the verandahs above the main entry porch and a further entry to the building on the eastern side similar to that on the west; the building was symmetrical. St George's House, other buildings on the Bishop's See, had many name changes throughout their history; the name Bishop's Grove is used in the two photographs that show St George's House, taken in 1894 and in 1895, referring to it and the other building as Bishop's Grove. On 31 January 1893, a tender was accepted by the Perth Diocesan Council from Musto Briggs & Gill for the construction of the Bishop's Grove roadway.
Fred Alexander, in his book Four Bishops and Their See, refers to Bishop's Grove: His income was drawn from government debentures, bank shares, Hale's Adelaide property, Hale Cottage, Bishop's Cottage, Bishop's Grove and a 50 pound travel pass. The gross income amounted to 900 pounds. Wise's Post Office Directory refers to 235-239 St George's Terrace as "Bishop's Grove" in its first edition of 1897. Previous editions do not list street numbers or the name of the building.. The history of tenants in St George's House can be ascertained from the Directory, indicates that the street address for St George's House may have once included 233 St George's Terrace. In 1897, four tenants are listed at Bishop's Grove, including George Leake, May Smith, Edward Hooper and George Berry; the number of tenants remains unchanged until 1906, when only three tenants are listed, being at 235, 237 and 239 St George's Terrace. In 1912, the building was being leased to Mrs E B Ward and Mrs May Smith. From about 1915 until the 1960s, 235-239 St George's Terrace was operating either as two boarding houses or as an apartment and a boarding house.
Some of the names listed in the Wise's Post Office Directory as operating boarding houses are Dicken's Boarding-house and Maginni's Boarding-house, 1923 Nisbet apartments and Ayliffe Boarding-house, 1937 Mrs E L Dunning and Mr Edwd G Dunning and Mrs H V Carter apartments, 1949. In 1912, a two-storey high verandah was added on all four sides to St George's House, with only the central section facing St Georges Terrace left untouched; the verandahs were enclosed to accommodate more rooms. Extensive additions and alterations were carried out in 1939, to the eastern portion of the building being referred to as "Cardigan"; the architects for these works were Hobbs and Winning, the successful contractor was A James & Co. for a price of 3,060 pounds. The works included the addition of a further 26 bedrooms and b