Staind is an American rock band formed in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1995. The original lineup consisted of lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist Aaron Lewis, lead guitarist Mike Mushok and backing vocalist Johnny April, drummer Jon Wysocki; the lineup has been stable outside of the 2011 departure of Wysocki, replaced by Sal Giancarelli. Staind has recorded seven studio albums: Tormented, Break the Cycle, 14 Shades of Grey, Chapter V, The Illusion of Progress, Staind; the band's activity became more sporadic after their self-titled release, with Lewis pursuing a solo country music career and Mushok subsequently joining the band Saint Asonia, but they have continued to tour on and off in the following years. As of 2016, Lewis has reiterated that the band has not broken up, will create another album, but that his current focus is on his solo career; as of 2019, the band is on hiatus. Staind has sold over 15 million records worldwide. Many of their singles have reached high positions on US rock and all-format charts as well, including "It's Been Awhile", "Fade", "Price to Play", "So Far Away", "Right Here".

In 1993, vocalist Aaron Lewis and guitarist Mike Mushok met at a Christmas party in Springfield, Massachusetts. Mushok introduced drummer Jon Wysocki while Lewis brought in bassist Johnny April to form the band in 1995, their first public performance was in February 1995, playing a heavy and introspective style of metal. Extensive touring in the Northeast helped Staind acquire a regional following over the next few years; the band started covering Korn, Rage Against the Machine, Pearl Jam and Alice in Chains, among others, played at local clubs for a year and a half. Staind self-released their debut album, Tormented, in November 1996, citing Tool, Faith No More, Pantera as their influences. In October 1997, Staind acquired a concert slot through Aaron's cousin Justin Cantor with Limp Bizkit. Just prior to the performance, Limp Bizkit frontman Fred Durst was appalled by Staind's grotesque album cover and unsuccessfully attempted to remove them from the bill. Durst thought. After being persuaded to let them perform, Durst was so impressed that he signed them to Flip Records by February 1998.

On April 13, 1999, Staind released their major label debut Dysfunction on Flip Records. The album, co-produced by Fred Durst and Terry Date, received comparisons to alternative metal giants Tool and Korn. In particular, Aaron Lewis was lauded for his vocals, which were likened to those of Pearl Jam's Eddie Vedder; the album achieved slow success, reaching the No. 1 spot on Billboard's Heatseeker Charts six months after its debut. In the same week, the record jumped to No. 74 on Billboard's Top 200 Album Charts. The nine-track LP produced three singles, "Just Go", "Mudshovel", "Home". "Mudshovel" and "Home" both received radio play, cracking the Top 20 of Billboard's Modern Rock and Mainstream Rock charts. In promotion of Dysfunction, Staind went on several tours, including the Family Values Tour with acts like Limp Bizkit and The Crystal Method, as well as opening for Sevendust's headlining tour. Staind toured with Limp Bizkit for the Family Values Tour during the fall of 1999, where Aaron Lewis performed an early version of "Outside" with Fred Durst at the Mississippi Coast Coliseum.

Staind released their third studio album, Break the Cycle, on May 22, 2001. Propelled by the success of the first single, "It's Been Awhile", the album debuted at No. 1 on Billboard's Top 200 Album charts, selling 716,000 copies in its first week. The record's first-week sales were the second highest of any album that year, behind Creed's Weathered. Break the Cycle saw the band retaining the nu metal sound from their previous album. Despite this, the album saw the band going further into a post-grunge sound, evident in the smash hit song "It's Been Awhile", the song led critics to compare the band to several other post-grunge bands at the time; the record spawned the singles "It's Been Awhile", "Fade", "Outside", "For You", the acoustic ballad "Epiphany". "It's Been Awhile" spent a total of 16 and 14 weeks on top of the modern and mainstream rock charts making it one of the highest joint numbers of all time. In 2001, Break the Cycle sold four million copies worldwide, making it one of the best selling albums that year.

Break the Cycle would go on to sell seven million copies worldwide, making this Staind's bestselling album. In early 2003, Staind embarked on a worldwide tour to promote the release of the follow-up to Break the Cycle, 14 Shades of Grey, which sold two million copies and debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200; the album saw a departure from their previous nu metal sound as it contained a lighter and more melodic post-grunge sound. 14 Shades of Grey produced two mainstream hits, "Price to Play" and "So Far Away", which spent 14 weeks on top of the rock chart. In addition, two other singles were released: "How About You" and "Zoe Jane"; the band's appearance at the Reading Festival during their 2003 tour had another impromptu acoustic set, this time due to equipment failure. The singles "So Far Away" and "Price to Play" came with two unreleased tracks, "Novocaine" and "Let It Out", which were released for the special edition of the group's subsequent album Chapter V, which came out in late 2005.

In 2003, Staind unsuccessfully sued their logo designer Jon Stainbrook in New York Federal Court for attempting to re-use the logo he had sold to the band. They re-opened the case in mid-2005. Staind's

Province of Piacenza

The province of Piacenza is a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Its provincial capital is the city Piacenza; as of 2016, it has a total population of 286,572 inhabitants over an area of 2,585.86 square kilometres, giving it a population density of 111.38 inhabitants per square kilometre. The city Piacenza has a population of 102,269, as of 2015; the provincial president is Patrizia Barbieri and it contains 48 comuni. The province dates back to its founding by the Romans in 218 BCE. Piacenza was founded by the Romans for military purposes in 218 BCE, it was conquered by Carthaginian Hasdrubal II in 207 BCE and the city was sacked in 200 BCE by the Gauls. A key city in the region, it was destroyed by barbarians but the town was rebuilt under the rule of bishops in the 10th century. By the 12th century, the city was a free comune and it fought against Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor as part of the Lombard League. In the Renaissance period it passed from French, to papal, to Sforzas rule.

Pope Paul III formed the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza and Piacenza became part of this duchy. It voted for a union between it and Piedmont in May 1848. In October 2012, it was confirmed that the Province of Piacenza would be merged with the Province of Parma in 2014 to become the Province of Piacenza and Parma, despite controversy over the chosen name. However, after the dismissal of premier Mario Monti, the provincial union was cancelled; the province of Piacenza is the westernmost of the nine provinces in the region of Emilia-Romagna in northwestern Italy. It is bounded on the east by the Province of Parma, to the north by the Province of Cremona, the Province of Lodi, the Province of Pavia in the region of Lombardy; the Province of Alessandria lies to the west in the region of Piedmont, to the south lies the Province of Genoa in the region of Liguria. The northernmost part of the province is flat but the southernmost two thirds are hilly and extend to the Ligurian Apennine Mountains; the alluvial Po Plain is agricultural land and there are many vineyards growing grapes from which the eighteen wines of the region are made.

There is some light industry in the mechanical sector, some of this is linked to the agriculture sector. Media related to Province of Piacenza at Wikimedia Commons Official website Provincia di Piacenza homepage - Portale di Piacenza

Hans Peter L'orange (officer)

Hans Peter L'orange was a Norwegian military officer. He was the Commanding General in Norway from 1897 to 1903, he was born in Herøy as a son of Peter Vilhelm Ingeborg Bue. He was a second cousin of Anders Lorange. In November 1863 in Bergen he married a daughter of Johan Koren, he was the father of Major General Hans Wilhelm L'Orange and Colonel Johan Ingolf Koren L'orange, through the former a grandfather of archaeologist and art historian Hans Peter L'Orange. He attended the Norwegian Military Academy until 1856 and from April to September 1857, he had reached the rank of premier lieutenant in 1857, attended the Norwegian Military College before he was a brigade aide-de-camp in Bergen and from 1864 an apprentice in the General Staff. He was the leader of the Norwegian Military Academy from 1872 to 1885, lectured in topography and wrote the textbook Veiledning i Terrænget, he served in different places after his stint at the academy. He reached the ranks of captain in March 1867, major in July 1885, lieutenant colonel in January 1989, colonel in February 1891, major general in April 1894, lastly Lieutenant General from July 1899.

He became Chief of the General Staff in 1894, from 1897 to his retirement in 1903 he served as the Commanding General of Norway. He was decorated with the Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav in September 1903. [