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Stephen E. Ambrose

Stephen Edward Ambrose was an American historian and biographer of U. S. Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon, he was a longtime professor of history at the University of New Orleans and the author of many bestselling volumes of American popular history. There have been numerous allegations of plagiarism and inaccuracies in his writings. However, in a review of To America: Personal Reflections of an Historian for the New York Times, William Everdell wrote that "he deserved better from some of his envious peers" and credited the historian with reaching "an important lay audience without endorsing its every prejudice or sacrificing the profession's standards of scholarship." Ambrose was born January 10, 1936, in Lovington, Illinois, to Rosepha Trippe Ambrose and Stephen Hedges Ambrose. His father was a physician who served in the U. S. Navy during World War II. Ambrose was raised in Whitewater, where he graduated from Whitewater High School, his family owned a farm in Lovington and vacation property in Marinette County, Wisconsin.

He attended college at the University of Wisconsin–Madison where he was a member of Chi Psi fraternity and played on the University of Wisconsin football team for three years. Ambrose wanted to major in pre-medicine, but changed his major to history after hearing the first lecture in a U. S. history class entitled "Representative Americans" in his sophomore year. The course was taught by William B. Hesseltine, whom Ambrose credits with fundamentally shaping his writing and igniting his interest in history. While at Wisconsin, Ambrose was a member of the Navy and Army ROTC, he graduated with a B. A. in 1957. Ambrose received a master's degree in history from Louisiana State University in 1958, studying under T. Harry Williams. Ambrose went on to earn a Ph. D. from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1963, under William B. Hesseltine. Ambrose was a history professor from 1960 until his retirement in 1995. From 1971 onward, he was on the faculty of the University of New Orleans, where he was named the Boyd Professor of History in 1989, an honor given only to faculty who attain "national or international distinction for outstanding teaching, research, or other creative achievement".

During the 1969–1970 academic year, he was the Ernest J. King Professor of Maritime History at the Naval War College. While teaching at Kansas State University as the Dwight D. Eisenhower Professor of War and Peace during the 1970–1971 academic year, Ambrose participated in heckling of Richard Nixon during a speech the president gave on the KSU campus. Given pressure from the KSU administration and having job offers elsewhere, upon finishing out the year Ambrose offered to leave and the offer was accepted, his opposition to the Vietnam War stood in contrast to his research on "presidents and the military at a time when such topics were regarded by his colleagues as old fashioned and conservative." Ambrose taught at Louisiana State University and Johns Hopkins University. He held visiting posts at Rutgers University, the University of California, a number of European schools, including University College Dublin, where he taught as the Mary Ball Washington Professor of American History, he founded the Eisenhower Center at the University of New Orleans in 1989 serving as its director until 1994.

"The mission of the Eisenhower Center is the study of the causes and consequences of American national security policy and the use of force as an instrument of policy in the twentieth century." The Center's first efforts, which Ambrose initiated, involved the collection of oral histories from World War II veterans about their experiences any participation in D-Day. By the time of publication of Ambrose's D-Day, June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II, in 1994, the Center had collected more than 1,200 oral histories. Ambrose donated $150,000 to the Center in 1998 to foster additional efforts to collect oral histories from World War II veterans. Ambrose's earliest works concerned the Civil War, he wrote biographies of the generals Emory Upton and Henry Halleck, the first of, based on his dissertation. Early in his career, Ambrose was mentored by World War II historian Forrest Pogue. In 1964, Ambrose took a position at Johns Hopkins as the Associate Editor of the Eisenhower Papers, a project aimed at organizing and publishing Eisenhower's principal papers.

From this work and discussions with Eisenhower emerged an article critical of Cornelius Ryan's The Last Battle, which had depicted Eisenhower as politically naîve, when at the end of World War II he allowed Soviet forces to take Berlin, thus shaping the Cold War that followed. Ambrose expanded this into a book and Berlin, 1945: The Decision to Halt at the Elbe. Ambrose was aided in the book's writing by comments and notes provided by Eisenhower, who read a draft of the book. In 1964 Ambrose was commissioned to write the official biography of the former president and five-star general Dwight D. Eisenhower; this resulted in a book on Eisenhower's war years, The Supreme Commander and a two-volume full biography, which are considered "the standard" on the subject. Regarding the first volume, Gordon Harrison, writing for the New York Times, proclaimed, "It is Mr. Ambrose's special triumph that he has been able to fight through the memoranda, the directives, plans and official self-serving pieties of the World War II establishment to uncover the idiosyncratic people at its center."

Ambrose wrote a three-volume biography of Richard Nixon. Although Ambrose was a strong critic of Nixon, the biography was considered fair and j

Narcissistic withdrawal

In children, narcissistic withdrawal may be described as'a form of omnipotent narcissism characterised by the turning away from parental figures and by the fantasy that essential needs can be satisfied by the individual alone'. For adults,'in the contemporary literature the term narcissistic withdrawal is instead reserved for an ego defense in pathological personalities'; such narcissists may feel obliged to withdraw from any relationship that threatens to be more than short-term. Freud used the term'to describe the turning back of the individual's libido from the object onto the equivalent of narcissistic regression'. On Narcissism saw him explore the idea through an examination of such everyday events as illness or sleep:'the condition of sleep, resembles illness in implying a narcissistic withdrawal of the positions of the libido on to the subject's own self'. A few years in'"Mourning and Melancholia"... Freud's most profound contribution to object relations theory', he examined how'a withdrawal of the libido...on a narcissistic basis' in depression could allow both a freezing and a preservation of affection:'by taking flight into the ego love escapes extinction'.

Otto Fenichel would extend his analysis to borderline conditions, demonstrating how'in a reactive withdrawal of libido...a regression to narcissism is a regression to the primal narcissistic omnipotence which makes its reappearance in the form of megalomania'. For Melanie Klein, however, a more positive element came to the fore:'frustration, which stimulates narcissistic withdrawal, is also...a fundamental factor in adaptation to reality'. Similarly,'Winnicott points out that there is an aspect of withdrawal, healthy', considering that it might be'"helpful to think of withdrawal as a condition in which the person concerned holds a regressed part of the self and nurses it, at the expense of external relationships"'. However, from the mid-20th century onwards, attention has focused on'the case in which the subject appeals to narcissistic withdrawal as a defensive solution...a precarious refuge that comes into being as a defense against a disappointing or untrustworthy object. This is found in studies of narcissistic personalities or borderline pathologies by authors such as Heinz Kohut or Otto Kernberg'.

Kohut considered that'the narcissistically vulnerable individual responds to actual narcissistic injury either with shamefaced withdrawal or with narcissistic rage'. Kernberg saw the difference between normal narcissism and' pathological narcissism... withdrawal into "splendid isolation"' in the latter instance. Related to narcissistic withdrawal is'schizoid withdrawal: the escape from too great pressure by abolishing emotional relationships altogether'. All such'fantastic refuges from need are forms of emotional starvation and distortions of reality born of fear'.'Narcissists will isolate themselves, leave their families, ignore others, do anything to preserve a special...sense of self' Arguably, all such'narcissistic withdrawal is haunted by its alter ego: the ghost of a full social presence' - with people living their lives'along a continuum which ranges from the maximal degree of social a maximal degree of social withdrawal'. If'of all modes of narcissistic withdrawal, depression is the most crippling', a contributing factor may be that'depressed persons come to appreciate consciously how much social effort is in fact required in the normal course of keeping one's usual place in undertakings'.

Object relations theory would see the process of therapy as one whereby the therapist enabled his or her patient to have'resituated the object from the purely schizoid usage to the shared schizoid usage until eventually...the object relation - discussing, idealizing, etc. - emerged'. Fenichel considered that in patients where'their narcissistic regression is a reaction to narcissistic injuries. In I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, the therapist of the protagonist wonders'"if there is a pattern.... You give up a secret to our view and you get so scared that you run for cover into your panic or into your secret world. To live there."'. More the 1920s have been described as a time of'changes in which women were channelled toward narcissistic withdrawal rather than developing strong egos'. D. W. Winnicott, "Withdrawal and regression" in Collected Papers

Handy Mandy in Oz

Handy Mandy in Oz is the thirty-first of the Oz books created by L. Frank Baum and his successors, the seventeenth written by Ruth Plumly Thompson, it was illustrated by John R. Neill; the book's heroine is an "honest and industrious" goat-girl named Mandy, who grazes her flock on the slopes of Mt. Mern; the story opens with a bang and a splash: an underground spring erupts in a geyser that blasts Mandy into the sky. The force propels her across the Deadly Desert to Oz. Mandy finds a silver hammer, meets a white ox with golden horns, they are outraged by the intrusion of such an outlandish figure — for Mandy has seven arms and hands. As Mandy explains, "This iron hand... I use for lifting hot pots from the stove and all horrid sort of hard work. Mandy is reprieved from the dungeons by Nox the Royal Ox. Mandy and Nox become friends. Nox is preoccupied by the political situation of Keretaria: the rightful king, a boy named Kerry, has disappeared, his throne has been usurped by his uncle Kerr. Mandy discovers that the Royal Ox' horns have magic powers: they can be unscrewed from his head, when they are, the right horn grants wishes, his left horn offers clues.

When a clue indicates that King Kerry can be found at a place called the Silver Mountain, the enterprising Mandy leads Nox on a search for the missing monarch. They survive a flood on their way to the Gillikin Country. A doorway hidden under a waterfall leads them to a subterranean world under the Silver Mountain; the domain is ruled by an ambitious tyrant called the Wizard Wutz. Wutz controls a subversive network of spies and secret agents located in many parts of the land of Oz, he is plotting to have his agents steal all the main magical artifacts of Oz. They do steal the Magic Picture, Glinda's Great Book of Records, the jug, the confinement vessel of Ruggedo, the Gnome King. Mandy and Nox learn that old King Kerr is one of Wutz' agents and that Wutz is holding the rightful King Kerry prisoner. Wutz's machinations have of course attracted the notice of Princess Ozma, the Wizard of Oz, Princess Dorothy, the Scarecrow, their friends and allies, yet their efforts to solve their difficulties are frustrated, since they lack the Magic Picture and Book of Records.

When Mandy and Nox confront Wutz, he imprisons them in a dungeon under his mountain. Mandy accidentally liberates Ruggedo from the jug. Wutz and Ruggedo become allies in evil and set off for the Emerald City to complete their conquest. Mandy's silver hammer, has proven to be magic. With the hammer and elf, the blue daisy, Nox's magical horns and the ox escape confinement and rescue King Kerry, reach Ozma's palace in time to frustrate the plans of Wutz and Ruggedo. Himself the elf transforms the two villains into potted cacti. Ozma restores order and repairs damage with her Magic Belt. Wutz's spies and agents are transformed into moles. Mandy is rewarded with an emerald necklace and a luxury she has longed for — gloves. After a month at home on Mt. Mern, Mandy returns to Oz via wishing pill, for a new life; the plot of this book resembles that of Baum's The Lost Princess of Oz, in which Ugu the shoemaker steals magical artifacts and kidnaps a ruler in a conquest plot, just like the Wizard of Wutz.

Indeed, Trot comments on the plot resemblance in Chapter 14 of Handy Mandy. Thompson wrote a 48-line poem that provides an origin for Mandy, though this origin is inconsistent with the novel. In the poem, Mandy is an artificial and created being, made of "wood and tin...wire and cloth and plaster...." She was built as a sort of domestic robot to perform housework. The novel, in contrast indicates that Mandy, despite her inanimate parts, comes from a race of seven-handed people; the principle villain, the Wizard Wutz, is another unusual character for Oz: a handsome, graceful but pure-evil villain who commands a hierarchical organization of subversives, with planted spies in positions of power all over the land of Oz, a systematic collective strategy for overthrowing the government. Ruggedo the Gnome King makes his last appearance in the Oz-Canon of Forty here. It's small more than a cameo, he ends transformed into a cactus. On Handy Mandy

Harold Chestnut

Harold Chestnut was an American electrical engineer, control engineer and manager at General Electric and author, who helped establish the fields of control theory and systems engineering. Born in Albany, New York, where his father, educated as a civil engineer, worked in the family candy business. Chestnut was raised in the 1920s and went on a scholarship to MIT in 1934 to study chemical engineering. In the first year he was awarded for his outstanding performance in chemistry, but switched anyway to electrical engineering and became co-op student. After five years of study he received a combined B. S. and M. S. degree in electrical engineering in 1940. Chestnut received further on-the-job training in General Electric's Advanced Engineering Program. In his career he received two honorary doctorates in engineering in 1966 from Case Institute of Technology in 1972 from Villanova University. In 1940 Chestnut began a lifelong career with the General Electric Company, which would last until his retirement in 1983.

He married his wife Erma Ruth Callaway Chestnut in 1944 and they had three sons. During the Second World War Chestnut was both a student and an instructor in General Electric's well-known Advanced Engineering Program, he worked on the design of the central fire-control system and remotely controlled gun turrets used on the B-29 aircraft. He worked in the Aeronautics and Ordnance Department and the Systems Engineering and Analysis branch of the Advanced Technology Laboratory, where he served as manager from 1956 to 1972. Here he worked on a wide variety of technical problems including reliability issues in rapid transit and the Apollo mission to the moon. In his career he returned to the field of electric power; this time the focus was power systems automation. From 1957 to 1959 he was the first president of the International Federation of Automatic Control. After his term as president, he chaired the technical board from 1961 to 1966 and the Systems Engineering technical committee for another three years.

He served as honorary editor from 1969 to 1972 and was the first adviser appointed for life in 1984. Chestnut was involved in the IEEE since its establishment in 1963 and served as president in 1973, he was active in the formation of the IEEE History Center and the International Federation of Automatic Control. In 1961 Chestnut edited Automatica: The International Journal on Automatic Automation, he became editor of a John Wiley book series on systems engineering and analysis. In this series Chestnut published his own books. In the 1980s and 1990s, after retirement, he created the "Supplemental Ways of Improving International Stability Foundation" to identify and implement "supplemental ways to improve international stability", he devoted those years to this effort, in which he applied principles from the control field, such as stability and feedback, to international political realities. Harold Chestnut received many awards: In 1966 he received an Honorary Doctorate in engineering from Case Western Reserve University and in 1972 from Villanova University.

In 1984 he won the IEEE Centennial Medal and in 1985 the AACC's Richard E. Bellman Control Heritage Award. In 1981 he received the prestigious Honda Prize for ecotechnology, which included a substantial financial award from the Japan’s Honda Foundation, he was named a Fellow of the AIEE, ISA, AAAS. He was elected to the US National Academy of Engineering in 1974 and selected as a Case Centennial Scholar in 1980. In 1998 Harold Chestnut and the Chestnut Family provided a gift to IFAC for the IFAC Textbook Prize; the income from this generous gift is used to fund the award for an outstanding textbook author recognized at each IFAC Congress. Harold Chestnut worked in the fields of control theory and systems engineering. Harold Chestnut published several articles and books, including: 1951. Servomechanisms and Regulating Systems Design. Vol. 1, with R. W. Mayer, Wiley. 1955. Servomechanisms and Regulating Systems Design. Vol. 2, with R. W. Mayer, Wiley. 1965. Systems Engineering Tools. Wiley. 1967. Systems Engineering Methods.

Wiley. Articles: 1970. "Information requirements for systems understanding". In: IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cybern.. Vol. SSC-6. Pp. 3–12, Jan. 1970. Automatic control Systems engineering Stephen Kahne. "Harold Chestnut, First IFAC President", in Automatica, June 2002, Volume 38, No. 6 U. Luoto et al.. "20 Years Old. In: IEEE the current source, Vol 28, no 1, April 2002 IFAC homepage Harold Chestnut Control Engineering Textbook Prize

List of news anchors on Channel 7 (Thailand)

This is a list of anchors on Channel 7. Channel 7 is a national free to air TV station in Thailand. Channel 7 is Thailand's most popular TV station and one of only four of Thailand's six major free television channels that operate on a commercial basis with advertising as the main source of revenue. Channel 7 broadcasts a general mix of regarded news and sports programmes. Apisamai Srirangson Anuwat Fuangthongdang Adisorn Phiungya Charonchai Salyapong Chongkol Misa Choufah Laoaraya Chakrapan Yomjinda Gainsit Guntachan Jetsada Jantharanakee Khanittha Sarachuda Krisda Nuanmee Mayuree Paiboonkunlakorn Muanfun Prasanpanich Kingtong Kaewtae Narongdech Srukhosit Natthapong Muhammad Natthakarn Sawanyathipat Navanan Bamrungphruk Nilavan Thonglai Narakorn Tiyayon Neeranuch Phraianan Nuengrude Intaramoree Panraphee Raphiphan Phasit Aphinyawat Chhomphunuch Tanthasetthee Pat Jungkankul Bunyod Suktinthai Patcharin Suwanwongse Phakamas Sahadithakul Phikul Kasikam Phansiri Chitrrat Photjanat Liamthong Phisanu Nilklad Phisith Kiratikarnkul Santiphap Mangkornpish Sasina Wimuttanon Siri Saraphon Sajee Chalayondecha Sompoch Toruksa Sutita Ruangroghiranya Sornsavan Phuvichit Somruethai Klomnoi Srisuphang Thamavut Sansanee Nakpong Supakit Klangkarn Supaporn Thongpaitoon Suparat Nakbunnam Sukonphet Phonpradittanon Tanyalak Chatyalak Teeruch Poparnich Vanpi Sajjamark Vanphen Saengsiri Waraporn Thipasatian Watcharaporn Yankomut Weerasak Nilklad Wichaen Kokitkuson Wirach Nuchtaweach

Sky Office Tower

Sky Office Tower is a dual business tower, elliptically shaped, located in Zagreb, north of the Zagrebačka Avenue, near the intersection with Zagrebačka cesta. The office tower was completed in 2012, it is one of the few high-rise construction projects in Zagreb that persisted throughout the economic crisis in 2010. The tower has a number of underground floors; the whole project was set to cost 76 million euros. The tower was planned to have 29 floors and be 108 meters high, becoming the tallest skyscraper in Zagreb and the whole of Croatia; the plan was revised to 22 floors. It is still possible for Sky Office Tower to build to 29 floors, it has 47 in the outdoor space. Access to the underground garages is provided via two entry-exit ramps, which are heated against freezing. Underground levels with parking and storage areas are directly linked to the office spaces. List of tallest buildings in Croatia Official website Željko Rogošić. "Zagrebački blizanci šibenskog magnata". Nacional. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012.

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