Stephen Russell Mallory was a Democratic senator from Florida from 1850 to the secession of his home state and the outbreak of the American Civil War. For much of that period, he was chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs, it was a time of rapid naval reform, he insisted that the ships of the US Navy should be as capable as those of Britain and France, the foremost navies in the world at that time. He wrote a bill and guided it through Congress to provide for compulsory retirement of officers who did not meet the standards of the profession. Although he was not a leader in the secession movement, Mallory followed his state out of the Union; when the Confederate States of America was formed, he was named Secretary of the Navy in the administration of President Jefferson Davis. He held the position throughout the existence of the Confederacy; because of indifference to naval matters by most others in the Confederacy, Mallory was able to shape the Confederate Navy according to the principles he had learned while serving in the US Senate.
Some of his ideas, such as the incorporation of armor into warship construction, were quite successful and became standard in navies around the world. On the other hand, the navy was handicapped by administrative ineptitude in the Navy Department. During the war, he was weakened politically by a Congressional investigation into the Navy Department for its failure in defense of New Orleans. After months of taking testimony, the investigating committee concluded that it had no evidence of wrongdoing on his part. Mallory resigned after the Confederate government had fled from Richmond at the end of the war, he and several of his colleagues in the cabinet were imprisoned and charged with treason. After more than a year in prison, the public mood had softened, he was granted parole by President Andrew Johnson, he returned to Florida. Unable to hold elective office by the terms of his parole, he continued to make his opinions known by writing letters to newspapers, his health began to deteriorate although he was not incapacitated until the end.
He was the father of Stephen Russell Mallory, a U. S. Representative and Senator from Florida. Mallory was born in Trinidad, British West Indies, in 1812, his parents were Ellen Mallory. His father was a construction engineer from Redding, Connecticut, he met and married the Irish-born Ellen Russell in Trinidad, there the couple had two sons. The family moved to the United States and settled in Key West, Florida, in 1820. Young Stephen was sent to school near Mobile, but his education was interrupted by his father's death, his elder brother John died about this time. To support herself and her surviving son, Ellen opened a boarding house for seamen, she sent her son away for further schooling at a Moravian academy in Nazareth, Pennsylvania. Although he was for all of his life a practicing Catholic, he had only praise for the education he received at the academy. After about three years, his mother could no longer afford to pay his tuition, so in 1829 his schooling ended and he returned home. Young Mallory prepared for a profession by reading law in the office of Judge William Marvin.
Because of its geographical position, Key West was sought as a port of refuge for ships caught in storms and was for the same reason near frequent shipwrecks. Marvin was recognized as an authority on maritime law applied to laws of wreck and salvage, Mallory argued many admiralty cases before him, he was reputed to be one of the best young trial lawyers in the state. His career prospering, in 1838 Mallory courted and wed Angela Moreno, a member of a wealthy Spanish-speaking family living in Pensacola, their marriage produced nine children. Buddy followed his father into politics, he would also serve as U. S. Senator from Florida. Angela Moreno was the cousin of Felix senac, future Confederate Paymaster and agent in Europe, born like her in 1815 in Pensacola. Mallory held a few minor public offices. One of his first paid positions was as Inspector of Customs, for which he earned three dollars per day. President Polk appointed him Collector of Customs. Before his marriage, he joined the Army and took part in the Seminole War, 1835–1837.
He was elected judge for Monroe County for the years 1837–1845. In 1850, the sectional differences that culminated in the Civil War led to a convention to be held in Nashville, for the purpose of defining a common course of action for all Southern states. Although Mallory had held no statewide offices, he was regarded as sufficiently powerful in the state Democratic Party to be chosen as an alternate delegate to the convention. Personal considerations kept him from attending, but he expressed his agreement with the purposes of the convention in a letter, reprinted in the Florida newspapers; the term in office of Senator from Florida David Levy Yulee expired in 1850. He sought reappointment, but he had aligned himself too with the Fire-eaters, had antagonized some commercial interests in the state; the moderates who favored working within the Union still dominated Florida politics, they sought to put Mallory in place of the radical Yulee. The selection process in the Florida state legislature was somewhat irregular, Yulee protested, carrying his protest all the way to the Senate itself.
That body determined that the Florida legislature had acted within its authority in certifying Mallory, so he w
Adolf Tachezy known as Leopold Adolf Tachezy, was an Austrian and Czech politician. He was a member of the Czech Provincial Assembly from 1867 to 1878, served as the mayor of Cheb from 1873 to 1882. Tachezy was born in Austro-Hungarian Empire to a family of pharmacists, he attended high school in Cheb, graduated from Charles University in Prague, majoring in pharmacy. In 1839, he returned to Cheb to take over his father's pharmacy, U Černého orla, from 1841 on, he was an officer in the Střeleckého club in Cheb. Hee was politically active in the Cheb region during the Revolutions of 1848, together with Anton Gschier and Forter. From 1848 onward, he sat on council. In 1848, he was a member of the deputation which the town sent to Minister Franz von Pillersdorf, in which they demanded greater autonomy for the Cheb region along with the Czech regions, he was a member of the district school board, the Cheb Bureau of Chamber of Commerce and Trade, chairman of urban societies and other local corporations and associations.
In the 1860s, he was involved in provincial politics. In the Czech provincial elections in January 1867, he was elected to the assembly in the curia business and trade chambers for Cheb District, he defended his mandate in the circuit shortly after the provincial elections held in March 1867. He was elected in provincial elections in 1870 and 1872. From 1873 to 1882, he served as mayor of Cheb. While in office he influenced the development of the nearby health spa town Franzensbad. During his tenure as mayor, the town opened the school building. In recognition of his accomplishments, he received the Order of Franz Joseph, he died in 1892 and is buried in Cheb
Lord William Bentink was launched in 1828 at Bristol. She made one voyage for the British East India Company, one transporting convicts to Tasmania, she was wrecked on 18 June 1840 off the harbour of Bombay. Thomas Craigie was master of Lord William Bentinck, but on 12 May Captain John Craigie assumed command. Captain John Cragie sailed Lord William Bentinck from the Downs on 8 June 1828, bound for China and Halifax, she arrived at Whampoa on 18 November. Homeward bound, she crossed the Second Bar on 21 January 1829, reached St Helena on 30 March, arrived at Halifax on 9 May. Lord William Bentinck discharged her cargo of tea but ran ashore. HMS Tyne and HMS Hussar helped re-float her on 14 May. On 2 Feb. 1830, her owners sold Lord William Bentinck to master mariner. He assumed command on 16 February, proceeded to re-register her at London, her trade was listed as London—China. According to one source, on 5 June 1831 she sailed for Bengal, returning the next year. In 1836 Mangles & Co. purchased her from Hutchinson.
Captain William S. Stockley sailed Lord William Bentinck from Portsmouth on 14 April 1838, she arrived at Van Diemen's Land, on 26 August. She had embarked 320 male convicts. Lord William Bentinck wrecked in 1840; as she was approaching Bombay on 17 June, she overshot the port in a gale. She wrecked on a reef, she hoisted distress signals but came apart. She had on board passengers, European recruits for the Indian army, a valuable cargo. Twenty-eight crew, seven passengers and 65 soldiers were lost. A accounting gave her master's name as Ord, reported that she had 150 recruits, 11 passengers, 39 crew. Worse yet, Lord Castlereagh mistook Lord William Bentinck's lights for those of a ship safely at anchor, steered on to the same reef wrecking. Castlereagh had on board 200 people, 70 of whom were saved. Citations References Bateson, Charles; the Convict Ships. Brown, Son & Ferguson. OCLC 3778075. Farr, Grahame E. ed. Records of Bristol Ships, 1800-1838. Vol. 15. Hackman, Rowan Ships of the East India Company..