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Stewart Brand

Stewart Brand is an American writer, best known as editor of the Whole Earth Catalog. He founded a number of organizations, including The WELL, the Global Business Network, the Long Now Foundation, he is the author of several books, most Whole Earth Discipline: An Ecopragmatist Manifesto. Brand was born in Rockford and attended Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire, he studied biology at Stanford University, graduating in 1960. As a soldier in the U. S. Army, he taught infantry skills. A civilian again in 1962, he studied design at San Francisco Art Institute, photography at San Francisco State College, participated in a legitimate scientific study of then-legal LSD, in Menlo Park, California. In 1966, he married an Ottawa Native American. Brand has lived in California since the 1960s, he and his second wife live on a 64-foot - long working tugboat. Built in 1912, the boat is moored in a former shipyard in California, he works in a grounded fishing boat about 100 yards away. One of his favorite items is a table on which Otis Redding is said to have written " The Dock of the Bay".

By the mid-1960s, Brand became associated with author Ken Kesey and the "Merry Pranksters". With his partner Ramón Sender Barayón, he produced the Trips Festival in San Francisco, an early effort involving rock music and light shows; this was one of the first venues. About 10,000 hippies attended, Haight-Ashbury soon emerged as a community. Tom Wolfe describes Brand in the beginning of The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. In 1966, Brand campaigned to have NASA release the then-rumored satellite image of the entire Earth as seen from space, he sold and distributed buttons for 25 cents each asking, "Why haven't we seen a photograph of the whole Earth yet?". During this campaign, Brand met Richard Buckminster Fuller, who offered to help Brand with his projects. In 1967, a satellite, ATS-3, took the photo. Brand thought, it adorned the first edition of the Whole Earth Catalog. In 1968, NASA astronaut Bill Anders took an Earth photo, from Moon orbit, which became the front image of the spring 1969 edition of the Catalog.

1970 saw the first celebration of Earth Day. During a 2003 interview, Brand explained that the image "gave the sense that Earth's an island, surrounded by a lot of inhospitable space, and it's so graphic, this little blue, white and brown jewel-like icon amongst a quite featureless black vacuum." In late 1968, Brand assisted electrical engineer Douglas Engelbart with The Mother of All Demos, a famous presentation of many revolutionary computer technologies to the Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco. Brand surmised that given the necessary consciousness and tools, human beings could reshape the world they had made for themselves into something environmentally and sustainable. During the late 1960s and early 1970s about 10 million Americans were involved in living communally. In 1968, using the most basic approaches to typesetting and page-layout and his colleagues created issue number one of The Whole Earth Catalog, employing the significant subtitle, "access to tools". Brand and his wife Lois travelled to communes in a 1963 Dodge truck known as the Whole Earth Truck Store, which moved to a storefront in Menlo Park, California.

That first oversize Catalog, its successors in the 1970s and reckoned a wide assortment of things could serve as useful "tools": books, garden implements, specialized clothing, carpenters' and masons' tools, forestry gear, welding equipment, professional journals, early synthesizers, personal computers. Brand invited "reviews" of the best of these items from experts in specific fields; the information described where these things could be located or purchased. The Catalog's publication coincided with the great wave of social and cultural experimentation, convention-breaking, "do it yourself" attitude associated with the "counterculture"; the influence of these Whole Earth Catalogs on the rural back-to-the-land movement of the 1970s, the communities movement within many cities, was widespread throughout the United States and Australia. A 1972 edition sold 1.5 million copies, winning the first U. S. National Book Award in category Contemporary Affairs. To continue this work and to publish full-length articles on specific topics in the natural sciences and invention, in numerous areas of the arts and the social sciences, on the contemporary scene in general, Brand founded the CoEvolution Quarterly during 1974, aimed at educated laypersons.

Brand never better revealed his opinions and reason for hope than when he ran, in CoEvolution Quarterly #4, a transcription of technology historian Lewis Mumford's talk "The Next Transformation of Man", in which he stated that "man has still within him sufficient resources to alter the direction of modern civilization, for we need no longer regard man as the passive victim of his own irreversible technological development." The content of CoEvolution Quarterly included futurism or risqué topics. Besides giving space to unknown writers with something valuable to say, Brand presented articles by many respected authors and thinkers, including Lewis Mumford, Howard T. Odum, Witold Rybczynski, Karl Hess, Orville Schell, Ivan Illich, Wende


Konjic is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in northern Herzegovina, around 60 kilometres southwest of Sarajevo, it is a mountainous wooded area, is 268 m above sea level. The municipality extends on both sides of the Neretva River; as of 2013, it has a population of 26,381 inhabitants. The town is one of the oldest permanent settlements in Bosnia and Herzegovina, dating back 4000 years; the area near the town is believed to be settled up to 4000 years ago, settlements around 2000 years ago by Illyrian tribes travelling upstream along the Neretva river have been found. Konjic was earliest recorded by name in the records of the Republic of Ragusa on 16 June 1382; the town, being part of the Bosnian kingdom, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire, of which the lasting feature for the town is the Ottoman-inspired bridge which features in the town's coat of arms, into the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

After World War I, the town, along with the rest of Bosnia and Herzegovina, became part of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. During World War II, the town became part of the Independent State of Croatia, following the war joined the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Between 1953 and 1979, a 611 square-metre atomic bunker, dug 300 metres into a mountain, known as ARK, was built secretly by the government in the Konjic municipality, in which President Tito and about 350 people from the Yugoslav Government and ruling elite would have been able to find shelter; the town grew and prospered as a vibrant, multi-ethnic city with good transportation links, the large Igman ammunition factory and Yugoslav Army barracks. These factors became one of the main reasons for the conflict in the 1990s. During conflict in Yugoslavia, Konjic municipality was of strategic importance as it contained important communication links from Sarajevo to southern Bosnia and Herzegovina.

During the siege of Sarajevo the route through Konjic was of vital importance to the Bosnian government forces. Furthermore, several important military facilities were contained in Konjic, including the Igman arms and ammunition factory, the JNA Ljuta barracks, the Reserve Command Site of the JNA, the Zlatar communications and telecommunications centre, the Celebici barracks and warehouses. Although the Konjic municipality did not have a majority Serb population and was not part of the declared "Serb autonomous regions", in March 1992, the self-styled "Serb Konjic Municipality" adopted a decision on the Serbian territories; the SDS, in co-operation with the JNA, had been active in arming the Serb population of the municipality and in training paramilitary units and militias. According to Dr. Andrew James Gow, an expert witness for the Prosecution, the SDS distributed around 400 weapons to Serbs in the area. Konjic was included in those areas claimed by Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of the "Croatian Community of Herceg-Bosna", despite the fact that the Croats did not constitute a majority of the population there either.

The Croatian units were established and armed in the municipality by April 1992. Following the international recognition of the independent Bosnia and Herzegovina and the walk-out of SDS representatives from the Municipal Assembly a War Assembly was formed to take charge of the defence of the municipality. Between 20 April and early May 1992 Bosnian government forces seized control over most of the strategic assets of the Municipality and some armaments. However, Serb forces controlled the main access points to the municipality cutting it off from outside supply. Bosniak refugees began to arrive from outlying areas of the municipality expelled by Serbs, while Serb inhabitants of the town left for Serb-controlled villages according to the decision made by Serb leadership. On 4 May 1992, the first shells landed in Konjic town, fired by the JNA and other Serb forces from the slopes of Borasnica and Kisera; this shelling, which continued daily for over three years, until the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, inflicted substantial damage and resulted in the loss of many lives as well as rendering conditions for the surviving population more unbearable.

With the town swollen from the influx of refugees, there was a great shortage of accommodation as well as food and other basic necessities. Charitable organisations attempted to supply the local people with enough food but all systems of production foundered or were destroyed, it was not until August or September of that year that convoys from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees managed to reach the town, all communications links were cut off with the rest of the State. A clear priority for the Konjic authorities was the de-blocking of the routes to Sarajevo and Mostar; this objective required that the Serbian forces holding Bradina and Donje Selo, as well as those at Borci and other strategic points, be disarmed. An attempt was made at negotiation with the SDS and other representatives of the Serb people in Bradina and Donje Selo; this did not, achieve success for the Konjic authorities and plans were made for the launching of military operations by the Joint Command. The first area to be targeted was the village of Donje Selo.

On 20 May 1992 forces of the TO and HVO entered the village. Bosnian government soldiers moved through Viniste towards t

Nothofagus gunnii

Nothofagus gunnii, the tanglefoot- or deciduous beech, or fagus, is a deciduous shrub endemic to the highlands of Tasmania, Australia. It was discovered in 1847 by R. C Gunn and evidence exists. N. gunnii is a small woody tree with a shrubby appearance known to grow up to 3 metres. It lives only on mountains due to temperature limitations within the Tasmanian maritime climate and can survive up to heights of 1,400 metres, it grows in alpine and sub-alpine regions in the west to central portions of the state but is absent from the mountains of the northeast. Though capable of reaching the size of a small tree, it exceeds 2 metres in height, instead growing as a thick shrub or as a woody ground cover hence its common name of "tanglefoot". Joseph Dalton Hooker described the tanglefoot beech. Common names include tanglefoot- or deciduous beech, or fagus, which can refer to the entire Beech family; the species was renamed as Fuscospora gunnii by New Zealand scientists. The change in name is controversial, it is not necessary to accept this change.

Nothofagus gunnii is a small tree which may grow up to 3 metres tall and has a thick shrubby appearance due to substantial branching. The alternating leaves are attached by short petioles. Leaf lamina is <20mm in length and is distinctly'crinkled'. It is most visually separated from the other Tasmanian species from the same genus, Nothofagus cunninghamii, by the crinkled appearance of the leaf lamina. During Autumn and Winter months, the leaves undergo colour change as any other deciduous species does; the leaves of this deciduous species have an average lifespan of around 5 months. The leaves are alternate, growing 1 cm long; the leaf color is bright green, turning yellow brilliant red, in autumn. They are circular in shape with deep veins which end in the gaps between the rounded teeth on the leaf; the plant has separate male and female flowers on the tree. Both male and female flowers are inconspicuous; the fruit is small and woody, contains three small winged nuts. In most years seed production is poor, but once in a while a'mast' crop occurs with high germination.

The seeds have a short viability. Tanglefoot forests cannot survive fire, must re-establish from neighbouring areas, they are sensitive to changed conditions due to their slow growth. Under 100 km² of forest remain, it is the only native deciduous tree in Tasmania, the only cold climate winter-deciduous tree in Australia. Nothofagus gunnii is endemic to Tasmania and restricted to high altitude and high rainfall areas with no recent fire activity, it was discovered at the summit of Mt Olympus in central Tasmania and is known to live at several locations within the Mt Field national park and on Cradle mountain. It is considered a paleoendemic species to Tasmania as macrofossils have been discovered within Oligocene sediments both in Tasmania and Antarctica. Nothofagus gunnii required around 1,800 mm of rain spread throughout the year to be cultivated, cool temperatures not below -10 °C and requires full sun, it grows in deep peaty soils. It is best grown from fresh seed collected in a'mast' year, germinating in a few weeks.

It is believed that a beneficial mycorrhyzal fungus is required for the long term success of the plant. Cuttings can be taken in late winter before bud burst. Nothofagus gunnii is seen in cultivation due to its poor performance and slow growth, it is believed to be a candidate plant for bonsai. Nothofagus gunnii exists only in sub-alpine environments on mountains within Tasmania; the species is limited to heights above 800 metres due to the temperature and short snow lie duration within the Tasmanian oceanic climate. It may live as a dominant low shrubby tree on open sloping, rocky ground. F. gunnii habitation is limited by fire regimes as it is fire sensitive and will not survive burning. Local extinctions of the species have been attributed to fire in the Denison Range. Despite the limited range of Nothofagus gunnii, the species is not listed as endangered. Although few data are recorded about reproductive methods of F. gunnii, it may be assumed that seeds are wind dispersed and that the species are mast seeders as is displayed in similar species such as Nothofagus cunninghamii.

Reid, James B.. Vegetation of Tasmania. Monotone art printers. ISBN 0-646-44512-X. Heenan, Peter B.: & Smissen, Rob D. "Revised circumscription of Nothofagus and recognition of the segregate genera Fuscospora and Trisyngyne". Phytotaxa 146, 1-31. George, Alexander S.. Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-642-07013X

D. J. Augustin

Darryl Gerard "D. J." Augustin Jr. is an American professional basketball player for the Orlando Magic of the National Basketball Association. He played college basketball for the University of Texas Longhorns from 2006 to 2008, he was drafted ninth overall by the Charlotte Bobcats in the 2008 NBA draft. Augustin was born in Louisiana, his family was forced out of New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. He played his senior year at Hightower High School in Texas. While at Brother Martin, Augustin led the team to two state championships. While at Hightower, Augustin thrilled the Hightower faithful with his pinpoint passing and precise shooting, his first game as a Hurricane was against Madison High School, Augustin nearly pulled off a triple-double in front of a packed house and TV cameras with 29 points, 8 rebounds and 14 assists in an 83–59 victory. He led Hightower to the third round of the playoffs before they were eliminated, ended the season at 26–4. Augustin won numerous honors after the season as he was named district 20-5A MVP, was named as the Houston Chronicle player of the year, made the first team all Greater Houston, first team all state teams.

Augustin finished his high school career by being named a McDonald's All American, started as point guard for the West squad against his soon to be teammate at Texas, Kevin Durant. He was a fourth-team Parade All-American. Considered a four-star recruit by, Augustin was listed as the No. 6 point guard and the No. 49 player in the nation in 2006. Augustin was one of seven freshman to join the Longhorn basketball program for the 2006–07 season, he started all 35 games in the season as the point guard for the Longhorns, averaging 14.4 points and 6.7 assists per game. For his contributions, he was named to both the All-Big 12 Second Team and the Big 12 All-Rookie Team by Big 12 coaches and Associated Press. Augustin had a chance to participate in the 2007 NBA draft with former teammate Kevin Durant, but he chose to stay in school to develop his game more with the Longhorns. Augustin, along with Texas A&M Aggies player Joseph Jones, was featured on the front cover of the November 15, 2007 issue of Sports Illustrated.

In the fall 2007 semester, he achieved a 4.0 GPA, raising his cumulative GPA to a 3.64. On February 27, 2008, he was named first-team Academic All-America by the College Sports Information Directors of America, he became the second Texas Longhorn basketball player to achieve the honor, following Jim Krivacs, who received it in 1979. Augustin was named to the USBWA All-America First Team. On April 3, 2008, the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame awarded him the Bob Cousy Award. On April 23, 2008, Augustin declared himself eligible for the NBA Draft. On June 3, 2008, Augustin hired an agent thereby forfeiting his remaining NCAA eligibility. Augustin was selected with the ninth overall pick in the 2008 NBA draft by the Charlotte Bobcats. On July 8, 2008, he was signed to the rookie scale contract. Under the league's rookie scale, the deal will pay him $1.8 million in the upcoming season and nearly $2 million the next. On October 30, he made his professional debut in a 96–79 loss to the Cleveland Cavaliers, recording 12 points and two assists in 25 minutes.

On October 6, 2009, the Bobcats picked up third-year option on Augustin's contract. On October 29, 2010, the Bobcats picked up the fourth-year option on Augustin's contract. On June 29, 2012, the Bobcats extended a qualifying to Augustin. However, on July 12, they withdrew the offer. On July 13, 2012, he signed with the Indiana Pacers. On October 31, he made his debut with the Pacers in a 90–88 win over the Toronto Raptors, recording five points, one rebound, two assists and one steal in 15 minutes. On July 22, 2013, Augustin signed with the Toronto Raptors. On October 30, he made his debut for the Raptors in a 93–87 win over the Boston Celtics, recording five points and two assists in 13 minutes. On December 9, Augustin was waived by the Raptors. On December 13, 2013, Augustin signed with the Chicago Bulls. On January 11, 2014, Augustin recorded a season high 12 assists in a 103–97 win over the Charlotte Bobcats. On March 30, 2014, Augustin scored a career-high 33 points in a 107–102 win over the Boston Celtics.

On July 15, 2014, Augustin signed a two-year, $6 million contract with the Detroit Pistons. On January 25, 2015, in his first game as a starter, replacing the injured Brandon Jennings, Augustin scored a career-high 35 points in a 110–114 loss to the Toronto Raptors. On February 19, 2015, Augustin was traded to the Oklahoma City Thunder in a three-team deal that involved the Utah Jazz, a move that reunited him with ex-college teammate Kevin Durant. Two days he made his debut for the Thunder in a 110–103 win over the Charlotte Hornets, recording 12 points, three rebounds and two assists in 23 minutes off the bench. On February 18, 2016, Augustin was traded, along with Steve Novak, two second-round picks and cash consideration, to the Denver Nuggets in exchange for Randy Foye; the next day, he made his debut for the Nuggets in a 116–110 loss to the Sacramento Kings, recording eight points, six assists and three steals in 19 minutes. On March 2, 2016, Augustin recorded a season-high 26 points in a 117–107 win over the Los Angeles Lakers.

On March 12, 2016, Augustin recorded his first double-double of the season with 17 points and 10 assists in a 116–100 win over the Washington Wizards. Augustin recorded his second double-double on March 27, 2016, recording 18 points and 10

Manurhin MR 73

The Manurhin MR73 is a French-manufactured, high-end double-action/single-action revolver chambered in.38 Special/.357 Magnum. The MR73 is manufactured by Manurhin and is available in 2.5", 2.75", 3", 4", 4.25”, 5.25", 6" barrel lengths. The MR 73 was standard issue with France's Gendarmerie and in some police units including Special Weapons and Tactics teams; the GIGN selected the MR 73 in part for its ability to indefinitely withstand 150 rounds of full-power ammunition during daily range practice. These teams use MR 73s with Bushnell Magnum Phantom 1.5× telescopic sights and 8" and 10" barrels for tactical purposes. Over one million rounds were fired through one example; every MR 73 is match grade accurate, shipped with its own factory test target fired at 25 m. Averaging 15 rounds, no group over 20 mm diameter with selected ammunition is allowed; the MR 73 has an adjustable trigger weight in both double-action and single-action modes, a feature found in other high-end revolvers such as Korth and Janz.

These adjustments do not alter the strength of the main spring. This is due to the use of roller bearings in the trigger mechanism along with extensive hand fitting and polishing of components during assembly; the MR73 requires more than 12 hours of hand-fitting at the factory, making it about 50% more expensive than competing U. S.-manufactured brands. The revolver can be converted to 9×19mm Parabellum with a supplied replacement cylinder, however, 9×19mm Parabellum under French law has the status of ammunition of war. Thus, from the early 1980s, production was limited to the versions in.357. Cylinder chambers are finished with an impact process that makes them glass-smooth and hard; the factory proof-fires each cylinder chamber with.357 Magnum ammunition generating 30% more pressure than the C. I. P. Maximum allowable pressure for the Magnum cartridge; the factory guarantees that the cylinder will not burst or show any bulging or deformation with.357 Magnum ammunition developing double the C. I.

P. 300.00 MPa Pmax piezo pressure, meaning the cylinder can withstand 600.00 MPa, or 43.5 tons per square inch). The frame and barrel of the MR 73 are made from ordnance-certified, alloyed steel. Barrels are manufactured by cold-hammering; the rifling is formed during the forging process, eliminating the need to cut the rifling as a separate manufacturing step. This creates an hard and microscopically smooth internal barrel surface. MANURHIN S. A. Trauch French armurier had created and sold a efficiency polymer pistol grip quick draw. HKS make a speedloader to use with 9 mm caliber cylinder. A sporting variant called, it was first produced in 1985. Other sporting variants are the MR 38 Match chambered in.38 Special and the MR 22 Match chambered in.22 Long Rifle. The Match versions have an extended rearward rise; this allows the aiming length to be increased without increasing the total length of the weapon, which would have made it exceed the maximum dimensions authorized in certain competitions. A variant called the Gendarmerie features larger front sights.

Special Police F1/MR 88 MR 93 MR 96 Austria: Used by EKO Cobra. Burkina Faso Cameroon Central African Republic Chad France: Used by GIGN and RAID. Gabon Ivory Coast Malaysia RELA Corps. Mali: People's Movement for the Liberation of Azawad Mauritius Niger: police forces Senegal Seychelles Togo Manhurin MR73 producer Chapuis-Arms subsidiary MATCH Official Site English User Manual Modern Firearms—Manurhin MR 73

Alfred McEwen

Dr. Alfred McEwen is a professor of planetary geology at the University of Arizona. McEwen is a member of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory where he directs the director of the Planetary Image Research Laboratory, he is a member of the imaging science team on the Cassini–Huygens mission to Saturn, co-investigator on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbit Camera team, principal investigator of the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment aboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. He earned a Ph. D. in Planetary Geology in 1988 from Arizona State University. McEwen participated in the Mars Odyssey, Mars Global Surveyor, Galileo science teams. In 2015, McEwen received the Whipple Award for his work on HiRISE. McEwen, Alfred S.. "Mars in motion". Planetary Science. Scientific American. 308: 44–51. Retrieved 2016-02-09