Jules and Jim
Jules and Jim is a 1962 French New Wave romantic drama film, directed and written by François Truffaut. Set around the time of World War I, it describes a tragic love triangle involving French Bohemian Jim, his shy Austrian friend Jules, Jules's girlfriend and wife Catherine; the film is based on Henri-Pierre Roché's 1953 semi-autobiographical novel describing his relationship with young writer Franz Hessel and Helen Grund, whom Hessel married. Truffaut came across the book in the mid-1950s whilst browsing through some secondhand books at a shop along the Seine in Paris, he befriended the elderly Roché, who had published his first novel at the age of 74. The author approved of the young director's interest to adapt his work to another medium; the film won the 1962 Grand Prix of French film prizes, the Étoile de Cristal, Jeanne Moreau won that year's prize for best actress. The film ranked 46 in Empire magazine's "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010; the soundtrack by Georges Delerue was named as one of the "10 best soundtracks" by Time magazine in its "All Time 100 Movies" list.
The film is set before and after the Great War in several different parts of France and Germany. Jules is a shy writer from Austria who forges a friendship with Jim, they share an interest in the world of the Bohemian lifestyle. At a slide show, they become entranced with a bust of a goddess and her serene smile and travel to see the ancient statue on an island in the Adriatic Sea. After encounters with several women, they meet the free-spirited, capricious Catherine, a doppelgänger for the statue with the serene smile; the three hang out together. Although she begins a relationship with Jules, both men are affected by her presence and her attitude toward life. Jim continues to be involved with Gilberte seeing her apart from the others. A few days before war is declared and Catherine move to Austria to get married. Both men serve on opposing sides. After the wartime separation, Jim visits, stays with and Catherine in their house in the Black Forest. Jules and Catherine by have a young daughter, Sabine.
Jules confides the tensions in their marriage. He tells Jim that Catherine torments and punishes him at times with numerous affairs, she once left him and Sabine for six months, she attempts to seduce Jim, who has never forgotten her. Jules, desperate that Catherine might leave him forever, gives his blessing for Jim to marry Catherine so that he may continue to visit them and see her. For a while, the three adults live with Sabine in the same chalet in Austria, until tensions between Jim and Catherine arise because of their inability to have a child. Jim leaves returns to Paris. After several exchanges of letters between Catherine and Jim, they resolve to reunite when she learns that she is pregnant; the reunion does not occur. After a time, Jim runs into Jules in Paris, he learns that Catherine have returned to France. Catherine tries to win Jim back. Furious, she pulls a gun on him, he encounters Jules and Catherine in a famous movie theater, the Studio des Ursulines. The three of them stop at an outdoor cafe.
Catherine asks Jim to get into her car. She asks Jules to watch them and drives the car off a damaged bridge into the river, killing herself and Jim. Jules is left to deal with the ashes of his friends. Jeanne Moreau as Catherine Oskar Werner as Jules Henri Serre as Jim Vanna Urbino as Gilberte, Jim's fiancee Serge Rezvani as Albert, Catherine's sometime lover Marie Dubois as Thérèse, Jules' ex-girlfriend Sabine Haudepin as Sabine and Catherine's daughter Kate Noëlle as Birgitta Anny Nelsen as Lucy Christiane Wagner as Helga Jean-Louis Richard as a customer in cafe Michel Varesano as a customer in cafe Pierre Fabre as a drunk in the cafe Danielle Bassiak as Albert's companion Bernard Largemains as Merlin Elen Bober as Mathilde Dominique Lacarrière as a woman Michel Subor as the Narrator One of the products of the French New Wave, Truffaut incorporated newsreel footage, photographic stills, freeze frames, panning shots, masking, dolly shots, voiceover narration. Truffaut's cinematographer was Raoul Coutard, a frequent collaborator with Jean-Luc Godard, who employed the latest lightweight cameras to create an fluid film style.
For example, some of the postwar scenes were shot using cameras mounted on bicycles. The musical score is by Georges Delerue. One song, "Le Tourbillon" by Serge Rezvani, which sums up the turbulence of the lives of the three main characters, became a popular hit; the dialogue is predominantly with occasional lines in German and one line in English. Jeanne Moreau incarnates the style of the French New Wave actress; the critic Ginette Vincindeau has in a kind of natural way. Though she isn't in the film's title, Catherine is "the structuring absence, she reconciles two opposed ideas of femininity." Paul Mazursky's 1980 film, Willie & Phil, starring Margot Kidder, Michael Ontkean, Ray Sharkey, is a direct homage to Jules a
OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system. OCLC began in 1967, as the Ohio College Library Center, through a collaboration of university presidents, vice presidents, library directors who wanted to create a cooperative computerized network for libraries in the state of Ohio; the group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization, hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, to design the shared cataloging system.
Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The plan was to merge the catalogs of Ohio libraries electronically through a computer network and database to streamline operations, control costs, increase efficiency in library management, bringing libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the world's information in order to best serve researchers and scholars; the first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, 1971. This was the first online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data. Between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the governance structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States.
As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with "networks", organizations that provided training and marketing services. By 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on the OCLC Members Council. During 2008, OCLC commissioned two studies to look at distribution channels. In early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic and full-text information to anyone. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from private libraries worldwide; the Open WorldCat program, launched in late 2003, exposed a subset of WorldCat records to Web users via popular Internet search and bookselling sites.
In October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. WikiD was phased out; the Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988. A browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013; until August 2009, when it was sold to Backstage Library Works, OCLC owned a preservation microfilm and digitization operation called the OCLC Preservation Service Center, with its principal office in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users; this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. Starting in 1971, OCLC produced catalog cards for members alongside its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, such as CONTENTdm for managing digital collections.
It offers the bibliographic discovery system WorldCat Discovery, which allows for library patrons to use a single search interface to access an institution's catalog, database subscriptions and more. OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications; these publications, including journal articles, reports and presentations, are available through the organization's website. OCLC Publications – Research articles from various journals including Code4Lib Journal, OCLC Research, Reference & User Services Quarterly, College & Research Libraries News, Art Libraries Journal, National Education Association Newsletter; the most recent publications are displayed first, all archived resources, starting in 1970, are available. Membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding. Newsletters – Current and archived newsletters for the library and archive community.
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Bed and Board (1970 film)
Bed and Board is a 1970 French film directed by François Truffaut. It is the fourth in Truffaut's series of five films about Antoine Doinel, directly follows Stolen Kisses, showing the married life of Antoine and Christine; the last in the series is Love on the Run. "The fourth installment in François Truffaut's chronicle of the ardent, anachronistic Antoine Doinel and Board plunges his hapless creation once again into crisis. Expecting his first child and still struggling to find steady employment, Doinel involves himself in a relationship with a beautiful Japanese woman that threatens to destroy his marriage. Comic, with a touch of the burlesque and Board is a bittersweet look at the travails of young married life and the fine line between adolescence and adulthood." Jean-Pierre Léaud as Antoine Doinel Claude Jade as Christine Doinel Daniel Ceccaldi as Lucien Darbon Claire Duhamel as Madame Darbon Hiroko Berghauer as Kyoko Daniel Boulanger as Tenor Silvana Blasi as Tenor's wife Pierre Fabri as the office Romeo Barbara Laage as Monique, secretary Billy Kearns as M. Max Claude Véga as the Strangler Jacques Jouanneau as Césarin Danièle Girard as Ginette, a waitress Jacques Robiolles as Sponger Yvon Lec as the Traffic Warden Marie Irakane as Mrs Martin, a concierge Ernest Menzer as the little man Jacques Rispal as Old Solitary Philippe Léotard as a Drunkard Pierre Maguelon as Cérasin's friend Guy Pierrault as an SOS employee Marcel Mercier as a person in the courtyard Joseph Merieau as a person in the courtyard Christian de Tiliere as a Senator Nobuko Mati as Kyoko's friend Iska Khan as Kyoko's father Jacques Cottin as Monsieur Hulot Bed and Board on IMDb Bed and Board at Rotten Tomatoes Bed and Board at AllMovie Bed and Board an essay by Noah Baumbach at the Criterion Collection
André Falcon was a French film actor. He appeared in more than one hundred films from 1954 to 2008. André Falcon on IMDb
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Marie-France Pisier was a French actress and director. She appeared in numerous films of the French New Wave and twice earned the national César Award for Best Supporting Actress. Pisier was born in Dalat, French Indochina, where her father was serving as colonial governor of French Indochina, her younger brother, Gilles Pisier, is a mathematician and a member of the French Academy of Sciences. Her sister, was the first wife of Bernard Kouchner, a French politician and the co-founder of Médecins Sans Frontières; the family moved to Paris. Five years she made her screen acting debut for director François Truffaut in his 1962 film and Colette. Pisier had a incendiary romance with the older, married Truffaut. Despite its end, she appeared in Truffaut's Stolen Kisses and Love on the Run, the fifth and final film in Truffaut's series about the character Antoine Doinel. Pisier was credited as a co-writer of the screenplay. In a review in The New York Times, film critic Vincent Canby praised her for a "ravishing performance".
Pisier collaborated on the screenplay to Jacques Rivette's Celine and Julie Go Boating. In the same year, she had a role in Luis Buñuel’s Phantom of Liberty, she gained widespread public recognition in 1975 when she appeared in Jean-Charles Tacchella's popular comedy, Cousin Cousine. Her role as the volatile Karine earned her a César Award for Best Supporting Actress, her subsequent feature films included three with director André Téchiné: French Provincial. Pisier attempted to crack the American film industry with The Other Side of Midnight, adapted from a Sidney Sheldon novel, she appeared on American television in the miniseries The French Atlantic Affair, Scruples the following year. She made two more Hollywood films, French Postcards with Debra Winger and Chanel Solitaire with Timothy Dalton. Returning to France, Pisier made her directorial debut with The Governor's Party, which she adapted from her own novel, she played Madame Verdurin in Raúl Ruiz's adaptation of Marcel Proust, Time Regained.
Her final film as director was with Bérénice Bejo in Like An Airplane. Pisier's first marriage to Georges Kiejman ended in divorce, she resided in Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer and was married to Thierry Funck-Brentano. The couple had a son, a daughter, Iris; the 66-year-old actress died on 24 April 2011. She is believed to have drowned, she is survived by her sister Évelyne, brother Gilles, both children. The local mayor announced her death to the news media and President Nicolas Sarkozy made a public statement honouring “her supreme elegance born of the most perfect simplicity.” Pisier appeared in more than 70 films including: Antoine and Colette as Colette Le Diable et les Dix Commandements Les Yeux cernés Trans-Europ-Express Stolen Kisses as Colette Tazzi The Phantom of Liberty Celine and Julie Go Boating Souvenirs d'en France Cousin Cousine as Karine Surreal Estate as Agathe Barocco as Nelly The Other Side of Midnight as Noelle Page Le Corps de mon ennemi as Gilberte Liegeard Love on the Run as Colette Tazzi The Bronte Sisters as Charlotte Brontë French Postcards as Catherine Tessier Scruples TV mini-series as Valentine O'Neill Chanel Solitaire as Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel The Hot Touch as Dr. Simpson L'as des as The Magic Mountain as Clawdia Chauchat Le Prix du Danger Der stille Ozean Les Nanas Parking Le Tiroir secret TV mini-series The Abyss Le Fils de Gascogne Why Not Me? as Irene Time Regained as Madame Verdurin Inch'Allah Dimanche Paid Dans Paris Pardonnez-moi Bacon on the Side Marie-France Pisier on IMDb Marie-France Pisier at AllMovie
Claude Marcelle Jorré, better known as Claude Jade, was a French actress. She is known for starring as Christine in François Truffaut's three films Stolen Kisses and Board and Love on the Run. Jade acted in theatre and television, her film work outside France included the Soviet Union, the United States and Japan. The daughter of university professors, Jade spent three years at Dijon's Conservatory of Dramatic Art. In 1964 she played on stage 40 times the part of Agnès in Molière's L'école des femmes. In 1966 she won the Prix de Comédie for Jean Giraudoux's stage play Ondine, performed at the Comédie Boulogne, she moved to Paris and became a student of Jean-Laurent Cochet at the Edouard VII theater, began acting in television productions, including a leading role in TV series Les oiseaux rares. While performing as Frida in Pirandello's Henri IV, in a production by Sacha Pitoëff at the Théâtre Moderne, Jade was discovered by New Wave film director François Truffaut, he was "completely taken by her beauty, her manners, her kindness, her joie de vivre", cast her in the role of Christine Darbon in Stolen Kisses.
During the filming, Truffaut fell in love with her, there was talk of marriage. Truffaut dubbed Claude Jade “French cinema’s little sweetheart” and the director and his muse were soon a couple in real life, although Truffaut changed his mind about marrying her the night before their wedding. American critic Pauline Kael wrote that Jade "seems a less ethereal, more practical Catherine Deneuve"; when Baisers volés became a hit, Truffaut promised that one day he would ask Claude Jade to help him continue the series. The director's love shines through his alter-ego Doinel in Stolen Kisses and Board and Love on the Run, as Christine puts up with Antoine's foibles and affairs; the Guardian notes Memorable scenes pass through the mind like a montage: her teaching Antoine the best way to butter toast in the morning, their writing each other little notes, his calling her "my little mother, my little sister, my little daughter" in a taxi, she replying she would rather be his wife. Playing the same character, Jade appeared in three Truffaut Movies.
Truffaut uses the occasion to examine three states, three ages, of his heroine, played with the right middle-class gentility and innocence by Claude Jade: loved from a distance. Some months after Truffaut's Stolen Kisses Claude Jade starred in Alfred Hitchcock's Topaz, as Michèle Picard, a secret agent's anxious daughter, married to a reporter. Recommended to Hitchcock by Truffaut, she was 19 years old when cast, with Dany Robin playing her mother. Hitchcock said he chose the two actresses to provide glamor, quipped, "Claude Jade is a rather quiet young lady, but I wouldn't guarantee about her behavior in a taxi". Jade recounted that they "talked in a Paris hotel about cooking, I gave him my recipe for soufflé and told him I liked Strangers on a Train, and, that."Hitchcock said she resembled his former star Grace Kelly, in France she was a younger Danielle Darrieux. Some of her scenes were deleted and restored for the director's cut of Topaz in 1999. Topaz was Jade's only Hollywood film. Universal Pictures offered her a seven-year contract, which she turned down because she preferred to work in French.
Director Tony Richardson's film Nijinsky, based on a screenplay by Edward Albee, was canceled during pre-production by producer Harry Saltzman. It was to have starred Jade as Vaslav Nijinsky's wife, alongside Rudolf Nureyev as Nijinsky and Paul Scofield as his lover Sergei Diaghilev, she had a leading role as Linda in Sous le signe de Monte-Cristo by André Hunebelle, a modern version of Alexandre Dumas' novel. Here the 19 years young actress starred alongside French cinema's veterans like Pierre Brasseur and Michel Auclair. Jade starred in Édouard Molinaro's My Uncle Benjamin alongside Jacques Brel; as Manette she refuses Brel's advances. At the End Manette realizes, her career continued in Belgium, where she played a young English teacher, fatally intrigued by a murderer in the 1969 film The Witness. Her fiancé is this movie. In 1969 she starred as Helena in a film adaptation of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream by Jean-Christophe Averty, Le Songe d'une nuit d'été. In 1970 she reprised her part as Christine from Stolen Kisses in Truffaut's Bed and Board as a married woman.
The Truffaut films influenced her type as lovingly gentle modern young woman in contemporary cinema, which she contrasted in ambivalent figures: Critic Vincent Canby praised her in work in Gérard Brach's The Boat on the Grass, in which she starred as Eleonore, a young girl between two friends. She starred in Hearth Fires as Laura, a daughter who wants to reconcile her parents and who falls in love with her mother's best friend. Alongside Robert Hossein she pla