click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Stromness

Stromness locally is the second-most populous town in Orkney, Scotland. It is in the southwestern part of Mainland Orkney, it is a burgh with a parish around the outside with the town of Stromness as its capital. The name "Stromness" comes from the Norse Straumsnes. Straum refers to the strong tides that rip past the Point of Ness through Hoy Sound to the south of the town. Nes means "headland". Stromness thus means "headland protruding into the tidal stream". In Viking times the anchorage where Stromness now stands was called Hamnavoe, meaning "peaceful" or "safe harbour". A long-established seaport, Stromness has a population of 2,190 residents; the old town is clustered along the characterful and winding main street, flanked by houses and shops built from local stone, with narrow lanes and alleys branching off it. There is a ferry link from Stromness to Scrabster on the north coast of mainland Scotland. First recorded as the site of an inn in the sixteenth century, Stromness became important during the late seventeenth century, when Great Britain was at war with France and shipping was forced to avoid the English Channel.

Ships of the Hudson's Bay Company were regular visitors. Large numbers of Orkneymen, many of whom came from the Stromness area, served as traders and seamen for both. Captain Cook's ships and Resolution, called at the town in 1780 on their return voyage from the Hawaiian Islands, where Captain Cook had been killed. Stromness Museum reflects these aspects of the town's history. An unusual aspect of the town's character is the large number of buildings decorated with displays of whale bones outside them. Stromness harbour was rebuilt in 1893 to the designs of John Barron. At Stromness Pierhead is a commemorative statue by North Ronaldsay sculptor Ian Scott, unveiled in 2013, of John Rae standing erect, with an inscription describing him as "the discoverer of the final link in the first navigable Northwest Passage"; the parish of Stromness includes the islands of Hoy and Graemsay in addition to a tract of land about 5 miles by 3¾ on Mainland Orkney. The Mainland part is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south and southeast by Hoy Sound, on the northeast by the Loch of Stenness.

Antiquities include Breckness House, erected in 1633 by George Graham, Bishop of Orkney, at the west entrance of Hoy Sound. Stromness plays host to the Pier Arts Centre, an outstanding collection of twentieth-century British art given to the people of Orkney by Margaret Gardiner The Stromness branch of the Orkney library is housed in a building given to the library service in 1905 by Marjory Skea. Writer George Mackay Brown was born and lived most of his life in the town, is buried in the town's cemetery overlooking Hoy Sound, his poem "Hamnavoe" is set in the town, is in part a memorial to his father John, a local postman. Stromness is referred to in the title of Sir Peter Maxwell Davies's popular piano piece "Farewell to Stromness", a piano interlude from The Yellow Cake Revue, written to protest at plans to open a uranium mine in the area; the Revue was first performed by the composer at the Stromness Hotel on 21 June 1980, as part of the St Magnus Festival. Stromness is the title of a 2009 novel by Herbert Wetterauer.

Stromness presents to the Atlantic a range of cliffs between 100 and 500 ft high, to Hoy Sound a band of fertile lowlands. The rocks possess great geological interest, were made well known by the publication of the evangelical geologist Hugh Miller, The Footprints of the Creator or The Asterolepsis of Stromness; the section on the parish and its geology incorporates text from the following public domain book: Wilson, Rev. John The Gazetteer of Scotland Published by W. & A. K. Johnstone Stromness Museum Ballantine's Midnight Cup at Stromness Golf Club, stv feature, 19 June 2007. Stromness Royal British Legion Pipe Band Orkney's local paper Pier Art Gallery An important collection of British fine art The History of Stromness Stromness - The Haven Bay Maritime Merchants: a view from Stromness Museum A brief history of Stromness

Place Diana

The Place Diana is situated in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, near the Seine river. The place is named in memory of Diana, Princess of Wales, by vote of the Council of Paris in 2018. On this space rises the Flame of Liberty, a replica of the Statue of Liberty torch in New York City; the statue was erected in 1989 to celebrate the Franco-American friendship. Somewhat forgotten, the Flame benefited from a renewed interest when Diana, Princess of Wales died on August 31, 1997 during a road accident in the tunnel of pont de Alma, located below the monument; the public diverted the Flame from its original function, spontaneously transforming it into an altar to Diana's memory. The square is now one of the major tourist places in Paris

Brenda Marie Osbey

Brenda Marie Osbey is an American poet. She graduated from Dillard University, Paul Valéry University, Montpellier III, from the University of Kentucky, with an M. A, she has taught at the University of California at Los Angeles, Loyola University New Orleans, at Dillard University. She was Visiting Writer-in-residence at Tulane University and Scholar-in-residence at Southern University, she teaches at Louisiana State University. Her work has appeared in Callaloo, Essence, Southern Exposure, Southern Review, The American Voice, The American Poetry Review. 2004 Carmargo Foundation Fellow 1998 American Book Award 1990 National Endowment for the Arts Creative Writing Fellowship 1984 Association of Writers & Writing Programs Poetry Award 1980 Loring-Williams Prize, Academy of American Poets All Saints: New and Selected Poems. Louisiana State University Press. November 1, 1997. ISBN 978-0-8071-2198-6. Desperate Circumstance, Dangerous Woman. Story Line Press. 1991. ISBN 978-0-934257-57-2. In These Houses.

Wesleyan University Press. September 1, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8195-2146-0. Ceremony for Minneconjoux. University Press of Virginia. 1983. ISBN 978-0-912759-03-6. Marge Piercy, ed.. Early Ripening: American Women's Poetry Now. Pandora. ISBN 978-0-86358-108-3. Leon Stokesbury, ed.. The Made Thing: An Anthology of Contemporary Southern Poetry. University of Arkansas Press. P. 239. ISBN 978-1-55728-579-9. Brenda Marie Osbey. James Gill, ed. 1987 2PLUS2: A Collection of International Writing, Switzerland: Mylabris Press. William L. Andrews, ed.. Literature of the American South: A Norton Anthology. W W Norton & Co Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-97270-2. Frederick Smock, ed.. "The Evening News". The American voice anthology of poetry. University Press of Kentucky. P. 78. ISBN 978-0-8131-0956-5. Brenda Marie Osbey. Charles H. Rowell, ed.. "Setting Loose the Icons". Making Callaloo: 25 years of Black literature. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-28898-3. "Author's website" "Louisiana's Poet Laureate: What Was Lost", NPR Jefferson Humphries, John W. Lowe, eds..

"An Interview with Brenda Marie Osbey". The future of southern letters. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-509781-8. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter Catherine Higgs, Barbara A. Moss, Earline Rae Ferguson, eds.. "Wild and Holy Women in the Poetry of Brenda Marie Osbey". Stepping forward: Black women in Africa and the Americas. Ohio University Press. ISBN 978-0-8214-1455-2. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter William L. Andrews, Frances Smith Foster, Trudier Harris, eds.. The concise Oxford companion to African American literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-513883-2. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter

Tvøst og spik

Tvøst og spik is a typical dish of the Faroe Islands, a self-governing country of Denmark, located in the North Atlantic. Tvøst og spik consists of Pilot Whale meat and potatoes; the meat is prepared in different ways, it can be boiled or fried fresh, it can be stored in either dry salt or in salty water, it can be frozen and prepared, or it can be hung up outdoors in order to dry. When it is hung out to dry, it is cut in long slices, hung under a roof, to shield it from the rain; the blubber can be prepared in different ways, salted or dried, but not fried. Dried blubber can be eaten together with dried fish, as shown on the photo; the whale meat has a dark color black. The tradition to eat whale meat and blubber dates back many centuries, whaling was mentioned in the Faroese part of the Norwegian Gulating-law dating back to 1298; the islands lie isolated in the North Atlantic. In the old days, food supplies from other countries were sparse forcing them to manage with what nature had to offer.

The food resources came from household animals like sheep, geese and ducks, from wild animals like sea birds and from the sea they got various kinds of fish and from time to time whale meat and blubber. There are statistics from the whaling in the Faroe Islands which dates back to 1584, which are the oldest statistics for a specific kind of hunting; the statistics are døgling. The pilot whale hunting has been mentioned in the Viking Ages, after year 1000, when Sigmundur Brestisson brought Christianity to the Faroe Islands, the Faroe Islands became a Norwegian territory, they had to pay tax to the King of Norway, therefore they made statistics about every whale killing in the Faroe Islands; the islands came to be a Danish territory, the statistics were used for paying tax to the King of Denmark. The statistics are reliable from 1709 up to today, the statistics from the years where the Gable family ruled from 1642 to 1708 is not so reliable according to the Danish/Faroese scientist Dorete Bloch, as there are only a few documents about whale killings from this period.

There are statistics from 1584 to 1708. Whaling in the Faroe Islands

St. Teresa of Avila Cathedral, Amos

The Cathedral of St. Teresa of Avila is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Amos, which encompasses western and northern Quebec, Canada, it is located in the center of Amos, on the east bank of the Harricana River on the highest hill of the town, visible for a great distance. It is the only Catholic cathedral in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region; the cathedral was built in a "Roman-Byzantine" style, with a circular Byzantine floor plan as opposed to the more common cruciform Romanesque plan, in 1922–23. It is made of steel and reinforced concrete, unusual materials in the construction of places of worship at the time. Fr. Joseph Dudemaine celebrated the first Mass in what is now Amos on 15 October 1911, the feast of Saint Teresa of Ávila, in the home of a parishioner. After the town was formed in 1914, the effort to build a parish church began. Construction commenced in 1922 on plans by Aristide Beaugrand-Champagne of Montreal, who had designed the neo-Byzantine Church of St. Michael, was completed the following year.

The Diocese of Amos was erected in 1939, the church was named its seat at that time. It was designated a provincial heritage site in 2003. St. Teresa's is a unique example of Byzantine Revival architecture, which itself was uncommon in North America at the time of construction, with Romanesque elements, it has a circular design with a large dome of reinforced concrete, rising 10 storeys high. The use of concrete was deemed prudent given the area's frequent forest fires; the interior decor has been enriched in phases by the parishioners, including stained glass windows from France on three sides, a large mosaic of St. Teresa of Italian ceramic tiles with gold powder behind the main altar. Additional mosaics on side walls depict the baptism of Jesus and the Annunciation, as well as the Stations of the Cross. A Casavant organ was installed in 1953. Buried in the crypt are Joseph Louis Aldée Desmarais, first bishop of Amos, M. Hector Authier, a former mayor. Catholic Church in Canada

HMS Argo (1781)

HMS Argo was a 44-gun fifth-rate Roebuck-class ship of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1781 from Howdon Dock; the French captured her in 1783, but 36 hours the British recaptured her. She distinguished herself in the French Revolutionary Wars by capturing several prizes, though she did not participate in any major actions, she served in the Napoleonic Wars. She was sold in 1816. Argo was commissioned in March 1781 under Captain John Butchart. On 29 October Argo sailed for the Baltic with Albemarle, under the command of Captain Horatio Nelson and Enterprise, arriving at Elsinor on 4 November. On 8 December the squadron, now under the command of Captain Douglas in Sampson, escorted a convoy of 280 vessels to Britain, arriving on 22 December. Early in 1782, Argo joined Captain Thomas Shirley in the 50-gun ship Leander and the sloop-of-war Alligator off the Dutch Gold Coast. Britain was at war with The Netherlands and before Argo arrived Shirley captured the small Dutch forts at Mouri, Apam, Senya Beraku, Accra.

Argo provided a landing party of 50 men. In 1782 Argo was on her passage to the West Indies under Captain Butchart when she captured the French ship Dauphin, nominally of 64 guns but armed en flute and so sailing with only 26 guns mounted. Dauphin had a cargo of military stores and provisions, some brass cannons and mortars, two hundred soldiers, all bound for Martinique. Governor Thomas Shirley of the Leeward Islands had Argo carry him to Tortola where he had official business. Argo stayed there three weeks; the French found out about this and sent the French 36-gun frigate Nymphe and the 32-gun Amphitrite to intercept him. On 16 February 1783, the two French frigates met. After a five-hour action they captured her. Not only did they out gun Argo, but the sea was so rough that she could not open her lower ports. Argo had lost thirteen men killed and had suffered a number of wounded, as well as having suffered damage to her masts and rigging. Governor Shirley had stayed on deck throughout the engagement.

About 36 hours the 74-gun third rate HMS Invincible, under Captain Charles Saxton was coming from Jamaica when she encountered the two French frigates and their prize, Argo. The frigates fled. Captain J. Douglas took command. After a court martial acquitted her officers, Admiral Sir Hugh Pigot reappointed them. Captain J. Douglas took command, she returned to England after the Peace of Paris and was paid off in April 1784. Argo underwent repairs at Sheerness between July 1785 and October 1786, she was fitted as a troopship at Chatham from about June 1790 to April 1791. She was recommissioned in February 1791 under Commander Sandford Tatham, who sailed her for Halifax on 11 May. Argo was paid off in June 1792. Captain William Clarke recommissioned Argo in May 1793. Captain Richard Rundle Burgess replaced him in February 1795. In September 1795, Argo was part of the force escorting 63 merchants of the Levant convoy from Gibraltar; the other escorts were the 74-gun ships HMS Fortitude and HMS Bedford, the 32-gun frigates HMS Juno and HMS Lutine, the fireship HMS Tisiphone, the captured Censeur.

The convoy called at Gibraltar on 25 September, at which point thirty-two of the merchants left that night in company with Argo and Juno. The rest of the fleet sailed together. At this point a sizeable French squadron was sighted bearing up, consisting of six ships of the line and three frigates under Rear-Admiral Joseph de Richery. Censeur had to strike, the remaining British warships and one surviving merchant of the convoy made their escape. On 17 October Argo and Juno brought in their convoy of 32 vessels from Gibraltar. Captain John Stevens Hall took command of Argo in June 1796. In March 1798 Captain James Bowen took over command of Argo. On 5 May she encountered Captain Sir Sidney Smith, in an open boat in the Channel, having escaped via Havre de Grace from "the Temple" in Paris. Argo sailed for the Mediterranean in September 1798. Argo, HMS Pomone, HMS Cormorant convoyed a large fleet of merchantmen and transports to Lisbon; the convoy included the East Indiamen Royal Charlotte, Cuffnells and Alligator.

On 25 September the convoy encountered a French fleet of nine sail, consisting of one eighty-gun ship and eight frigates. The convoy commander signalled the Company's ships to form line of battle with the Royal Navy ships, the convoy to push for Lisbon; this manoeuvre, the warlike appearance of the Indiamen, deterred the French admiral from attacking them. Argo remained in the Mediterranean. On 29 September Argo captured the Nostra Seniora de la Aldea. In November Argo participated in the reduction of Menorca. Argo supported the landing of British troops; when four or five Spanish vessels were spotted, the British squadron sailed to catch them. The Spaniards consisted of a sloop; the four Spanish frigates - the Flora, Casilda and Pomona - had been on their way from Barcelona to Mahon with the payroll of eight million reales for the troops there when they encountered sloop-of-war Peterel and captured her on 12 November. The Spanish frigates sailed back to Cartagena, Spain. Duckworth detached Argo to pursue the sloop and on 13 November she retook Peterel and her 72-man Spanish prize crew under the comm