Structural geology is the study of the three-dimensional distribution of rock units with respect to their deformational histories. The primary goal of structural geology is to use measurements of present-day rock geometries to uncover information about the history of deformation in the rocks, to understand the stress field that resulted in the observed strain and geometries; this understanding of the dynamics of the stress field can be linked to important events in the geologic past. The study of geologic structures has been of prime importance in economic geology, both petroleum geology and mining geology. Folded and faulted rock strata form traps that accumulate and concentrate fluids such as petroleum and natural gas. Faulted and structurally complex areas are notable as permeable zones for hydrothermal fluids, resulting in concentrated areas of base and precious metal ore deposits. Veins of minerals containing various metals occupy faults and fractures in structurally complex areas; these structurally fractured and faulted zones occur in association with intrusive igneous rocks.
They also occur around geologic reef complexes and collapse features such as ancient sinkholes. Deposits of gold, copper, lead and other metals, are located in structurally complex areas. Structural geology is a critical part of engineering geology, concerned with the physical and mechanical properties of natural rocks. Structural fabrics and defects such as faults, folds and joints are internal weaknesses of rocks which may affect the stability of human engineered structures such as dams, road cuts, open pit mines and underground mines or road tunnels. Geotechnical risk, including earthquake risk can only be investigated by inspecting a combination of structural geology and geomorphology. In addition, areas of karst landscapes which reside atop caverns, potential sinkholes, or other collapse features are of particular importance for these scientists. In addition, areas of steep slopes are potential landslide hazards. Environmental geologists and hydrogeologists need to apply the tenets of structural geology to understand how geologic sites impact groundwater flow and penetration.
For instance, a hydrogeologist may need to determine if seepage of toxic substances from waste dumps is occurring in a residential area or if salty water is seeping into an aquifer. Plate tectonics is a theory developed during the 1960s which describes the movement of continents by way of the separation and collision of crustal plates, it is in a sense structural geology on a planet scale, is used throughout structural geology as a framework to analyze and understand global and local scale features. Structural geologists use a variety of methods to measure rock geometries, reconstruct their deformational histories, estimate the stress field that resulted in that deformation. Primary data sets for structural geology are collected in the field. Structural geologists measure a variety of planar features, linear features; the inclination of a planar structure in geology is measured by dip. The strike is the line of intersection between the planar feature and a horizontal plane, taken according to the right hand convention, the dip is the magnitude of the inclination, below horizontal, at right angles to strike.
For example. Alternatively and dip direction may be used as this is absolute. Dip direction is measured in 360 degrees clockwise from North. For example, a dip of 45 degrees towards 115 degrees azimuth, recorded as 45/115. Note that this is the same as above; the term hade is used and is the deviation of a plane from vertical i.e.. Fold axis plunge is measured in dip direction; the orientation of a fold axial plane is dip and dip direction. Lineations are measured in terms of dip direction, if possible. Lineations occur expressed on a planar surface and can be difficult to measure directly. In this case, the lineation may be measured from the horizontal as a pitch upon the surface. Rake is measured by placing a protractor flat on the planar surface, with the flat edge horizontal and measuring the angle of the lineation clockwise from horizontal; the orientation of the lineation can be calculated from the rake and strike-dip information of the plane it was measured from, using a stereographic projection.
If a fault has lineations formed by movement on the plane, e.g.. It is easier to record strike and dip information of planar structures in dip/dip direction format as this will match all the other structural information you may be recording about folds, etc. although there is an advantage to using different formats that discriminate between planar and linear data. The convention for analysing structural geology is to identify the planar structures called planar fabrics because this implies a textural formation, the linear structures and, from analysis of these, unravel deformations. Planar structures are named ac
Domagoj Abramović is a Croatian footballer who plays for NK Nur Zagreb. He was part of the Croatian squad at the 2004 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship. Abramović joined NK Dinamo Zagreb as an eight-year-old and scored over 100 goals in various age levels. In 1998, when he was only 17 years old, he debuted in the Dinamo's first team, he came in. He had to wait his premier league debut for a season over, until he got his chance in 2000 against NK Cibalia and scored two goals, he was loaned to Croatia Sesvete in the second league. After a successful season in Sesvete he was back in Dinamo. Next season he got 9 matches in all as a substitute. After the season, he moved to Cibalia Vinkovci. In the next two season with Cibalia, he managed to score only 4 goals. After years in Croatian football he changed country and signed for NK Široki Brijeg in Bosnia and Herzegovina. There he became a leading scorer for the club and lead the club to championship in 2004, he scored 34 goals in 81 league matches.
In 2007, he moved back to Lokomotiva Zagreb. He played 16 matches in the Dinamo's reserve team in third league, until in July 2008, he moved to Finnish Veikkausliiga club FC Inter Turku, he had visited the club in January, but did not get a contract offer. Abramović was an important part of the winning team. Abramović left Inter Turku in January 2012, in March same year he came back to Croatia, signing for HNK Gorica. After helping Gorica to avoid relegation with his 12 goals, Abramović joined their second division rivals NK Lučko. Abramović was part of the Croatian youth teams from under-16 to 21, but lost his place after 2004 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship due to lack of playing time in club level, he played in 1998 European Under-16 Football Championship and in 2000 European Under-18 Football Championship. NK Dinamo Zagreb Croatian Cup: 2001 NK Široki Brijeg Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina: 2004, 2006 FC Inter Turku Veikkausliiga: 2008 Domagoj Abramović at sportmanager.hr
Cooperatives Europe is the European regional office of the International Co-operative Alliance and acts for cooperative enterprises in Europe. Representing 83 member organisations from 33 European countries, across all business sectors. Cooperatives Europe promotes the cooperative business model in Europe and advocates for a level playing field between cooperatives and other forms of enterprise, its members represent 123 million individual member cooperators owning 160.000 cooperative enterprises and providing jobs to 5.4 million European citizens. As part of the International Cooperative Alliance, Cooperatives Europe maintains the internationally recognised definition of a cooperative in the Statement on the Cooperative Identity which defines seven cooperative principles. Over time, the international cooperative movement has made small readjustments to this first set of principles of the Rochdale cooperative; the most recent adjustment was made in 1995 at the Centennial Congress of the International Cooperative Alliance, when the seven cooperative principles were approved: voluntary and open membership, democratic member control, member economic participation and independence, education and information, cooperation among cooperatives, concern for the community.
The new principles, while building on and refining the accepted ones positioned cooperatives as jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprises based on the values of self-help, self-responsibility, democracy and solidarity. On the first Saturday of July each year, Cooperatives Europe celebrates International Cooperative Day. In December 2009, the United Nations declared 2012 as the International Year of Cooperatives. Cooperatives Europe was established on 7 March 2006 as a not-for-profit association under Belgian law; the first General Assembly took place in Manchester, on 11 November 2006, where Dame Pauline Green and Etienne Pflimlin were elected co-presidents. Since April 2017, Jean-Louis Bancel is the President of Cooperatives Europe. Since 2012, Cooperatives Europe is recognised as Civil Society Organisation, takes therefore part in the Policy Forum on Development, organised by the European Commission’s DG DevCo. Cooperatives Europe has organised several seminars on international cooperation such as the event Cooperatives and Sustainable Development: Challenges for the Post-2015 Agenda, co-organised with CoopBuro in Brussels, among others.
Cooperatives Europe is one of the partners within the European Year for Development, EU’s first thematic year dedicated to international development cooperation. 2015 is a special year for development. It is the first European Year to deal with the European Union's external action and Europe’s role in the world. For development organisations all over Europe it is an unparalleled opportunity to showcase Europe's commitment to eradicating poverty worldwide and to inspire more Europeans to get engaged and involved in development. 2015 is the year in which the Millennium Development Goals that the world agreed to reach in 2000, in which the international community will agree on the future global framework for poverty eradication and sustainable development. See Cooperatives Europe's profile and actions on EYD2015's website. Responding to the need of more and more young cooperators in Europe to develop contacts with peers in other countries, Cooperatives Europe has created and is developing a European network of Young Cooperators.
Cooperatives Europe is run by a secretariat based in Brussels. Strategic guidelines are decided by the General Assembly of Cooperatives Europe, which meets at least once a year; the General Assembly elects the board of directors, in charge of the development and implementation of the strategic multi-annual programme, one president, who acts as vice-president of the International Cooperative Alliance for the European Region. Presidents Pauline Green and Etienne Pflimlin Etienne Pflimlin and Felice Scalvini Dirk J. Lehnhoff Jean-Louis Bancel Cooperatives Europe works to increase the knowledge of the cooperative business model across Europe and to facilitate the development of cooperative enterprises. Cooperatives Europe is registered on the European Union Transparency Register, created by the European Commission. Cooperatives Europe’s core activities, are: Advocating in order to grant the plurality of business forms in Europe. Fostering communication amongst and about cooperative enterprises. Enhancing the development of cooperative businesses.
Official website Cooperatives Europe profile on the European Union Transparency Register
Paint as a Fragrance is the first studio album by the San Diego, California rock band Rocket from the Crypt, released in 1991 by Cargo Records and Headhunter Records. It is the band's only recording featuring their original lineup, which included drummer Sean Flynn and backing vocalist Elaina Torres. Shortly after the release of Paint as a Fragrance Sean and Elaina moved away from San Diego and the group re-invented itself as a punk-inspired rock & roll band with a horn section. "French Guy" "Maybelline" "Shy Boy" "Basturds" "Velvet Touch" "Evil Party" "Stinker" "Jiggy Jig" "Weak Superhero" "Thumbmaster" Speedo - guitar, lead vocals Andy Stamets - guitar, backing vocals Pete Reichert - bass, backing vocals Sean - drums Elaina - backing vocals Rick Froberg, Ian Roarty, Mike Kennedy, Chuck - additional backing vocals Record label:Cargo Records/Headhunter Records Recorded at Westbeach Recorders in Los Angeles Produced by John Reis Preproduction by Gar Wood Engineered by Donnell Cameron Mastered at K-Disc Photography by Jonny Donhowe Disc art by Mark Gariss CD layout by O, Jonny Donhowe, Dean Kegler Cover model: Tim Johnson Insert drawing by Dean Reis
Tracks of My Years is the twelfth studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Bryan Adams. The covers album was released on September 2014 by Polydor Records, it is an eclectic mix of songs reflective of the time when rock was played alongside pop, country and R&B, follows Adams’ acoustic album, 2010's Bare Bones, a release that resulted in sold out shows across Europe, North America and South Africa. The track list features 10 covers, including "Lay Lady Lay", "I Can't Stop Loving You" and "Any Time at All"; the album includes "She Knows Me", an original song written by Adams and Jim Vallance, released as the album's only single. Adams said of Tracks of My Years: "Making the selection of the songs for the album took a long time. We recorded all kinds of songs until the songs sort of presented themselves, or sounded different enough from the originals. We did about three months of recording, spread out over the course of two years."The album was produced by David Foster and Bryan Adams. In 2016, Adams said he was "reluctant" to record a covers album, but his label Polydor wanted him to do it.
Adams said, "I got into it in the end. And David is a brilliant producer — nothing against him, it just wasn’t something I wanted to do." Adams worked with producer Jeff Lynne on his thirteenth studio album, Get Up, released in 2015. Adams said of the process: "I would leave one studio where I was recording the covers with David Foster, go to another studio where I was working on the new album with Jeff; that gave me the impetus to get through the Foster record, because I didn’t enjoy that at all." The album debuted at number one on the Canadian Albums Chart, selling 14,000 copies in its first week and at number 22 in Italy. In the US, the album debuted at number 89 on the Billboard 200, selling 4,000 copies in its first week; the album has sold 14,000 copies in the US as of September 2015
Jonathan Compas is a former American football center. He was signed by the Oakland Raiders as an undrafted free agent in 2009 after playing college football at UC Davis. Compas has played for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, New England Patriots, Washington Redskins. Compas is the youngest of two children of corporate executive Gerald and philanthropist Linda Compas, he is the grandson of Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr. and nephew of Richard B. Fitzgibbon III, he is the great grandnephew of Alice DelRossi, of Stoneham, Massachusetts. After graduating from Carlsbad High School in 2004, Compas played football at UC Davis. In 2004, he was redshirted and selected as Scout Defense Player of the Week after the Northern Colorado game; the following year, he started the first six games as right guard, before being sidelined by injury. In 2006, he started all eleven games at right tackle and picked up one tackle early in the third quarter against cross town rival Sacramento State University; that same year he was an All-American pick by The Sporting News.
In 2007, he earned second consecutive GWFC all-academic honors while managing to start eleven games. Before his career with the Buccaneers, Compas signed with the Oakland Raiders as a free-agent in April 2009. On September 1, 2009, he was claimed off waivers from the Oakland Raiders by Tampa Bay, he was released by the Buccaneers on September 4, 2010. Following his release from the Buccaneers, Compas was picked up by the New England Patriots. Compas holds a masters degree from University of San Diego in business administration. Tampa Bay Buccaneers bio UC Davis Aggies bio