Studio zone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Studio zone
Thirty-mile zone (TMZ)
The intersection at the center of the studio zone: West Beverly Blvd and North La Cienega Blvd in Los Angeles
The intersection at the center of the studio zone: West Beverly Blvd and North La Cienega Blvd in Los Angeles
Studio zone is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Studio zone
Studio zone
Location of the center of the TMZ in Los Angeles
Coordinates: 34°04′33″N 118°22′36″W / 34.075833°N 118.376667°W / 34.075833; -118.376667

In the American entertainment industry, the studio zone, also known as the thirty-mile zone (TMZ), is the area traditionally marked roughly around a 30-mile (48 km) radius from the intersection of West Beverly Boulevard and North La Cienega Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. The exact boundaries of the studio zone have changed over the years, but the present 30-mile radius includes almost all of the southern half of Los Angeles County, as well as slices of eastern Ventura County and northwestern Orange County. Entertainment industry unions use this area to determine rates and work rules for union workers. For example, entertainment works that are recorded or produced outside the zone are considered "on location" and the studios are generally expected to pay for workers' transportation and meals; those inside the zone are considered "local" and workers are generally responsible for their own transportation and meals.

Usage[edit]

Entertainment industry labor unions use the studio zone to determine rates, work rules, and work compensation for workers. For example, within this area, workers generally are responsible to pay for their own transportation, meals, and other compensation; outside the zone, the studios are expected to pay for these things.[1]

During most of the 20th century, the Hollywood entertainment industry preferred to film movies and television shows within the studio zone to reduce labor costs. Thus, the zone largely determined the location and success of the original movie ranches in or near Hollywood. By establishing movie ranches around the periphery of the zone, studios could take advantage of Los Angeles's varied landscape.[1] With clever editing, it was easy to use a few aerial and location shots (usually shot by a second unit), along with carefully dressed sets, to give viewers the impression that a movie or show was set elsewhere.

The studio zone itself, as well as the lack of motion picture production companies and experienced personnel outside the zone, made it expensive to film on location, since movie studios had to bring everything needed from Los Angeles. In turn, anyone who wanted to start a career in the entertainment industry had to move to Los Angeles to break into the studio zone.

History[edit]

The studio zone's boundaries have expanded over the years, primarily to keep labor costs down and help keep Los Angeles as an attractive site to shoot productions. The studio zone was formally first established in 1934, originally defined as a 6-mile (9.7 km) radius from Rossmore Avenue and 5th Street. By 1970, the center of the zone became Beverly and La Cienega Boulevards, the then-headquarters of the Association of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP), and expanded to a 30-mile radius.[1]

In addition to the traditional 30-mile radius from Beverly and La Cienega Boulevards, the studio zone includes some locations that technically lie outside the area. The Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Conejo Ranch property near Thousand Oaks in Ventura County, and Castaic Lake in northwest Los Angeles County were included.[2]

In 2010, additional locations were added: Agua Dulce, the entire community of Castaic (in addition to Castaic Lake), Leo Carrillo State Park, Moorpark, Ontario International Airport, Piru, and Pomona (including the Fairplex of which a small portion is jurisdictionally in La Verne).[3][4] With respect to the locations added in 2010, producers are required to grant reasonable requests to actors for hotel accommodations if the locations listed above lie over four miles outside of the original thirty mile zone.[5] Other locations rejected in negotiations included adding Lancaster and Port Hueneme to the zone.[6] Furthermore, the addition of Pomona to the studio zone has led to an increase in filming in that city.[7]

In the 1990s many countries and even other U.S. states began offering generous tax credits or deductions to offset the much higher cost of filming on location. The result was what Hollywood people call runaway production. Places such as New Orleans and Vancouver became popular—and cheaper—alternatives to filming in Los Angeles or New York City.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

The initials of the Time Warner tabloid news website TMZ.com stand for "Thirty Mile Zone", an alternative name for the studio zone.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°04′33″N 118°22′36″W / 34.07583°N 118.37667°W / 34.07583; -118.37667