Sully Prudhomme

René François Armand Prudhomme was a French poet and essayist. He was the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901. Born in Paris, Prudhomme studied to be an engineer, but turned to philosophy and to poetry. In character sincere and melancholic, he was linked to the Parnassus school, although, at the same time, his work displays characteristics of its own. Prudhomme was born to a French shopkeeper. Prudhomme attended the Lycée Bonaparte, he worked for a while in the Creusot region for the Schneider steel foundry, began studying law in a notary's office. The favourable reception of his early poems by the Conférence La Bruyère encouraged him to begin a literary career, his first collection, Stances et Poèmes, was praised by Sainte-Beuve. It included his most famous poem, Le vase brisé, he published more poetry before the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. This war, which he discussed in Impressions de la guerre and La France, permanently damaged his health. During his career, Prudhomme shifted from the sentimental style of his first books towards a more personal style which unified the formality of the Parnassus school with his interest in philosophical and scientific subjects.

The inspiration was Lucretius's De rerum natura, for the first book of which he made a verse translation. His philosophy was expressed in Le Bonheur; the extreme economy of means employed in these poems has, however been judged as compromising their poetical quality without advancing their claims as works of philosophy. He was elected to the Académie française in 1881. Another distinction, Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur, was to follow in 1895. After, Le Bonheur, Prudhomme turned from poetry to write essays on aesthetics and philosophy, he published two important essays: L'Expression dans les beaux-arts and Réflexions sur l'art des vers, a series of articles on Blaise Pascal in La Revue des Deux Mondes, an article on free will in the Revue de métaphysique et de morale. The first writer to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature, he devoted the bulk of the money he received to the creation of a poetry prize awarded by the Société des gens de lettres, he founded, in 1902, the Société des poètes français with Jose-Maria de Heredia and Leon Dierx.

At the end of his life, his poor health forced him to live as a recluse at Châtenay-Malabry, suffering attacks of paralysis while continuing to work on essays. He died on 6 September 1907, was buried at Père-Lachaise in Paris. 1865: Stances et poèmes 1866: Les épreuves 1868: Croquis italiens 1869: Les solitudes: poésies 1872: Les destins 1874: La révolte des fleurs 1874: La France 1875: Les vaines tendresses 1876: Le zénith published in Revue des deux mondes 1878: La justice 1865–1888: Poésie 1886: Le prisme, poésies diverses 1888: Le bonheur 1908: Épaves 1883–1908: Œuvres de Sully Prudhomme, 8 volumes, A. Lemerre 1896: Que sais-je? 1901: Testament poétique 1905: La vraie religion selon Pascal 1922: Journal intime: lettres-pensée Gale Contemporary Authors Online, from the Gale Biography Resource Center database Petri Liukkonen. "Sully Prudhomme". Books and Writers Sully Prudhomme – Biography at List of works Sully Prudhomme Le Zénith Works by Sully Prudhomme at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Sully Prudhomme at Internet Archive Works by Sully Prudhomme at LibriVox

Skanderbeg Square

The Skanderbeg Square is the main plaza in the centre of Tirana, Albania. The square is named after the Albanian national hero Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu; the total area is about 40.000 square metres. The Skanderbeg Monument dominates the square. During the Italian invasion of Albania, the city plan for Tirana was designed by Florestano Di Fausto and Armando Brasini in a Neo-Renaissance style with articulate angular solutions and giant order fascias. Many buildings including the Tirana International Hotel, the Palace of Culture, the National Opera, the National Library, the National Bank, the Ethem Bey Mosque, the Clock Tower, the City Hall, the Ministry of Infrastructure, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of Energy, the National Historical Museum are situated at the square. In 1917, the Austrians built a public square. After Tirana became the capital in 1920, the population increased, several city plans were planned. During the time of the Albanian monarchy from 1928 to 1939, the square was composed of a number of buildings that would be detonated during the communist period.

The square was composed of a roundabout with a fountain in the center. The Old Bazaar used to be established on the grounds of modern-day Palace of Culture, the Orthodox Cathedral, while the former City Hall building, on the grounds of where the National Historical Museum is located nowadays. A statue of Joseph Stalin was erected. Besides the construction of the above new elements during communism, the statue of Albania's leader Enver Hoxha was erected at the space between the National Historical Museum and the National Bank. Following the fall of communism in 1991, the statue would be removed amid student-led demonstrations. Since June 2017, the square has been renovated and is now part of the biggest pedestrian zone in the Balkans; the renovation has been distinguished with the European Prize for Urban Public Space in 2018. The project has been praised at the Chicago Architecture Biennial, has received second prize for Contemporary Architecture 2019 by the European Union. Former Tirana mayor Edi Rama embarked on a plan to Europeanize the square.

In March 2010, works began to transform the square into a pedestrians and public transport only area. A new fountain would use rain water as its water supply, while a two-meter high pyramid would be built and leveled with a 2.5% slope throughout the square. During the construction period, detour roads have been put in place to establish the new and permanent road in the ring road around the square; the entire project is funded by a grant from the State of Kuwait. In September 2011, the earlier plan was scrapped and a new one introduced by the new mayor, Lulzim Basha; the use of the square by all motor vehicles was restored through the construction of a narrower road segment around the center of the square including bicycle lanes. The existing green field south of Skanderbeg's statue was extended northward for a few hundred meters, while trees were planted in most places; the next mayor, Erion Veliaj, announced that instead the 2010 plan would be reintroduced with minor changes such as greater green space areas around the square, underground parking, the introduction of stone material taken from all corners of Albania, Albanian inhabited lands.

Albania's rich flora would be represented in the gardens around the square, while the former garden behind Skanderbeg's monument would be restored to the pre-2010 state and named Europe Park. Construction works started in 2016 with the finishing of the small ring road around the square. Once the project is completed, the square will serve as a venue where the surrounding institutions would showcase themselves in an open environment concept; the square will serve as a local farmers market with vendors from rural Tirana showcasing their organic products. The square was opened to the public in June 2017. Landmarks in Tirana Architecture of Albania Skanderbeg Square in Pristina, Kosovo Skanderbeg Square in Skopje, North Macedonia 360 Degrees View of the 2016 Skanderbeg Square Project 2010 Skanderbeg Square Project by 51N4E LIVE Webcam from Skanderbeg Square

Louisiana's 29th State Senate district

Louisiana's 29th State Senate district is one of 39 districts in the Louisiana State Senate. It has been represented by Democratic Senator Jay Luneau since 2016, succeeding fellow Democrat Rick Gallot. District 29 covers a narrow majority-black swath of Central Louisiana, incorporating parts of Bienville, Jackson, Natchitoches and Winn Parishes; the district snakes its way through much of Alexandria, Natchitoches, Jonesboro, Arcadia and Ruston. The district overlaps with U. S. congressional districts 4 and 5, with Louisiana House of Representatives districts 11, 13, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27. Louisiana uses a jungle primary system. If no candidate receives 50% in the first round of voting, when all candidates appear on the same ballot regardless of party, the top-two finishers advance to a runoff election