Tre The Yokosuka MXY1 was an experimental aircraft built by the Watanabe Iron Works to a design from the Yokosuka Navy Technical Arsenal from 1937. At the end of 1935, the Air Service Command of the Imperial Japanese Navy commissioned the Yokosuka Navy Technical Arsenal to carry out aerodynamic research with a parasol monoplane similar to the Parnall Parasol, but not related; the aircraft was built by Watababe, starting in November 1937 and completed by September 1938. Receiving the designation "MXY1", it was a parasol monoplane with a large glazed cabin, accommodating the pilot and 3 or 4 flight test observers; the aircraft was powered by a 670–730 hp Nakajima Hikari 1 kai engine with a long-chord NACA cowling. Rectangular wings were supported by large struts and the wheels of the strutted undercarriage were enclosed in large spats; the tests showed poor performance of the aircraft, as well as a serious problem with vibration of the aircraft. Several months of work were spent on fixing deficiencies, but in the end the aircraft was abandoned, with parts being used in other research.
In parallel, work was conducted on identical MXY2, but due to the closure of the project, development was axed. Data from Japońskie samoloty marynarki 1912-1945General characteristics Crew: 1 Capacity: 4 flight test observers in the cabin Length: 9.5 m Wingspan: 13 m Wing area: 28 m2 Empty weight: 1,000 kg Gross weight: 1,500 kg Powerplant: 1 × Nakajima Hikari 1 kai 9-cylinder air-cooled radoial piston engine, 500 kW to 730 hp Propellers: 2-bladed ground adjustable variable pitch metal propellerPerformance Maximum speed: 200 km/h Service ceiling: 8,000 m a photo of the MXY1 another pic
The Hessentag is an annual event, both fair and festival, organized by the German state of Hesse to represent the different regions of Hesse. The events are shown for a week to the visitors, with an emphasis on cultural displays and exhibitions, it is the largest state festival in Germany. The Hessentag was launched in 1961 by the prime minister of Georg August Zinn; the event was intended to bring together long-time residents and migrants and to provide a sense of their new home to the many refugees and displaced persons. Hesse itself had to catch up in terms of togetherness. Georg August Zinn knew how to integrate the various new "Hessians", following his motto: "Hesse ist, wer Hesse sein will"; the first Hessentag in Alsfeld in 1961 was held on three days, presenting a fair and a parade of the different traditional costumes in Hesse. It attracted 40.000 visitors. Because of this success, an annual event was held; the Hessentag is hosted by a different town each year. The event comes with publicity, improved infrastructure and restoration of historic buildings, but is expensive for the host town.
Hessentag has undergone many changes. It was held on one weekend, but grew to a week, including both weekends, it connects Hessian culture and modern lifestyle. The first focus of the event was presentation of traditions the wide variety of costumes in Hesse and the costumes of the new citizens who came after 1945. Concerts by international pop groups have become a featured part of the program; the Landesausstellung is shown in mobile halls, presenting the state government, the parliament, parliamentary groups, various state agencies and organizations and clubs. Regions of Hesse are presented from a tourist's point of view. Since 1971, for each Hessentag a couple is elected to represent it. Since 1993, a motto for the event was chosen by the hosting town a logo; the event is traditionally closed by a parade. Each year the event has attracted more than half a million visitors, not only from Hesse. More than one million visitors were counted first in Baunatal in 1999, the leader so far was Kassel, with nearly 1.9 million visitors in 2013.
Other towns attracting more than one million visitors were Dietzenbach, Langenselbold and Oberursel. The Hessentag 2012 attracted 1.2 million visitors. Ministerpräsident Volker Bouffier: „Tradition des Hessentags mit Herzlichkeit und Offenheit gelebt“, press release of Hessische Staatskanzlei, 10 June 2012 250.000 Besucher auf hr-Veranstaltungen Hessischer Rundfunk Hessentag 2012 in Wetzlar Frankfurter Rundschau Von guten Stuten und feinen Schweinen FAZ 8 June 2012 Fast eine halbe Million Besucher bei Hessentag Faz 6 June 2012
Robert Michael Spink is a politician in the United Kingdom who served as the Member of Parliament for Castle Point in Essex for two periods between 1992 and 2010. Spink was elected as the Conservative Party MP for Castle Point in 1992, lost his seat in 1997, but regained it in 2001. Having resigned the Conservative whip in March 2008, in April 2008 he defected to the United Kingdom Independence Party, becoming that party's first MP. In November 2008 he was redesignated as an Independent, on the grounds that UKIP had no'whip'. Spink lost his seat in the 2010 election to Rebecca Harris, he subsequently rejoined UKIP. In 2017, he was convicted of four counts of electoral fraud, was given a six-month prison sentence, suspended for two years, in January 2018, he was educated at Holycroft Secondary Modern School on Victoria Road in Keighley and Southall Technical College. At the University of Manchester, he gained a BSc Hons in 1972. At Cranfield University, he gained an MSc in Industrial Engineering and Administration in 1975 and PhD in Economics and Management in 1988.
He joined the Royal Air Force in 1964, until 1966 did his Basic Training at RAF Cosford and RAF Uxbridge, being invalided. He was an engineer for EMI Electronics Ltd from 1966-77 in Hayes and gained an Ordinary National Certificate from Southall Technical College in 1969 when on day-release became an Industrial Management Consultant in 1977 for Harold Whitehead and Partners. From 1980-4, he was Director of Seafarer Navigation International Ltd in Bournemouth and, from 1989 to 1993, he was a non-executive Director of Bournemouth International Airport. From 1984 to 1993, he was a management consultant. From 1997 to 2001, he worked for Harold Whitehead in Windsor, he was a county councillor in Dorset from 1985 to 1992. In April 2005, ahead of the general election Spink took out an anti-immigration advert in the local Yellow Advertiser newspaper reading "What bit of'send them back' don't you understand Mr Blair?" His rival for the constituency, the Labour candidate Luke Akehurst, said: "This advertisement contains appalling comments that whip up racial tension and fear to win votes.
It is reminiscent of the worse utterances of Enoch Powell. The Tory leadership should disown it." Spink won the election, increasing his share of the vote by 3.7% compared to a 3.1% Labour to Conservative swing nationally. On 12 March 2008, Spink announced to the UK House of Commons that he had resigned the Conservative Party Whip due to "criminal and other irregularities" in his constituency. On 21 April 2008, Spink became the first member of Parliament for the United Kingdom Independence Party, saying that "positive and sensible co-operation with the EU does not require us to sell the British people down the river or to give our independence away", he found himself at odds with his new-found colleagues over the issue of whether or not to extend the amount of time a suspect can be detained without charge from 28 to 42 days. He voted for the bill. Following the arrest of the Shadow Immigration Minister, Damian Green, the searching of Green's House of Commons office on suspicion of "procuring misconduct in public office" for passing leaked Government documents to journalists, the House of Commons debated whether it was right that the police should be given access to an MP's office and to remove his computers and constituency correspondence.
Spink voted with the Government, against the position set out by the UKIP leadership, on both the Government's motion and an amendment tabled by backbench MPs. The amendment, which would have meant that the committee looking into whether correct procedures had been followed, was defeated by 4 votes. In 2009, he tabled an Early Day Motion to ban the British Humanist Association atheist bus campaign posters from appearing on public transport; the EDM attracted 12 signatures. He supports the reintroduction of capital punishment, he is against research into animal chimeras and refers to those involved in or supporting human bioengineering as "dark forces". In March 2010, Spink confirmed he was encouraging candidates to stand in local elections under the label "Independent Save Our Green Belt". At the 2010 General Election, he stood as an Independent, but made it clear that he was supporting UKIP. UKIP aided his election campaign and he gained 27% of the vote, but lost Castle Point to the Conservative Rebecca Harris.
In 2014, he rejoined UKIP. In January 2018, Spink was given a six month suspended prison sentence with 150 hours community service and ordered to pay £5,000 costs, for electoral fraud, he had tricked elderly and infirm constituents into signing election nomination forms which they believed were petitions. They did not know they were to nominate a UKIP candidate or that Spink represented UKIP. Sentencing, Judge Ian Graham said, "This sort of offending undermines the working of democratic structures in this country; the democratic process depends on the good faith of those who engage in it, because a lot of what happens is of course quite difficult to police." He married Janet Barham. They have since divorced. Bob Spink MP official site Guardian Unlimited Politics – Ask Aristotle: Bob Spink MP TheyWorkForYou.com – Bob Spink MP The Public Whip – Bob Spink MP voting record BBC News – Dr Bob Spink profile 30 March 2006 Hansard debate 25 May 2006
Emilia Tabalanza Boncodin was a Filipino accountant and public servant. She was the Secretary of the Philippine Department of Budget and Management under the presidency of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, she served as a professor at the National College of Public Administration and Governance at the University of the Philippines Diliman until her death in 2010. Boncodin was a member of the Hyatt 10, a group of Cabinet officials who quit their posts in 2005 during the height of the "Hello, Garci" scandal rocking the Arroyo administration. Boncodin was a top-notch student during grade school as valedictorian of Iriga City Central School and valedictorian of St. Anthony College in Iriga City, she completed her Bachelor of Science in Business Administration and Accountancy at the University of the Philippines Diliman, College of Business Administration in 1975 and placed 15th in the CPA Board Examinations the same year. She earned the degree of Master in Public Administration at the John F. Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University as an Edward S. Mason Fellow.
She spent her entire career in the Department of Budget and Management. She joined the department as a senior fiscal planning specialist. In 1978, she rose to become division chief at the age of 27 Director of the Office of Budget and Management, Officer-in-Charge of the Government Corporations Budget Bureau of the reorganized DBM. In 1989, she was appointed as an assistant secretary and Undersecretary of DBM in 1991, she joined the cabinet of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in 2001. In 2005, in the wake of the allegations of electoral fraud made against President Arroyo during the heat of the Hello Garci scandal, Boncodin resigned from her position, along with other fellow cabinet secretaries; the group was collectively known as the Hyatt 10. In 2009, she joined the board of directors of Petron as an independent director. 1978 – Most Outstanding Technical Employee 1981 – Most Outstanding Division Chief 1982 – Outstanding Alumna, UP College of Business Administration 1995 – Outstanding Women in Nation's Service Awardee 1996 – Dwight Eisenhower Fellow Boncodin was found to be in need of a kidney transplant in 2005 due to congenital polycystic kidney disease.
Her sister was chosen as a potential donor. But Boncodin requested to have it postponed until the Philippine Congress has passed the budget that year. On March 10, 2010, she was admitted at the National Kidney Institute after complaining of shortness of breathing, she was diagnosed with end-stage renal disease. Five days on March 15, 2010, Emilia Boncodin died from cardiac arrest at the age of 55. Former Budget chief Boncodin dies – from GMA News via Yahoo! News Former Budget chief Emilia Boncodin, 55 – from the Manila Times Ex-budget chief Boncodin dies – from the website of ABS-CBN News
Gilles-Éric Séralini is a French molecular biologist, political advisor and activist on genetically modified organisms and foods. He is of Algerian-French origin. Séralini has been a professor of molecular biology at the University of Caen since 1991, is president and chairman of the board of CRIIGEN, his work and publication strategies on GMOs have been controversial. A paper he published in 2012 attracted major controversy. Séralini was born on 23 August 1960 in Algeria during the Algerian War of Independence, his father was a telecommunications technician and his mother was a schoolteacher. His family soon settled in Thonon-les-Bains, Haute Savoie, Nice, France. In 1987, Séralini obtained his doctoral degree from the University of Montpellier II, he did four years of research at, among other places, the University of Western Ontario and Laval University Medical Center. Séralini underwent research on corticosteroid-binding globulin, before being appointed a professor at the University of Caen in June 1991, a position he has held since.
The general area of his lab's research focuses on the endocrine system, in particular the enzyme aromatase. His lab has synthesized a number of aromatase inhibitors using equine aromatase as a model, his research has been published in the Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, the Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. In 1997, he became interested in genetically modified organisms, publicly appealing for the precautionary principle to be followed, he was appointed to various government posts, including roles in the French government, the European Union and the European Commission. From 1998 till 2007 Séralini was a member of the French Biomolecular Engineering Commission, tasked with evaluating GMO allowances for both the French Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of the Environment. Séralini founded the Committee of Research and Independent Information on Genetic Engineering with Corine Lepage, a former politician, Pierre-Henri Gouyon, a professor from the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, in 1999.
CRIIGEN is publicly opposed to genetically modified food. Séralini founded CRIIGEN because he judged that studies on GM food safety were inadequate, questioned their acceptance. In 2007, Séralini and two other authors from the University of Caen and the University of Rouen published a Greenpeace-funded paper using data obtained from rat feeding studies conducted by Monsanto in 2004, they concluded that the genetically modified maize used, MON 863, resulted in significant variations to the control rats weight, triglyceride levels and urine composition. They concluded it effected the liver, adrenal glands and haematopoietic system and recommended that safety experiments continue beyond 90 days. Greenpeace cited the study in a press release calling for MON 863's recall and a review of testing methods; the paper prompted the European Food Safety Authority to reexamine the MON 863 safety data. It asked EU countries for any new data about the strain, new opinions on the original Monsanto study and a technical meeting with the authors of the 2007 CRIIGEN paper.
The EFSA concluded that all blood chemistry and organ weight values fell within the normal range for the control animals in question and that the Séralini paper used incorrect statistical methods. In 2010 Markos Kyprianou confirmed the doubts in a report to the European Parliament; the French Commission du Génie Biomoléculaire reached critical conclusions. "Food Standards Australia New Zealand attributed the differences between rats fed MON 863 corn and control rats to normal biological variation."In 2009, the Séralini lab published another study, which re-analyzed toxicity data for glyphosate resistant, MON 810 and MON 863 strains, concluded that they showed liver and heart damages in the rats. EFSA found no base for the claims and saw many of the statistical criticisms of the 2007 paper applying to the 2009 paper also; the French High Council of Biotechnologies Scientific Committee concluded that Séralini 2009 "..presents no admissible scientific element to ascribe any haematological, hepatic or renal toxicity to the three re-analysed GMOs."
Food Standards Australia New Zealand had a similar result. The HCB questioned the authors' independence. A 2011 review by Séralini, using data from 19 published animal feeding studies and several animal feeding studies submitted for regulatory approval, continued to conclude that GM food had liver and kidney effects, advocated for longer and more elaborate toxicology tests for regulatory approval. On 19 September 2012, Séralini and his colleagues published a peer-reviewed paper funded by CRIIGIN titled "Long-term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize" in Food and Chemical Toxicology, it involved a two-year study of the herbicide RoundUp fed to rats. At a press conference announcing his paper, Séralini emphasized the study's potential cancer implications. Photographs from the journal article of treated rats with large tumors were circulated in the press. In November 2013, the FCT editors retracted the paper, with the editor-in-chief saying that its results were inconclusive.
In June 2014 the text of the article was republished in Environmental Sciences Europe. With a few exceptions, the scientific community dismissed the Séralini study and called for a more rigorous peer-review system in scientific journals. After Séralini published his 2012 corn study in parallel with a book and a documentary called Tous Cobayes!, various French Academies wrote a common bullet