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Sun Quan

Sun Quan, courtesy name Zhongmou, formally known as Emperor Da of Wu, was the founder of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period. He inherited control of the warlord regime established by his elder brother, Sun Ce, in 200, he declared formal independence and ruled from 222 to 229 as the King of Wu and from 229 to 252 as the Emperor of Wu. Unlike his rivals Cao Cao and Liu Bei, Sun Quan was much younger than they were and governed his state separate of politics and ideology, he is sometimes portrayed as neutral considering he adopted a flexible foreign policy between his two rivals with the goal of pursuing the greatest interests for the country. Sun Quan was born. After Sun Jian's death in the early 190s, he and his family lived at various cities on the lower Yangtze River, until Sun Ce carved out a warlord regime in the Jiangdong region, based on his own followers and a number of local clan allegiances; when Sun Ce was assassinated by the retainers of Xu Gong in 200, the 18-year-old Sun Quan inherited the lands southeast of the Yangtze River from his brother.

His administration proved to be stable in those early years as Sun Jian and Sun Ce's most senior officers, such as Zhou Yu, Zhang Zhao, Zhang Hong, Cheng Pu supported the succession. Thus throughout the 200s, Sun Quan, under the tutelage of his able advisers, continued to build up his strength along the Yangtze River. In early 207, his forces won complete victory over Huang Zu, a military leader under Liu Biao, who dominated the middle Yangtze. Huang Zu was killed in battle. In winter of that year, the northern warlord Cao Cao led an army of 220,000 to conquer the south to complete the reunification of China. Two distinct factions emerged at his court on. One, led by Zhang Zhao, urged surrender whilst the other, led by Zhou Yu and Lu Su, opposed capitulation. Sun Quan decided to oppose Cao Cao in the middle Yangtze with his superior riverine forces. Allied with Liu Bei and employing the combined strategies of Zhou Yu and Huang Gai, they defeated Cao Cao decisively at the Battle of Red Cliffs. In 220, Cao Pi, King of Wei, Cao Cao's son and successor, seized the throne and proclaimed himself to be the Emperor of China and succeeding the nominal rule of the Han dynasty.

At first Sun Quan nominally served as a Wei vassal with the Wei-created title of King of Wu, but after Cao Pi demanded that he send his son Sun Deng as a hostage to the Wei capital Luoyang and he refused, in 222, he declared himself independent by changing his era name. It was not until the year 229. After the death of his original crown prince, Sun Deng, two opposing factions supporting different potential successors emerged; when Sun He succeeded Sun Deng as the new crown prince, he was supported by Lu Xun and Zhuge Ke, while his rival Sun Ba was supported by Quan Cong and Bu Zhi and their clans. Over a prolonged internal power struggle, numerous officials were executed, Sun Quan harshly settled the conflict between the two factions by exiling Sun He and forcing Sun Ba to commit suicide. Sun Quan died in 252 at the age of 70, he enjoyed the longest reign among all the founders of the Three Kingdoms and was succeeded by his son, Sun Liang. The Records of the Three Kingdoms describes Sun Quan as a tall man with oblong face.

He was known as a wise and outgoing man, fond of making jokes and playing tricks. Because of his skill in valuing the strength of his subordinates and avoiding their shortcomings, as well as treating them like his family, Sun Quan was able to delegate authority to capable figures; this primary strength served him well in gaining the support of the common people and surrounding himself with capable generals. The Records of the Three Kingdoms mentioned that Sun Jian was a descendant of Sun Wu, a militarist in the Spring and Autumn Period and the author of The Art of War. Sun Quan was born in 182, while his father Sun Jian was still a low-ranking official of the Han dynasty. In 184, two years after Sun Quan was born, the Yellow Turban Rebellion led by Zhang Jue broke out across the country. Sun Jian joined the general Zhu Jun to quell the rebellion and allocated his family to stay in Shouchun; when Sun Quan's elder brother Sun Ce met Zhou Yu in 189, Sun Ce decided to take his mother Lady Wu and younger brothers to Shu County, Zhou Yu's hometown.

There, the Sun family became acquainted with Zhou Yu. After Sun Jian's death in 191, the Sun family moved again to Jiangdu. Two years Sun Ce decided to join Yuan Shu's army so he ordered Lü Fan to take his family members to his maternal uncle Wu Jing's home in Danyang. However, Liu Yao, the Governor of Yang Province became angry when Sun Ce and Yuan Shu defeated Lu Kang, the administrator of Lujiang in 194, he felt worried. Since Suan Quan and his mother were still in Liu Yao's territory, Zhu Zhi sent people to rescue them. Sun Quan and his mother moved to Fuling later; when Sun Ce defeated Liu Yao in 195, he ordered Chen Bao to bring his family back to Danyang. As Sun Quan grew up, he served his brother during the conquests of the region south of the Yangtze River, he was made Yangxian county magistrate in 196, at the age of 14, continued to rise through the ranks as his brother gave him more and more important tasks. Since he was passionate about gathering the retainers like Pan Zhang and Zhou Tai, his fame soon approached his father and elder

Andrew Hodgson (cricketer)

Andrew Sabin Hodgson is a former New Zealand born South African cricketer. Hodgson was a right-handed batsman. Hodgson made his first-class debut for Western Province in 1967 against South African Universities. From 1967 to 1968 he played 6 first-class matches for Western Province, with his final first-class match coming against Natal B. In his 6 matches for the Province he took 10 wickets at a bowling average of 32.90, with best figures of 4/50. In 1973 Hodgson made his debut for Dorset in the 1973 Minor Counties Championship against Cornwall. During the same season Hodgson made his List-A debut for Dorset against Staffordshire in the Gillette Cup, where he took a single wicket in the match; this was Hodgson's only List-A appearance. Hodgson played infrequently for Dorset in the Minor Counties Championship, playing 11 matches for Dorset from 1973 to 1980, with his final match for the county coming against Devon. Andrew Hodgson at Cricinfo Andrew Hodgson at CricketArchive


In computer networking, tcpcrypt is a transport layer communication encryption protocol. Unlike prior protocols like TLS, tcpcrypt is implemented as a TCP extension, it was designed by a team of six security and networking experts: Andrea Bittau, Mike Hamburg, Mark Handley, David Mazières, Dan Boneh and Quinn Slack. Tcpcrypt has been published as an Internet Draft. Experimental user-space implementations are available for Mac OS X, FreeBSD and Windows. There is a Linux kernel implementation; the TCPINC working group was formed in June 2014 by IETF to work on standardizing security extensions in the TCP protocol. In May 2019 the working group released RFC 8547 and RFC 8548 as an experimental standard for Tcpcrypt. Tcpcrypt provides opportunistic encryption — if either side does not support this extension the protocol falls back to regular unencrypted TCP. Tcpcrypt provides encryption to any application using TCP ones that do not know about encryption; this enables incremental and seamless deployment.

Unlike TLS, tcpcrypt itself does not do any authentication, but passes a unique "session ID" down to the application. This means that any authentication scheme can be used, including certificates, it does a larger part of the public-key connection initiation on the client side, to reduce load on servers and mitigate DoS attacks. The first draft of the protocol specification was published in July 2010, with reference implementations following in August. However, after initial meetings in IETF, proponents of the protocol failed to gain traction for standardization and the project went dormant in 2011. In 2013 and 2014, following Edward Snowden's Global surveillance disclosures about the NSA and agencies of other governments, IETF took a strong stance for protecting Internet users against surveillance; this aligns with tcpcrypt's goals of ubiquitous transparent encryption, which revived interest in standardization of the protocol. An official IETF mailing list was created for tcpcrypt in March 2014, followed by the formation of the TCPINC working group in June and a new version of the draft specification.

Tcpcrypt enforces TCP timestamps and adds its own TCP options to each data packet, amounting to 36 bytes per packet compared to plain TCP. With a mean observed packet size for TCP packets of 471 bytes, this can lead to an overhead of 8% of useful bandwidth; this 36 bytes overhead may not be an issue for internet connections faster than 64kbs, but can be an issue for dial up internet users. Compared to TLS/SSL, tcpcrypt is designed to have a lower performance impact. In part this is because tcpcrypt does not have built-in authentication, which can be implemented by the application itself. Cryptography primitives are used in such a way to reduce load on the server side, because a single server has to provide services for far more clients than reverse; the current user space implementations are considered experimental and are unstable on some systems. It does not support IPv6 yet, only supported by the Linux kernel version, it is expected that once tcpcrypt becomes a standard, operating systems will come with tcpcrypt support built-in, making the user space solution unnecessary.

DTLS IPsec Obfuscated TCP – an earlier failed proposal for opportunistic TCP encryption TCPINC Working Group Charter at IETF Slides from USENIX 2010 presentation, explaining basics of tcpcrypt

Rosalie (steamship)

The steamboat Rosalie operated from 1893 to 1918 as part of the Puget Sound Mosquito Fleet operating out of Victoria, B. C. In 1898, Rosalie went north with many other Puget Sound steamboats to join the Klondike Gold Rush. Rosalie was built at Alameda, California in 1893 for the Alameda ferry service, she was 27 ft on the beam, with 9 ft depth of hold. The vessel was powered by a compound steam engine. Oakland merchant John L. Davie utilized the Rosalie in 1894 to demonstrate that monopolistic and corrupt practices by the Southern Pacific Railroad's Big Four could be resisted, he employed the vessel as a ferryboat competing against the established monopoly service across San Francisco Bay, but at first was blockaded by Southern Pacific ships. In one incident, as the Southern Pacific's Alameda entered its namesake estuary and ignored her whistle, the Rosalie crashed into the rear end of the Alameda; the railroad relented and the Rosalie continued competing with the Southern Pacific ferries. Rosalie was brought north from California to run from Puget Sound to Alaska.

After two Alaska voyages, Rosalie was purchased by Capt. D. B Jackson doing business as the Northwestern Steamship Company, to serve on Puget Sound with the older sidewheelers George E. Starr and Idaho. Rosalie was placed on the Tacoma-Seattle-Victoria route, under Capt. Charles W. "Big" Ames as Capt. William Williamson as pilot; when news of the Klondike gold strike hit Seattle, Rosalie was pulled from service for some reconstruction to prepare to go north again with the gold seekers. Capt, George T. Roberts replaced Captain Ames, George Lent, a partner in the Alaska Steamship Company, took over as engineer. Charles E. Peabody assumed the all-important financial position of purser. By 1898, Rosalie was controlled by the Washington & Alaska Steamship Company in which among others, Peabody acting as Rosalie's purser, was interested; the company ran six sailings a month from Seattle, to Mary Island, Ketchikan, Juneau, Haines Mission and Skagway with the Rosalie among other vessels. Rosalie ran in on the Alaska route from 1897 to 1900.

By 1900, the extreme boom for transport to the Klondike golf fields had faded, Rosalie was returned to Puget Sound, this time as the first vessel in the ownership of Joshua Green. Green had secured six mail route contracts on Puget Sound and was looking to buy other vessels in addition to Rosalie to serve the contracts. Green set Rosalie running between Puget British Columbia points. In 1903, Captain Roberts was appointed master of the new inland steamship Clallam which soon thereafter sank in the Strait of Juan de Fuca with the loss of 54 lives, including all the women and children on board. On January 11, 1907, Rosalie assisted at the wreck of the Alice Gertrude which in a fog had run around on Clallam Reef. In 1908, Rosalie managed to ram the new steam ferry West Seattle. In 1908, the Puget Sound Navigation company, which had purchased the steel steamer Chippewa found the newly acquired ship expensive to operate, so Rosalie replaced Chippewa on the Victoria run in the off-season. Rosalie was standing by at Colman Dock on May 19, 1912, when Flyer had extended her gangplank improperly, causing it to collapse and throw people, on it into the water.

The crew of Rosalie lowered a boat to assist the fireboat Snoqualmie and the launch Skeeter in rescuing the people. Despite these efforts, two passengers drowned. By 1918, Rosalie had been laid up in the West Waterway in Seattle. On June 22, 1918 the vessel was destroyed by fire. No one was injured. Kline, Mary S. and Bayless, G. A. Ferryboats -- A Legend on Puget Sound, Bayless Books, Seattle, WA 1983 ISBN 0-914515-00-4 Newell, Gordon R. ed. H. W. McCurdy Marine History of the Pacific Northwest, Superior Publishing, Seattle, WA Newell, Gordon R. Ships of the Inland Sea and Mort, Portland OR Geo. E. Starr and Rosalie at piers in Seattle This photograph shows Rosalie with the older sidewheeler Geo. E. Starr in the background, showing the contrast between the two types of vessels. Rosalie with sails set. Steamers built before 1900 carried auxiliary sails in case of engine failure or a shortage of fuel. Passengers on Rosalie posing in front of wheelhouse, 1899 This photograph shows well the details of the pilot house and forward cabin and railing structures of the Rosalie as well as the 1899 clothing fashions of the passengers

Pennsylvania College of Technology

Pennsylvania College of Technology is a public college in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. It is affiliated with, but autonomous from, Pennsylvania State University; as an applied technology college, the school offers certificate and baccalaureate degree programs in more than 100 fields of study. The college's student body is 64% male and 86% are full-time. Pennsylvania College of Technology is broken down into six schools of study; the college's athletic teams play under the school's nickname the Penn College Wildcats. Penn College yields 15 varsity sports teams which compete in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division III in the North Eastern Athletic Conference; the school began in 1914 as an adult training facility at Williamsport High School. It grew into the Williamsport Technical Institute in 1941. During World War II, the school operated 24 hours per day, providing war production training to help meet defense industry needs. Additionally, both during and after the war, the institute provided training and retraining for disabled veterans.

In 1965, the Williamsport Area Community College was founded, succeeding the former technical institute. It continued providing technical training for residents of northern Pennsylvania. In 1989, the college became a special mission affiliate of Pennsylvania State University and changed its name to Pennsylvania College of Technology. Penn College offers more than 100 bachelor and certificate majors in careers ranging from manufacturing, design and construction to hospitality, health and natural resources; the college is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education. School of Business & Hospitality School of Construction & Design Technologies School of Nursing & Health Sciences School of Industrial, Computing & Engineering Technologies School of Sciences, Humanities & Visual Communications School of Transportation & Natural Resources Technologies In fall 2019 Penn College posted ethnicity figures of 5,382 total students of which: 88.2% identified as White, 3.7% Hispanic/Latino, 3.3% Black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander and 3.3% ethnicity unknown/ multiple.

64% of students are male, 34.4% of students are between 18 and 19 years of age, 29.2% are 20 to 21 and 36.4% are over age 21. Just below 90 % of students are permanent residents of Pennsylvania. 27 % of students live on the remaining 73 % commute or live off-campus. 6.7 % or nearly 800 students are active duty or reserves. Penn College has been ranked from major academic accreditors and polls. In 2019 U. S. News & World Report ranked Penn College 12th best Regional College in Northeast Region, 3rd Most Innovative School and 6th as Best College for veterans. In addition to the main campus in Williamsport, Penn College operates four satellite campuses situated around the West Branch Susquehanna River and northern tier of Pennsylvania; the Kathryn Wentzel Lumley Aviation Center, located 7 miles east at the Williamsport Regional Airport in Montoursville, opened in 1993. It provides Transport certified repair and maintenance programs; the Herman T. Schneebeli Earth Science Center, located 10 miles south in Allenwood, offers programs such as landscape/horticulture, diesel & heavy equipment technology, heavy equipment operation, power generation, forestry.

The Advanced Automotive Technology Center is located three miles west of the Penn College main campus. Students at this campus study topics such as alternative-powered motorsports. Penn College at Wellsboro is located in North Central Pennsylvania in the Wellsboro Area School District Administration Building, it serves the Northern Tier communities by providing business and industry training programs as well as noncredit personal and professional development. In addition to other campus dining units, Penn College has a casual fine-dining restaurant named "Le Jeune Chef"; the restaurant serves as a training facility for students in the School of Business & Hospitality during service hours. More than 60 student organizations are recognized at Penn College, many of which are student chapters of professional societies. Student Government Association serves as the students' democratic voice on campus. Wildcat Events Board works to bring many activities to the college. Penn College recognizes three fraternities: Sigma Pi, Omega Delta Sigma, Phi Mu Delta.

Penn College teams participate as a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division III. The Wildcats are a member of the North Eastern Athletic Conference as of the 2013–14 academic season, they are members of the United States Collegiate Athletic Association, the Penn State University Athletic Conference, US Collegiate Archery, the National Collegiate Wrestling Association and the Mid Atlantic Men's Club Volleyball Conference. Men's sports include archery, basketball, cross country, soccer and wrestling. Women's sports include archery, cross country, softball and volleyball; the college sponsors club sports including bowling, martial arts, men's lacrosse, men's volleyball and powerlifting. Baseball: 2015 NEAC champions; the program has had nine All-Americans. Golf: sixth at NEAC championship and 10th at 2015 U

Haxhi Ymer Kashari

Haxhi Ymer Kashari known as Ymer Mustafa Kashari was an Albanian bejtexhi of the 18th century. Haxhi Ymer was born in Tirana in early 18th century. Back part of the Sanjak of Scutari of the Ottoman Empire, Tirana was flourishing as an oriental-style town. Haxhi Ymer was a sheikh of the Qadiri order of Sufism, a less spread order going towards extinction in Albania. Most of his work is lost because of earlier lack of interest in him, his name Haxhi indicates. He used the pen name Suzi; the outer facade of the portal of Et'hem Bey Mosque in Tirana has an inscription written by him with his pen-name as signature. Haxhi Ymer was a bejte poet who wrote in two languages: Turkish. From a few odes that are saved to date, one is of special interest, it is named Alif and it is one of a kind due to the specific structure it introduced to Albanian poetry of those times. The poem is based on the letters of the Arabic alphabet and thus has 28 verses, each verse starts with a unique letter in alphabetic order; the first starts with alif and the last with yā’.

This type of verse introduced by Haxhi Ymer became a tradition in Albanian poetry and had many followers. Though laden with Oriental vocabulary, his work has linguistic significance due to the specific Tirana area Gheg dialect of the Albanian language, being the oldest written piece in this dialect. Diwan poetry