Sundsvall Municipality is a municipality in Västernorrland County, northern Sweden, where the city Sundsvall is the seat. As most municipalities of Sweden, Sundsvalls kommun is a result of a series of amalgamations, carried out in 1952 and in the period 1965-1974; the number of original entities is thirteen. Localities with more than 200 inhabitants include: Vi, Sundsvall Municipality on Alnön, 4737 Matfors, 3239 Johannedal, 2596 Kvissleby, 2535 Stockvik, 2153 Sundsbruk, 2080 Njurundabommen, 1959 Skottsund, 1011 Svartvik, 999 Dingersjö, 946 Ankarsvik, 830 Essvik, 810 Indal, 687 Fanbyn, 603 Stöde, 543 Vattjom, 499 Kovland, 449 Lucksta, 360 Tunadal, 360 Klingsta och Allsta, 313 Juniskär, 306 Nedansjö, 289 Liden, 280 Gustavsberg, 225 Hovid, 215 Brämön Oberá, Argentina Pori, Finland Porsgrunn, Norway Sønderborg, Denmark Volkhov, Russia Konin, Poland Sundsvall - Official site
The department, within the School of Humanities and Social Sciences, was established in 2008 on the basis of the Department of Oriental and Islamic Studies and several interdisciplinary Area Studies programs. The Department aims to study Near and Middle Eastern South and East Asian nations from the perspective of language, history, art and other aspects of civilization. In the field of the languages, the Department includes non-European languages such as Arabic, Turkish and Japanese, Mandarin Chinese and Urdu language; some of these languages, like Arabic and Persian at the moment have the status of minors for students of Humanities and Social Sciences and some other languages are offered as electives. The Department includes studying religions such as Judaism and Islam and Buddhism, Hinduism, Shinto, Taoism which appeared in the motherland of these Middle Eastern and Far Eastern languages and turned to be an important part of the world’s civilization. In the field of religious studies, it is aimed to research historical periods of these religious traditions and to study new religious movements, inter-religious relations, religious pluralism, religious dialogue, relations between religion and modernity etc.
Some of the elective courses offered by the Department are: History of Religions and Globalization, Inter-religious Relations, Philosophy of Religion, Scriptural Studies, Islamic History, Islamic Civilization, Islamic Philosophy, Islamic Law, Islamic Ethics, etc. In partnership with other relevant departments, the Department offers specific graduate-level Area Studies program with concentration in Middle Eastern and East Asian Studies and organizes public lectures and workshops for students and scholars in the field on a regular basis; the Department has published various articles and edited volumes on various areas of Religious Studies and languages. The Department supports several interdisciplinary graduate programs leading to Master’s and Ph. D. degrees. One of the major focuses of the Department in the area of languages lies in translating articles and books from Persian and Arabic into Azerbaijani and vice versa, in close cooperation with Translation Studies Center at the University; the Department is distinguished among other departments of the University with young and dynamic and foreign academic staff members with Ph.
D. degree and scientific research experience obtained abroad. The Department takes important steps towards improving the educational and research quality through the student and faculty exchange programs with a large number of higher education institutions overseas. Khazar University Dunya School Hamlet Isakhanli. In Search of "Khazar". Khazar University Press, Baku, 2006. Welcome to Khazar University
Leeds was, from 1894 to 1912, a rural district in the administrative county of Yorkshire, West Riding, England. It comprised an area adjacent to, but not including, the City of Leeds, it was alternatively known as the Rural District of Leeds. The district was formed by the Local Government Act 1894 as successor to the Leeds Rural Sanitary District. A directly-elected rural district council replaced the previous rural sanitary authority, which had consisted of the poor law guardians for the area; the district comprised the two parishes of Seacroft. The headquarters of the council lay outside the district at the Poor Law Offices, East Parade, in the County Borough of Leeds. On 9 November 1912 the rural district was abolished when the boundaries of County Borough of Leeds were extended and the two parishes became part of the city
Closeness is an album of duets by bassist Charlie Haden recorded in 1976 and released on the Horizon label. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 4½ stars, stating, "Recommended due to the Ornette and Jarrett collaborations". All compositions by Charlie Haden"Ellen David" - 9:11 "O. C." - 9:31 "For Turiya" - 12:26 "For a Free Portugal" - 7:55Recorded at Kendun Recorders in Burbank, California on January 26, 1976 and at Generation Sound in New York City on March 18 and March 21, 1976 Charlie Haden — bass Ornette Coleman — alto saxophone Keith Jarrett — piano Alice Coltrane — harp Paul Motian — percussion
938 Chlosinde is a carbonaceous Themistian asteroid 33 kilometers in diameter, from the outer regions of the asteroid belt. It was discovered by astronomer Karl Reinmuth at the Heidelberg Observatory in southwest Germany on 9 September 1920; the C-type asteroid has an ambiguous rotation period of 19.2 hours. It was named "Chlosinde", a common German female name unrelated to the discoverer's contemporaries, taken from the almanac Lahrer Hinkender Bote; when applying the hierarchical clustering method to its proper orbital elements, Chlosinde is a core member of the Themis family, a large family of carbonaceous asteroids, named after 24 Themis. It orbits the Sun in the outer asteroid belt at a distance of 2.5–3.8 AU once every 5 years and 7 months. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.20 and an inclination of 3° with respect to the ecliptic. The body's observation arc begins at Heidelberg Observatory on 10 September 1920, the night after its official discovery observation; this minor planet was named "Chlosinde", after a female name picked from the Lahrer Hinkender Bote, published in Lahr, southern Germany.
A Hinkender Bote was a popular almanac in the alemannic-speaking region from the late 17th throughout the early 20th century. The calendar section contains the dates of important fairs and astronomical ephemerides. For 21 June, the calendar gives "Chlosinde" as the German name day analogue next to Albanus and Aloisius, the protestant and catholic entries in the calendar of saints referring to Saint Alban and Aloysius Gonzaga; as with 22 other asteroids – starting with 913 Otila, ending with 1144 Oda – Reinmuth selected names from this calendar due to his many asteroid discoveries that he had trouble thinking of proper names. These names are not related to the discoverer's contemporaries. Lutz Schmadel, the author of the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names learned about Reinmuth's source of inspiration from private communications with Dutch astronomer Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld, who worked as a young astronomer at Heidelberg. In the SDSS-based taxonomy, Chlosinde is a carbonaceous C-type asteroid, which agrees with the Themis family's overall spectral type.
In August 2010, a rotational lightcurve of Chlosinde was obtained from photometric observations by Robert Stephens at the Santana Observatory and Goat Mountain Astronomical Research Station in California. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 19.204±0.006 hours with a low brightness variation of 0.16±0.03 magnitude, indicative of a rather spherical shape. However the result is ambiguous with an alternative period solution of 13.72 hours. In September 2010, Larry Owings determined at period of 13.702±0.003 hours with an amplitude of 0.12±0.01 magnitude at the Barnes Ridge Observatory in California. According to the survey carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite, the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Chlosinde measures, kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of, respectively; the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.0756 and a diameter of 26.56 km based on an absolute magnitude of 11.3.
Further published mean-diameters and albedos by he WISE team include, with corresponding albedos of, and. Lightcurve Database Query, at www.minorplanet.info Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 938 Chlosinde at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 938 Chlosinde at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters
The Siege of Jaén was the final siege on the city during the Spanish Reconquista. The siege, was carried out from 1245 through 28 February 1246 by forces of the Kingdom of Castile and the Order of Santiago commanded by Ferdinand III of Castile and the Grand Master of the Order of Santiago, Pelayo Pérez Correa, against a combined defending force of the local Taifa of Jaén and the Emirate of Granada under Muhammad I; the battle resulted in a Castilian victory with the city of Jaén being handed over to the Kingdom of Castile and Leon after the signing of the Treaty of Jaén. After two previous attempts to capture Jaén, first in 1225 and another in 1230, Ferdinand III of Castile decided on another attempt to besiege the city having consolidated his power over the thrones of Castile and León and not having been decisively beaten in either of his previous attempts on the city, he was supported in this new campaign by Pelayo Pérez Correa, the Grand Master of the Order of Santiago. Throughout the winter of 1245, the forces of Castile launched raids on the areas surrounding the city in preparation for an eventual siege, capturing strategic points in the surrounding areas.
At the start of the siege, the Castilian forces began launching attacks on the various city gates, all of which were ineffective in terms of capturing any points on the main wall, however they did in many instances manage to drive the defenders off the bulwarks of the outer defenses. Contemporary chronicles recount ambushes and sallies out of the city by Granadan and Jayyānese forces. One such sally by a group of seven Moorish Jinetes managed to capture a Castilian resupply caravan, obliging the Castilian forces to pursue the raiders. A force led by Don Alvar Gil de Villalobos was obliged to give chase in an attempt to rescue their captured supply train, however the Moorish Jinetes fled, leading the Castilian rescue party into an ambush by some 50 more Jinetes and around 100 infantry soldiers. On 28 February 1246, in an attempt to consolidate power over his dominions, Muhammad I, King of Granada, ordered the surrender of Jaén to Castilian forces in accordance with his signing of the Treaty of Jaén which turned the Emirate of Granada into a vassal state of the Kingdom of Castile.
Jaén, Spain List of Castilian Battles Ferdinand III of Castile Eslava Galán, Juan. "La campaña de 1225 y el primer cerco de Jaén por Fernando III". Boletín del Instituto de Estudios Giennenses: 30–31. ISSN 0561-3590. OCLC 278941093. Retrieved 26 February 2010. Eslava Galán, Juan. Fortificación en el Reino de Jaén durante la Baja Edad Media. P. 665. Retrieved 27 November 2010. Francisco Miguel Merino Laguna. "Primer asedio de Fernando III". Muralla de Jaén. Retrieved 27 November 2010."Fernando III de Castilla y León, el Santo". 1991. Retrieved 27 November 2010. Merino Laguna, Francisco Miguel. "Tercer asedio de Fernando III". Muralla de Jaén. Eslava Galán, Juan. Los Castillos de Jaén. Granada: Ediciones Osuna. P. 169. ISBN 84-89717-41-9