Super Pit gold mine

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Super Pit
Kalgoorlie The Big Pit DSC04498.JPG
Fimiston Open Pit gold mine, c. 2005
Super Pit is located in Australia
Super Pit
Super Pit
Location in Australia
StateWestern Australia
Coordinates30°46′29″S 121°30′34″E / 30.77472°S 121.50944°E / -30.77472; 121.50944Coordinates: 30°46′29″S 121°30′34″E / 30.77472°S 121.50944°E / -30.77472; 121.50944
Production628,000 troy ounces (19.5 t)
Financial year2018
Closed2034 (est.)
CompanyKalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines (Barrick Gold, Newmont Mining)
Year of acquisition1989 (1989)

The Fimiston Open Pit, colloquially known as the Super Pit, was Australia's largest open cut gold mine until 2016 when it was surpassed by the Newmont Boddington gold mine also in Western Australia. The Super Pit is located off the Goldfields Highway on the south-east edge of Kalgoorlie, Western Australia; the pit is oblong in plan view and is approximately 3.5 kilometres long, 1.5 kilometres wide and over 600 metres deep.[1][2]

The Fimiston Open Pit is owned by Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines Pty Ltd, a company owned 50:50 by Barrick Gold Corporation and Newmont Mining Corporation; the mine produced 628,000 troy ounces (19.5 t) of gold in 2018, and employs around 1,100 employees and contractors directly on site.[3]

Earlier stages[edit]

Originally consisting of a large number of underground mines, including the Paringa, Oroya, Brown Hill, Chaffers, and Hainault mines, consolidation into a single open pit mine was first attempted by Alan Bond, but he was unable to complete the task; the Fimiston Open Pit was eventually created in 1989 by Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines, a 50:50 corporate joint venture between Homestake Gold of Australia and Gold Mines of Kalgoorlie (a Normandy Mining subsidiary).[4][5]

Barrick Gold acquired its share of the mine in December 2001, when it took over Homestake Mining Company. Newmont became part-owner of the mine three months later, when it acquired Normandy Mining in February 2002.[6]


Most of the gold mined in the Fimiston Open Pit occurs within ore lodes formed by ancient shears in a rock unit called the Golden Mile Dolerite; the gold mining area of Kalgoorlie-Boulder-Fimiston has long been called the Golden Mile because of the geographical concentration of rich mines in that area, even though the lodes occur in an area over 2 km in length and 1 km in depth.


Mining is via conventional drill and blast mining via face shovels and dump trucks. Around 15 million tonnes of rock are moved in any given year, consisting primarily of waste rock.

Gold within the Golden Mile lode system is unusual in that it is present as telluride minerals within pyrite. In order to recover the gold, the ore must be crushed at the Fimiston mill, passed through a gravity circuit to recover the free gold present in some of the higher-grade lodes, and then subjected to flotation to produce an auriferous pyrite-telluride concentrate; the concentrate is then treated at an IsaMill Ultra Fine Grinding (UFG) mill at Fimiston and then cyanidation, or trucked to the Gidji Processing Plant, 20 kilometres north of Kalgoorlie. At Gidji, the concentrate is treated in UFG mills, and then subjected to cyanide extraction of gold.[7]

Prior to the installation of the UFG mills, concentrate was treated at Gidji in two circulating fluid bed roasters. Roasting ceased in 2015.[7]

Gold mines in the Kalgoorlie region


Past production figures were:[8]

Year Production Grade Cost per ounce
1998-99[9] 718,554 ounces 2.37 g/t US$236
2000 715,164 ounces 2.27 g/t A$325
2001 616,344 ounces 2.14 g/t A$397
2002 720,050 ounces 1.73 g/t A$222
2007 628,000 ounces 1.53 g/t
2008 612,000 ounces 1.56 g/t
2009 690,000 ounces US$609


  1. ^ Perth Now: [1]
  2. ^ Perth Now: [2]
  3. ^ "Kalgoorlie". Barrick. Toronto: Barrick Gold Corporation. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  4. ^ Treadgold, Tim. (1995) "History of the pit's development from 1989 to 1995", Australia's mining monthly, May 1995, pp. 31, 33-36.
  5. ^ Mulligan, David, ed. (1996). Environmental Management in the Australian Minerals and Energy Industries. Sydney: UNSW Press. p. 322. ISBN 9780868403830. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  6. ^ MINEDEX website Archived 2008-09-11 at the Wayback Machine Golden Mile / KCGM search result, accessed: 26 January 2010
  7. ^ a b "Mineral Processing". The Super Pit. Kalgoorlie , WA: KCGM. 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  8. ^ The Australian Mines Handbook - 2003-04 Edition page: 127
  9. ^ Normandy Mining Ltd - 1999 Mine-by-Mine Operating Results Archived 2003-08-29 at the Wayback Machine accessed: 14 February 2010

External links[edit]