Superbike World Championship is a motorsport road racing series for modified production motorcycles known as superbike racing. The championship was founded in 1988; the Superbike World Championship consists of a series of rounds held on permanent racing facilities. Each round has two full length races and, from 2019, an additional ten-lap sprint race known as the Superpole race; the results of all three races are combined to determine two annual World Championships, one for riders and one for manufacturers. The motorcycles that race in the championship are tuned versions of motorcycles available for sale to the public, by contrast with MotoGP where purpose built machines are used. MotoGP is the motorcycle world's equivalent of Formula One, whereas Superbike racing is similar to touring car racing. Europe is leading market. However, rounds have been held in the United States, New Zealand, Japan, Russia, Qatar and South Africa and the series plans on keeping extra-European circuits in rotation. An Indonesian race was proposed for the 2008 season, but this was canceled by the FIM.
The championship is regulated by the international governing body of motorcycle racing. As of 2013 the championship is organised by Dorna; the Superbike World Championship began in 1988, being open to modified versions of road bike models available to the public. For many years, the formula allowed for machines with 1,000 cc V-twin engines to go up against the 750 cc four-cylinder engines. For the first few seasons Honda won with the RC30, but the twins got the upper hand. Using 1,000 cc V-twin engines benefited Ducati and it was able to dominate the championship for many years, but the 750 cc was second or third each year between 1994 and 1999. Held under the FIM, the Formula TT from 1977 to 1989 once constituted the official motorcycle World Cup. Having proven itself both popular and commercially viable, it was decided by the end of the 1990 season to end the Formula TT and the Superbike World Championship would succeed it. From 1993 to 1999 Carl Fogarty and Ducati dominated, Fogarty won the title a record four times and finished as runner-up twice on factory Ducatis.
Troy Corser won the 1996 title and finished as runner-up in 1995, both times on a Ducati. Realizing that 1,000 cc V-twin engines suited the superbike racing formula more, Honda introduced its own V-Twin powered motorcycle the VTR1000 SPW in 2000; the result was clear right away as Colin Edwards won the championship in the bike's first year of competition. Ducati regained the title in 2001 with Troy Bayliss. Colin Edwards again reclaimed the title in 2002 on the same VTR1000 SPW bike. Colin Edwards won his second championship in what was arguably the most impressive comeback in the history of motorcycle racing; the season started with Troy Bayliss winning the first 6 races and by the end of race 1 at WeatherTech Raceway Laguna Seca he had 14 wins and was leading the championship by 58 points. Race 2 at WeatherTech Raceway Laguna Seca was the start of Colin Edwards' comeback, he went on to win all 9 remaining races and Edwards won the championship at the final race of the season at Imola; the final race of the season saw both riders fighting wheel to wheel for the entire race.
The race is known by fans as the "Showdown at Imola". The manufacturer's championship was won by Ducati. During these years the Superbike World Championship reached the zenith of its popularity, with global fan and full factory support. In 2003 the FIM changed the rules to allow 1,000 cc machines to race. Rule changes in MotoGP to allow four-stroke engines meant that the Japanese manufacturers focused their resources there, leaving the Superbike World Championship with limited factory involvement. 2003 saw the entry of Carl Fogarty’s Foggy Petronas FP1. The bike was developed under the previous regulations and was powered by a three cylinder 900 cc engine. With most of the field running Ducati motorcycles, the championship received the derogatory title "the Ducati Cup"; the factory Ducati Team entered the only two Ducati 999s in the field, taking 20 wins from 24 races in a season where all races were won by Ducati. Neil Hodgson won the title on a factory Ducati. In an effort to create a more competitive field in 2004 organizers announced a series of changes to the championship.
The most significant was that from 2004 the teams have had to run on ` spec' tyres. The decision to award the control tyre to Pirelli was controversial; the Pirelli tyres were considered to be below the standard of Dunlop and Michelin that most of the teams had been using. Dunlop looked to take legal action against the decision while Pirelli claimed that Michelin and Dunlop were asked if they would be interested in the one-make tyre rule contract; as a result of the control tyres, Motorcycle Sports Manufacturer Association announced that no MSMA teams would participate in the Superbike World Championship modifying their statement allowing Ducati to participate. A few privateers chose to run Japanese bikes in 2004. Ten Kate Honda with Chris Vermuelen as its rider, won races and contended for the title, won by James Toseland and Ducati. Following Ten Kate Honda's success Japanese motorcycles made a return in 2005 with major teams from all four Japanese manufacturers run through teams ran by European importers.
Troy Corser won the 2005 championship. 2006 saw
The Porsche 987 is the internal designation for the second generation Porsche Boxster sports car. It made its debut at the 2004 Paris Motor Show alongside the new 911 and went on sale in 2005. In 2007, it was joined in the range by the new Cayman fastback coupé with which it shared the same mid-engined platform and many components, including the front fenders and trunk lid, headlights and forward portion of the interior; the 987 was the second generation Boxster model, but remained similar to the previous generation. The most obvious styling change is to the headlights, which now have a profile similar to those of the Carrera GT, Porsche's mid-engined supercar; the intake vents on the sides of the Boxster are now larger, with more pronounced horizontal slats and are coloured metallic silver, irrespective of the paint colour on the rest of the car. The wheel arches have been enlarged to allow wheels up to 19 inches in diameter, a first for the Boxster series; the most significant updates from the 986 series are in the interior, with a more prominent circular theme evident in the instrument cluster and cooling vents.
Porsche claims. The base engine is a 2.7 L 176 kW flat-6, with the Boxster S getting a 3.2 L 206 kW engine. The Cayman 2-door fastback coupé is derived from the 987. For 2007 the base Boxster received a revised engine featuring VarioCam Plus to provide a 5 hp boost; the Boxster S engine was upgraded from 3.2L to 3.4L, resulting in the production of 15 hp more. These upgrades made the Cayman series equivalent in terms of power. Porsche first revealed the facelifted 2008 Boxster and Boxster S models at the Los Angeles International Auto Show in November 2008. Both models feature greater power due to an increase in engine displacement for the Boxster and the incorporation of Direct Fuel Injection for the Boxster S. Both models are now available with Porsche's new 7-speed Porsche Doppelkupplungsgetriebe dual clutch gearbox but come standard with a new 6-speed manual gearbox. Displacement in the standard Boxster's flat-six engine increased from 2.7 to 2.9 liters, increasing power from 245 hp to 255 hp.
Use of DFI in the Boxster S raised the output of the 3.4-litre engine from 295 hp to 310 hp. Cosmetic changes to the 2009 Boxster and Boxster S include new head and tail lights, larger front air intakes with incorporated day time running lights, an altered lower rear end flanked by twin diffusers; the interior includes the redesigned Porsche Communication Management System as an option with a touchscreen interface to reduce button clutter. Boxster 987 Gen II model history In November 2007, Porsche announced a commemorative RS60 Spyder edition of the Boxster to celebrate Porsche's 1960 win in the 12 Hours of Sebring in Florida. Only 1960 units were produced worldwide, with 800 slated for the U. S. with each model bearing a numbered production badge on the dash. The RS60 Spyder comes in only GT Silver Metallic while the standard interior is Carrera Red leather, with dark gray leather as an option; the RS60 comes standard with 19 inch SportDesign alloy wheels, Porsche's Active Suspension Management System, a sports exhaust that boosts the engine output to 303 PS.
The base price for the RS60 Spyder was US$64,900. The limited production Boxster S Porsche Design Edition 2 debuted in October 2008 as 2009 model, it featured a free-flowing exhaust system, which raised power from 295 PS at 6250 rpm to 303 PS at an identical 6250 rpm. It came in a unified Carrera White paint scheme with matching white 19-inch wheels, a black and grey interior with white gauges, red taillights and light grey stripes along the entire body. 500 were made for the worldwide market, 32 shipped into the U. S. and 18 into Canada. The base price for the PDE2 Boxster was US$66,900. Porsche unveiled its 2008 Limited Edition Boxster and Boxster S models at a private gathering at the occasion of the 2007 New York Auto Show. Inspired by the 2007 911 GT3 RS, just 250 examples of each model were produced in brilliant orange and priced at $49,900 and $59,900 respectively. Clad in the striking RS-special orange paint of the 911 GT3-RS with glossy black painted mirrors, alloy wheels and side air inlets, model designation.
The SportDesign package adds visual appeal, includes aggressive front splitters, a revised rear two-stage spoiler that extends automatically at speed, an integrated rear diffuser that Porsche says reduces aerodynamic lift. A sports exhaust system with a dual chromed exhaust tip is included, is claimed to add a few more horsepower. Inside, a numbered'Limited Edition' plaque is found on the glove box door, while the seat inserts, 911 GT3-spec steering wheel, handbrake lever all receive Alcantara trim, a suede-like material used on performance Porsches like the 911 GT3 and 911 GT3 RS. Orange roll-over hoops, door lever surrounds, shift knob, cup-holder cover trim and the font on the gear shift pattern carrying bright orange that match the exterior colour and offset the otherwise black interior. On 5 November 2009, Porsche announced the creation of a new variant of the Boxster, unveiled at the 2009 Los Angeles Motor Show. Positioned above the Boxster S, the Boxster Spyder was the lightest Porsche on the market at the time, weighing 2,811 pounds, 176 lb lighter than a Boxster S.
This was achieved through the elimination of the conventional soft top's operating mechanism, the radio/PCM unit, door handl
José Clemente Orozco was a Mexican caricaturist and painter, who specialized in political murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance together with murals by Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, others. Orozco was the most complex of the Mexican muralists, fond of the theme of human suffering, but less realistic and more fascinated by machines than Rivera. Influenced by Symbolism, he was a genre painter and lithographer. Between 1922 and 1948, Orozco painted murals in Mexico City, Claremont, New York City, New Hampshire, Guadalajara and Jiquilpan, Michoacán, his drawings and paintings are exhibited by the Carrillo Gil Museum in Mexico City, the Orozco Workshop-Museum in Guadalajara. Orozco was known for being a politically committed artist, he promoted the political causes of peasants and workers. José Clemente Orozco was born in 1883 in Jalisco to Rosa de Flores Orozco, he married Margarita Valladares, had three children. At the age of 21, Orozco lost his left hand while working with gunpowder to make fireworks.
The satirical illustrator José Guadalupe Posada, whose engravings about Mexican culture and politics challenged Mexicans to think differently about post-revolutionary Mexico, worked in full view of the public in shop windows located on the way Orozco went to school. In his autobiography, Orozco confesses, "I would stop and spend a few enchanted minutes in watching … This was the push that first set my imagination in motion and impelled me to cover paper with my earliest little figures, he goes on to say that watching Posada's engraving decorated gave him his introduction to the use of color. After attending school for Agriculture and Architecture, Orozco studied art at the Academy of San Carlos, he worked as an illustrator for Mexico City newspapers, directly as an illustrator for one of the Constitutionalist armies overseen by "First Chief" Venustiano Carranza. When the revolutionary factions split in 1914 after Victoriano Huerta was ousted, Orozco supported Carranza and General Álvaro Obregón against Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata.
The violence he witnessed profoundly affected his art. "The world was torn apart around us", he wrote in his autobiography. "Troop convoys passed on their way to slaughter. Trains were blown up."With Diego Rivera, he was a leader of the artist movement known as Mexican Muralism. An important distinction he had from Rivera was his darker view of the Mexican Revolution. While Rivera was a bold, optimistic figure, touting the glory of the revolution, Orozco was less comfortable with the bloody toll the social movement was taking. Orozco is known as one of the'Big Three' muralists along with Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros. All three artists, as well as the painter Rufino Tamayo, experimented with fresco on large walls, elevated the art of the mural. Between 1922 and 1924, Orozco painted the murals Maternity, Man in Battle Against Nature, Christ Destroys His Cross, Destruction of the Old Order, The Aristocrats, The Trench and The Trinity at the National Preparatory School; some of the murals were destroyed by Orozco himself, repainted.
Others were vandalized by conservative students and destroyed. Thus, Orozco had to repaint many of them when he came back to the School in 1926. In 1925, he painted the mural Omniscience at Mexico City's House of Tiles; the following year, he painted a mural at the Industrial School in Veracruz. Between 1927 and 1934 Orozco lived in the USA. After the fall of the stock market in 1929, his works were still in demand. From March to June 1930, at the invitation of the Pomona College Art Department, he painted what he noted was the "first fresco painted outside the country by a painter of the Contemporary Mexican School"; the fresco, Prometheus, on the wall of a Pomona College dining hall, was direct and personal at a time when murals were expected to be decorous and decorative, has been called the first "modern" fresco in the United States. That year, he painted murals at the New School for Social Research, New York City, now known as the New School University. One of his most famous murals is The Epic of American Civilization at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, USA.
It was painted between 1932 and 1934 and covers 300 m² in 24 panels. Its parts include: Migrations, Human Sacrifices, The Appearance of Quetzalcoatl, Corn Culture, Anglo-America, Hispano-America and Modern Migration of the Spirit. After returning to Mexico in 1935, Orozco painted in Guadalajara, the mural The People and Its Leaders in the Government Palace, the frescos for the Hospicio Cabañas, which are considered his masterpiece. In 1940 he painted at the Gabino Ortiz Library in Michoacán. Between 1942 and 1944 Orozco painted for the Hospital de Jesús in Mexico City. Orozco's 1948 Juárez Reborn huge portrait-mural was one of his last works. In 1947, he illustrated the book The Pearl, by John Steinbeck. Orozco died in 1949 in Mexico City. Orozco painted his fresco The Epic of American Civilization in the lower level of Dartmouth College's Baker Memorial Library. José Clemente Orozco's mural series in the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria at San Ildefonso College spans three floors of the building and includes multiple other murals in the stairway, all of which depict his critical view of the Revolution.
The Escuela Nacional Preparatoria commissioned him in February 1923. He returned to
Viddsee is a video entertainment platform that drives distribution and marketing of short premium content, founded by engineer-filmmaking duo Ho Jia Jian and Derek Tan. The company headquarters is in Blk71 in Ayer Rajah Industrial Estate in Singapore, with offices in Malaysia and Indonesia, its main markets are the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. Its unique stories have generated over 1 billion views through Viddsee's mobile applications and platforms with its proprietary marketing insight of targeted communities and content. Viddsee started as a curation platform for short films, focusing on discovery and delivery of short films that are marketed to audiences across web and app platforms; as it grew its content library, Viddsee grew its filmmaker community through partnerships with international and regional film festivals. It focused on empowering filmmakers and bringing value back to its filmmaker community, such as through its partnership with Nikon. Content and distribution partnerships with publishers, TV networks and distributors helped increase the visibility of the content across platforms, such as with Yahoo!, Discovery Networks, Lifetime Asia and roKKi for inflight streaming on AirAsia.
It has a partnership with Singapore's Info-Communications Media Development Authority to promote Singaporean short films, with the support of the Singapore Film Commission. It held its first offline event in 2016 in Indonesia, the Viddsee Juree Awards, to celebrate and support filmmakers and film communities in Asia; the 2017 edition was held in the Philippines. As part of its commercialisation bid, Viddsee announced its venture into original content creation with launch of Viddsee Studios, headed by executive producer Kenny Tan. Five original web series are slated for 2018, through a separate partnership with IMDA; the 2018 slate of Viddsee Originals are a short film anthology, three social documentary series, a coming-of-age comedy-drama, a web series about a taxi driver and a dramatic thriller series about cyberbullying. The ten Singaporean filmmakers in this slate of content are Ellie Ngim, Michael Tay, JD Chua, Rifyal Giffari, Sabrina Poon, Christine Seow, Ng Yiqin, Eileen Chong, Jacky Lee and Don Aravind.
Viddsee is available on the web, mobile web, iOS and Android available on the Apple App Store, the Google Play Store. Viddsee has content partnerships with a growing list of film festivals, such as the Clermont-Ferrand International Short Film Festival, the Neuchâtel International Fantastic Film Festival, Cinemalaya Philippine Independent Film Festival, Women's Voices Now, Toronto Reel Asian International Film Festival, IFVA festival, China International New Media Short Film Festival, Thai Short Film and Video Festival, Kaohsiung Film Festival 高雄電影節, Golden Harvest Awards 高雄電影節, Network for the Promotion of Asian Cinema's Jogja-NETPAC Asian Film Festival, Sedicicorto International Short Film Festival, Guam International Film Festival, Luang Prabang Film Festival, Sapporo International Short Film Festival, Scream Queen Filmfest Tokyo, Youth Film Festival, Singapore Short Film Awards, YXine Film Festival, The KOMAS Freedom Film Festival, Freshwave Film Festival, the TBS DigiCon6, among others.
It has partnerships with film schools and film-based organisations. As of 2017, the following film schools have channels on Viddsee: Griffith Film School, The Puttnam School of Film & Animation at the LASALLE College of the Arts, the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information at Nanyang Technological University, Digital & Film Department at Temasek Polytechnic, the Department of Visual Studies at Kongju National University, Film And TV Faculty at Institut_Kesenian_Jakarta Institut Kesenian Jakarta Fakultas Film dan Televisi, the Film and TV Department at Multimedia Nusantara University, among others, it has channels from the following film-based organisations and groups: Iran: Untold Stories, The Okinawa FIlm Office, Our Better World, The Asian Film Archive, Singapore's National Arts Council, Hong Kong Digital Entertainment Association, the CILECT Asia-Pacific Association. Viddsee Viddsee Channel Viddsee BUZZ Viddsee Community
Chris Clarke is an English croquet player, ranked among the world's top players since the late 1980s. He now represents New Zealand. Chris has won two World Championships in Association Croquet, in 1995 and again in 2008, six AC World Team Champs and one GC World Team Champs. 2008 was Chris's finest year, overtaking previous world champions Robert Fulford and Reg Bamford to regain the position of world number one player, which he held for in excess of 16 months. He reached the semi-finals of the WCF Golf Croquet World Championships in March 2008 in Cape Town, South Africa and led the English team to the finals of the 2009 European team championships. Clarke now lives in New Zealand. On 30 January 2008 he was married to Jenny Clarke; the pair were therefore due to be on opposing sides when Great Britain played New Zealand in the 2010 MacRobertson Shield, before Clarke withdrew with a back injury. In October 2012, Clarke returned to competitive association croquet singles, having won multiple Open doubles titles in the meantime as well as GC singles events where he rose to world number 2.
In November 2012, he completed the requisite ten matches needed to return to the world rankings, which he did in first place. Clarke switched to represent New Zealand following his controversial non-selection for England's golf croquet squad, was a member of their victorious 2014 MacRobertson Shield team, playing at number 1 where he was the winningmost player in the event. In 2016, Clarke played his last International event involving singles when he captained NZ to win the GC World Championship, once again being the winningmost player in the event; this victory made Clarke the first player to win three of the four WCF Open World Titles. He finished his career having won 9 World titles and never having lost a major International Test Match. Clarke started playing croquet while a 13-year-old student at Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Blackburn under the coaching of French teacher Andrew Bennet. World Ranking at 1 August 2005: 2 World Ranking at 18 November 2007: 3 World Ranking at 29 July 2008: 1 World Ranking at 29 June 2009: 1 World Ranking at 20 November 2012: 1 World Ranking at 20 August 2014: 1 World Croquet Federation World Championships: 2008 - Winner 2005 - 1st Round 2002 - Quarter final 2001 - 2nd Round 1995 - Winner 1994 - Finalist 1992 - 1st Round 1991 - Semi Final 1990 - 1st Round 1989 - 4th Round5-times President's Cup winner.
Represented Great Britain in five MacRobertson Shield competitions, New Zealand once. Chris has won 10 British Open Doubles titles, he has won the British Opens Singles title in 1997, British Men's Championships in 2005, Sonoma-Cutrer World Croquet Championship in 1997. Winner South Island Doubles Runner-up South Island Singles Winner New Zealand Open Doubles Winner Australian Open Doubles Winner British Men's Championships Winner Australian Open Singles Winner New Zealand Golf Croquet Open Winner New Zealand Open Singles Winner New Zealand Open Doubles Winner South Island Doubles Winner South Island Singles Winner Championship of Surrey Winner British Mixed Doubles Championships Current World Rankings
Magareng Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Frances Baard District of the Northern Cape in South Africa. Magareng is a Setswana name meaning "in the middle"; the name reflects the geographic location of the municipality in relation to other areas. The 2011 census divided the municipality into the following main places: The municipal council consists of nine members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Five councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in five wards, while the remaining four are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress won a majority of five seats on the council; the following table shows the results of the election