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A supercluster is a large group of smaller galaxy clusters or galaxy groups. The Milky Way is part of the Local Group galaxy group, which in turn is part of the Virgo Supercluster, part of the Laniakea Supercluster; the large size and low density of superclusters means they, unlike clusters, expand with the Hubble expansion. The number of superclusters in the observable universe is estimated to be 10 million; the existence of superclusters indicates that the galaxies in the Universe are not uniformly distributed. Those groups and clusters and additional isolated galaxies in turn form larger structures called superclusters, their existence was first postulated by George Abell in his 1958 Abell catalogue of galaxy clusters. He called them clusters of clusters. Superclusters form massive structures of galaxies, called "filaments", "supercluster complexes", "walls" or "sheets", that may span between several hundred million light-years to 10 billion light-years, covering more than 5% of the observable universe.

These are the largest known structures to date. Observations of superclusters can give information about the initial condition of the universe, when these superclusters were created; the directions of the rotational axes of galaxies within superclusters may give insight and information into the early formation process of galaxies in the history of the Universe. Interspersed among superclusters are large voids of space. Superclusters are subdivided into groups of clusters called galaxy groups and clusters. Although superclusters are supposed to be the largest structures in the universe, according to the Cosmological principle, larger structures have been observed in surveys, including the Sloan Great Wall. Freedman, Roger. "Galaxies". Universe. New York: W. H. Freedman. ISBN 978-1-319-04238-7. Overview of local superclusters The Nearest Superclusters Universe family tree: Supercluster Superclusters - Large Scale Structures

Alexx Ekubo

Alexx Ekubo is a Nigerian actor and model. He was first runner up at the 2010 Mr Nigeria contest, he won the Best Actor in a Supporting Role award at the 2013 Best of Nollywood Awards for his role in the Weekend Getaway. Ekubo is a native of Abia State, he attended Katsina State. He studied Law at the University of Calabar and got a diploma in Mass Communication from Calabar Polytechnic. Ekubo's film debut was a minor role in Lancelot Oduwa Imasuen's Sinners in the House. Secrets & Scandals Hope Bay Happy Family Tinsel AY's Crib Married to the Game Aina Weekend Getaway True Citizens In the Cupboard Dream Walker Keeping my Man Lagos Cougars Champagne Single and Complicated Ifedolapo Gold Diggin Undercover Lover All that Glitters The First Lady Gbomo Gbomo Express Death Toll Entreat The Other Side of the Coin Diary of a Lagos Girl Wife Material A Man for the Weekend Catcher 3 is a Crowd Hot Girl Next Door Switch Power of 1 The American King: As told by an African Priestess Bling Lagosians Zero Hour Your Excellency Alexx Ekubo on IMDb


Ga-ga is a variant of dodgeball, played in a ga-ga "pit". The game combines dodging, striking and jumping, with the objective of being the last person standing. Players hit the ball at each other with their hands, are eliminated if the ball strikes them on or below the waist; the game can be played by a group of individual players or with teams, as well as in one-on-one matches. Rules, ball types, pit surfaces, pit sizes can vary at different venues. Ga-ga is played in a large fenced-in area called a ga-ga pit; the ga-ga pit consists of flat walls atop a smooth dirt, sand, or rubberized surface. The ga-ga ball can vary in size and form ranging from a foam dodgeball to a rubber kickball; the game begins when a referee throws the ga-ga ball into the air. After three bounces, the ball is in play, the players may leave the wall and "hit" the ball at each other in the pit. A player, hit by the ball or breaks a rule is eliminated and must leave the game. Players may not "hit" the ball twice in a row, a player who causes the ball to leave the pit is out.

When the ball is caught in the air on a fly, the last person to hit the ball is out. A player can hit the ball with their hands, but picking up the ball and throwing it at a player is not allowed; some versions do not permit "scooping," or curling one's fingers while hitting the ball so as to project the ball into the air. In some games, only open hand hits are allowed to prevent striking injury to small children and to enable greater control of the ball, keeping it low and inbounds. If the ball touches a player anywhere on or below the knee, that player is eliminated from the game. If a player hits themself with the ball, accidentally or otherwise, that player is eliminated. A player may not hit the ball out of the pit; the penalty for breaking this rule is assigned to the last player to touch the ball before leaving the pit, rather than to the original hitter. Because this provision can result in a strategy of hitting the ball upwards to eliminate another player, the rule prohibiting scooping attempts to discourage this.

In some versions, an exception is made if the ball hits the ground before leaving the pit. Holding or otherwise using the wall to assist a jump is termed "wall jumping" and is prohibited. However, some variations allow wall-jumping. No player may hit the ball twice in a row, unless the ball comes into contact with the wall or another player between touches; this rule is sometimes expanded to include "self-serving," which prevents the player that served the ball from being the first to touch the ball. If a player pops the ball up into the air, another player may ground it; the other player is out. Some variations prohibit catching completely. A player must step out of the pit to show that they have been eliminated. A player must start the game with one of their feet touching the wall of the pit. One player or a referee has to throw the ball in and have it bounce thrice and chant "Ga-Ga-Ga". If a player removes their foot off the wall before or during the chant, they are eliminated; the winner of the last game has the right to serve to start the next game.

Other rules may be added as necessary, some may choose to play without all of the above rules. Additional rules that vary in frequency of implementation include the prohibition of blocking, playing on the ground, rolling. In other variations, an additional ball may enter play towards the end of the game if the two or three remaining players are making slow progress. There will be a 20-second count down when play is too slow and only 2 or 3 players remain. At the end of the countdown, a new game is started. Ga-ga was played in the Australian Jewish community of Western Australia, from the 1960s; the 1980s saw a thriving period for junior competition Ga-ga. The game was introduced through the exchange of Israeli madrikhim to Australia or Australian madrikhim returning from Israel. Ga-ga was played in US Jewish camps and Youth Movements in the 1960s, having been introduced through the same mechanism. In July 2012, The New York Times wrote that, "to the surprise of parents who recall the game from their youths, gaga is solidly mainstream."

Among the things that contributed to ga-ga's expansion, the article credits children's love of the game. "They are teaching it not vice versa. It's not like football or tennis, where they have to emulate someone else. Kids own it." It is believed to have been brought to the United States by Israeli counselors working at Jewish summer camps. It was played as early as the mid-1960s in a wide variety of locations. Children learn about ga-ga through summer camps across Canada and the United States, with varying sizes of pits. Ga-ga continued its US expansion to Manhattan with the opening of The Gaga Center, New York's first facility dedicated to the sport. In the season 8 episode of Bob's Burgers, "Y Tu Ga-Ga Tambien", the students of Wagstaff become obsessed with Ga-Ga ball after it is introduced by guidance counsellor Mr. Frond; the game takes over recess, becoming the only thing anyone wants to do

Vlasta Kálalová

Vlasta Kálalová Di Lotti was a Czech physician interested in tropical diseases and entomology. Her father Jan Kálal was a teacher and zealous breeder of rabbits, he was supportive of her education. She studied medicine and Persian at Charles University in Prague, she graduated with honours in 1922. Female surgeons were quite extraordinary in Czechoslovakia in the early 1920s. After attending a lecture on exotic parasitology given by professor Jaroslav Hlava, she became interested in tropical diseases and their treatment, she focused on examining the so-called “Baghdad boils”. She established the Czechoslovak Surgical Institute in Baghdad, where she worked both as a director and surgeon between 1925 and 1932, she was soon nicknamed “Albert Schweitzer in a skirt”. She was so respected that she treated some members of the Iraqi Royal Family. In Iraq she started collecting various kinds of local insects which she preserved and sent to the Czech National Museum. During the years spent in Baghdad, she enriched the museum with 500,000 specimens.

She married Italian Giorgio Di Lotti and they had two children – Radbor and Drahomila Lydie. However, she was still obsessed with work, she became ill with feared dengue fever which confined her to bed for a few months. In 1932, she came back to Czechoslovakia, her entire family was wiped out by accidental shooting from German troops on 8 May 1945, at the moment when the Czechs were being liberated. She survived the accident herself with two bullets shot at her. Many reports show that the "shooting" was not accidental at all, rather it was an execution style by the Nazi, she herself survived only because the killers believed she was dead among all those that they killed. Additional reports show that her husband and children were killed by the Nazi first in front of her eyes as a form of punishment. In 1947, she attended an international women's conference in United States, held by Eleanor Roosevelt. Here she befriended the Norwegian author Ingeborg Refling Hagen among others. Under the Communist regime, Kálalová protested against the death sentence for Milada Horáková, executed on charges of conspiracy and treason in 1950.

Apart from her medical skills, Kálalová had a gift for languages. She was fluent in fourteen foreign languages: in English, German, Italian, Turkish, Persian, Icelandic, modern Greek and Georgian, she worked as a translator. Kálalová received the Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in 1992. Asteroid 66934 Kálalová, discovered by Jana Tichá and Miloš Tichý at Kleť Observatory in 1999, was named in her memory; the official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 21 July 2005. Borská, Ilona. Doktorka z domu Trubačů. 3. Prague: Vyšehrad, 1984. Print

1997 Queensland Cup

The 1997 Queensland Cup season was the 2nd season of Queensland's top-level statewide rugby league competition. The competition known as the Channel Nine Queensland Cup for sponsorship purposes, was contested by fourteen teams over a 23-week-long season, won by the Redcliffe Dolphins, who defeated the Easts Tigers 18–16 in the Grand Final at Suncorp Stadium; the number of teams in the Queensland Cup was reduced from 16 to 14 teams in 1997. The Burleigh Bears joined the competition, becoming the first Gold Coast-based side, while the Bundaberg Grizzlies, Mackay Sea Eagles and Sunshine Coast Falcons all withdrew. Redcliffe, who finished the season in 2nd place, qualified for their second straight Grand Final after going undefeated in the finals series. Easts, who finished 3rd, were defeated by Redcliffe in Week 3 of the finals and qualified for the Grand Final after defeating Wests in the preliminary final; the two sides had first met with Easts running out 30-6 winners. Easts opened the scoring through fullback Leon Yeatman, who broke a number of tackles on a 20-metre run to the try line.

The Tigers would soon extend their lead through hooker Dale Williams, who dummied and broke a tackle to score. Following the try and Dolphins' hooker Richard Ackerman were both sent to the sin bin. Redcliffe got on the board just before the break, after five-eighth Anthony Singleton crossed from dummy half. After the intermission, an early Easts' try to winger Rob Braun extended the Tigers' lead to 10 points. With 14 minutes left to play, the Dolphins cracked the Tigers' defence, with second rower James Hinchey scoring out wide. With less than a minute to play and on the last tackle of the set, the Dolphins' spread it wide again to Hinchey, who scored his second try of the game and levelled the scores. After the siren had sounded, Singleton converted the try from close to the sideline to give Redcliffe their first Queensland Cup premiership. Courier Mail Medal: Alan Wieland Rookie of the Year: Jason Campbell Brisbane Rugby League Queensland Cup Queensland Rugby League Winfield State League

Solen glimmar blank och trind

Solen glimmar blank och trind, is one of the Swedish poet and performer Carl Michael Bellman's best-known and best-loved songs, from his 1790 collection, Fredman's Epistles, where it is No. 48. It depicts an early morning on Lake Mälaren, as the Rococo muse Ulla Winblad sails back home to Stockholm after a night spent partying on the lake; the epistle is subtitled "Hvaruti afmålas Ulla Winblads hemresa från Hessingen i Mälaren en sommarmorgon 1769". Carl Michael Bellman is the central figure in Swedish song, known for his 1790 Fredman's Songs and his 1791 Fredman's Epistles, he played the cittern. Jean Fredman is a fictional character and the supposed narrator in Bellman's epistles and songs, based on a real watchmaker of Bellman's Stockholm; the epistles paint a picture of the demimonde life of the city during the eighteenth century, where strong drink and beautiful "nymphs" like Ulla Winblad create a rococo picture of life, blending classical allusion and pastoral description with harsh reality.

The song is in 24 time. It has each of eight lines; the rhyming pattern is ABAB-CCCB. It has a "gay dancing melody", which along with the poem gives the listener an irresistible impression of being himself present at the song's conception; the melody was a favourite of Bellman's, is of French origin, where it had been used by Antoine de Bourbon. The Epistle depicts a charming picture of an early morning on Lake Mälaren, as the Rococo muse Ulla Winblad sails back home to Stockholm; the song brings in Movitz the cellist, another of Bellman's stock characters in Fredman's Epistles, based on one of his friends. The song tells the story of a boat on the way home after a night out on the island-studded lake. In the boat are the peasant girl Marjo, a tub of butter on her knees, with a cargo of the birch-sprigs that Stockholmers used to decorate their town with as a sign of returning spring and lambs, it begins: Students of Swedish literature are expected to study Fredman's Songs and Epistles. Bellman's biographer, the translator Paul Britten Austin calls the poem a masterpiece, "one of Bellman's greatest.

At a stroke he created in Swedish poetry a new vision of the urban scene. Fresh as Martin's. Detailed as Hogarth's. Frail and ethereal as Watteau's." While each verse paints a "finely etched picture", all together they "build up to an incomparable panorama of that eighteenth-century Stockholm which meets us in Elias Martin's canvasses." Britten Austin writes that No one who has risen on an early Swedish summer morning to see the sun shining from a clear sky on the placid water and has heard or read this song, with its breezy familiar air, can forget it. Britten Austin explains: "Everything occurs with apparent haphazardness, yet each stanza is a little picture, framed by its melody. We remember it all, seem to have lived through it, like a morning in our own lives."Epistle 48 has been recorded by Fred Åkerström, Cornelis Vreeswijk, Evert Taube, Peter Ekberg Pelz among others. And Mikael Samuelson. Bellman, Carl Michael. Fredmans epistlar. Stockholm: By Royal Privilege. Britten Austin, Paul; the Life and Songs of Carl Michael Bellman: Genius of the Swedish Rococo.

Allhem, Malmö American-Scandinavian Foundation, New York, 1967. ISBN 978-3-932759-00-0 Britten Austin, Paul. Fredman's Songs. Stockholm: Proprius, 1990 and 1999. Hassler, Göran. Bellman – en antologi. En bok för alla. ISBN 91-7448-742-6. Hassler, Göran. Bellman II – en antologi. En bok för alla. ISBN 91-7448-837-6. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Kleveland, Åse. Fredmans epistlar & sånger. Stockholm: Informationsförlaget. ISBN 91-7736-059-1. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Massengale, James Rhea; the Musical-Poetic Method of Carl Michael Bellman. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International. ISBN 91-554-0849-4. Text of Epistle 48