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Surabaya metropolitan area

The Surabaya metropolitan area, known locally as Gerbangkertosusila, is a metropolitan area in East Java, Indonesia. It is the country's second-largest metropolitan area, after Jakarta metropolitan area. Grebangkertosusila is an official acronym of "Gresik Bangkalan Mojokerto Surabaya Sidoarjo Lamongan", a main metropolitan or planning area in East Java consisting of the seven cities and regencies with those names; this acronym corresponds with the definition of "Zona Surabaya Pengaruh Raya" or Extended Metropolitan Area. It has an area of 5,925.843 km2, at the 2010 Census had a population of 9,115,485. One definition, by the East Java Provincial Regulation No.4/1996, equates Gerbangkertosusila with the Surabaya Extended Metropolitan Area surrounding Surabaya in East Java province, Indonesia. This region as an "urban" economic planning area; the national government regards the Surabaya Metropolitan Area as including only Surabaya, Sidoarjo Regency, Gresik Regency, known as "Zona Surabaya Raya".

Gresik Regency contains the Bawean Island, some 196 km2, not part of the built up area but is included. Surabaya traditionally constituted Indonesia's second-largest metropolitan area, after Jakarta, but fast growing Bandung Metropolitan Area is since 2005 more populous. However, the extended metropolitan area of Surabaya is second in Indonesia only to Jabodetabek. Grebangkertosusila borders the Malang Metropolitan Area to the south. Together the two comprise 12.5 million people. Reference: *Statistics Indonesia List of metropolitan areas by population Mera and Renaud, Bertrand. Asia's the Role of Real Estate. M. E. Sharpe. ISBN 0-7656-0642-9

John Jay Science and Engineering Academy

John Jay Science and Engineering Academy is a magnet school in San Antonio, Texas which provides an academic education in a digital environment. Students and teachers pursue research projects that are collaboratively designed to develop critical thinking, technological competence, academic achievement; the Academy is a "school within a school" sharing the campus of John Jay High School with a mission to provide students with a curriculum in science, engineering and technology that will prepare them for further study and careers in science and engineering. The instructional program of the Science & Engineering Academy aims to ensure a thorough education in science and mathematics. Students are required to take four science and math courses each of their four years of high school, which allows them to graduate with a cumulative total of 26 credits. Students are encouraged to explore a variety of learning modes within the curriculum. Options include Independent Study, Research and the Internship program.

The focus on science and engineering is enhanced by the availability of computers, laboratory facilities, independent research, field trips, summer internships, opportunities for special projects. In 2012 the expulsion of one of the school's students for not complying with the school district's Student Locator Project attracted publicity; the Principal of the Academy is Teresa Cuellar, the Vice Principal is Crystal Mitchell. In 2009, the school was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency; the John Jay Science and Engineering Academy has been an affiliate member of the National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics and Technology since 1997. Over the years and faculty have participated in Student Conferences, Science Research Symposium, Professional Conferences at schools and universities throughout the country. Students are required to do a science fair research project for both freshman and sophomore years of their education. In the students junior and senior year they have the choice between Science Fair, History Fair, ACE Mentorship, Independent Study Mentorship, or Robotics.

It is encouraged for students to take part in one or more extra-curricular activities relating to research and social sciences. Among these are the Science Fair Research Team, History Fair Research Team, Academic Decathlon Team, Science UIL Team, Model United Nations Team, World Quest Team, Robotics Team; the school is home to an award-winning fine arts program with the band program being one of the top bands in southern Texas and the orchestra being champions in various competitions. The AFJROTC is an award-winning program both locally and nationally, their drill teams winning national championships for several years; the John Jay Robotics Team is the robotics team at John Jay Engineering Academy. The team participates in two competitions annually; the first of, BEST. In this competition the team is given a box of supplies and 6 weeks to build a robot with limited supplies provided by BEST. In addition to Robotics at the best competition there are many other aspects of competition that are weighted more than the actual robot.

These categories are Project Engineering Notebook, Marketing Presentation and Team Exhibit and Interviews. The official team number is 46; the second competition is FRC. In this competition the team is given another 6 weeks to build a robot, but with fewer restrictions on supplies; these robots must compete with other robots on the field during competition. The robot must be able to score points in accordance with that years particular competition. There are many other aspects to this competition like Chairman's Award, Entrepreneurship Award, FIRST Dean's List Award and Safety Animation Award; the Teams official name for FIRST is Team Orion and the number is 3240. John Jay Science and Engineering Academy

Islamization in Pakistan

Sharization or Islamization has a long history in Pakistan since its foundation, but it became the primary policy, or "centerpiece" of the government of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, the ruler of Pakistan from 1977 until his death in 1988. Zia has been called "the person most responsible for turning Pakistan into a global center for political Islamic terrorism"; the Pakistan movement had gained the country independence from the British Empire as a Muslim-majority state. At the time of its founding, the Dominion of Pakistan had no official state religion prior to 1956, when the constitution had declared it the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Despite this, no religious laws had yet been adopted for government and judicial protocols and civil governance, until the mid 1970s with the coming of General Muhammed Zia Ul-Haq in a military coup known as Operation Fair Play which deposed the Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Zia-ul-Haq committed himself to enforcing his interpretation of Nizam-e-Mustafa, i.e. to establish an Islamic state and enforce sharia law.

Zia established separate Shariat judicial courts and court benches to judge legal cases using Islamic doctrine. New criminal offenses, new punishments, were added to Pakistani law. Interest payments for bank accounts were replaced by "loss" payments. Zakat charitable donations became a 2.5% annual tax. School textbooks and libraries were overhauled to remove un-Islamic material. Offices and factories were required to offer praying space. Zia bolstered the influence of the ulama and the Islamic parties, whilst conservative scholars became fixtures on television. 10,000s of activists from the Jamaat-e-Islami party were appointed to government posts to ensure the continuation of his agenda after his passing. Conservative ulama were added to the Council of Islamic Ideology. In 1984 a referendum gave the Islamization program, 97.7 % approval in official results. However, there have been protests against the laws and their enforcement during and after Zia's reign. Women's and human rights groups opposed incarceration of rape victims under hadd punishments, new laws that valued women's testimony and blood money compensation at half that of a man.

Religious minorities and human rights groups opposed the "vaguely worded" Blasphemy Law and the "malicious abuse and arbitrary enforcement" of it. Possible motivations for the Islamisation programme included Zia's personal piety, desire to gain political allies, to "fulfill Pakistan's raison d'etre" as a Muslim state, and/or the political need to legitimise what was seen by some Pakistanis as his "repressive, un-representative martial law regime". How much success Zia had strengthening Pakistan's national cohesion with state-sponsored Islamisation is disputed. Shia-Sunni religious riots broke out over differences in Islamic jurisprudence – in particular, over how Zakat donations would be distributed. There were differences among Sunni Muslims; the Muttahida Majlis-i-Amal, a coalition of Islamist political parties in Pakistan, calls for the increased Islamization of the government and society taking an anti-Hindu stance. The MMA leads the opposition in the national assembly, held a majority in the NWFP Provincial Assembly, was part of the ruling coalition in Balochistan.

However, some members of the MMA made efforts to eliminate their rhetoric against Hindus. More Islamization has happened by religious conversions in Pakistan. Pakistan was founded on the basis of securing a sovereign homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent to live in self-determination; the idea of Pakistan had received overwhelming popular support among British Indian Muslims those in the Presidencies and provinces of British India where Muslims were in a minority such as U. P; the Muslim League leadership and Jinnah had articulated their vision of Pakistan in terms of an Islamic state. Muhammad Ali Jinnah had developed a close association with the ulama; when Jinnah died, Islamic scholar Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani described Jinnah as the greatest Muslim after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and compared Jinnah's death to the Prophet's passing. Usmani asked Pakistanis to remember Jinnah's message of Unity and Discipline and work to fulfil his dream:to create a solid bloc of all Muslim states from Karachi to Ankara, from Pakistan to Morocco.

He wanted to see the Muslims of the world united under the banner of Islam as an effective check against the aggressive designs of their enemies. The first formal step taken to transform Pakistan into an ideological Islamic state was in March 1949 when the country's first Prime Minister, Liaquat Ali Khan, introduced the Objectives Resolution in the Constituent Assembly; the Objectives Resolution declared that sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to God Almighty. The president of the Muslim League, Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman, announced that Pakistan would bring together all Muslim countries into Islamistan-a pan-Islamic entity. Khaliq believed that Pakistan was only a Muslim state and was not yet an Islamic state, but that it could become an Islamic state after bringing all believers of Islam into a single political unit. Keith Callard, one of the earliest scholars on Pakistani politics, observed that Pakistanis believed in the essential unity of purpose and outlook in the Muslim world:Pakistan was founded to advance the cause of Muslims.

Other Muslims might have been expected to be sympathetic enthusiastic. But this assumed that other Muslim states would take the same view of t

Nut Tree Airport

Nut Tree Airport is a county-owned public-use airport located two nautical miles northeast of the central business district of Vacaville, in Solano County, United States. The airport is near the junction of Interstates 80 and 505, it is adjacent to the Nut Tree retail/commercial development, which replaced a historic US 40 highway stop from which both derive their name. Nut Tree Airport covers an area of 262 acres at an elevation of 117 feet above mean sea level, it has one runway designated 2/20 with an asphalt surface measuring 4,700 by 75 feet. For the 12-month period ending March 3, 1995, the airport had 101,500 aircraft operations, an average of 278 per day: 98.5% general aviation and 1.5% air taxi. At that time there were 180 aircraft based at this airport: 90% single-engine, 8% multi-engine and 2% jet; the Nut Tree Airport was founded in 1955 by Ed Power Jr. an aviation enthusiast and the son of Nut Tree founders Ed "Bunny" Power Sr. and Helen Harbison Power, as a way of attracting aviators to the Nut Tree.

Media related to Nut Tree Airport at Wikimedia Commons Nut Tree Airport Official Site Nut Tree Airport at Solano County's web site Nut Tree Airport at Solano Pilots Association Nut Tree Airport Forum at Solano Pilots Association Aerial image as of 16 June 1993 from USGS The National Map FAA Terminal Procedures for VCB, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for VCB AirNav airport information for KVCB FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures Source for O45 former code

Russell Kelly

Russell Earl Kelly is an American Christian theologian, author and blogger. He writes non-fictional theological books. Russell is best known for evangelizing and debating why tithing 10% to one's church is not a Christian obligation, his conclusion places him in company with Christian leaders including John F. MacArthur, J. Vernon McGee and C. I. Scofield. Kelly has been the subject of media coverage including participating in a live 90 minute tithing debate in London on Revelation TV. On November 23, 2007, the Wall Street Journal published an article by Suzanne Sataline, "The Backlash Against Tithing", to which Kelly was a major contributor. On March 2, 2008, Russell was featured on the CBS Sunday Morning news cover story, "To Tithe or Not to Tithe", he was subsequently mentioned in Charisma magazine online. Raised in a Baptist home as one of six children, Russell grew up in Jacksonville, before the family moved to Marietta, while he was in the tenth grade in 1960. From June 1962 until June 1966, he was in the US Air Force, learned Chinese Mandarin at Yale University and was promoted to the Transcription Department while serving in Taiwan.

In 1964, Russell married. He presently resides in Washington and teaches at the Victory Baptist Church Bible Institute. Th. M.: Covington Theological Seminary, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. From June 1962 to June 1966 he was in the US Air Force, received 22 semester hours in Chinese Mandarin at Yale University and was soon promoted to the Transcription Department while serving in Taiwan. Russell graduated cum laude from Southern Missionary College in Tennessee in 1976, now called Southern University Of Seventh Day Adventist, served two churches in Georgia, four in North Dakota and one in South Carolina. Although blind since 1989, Russell subsequently completed a Th. M.. and a Ph. D. at the independent Baptist-oriented Covington Theological Seminary in Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in August 2000. His dissertation was on the subject of tithing. From that dissertation came his first book, Should the Church Teach Tithing? A Theologian’s Conclusions about a Taboo Doctrine, his second book is Exposing Seventh-day Adventism, published in 2005.

His third book, From Gethsemane to Ascension, An Ultimate Harmony of the Gospel and Resurrection Plays is in conversational style. Critics say that because his education is from unaccredited schools his Ph. D. is fraudulent. Others challenge his motives. In response, Russell provides a webpage regarding his education and abilities, including having graduated "cum laude" from the Yale University Institute of Far Eastern Languages while in the Air Force, earning 22 semester hours and received a B. A. from Southern University Of Seventh Day Adventist, accredited. He notes that there are hundreds of religious schools that do not want the government telling them how or what to teach. Having been blind since 1989 and not able to drive, his choices of education were limited. Theologically, Russell is a conservative evangelical dispensational Baptist, he is available for travel. His favorite hobby is singing gospel, Marty Robbins and Frank Sinatra. After Should the Church Teach Tithing was published in January 2001, multiple sources addressed the book.

A July 2003 Christianity Today letter to the editor stated, "Next to the Bible this book will change your life. It is that powerful. There are many good theological books on this subject, but this book should be read by anyone wanting the'facts' as related to scripture and history and the church." In 2003, New Jerusalem Ministries listed the book for suggested reading. In 2004, Dr. David Alan Black at SEBTS published an essay in tithing in agreement with Kelly. November 6, 2006: Andreas J. Köstenberger and David A. Croteau, "Will a Man Rob God?: A Study of Tithing in the Old and New Testaments", in Bulletin of Biblical Research 26.1. November 23, 2007: The Wall Street Journal published an article by Suzanne Sataline, "The Backlash Against Tithing". November 27, 2007: In response to the Wall Street Journal article, the BPNEWS, Baptist Press, published an article, "The Bible and Giving", by Dr. Daniel Akin, President Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary on The Bible and Giving. Except for his opening statement, the article is what Kelly teaches in his book and on his web site.2007: WAVA-FM in Washington, D. C. mentions Russell Kelly, his book and web site.

March 2, 2008: As a result of the Wall Street Journal articles Kelly was interviewed in his home and featured on the CBS Sunday Morning News cover story, "To Tithe or Not to Tithe". The video has remained popular online. Transcripts are available. March 7, 2008: BPNEWS, Baptist Press, published a long rebuttal of Kelly's 2 minute CBS News comments by Dr. Kenneth Hemphill in which both his name and book were mentioned. Kelly has since attempted to persuade Dr. Hemphill to dialog with him, accessible from Kelly's blog. March 11, 2008: Charisma magazine mentioned Russell Kelly and the CBS article on the first page of its online edition. July 18, 2008: In a rare occasion the Texas Baptist Standard printed Kelly's comments in response to a tithing article. September 14, 2008: The St. Petersburg Times mentioned Kelly and his book, Should the Church Teach Tithing, in a news article. On March 30, 2011, he participated in a live 90 minute tithing debate in London on Revelation TV; the trip was paid for by a friend.

March 2018: Russell has appeared on Susan Puzio's Blogtalk Radio a

Solaris Urbino 15 LE

Solaris Urbino 15 LE is a series of low-entry buses from the Solaris Urbino series, designed for transport, produced since 2008 by the Polish company Solaris Bus & Coach in Bolechowo near Poznań. In 2010 the company began manufacturing the bus with the engine powered by CNG. Solaris Urbino 15 LE was put into production since the spring of 2008, it was based on a model of the Solaris Urbino 15, built to be used for Alpine and Scandinavian countries. The bus is popular in the Czech Republic and Slovakia; the first customer, who contributed to production of the model by placing an order for three types of low-entry buses, is a Ledermair company in the city Schwaz, Austria. The first official information about the bus, including photographs, appeared in June 2008 during the AUTOTEC Trade Fair in Brno, that is, after the delivery to Austria; the official debut took place at IAA Nutzfahrzeuge Trade Fair in Hannover and the Transexpo Trade Fair in Kielce in autumn in 2008. It is one of the few buses with a length of 15 metres produced in the world.

Thanks to the high floor in the rear of the vehicle, the engine and gearbox are placed in the centre for the third axle. It works with the SCR technology using AdBlue. All axles are from ZF. Due to the use of larger wheel size 295/70 tires the bus has an extended wheel arch. Behind the front axle there is a storage for snow chains. Two illuminated steps provide access to the higher floor level at the rear. All seats are located on the raised floor and are equipped with safety belts, while those located on the side of the stairs have additional armrests and handles. Above the seats in the low floor part of the bus there are shelves for luggage on the ceiling; the higher door has wheelchair access. Optionally, in place of the wheelchair bay the space can be transformed for four additional passenger seats; the ventilation of the interior of the bus has two electric sunroofs. Instead of tilting windows there can be installed an air conditioning system. There are several versions of the cab: semi-closed and closed.

Doors used in Solaris Urbino 15 LE all open to the outside