After the creation of the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Royal Netherlands Army was entrusted with the defence of Suriname, while the defence of the Netherlands Antilles was the responsibility of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The army set up a separate Troepenmacht in Suriname. Upon independence in 1975, this force was turned into the Surinaamse Krijgsmacht:, Surinamese Armed Forces. On February 25, 1980, a group of 15 non-commissioned officers and one junior SKM officer, under the leadership of sergeant major Dési Bouterse, staged a coup d'état and overthrew the Government. Subsequently, the SKM was rebranded as National Army; the Netherlands has provided limited military assistance to the Surinamese armed forces since the election of a democratic government in 1991. In recent years, the United States has provided training to military officers and policymakers to promote a better understanding of the role of the military in a civilian government. Since the mid-1990s, the People's Republic of China has been donating military equipment and logistical material to the Surinamese Armed Forces, as has Brazil.
Suriname's National Armed Forces are composed of some 2,500 personnel, the majority of whom are deployed in the Army of Suriname. A Light Infantry Battalion Formed in 1987. A Special Forces Corps. A Support Arm. A Military Police Corps. In 1982 a small air arm was formed within the Suriname defense force called "Surinaamse Luchtmacht" in short called LUMA; the first military aircraft of the young air force was a Hughes 500 - Model 369D helicopter registered SAF-100 and being used for light observation tasks. The aircraft was written off in March 1982 killing all four occupants, but from May of the same year the Suriname Air Force was being equipped with four Britten Norman BN-2B Defenders. Registered with the numbers SAF-001, SAF-002, SAF-003 and SAF-004. On during the decade a Cessna 172 Skyhawk, a Cessna 206 and in 1993 a Cessna T303 Crusader was acquired; the first official Surinam Air Force Commander from 1983 until 1989 was air force pilot lieutenant Eddie Alenso Savalie Djoe. He was one of the passenger victims of the Surinam Airways Flight 764 accident in June 1989, by he was promoted to the rank of Major.
All aircraft of the Suriname Air Force undertake border patrols, utility transport and SAR missions from the main base at Paramaribo - Zorg en Hoop and are detached to Zanderij - Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport, Nieuw Nickerie - Major Fernandes Airfield, Albina Airstrip and Moengo Airstrip. In 1986 anti-government guerrilla activity prompted the government to acquire a pair of Aérospatiale SA.316B Alouette III helicopters from the Portuguese Air Force registered FAP9350 & FAP9386. In the same year three Pilatus PC-7's were ordered in Switzerland for COIN missions. One of the Alouettes crashed and both delivered PC-7s were returned to Switzerland but one was re-delivered. In 1987 a Bell 205 Iroquois was acquired from Venezuela and used as a gunship for five years prior to sale to the US as N6594S in 1991, it crashed in July 1987 due to a mechanical failure killing the American pilot Billy Pearson injuring the American mechanic and four other Surinamese crewmembers. The helicopter was repaired and back in action.
Two CASA 212-400s Aviocar transports Garret AiResearch TPE331-10HR turbo-prop engined aircraft were delivered in 1999. One of these two Spanish built CASA 212-400s is a Maritime Patrol Aircraft version, modified for the maritime patrol role with a Bendix RDR-1500 surveillance radar. Lack of spares and funding has hampered maintenance and sometimes grounding much of the SAF fleet. In 2012 six experts from Venezuela made an assessment for the Suriname Air Force on the rehabilitation of the Casa 212 airplanes and now the Suriname Air Force has sold them to Fayard Enterprises in the USA. Three single engined Indian HAL Chetak helicopters were ordered in 2009. In a deal worth US$13.4 million with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, facilitated through a line of credit from India. The deal was previous rumoured to include the more modern twin engined HAL Dhruv helicopters, but this proved to be wrong. On 26 December 2012 ten technical personnel of the Suriname Air Force left to India to be trained to become certified helicopter mechanics.
In 2014 eight helicopter pilots from the Suriname Air Force were trained on operating the HAL Chetak helicopters in Bangalore, India. In 2014 it was announced that Suriname's order for helicopters from India was in fact for HAL Chetak and not the HAL Dhruv as the Chetak production line was planned to be shut down. Rumours aside, by the end of January 2015 the three Indian Chetak helicopters were assembled and delivered in Suriname as SAF-H001, SAF-H002 & SAF-H003; these registrations changed to SAF-153, SAF-303 and SAF-811 when operational training started. The plan is to have one helicopter each based at the city of Paramaribo and Albina. On 13 March 2015 the helicopter fleet of three Chetaks was handed over by the Indian ambassador Subashini Murgesan to the Minister of Defence of Suriname Lamuré Latour in a ceremony at Zorg en Hoop. On the same day and occasion the Minister announced that a de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter was about to be added to the airfleet of the Suriname Air Force shortly, with pilots in training.
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James Donald Owens was an American football player and coach. He was the head coach at the University of Washington from 1957 to 1974, compiling a record of 99–82–6 in eighteen seasons. Owens played college football at the University of Oklahoma from 1946 to 1949, under head coach Bud Wilkinson, where he was a teammate of Darrell Royal, coincidentally, was the Huskies' head coach in 1956 took the same post at Texas, allowing Owens to come to Seattle, he played a year of pro football in 1950 and was a college assistant coach for six years under Bear Bryant at the University of Kentucky and at Texas A&M University. According to legend, after the 1956 season, when the Washington Huskies were looking for a head coach, Bryant indicated to reporters that Owens "will make a great coach for somebody some day."In 1959 and 1960, he led Washington to back-to-back ten-win seasons and consecutive Rose Bowl wins, as well as a national championship in 1960. He coached the Huskies to the 1964 Rose Bowl. Owens concurrently served as the athletic director at Washington from 1960 to 1969.
He was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1982. Owens resigned as head coach of the Huskies following the 1974 season at the end of his last contract, a three-year deal at $33,000 per year, his years at Washington were marred by accusations of racism and the backlash that resulted from his actions and attitudes towards black players. He was succeeded as head coach by Don James, the head coach at Kent State, who led the Huskies for eighteen seasons. Owens apologized for his actions as part of his acknowledgements as a statue of him was erected at Washington in 2003. Owens died at age 82 in 2009 at his home in Montana. Jim Owens at the College Football Hall of Fame Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference
Peter Marsh is an English singer, songwriter and music producer. He was a member of the band Easy Street; the Easy Street single "I've Been Lovin' You" entered the Billboard chart in July 1976. In the 1980s, he was best known as the lead singer in cult new wave group Blanket of Secrecy. Marsh worked with Vangelis, Manfred Mann's Earth Band and Godley & Creme, his songs have been covered by artists including Jimmy Ruffin. More Marsh has worked in France, he released the albums Stop the Clock in 2014 and Back to the Beginning in 2017. A second Blanket of Secrecy album, recorded in the 1980s, was released in 2017. Marsh spent his early life in the Lake District, moving to London to work alongside his brother-in-law, Ken Nicol. Marsh had a long-standing musical partnership with his brother-in-law, Ken Nicol, during the 1970s; the duo were known variously as both Nicol & Marsh and as Easy Street, for some of this time included Richard James Burgess. Marsh first signed to CBS, with Nicol, in 1973 and subsequently signed to Polydor in 1976.
Albums released in collaboration with Nicol included: Nicol & Marsh's Easy Street. This album was produced by Paul Phillips. Marsh is credited as the sole songwriter on tracks including "My Quietness", "Poor and Lonely Ones" and "Day by Day". Singles included "Midnight Cat", "I've Been Praying" and "Sinking Down", all credited to Nicol-Marsh. Arrangement on the tracks released as singles was by John Barham; the album includes a cover of "Peaceful Easy Feeling". Easy Street by Easy Street. Easy Street expanded with the addition of Richard James Burgess for this album, recorded at Sarm East Studios; the Polydor publicity for the album involved something of a makeover for the band compared to the previous the CBS look, including hairstyles by John Frieda, who appeared on the cover in a cameo guest appearance. A single from the album, "I've Been Lovin' You", entered the US Billboard Charts in July 1976. Under the Glass by Easystreet. In addition to Marsh, Richard James Burgess and Ken Nicol, the Under the Glass album extensively featured Kevin Savigar, a long-time musical associate of Rod Stewart.
Marsh co-wrote the single track "Flying", with Nicol. Five tracks are credited to Nicol, Marsh & Burgess), while two tracks are credited to Marsh and Burgess: "Is This Real" and "I See You". "Flying" was a released as a single and another single, "Love at Breakfast", which didn't feature on the album, was released in 1977, with the track "Rely on You" featuring as the B side. Nicol & Marsh; the Easy Street name was dropped for the final album in partnership with Nicol, recorded in the Pasha Music House, Hollywood. Richard James Burgess was no longer involved, but many renowned Los Angeles session musicians were used on the album, including Bill Payne, Victor Feldman and Leland Sklar. Tracks credited to Marsh included "As The Years Roll'Round" and "Anthem of the Time". "Holdin' On To You" and "Lady of Windermere" are credited to Nicol & Marsh with two tracks, both released as singles "Streets of the Angels" and "Hurt By Love" credited to Nicol, Marsh & Bishop. The album includes a cover version of "I'll Be Back".
Easy Street were the 1976 Runners-up of the UK TV show New Faces. The collaboration between Marsh and Nicol ended after the release of the final album. An interview with Nicol implied that Marsh was moving in a different direction appearing to refer to a growing collaboration between Marsh and Burgess. Marsh's first solo project, after breaking up with Nicol was Twist, a transition into the punk rock and new wave genres. Twist band members included Stevie Corduner of Byzantium, Wims, a.k.a. Tony Wimshurst, Andy Pask with Marsh as lead vocalist and acoustic guitarist. Twist released This Is Your Life, an album which included a new wave interpretation of the classic "The House of the Rising Sun"; the title track "This Is Your Life" was released as a single. The B-side "Life's a Commercial Break", did not appear on the album. A second single, "Ads", with the B-side "Rebound" was released in 1979. "Ads" appeared on the Polydor compilation album 20 of Another Kind Vol. 2, with "This Is Your Life". "This Is Your Life" featured Steve Nieve on keyboard and Jimmy Edwards and Elvis Costello on backing vocals.
The involvement of Jimmy Edwards was due to Marsh's manager, Tony Gorden, who managed Sham 69. The involvement of Steve Nieve and Elvis Costello was due to their connections with Roger Bechirian, who co-produced the album with Marsh. Twist was Marsh's first significant collaboration with Bechirian; the two subsequently worked on a project, to become known as Blanket of Secrecy. Twist was recorded at Amp Pro, a studio in Shepherds Bush in a house owned by Nick Lowe, converted by Tony Visconti, it was mixed at Eden Studios in Chiswick. Marsh was revealed, after more than 20 years, to have been the lead singer in British new wave synthpop band Blanket of Secrecy, which has developed a worldwide cult following over the decades; the identity of the Blanket of Secrecy band members was not disclosed, with the Warner Bros Re