Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or information for the purpose of influencing, managing or directing. This can include observation from a distance by means of electronic equipment, such as closed-circuit television, or interception of electronically transmitted information, such as Internet traffic, it can include simple technical methods, such as human intelligence gathering and postal interception. Surveillance is used by governments for intelligence gathering, prevention of crime, the protection of a process, group or object, or the investigation of crime, it is used by criminal organizations to plan and commit crimes, by businesses to gather intelligence on their competitors, suppliers or customers. Surveillance can be viewed as a violation of privacy, as such is opposed by civil liberties activists. A liberal democracy may have laws which restrict domestic government and private use of surveillance. Authoritarian governments have any domestic restrictions, international espionage is common among all types of countries.
Concerns have been raised about surveillance with regards to the Internet of things. Where surveillance technology is used for identification, location tracking or to gain access to buildings and networks; the vast majority of computer surveillance involves the monitoring of data and traffic on the Internet. In the United States for example, under the Communications Assistance For Law Enforcement Act, all phone calls and broadband Internet traffic are required to be available for unimpeded real-time monitoring by federal law enforcement agencies. There is far too much data on the Internet for human investigators to manually search through all of it. Therefore, automated Internet surveillance computers sift through the vast amount of intercepted Internet traffic to identify and report to human investigators the traffic, considered interesting or suspicious; this process is regulated by targeting certain "trigger" words or phrases, visiting certain types of web sites, or communicating via email or online chat with suspicious individuals or groups.
Billions of dollars per year are spent by agencies, such as the NSA, the FBI and the now-defunct Information Awareness Office, to develop, purchase and operate systems such as Carnivore, NarusInsight, ECHELON to intercept and analyze all of this data to only extract the information, useful to law enforcement and intelligence agencies. Computers can be a surveillance target because of the personal data stored on them. If someone is able to install software, such as the FBI's Magic Lantern and CIPAV, on a computer system, they can gain unauthorized access to this data; such software could be installed remotely. Another form of computer surveillance, known as van Eck phreaking, involves reading electromagnetic emanations from computing devices in order to extract data from them at distances of hundreds of meters; the NSA runs a database known as "Pinwale", which stores and indexes large numbers of emails of both American citizens and foreigners. Additionally, the NSA runs a program known as PRISM, a data mining system that gives the United States government direct access to information from technology companies.
Through accessing this information, the government is able to obtain search history, stored information, live chats, file transfers, more. This program generated huge controversies in regards to surveillance and privacy from U. S. citizens. The official and unofficial tapping of telephone lines is widespread. In the United States for instance, the Communications Assistance For Law Enforcement Act requires that all telephone and VoIP communications be available for real-time wiretapping by Federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies. Two major telecommunications companies in the U. S.—AT&T Inc. and Verizon—have contracts with the FBI, requiring them to keep their phone call records searchable and accessible for Federal agencies, in return for $1.8 million per year. Between 2003 and 2005, the FBI sent out more than 140,000 "National Security Letters" ordering phone companies to hand over information about their customers' calling and Internet histories. About half of these letters requested information on U.
S. citizens. Human agents are not required to monitor most calls. Speech-to-text software creates machine-readable text from intercepted audio, processed by automated call-analysis programs, such as those developed by agencies such as the Information Awareness Office, or companies such as Verint, Narus, which search for certain words or phrases, to decide whether to dedicate a human agent to the call. Law enforcement and intelligence services in the United Kingdom and the United States possess technology to activate the microphones in cell phones remotely, by accessing phones' diagnostic or maintenance features in order to listen to conversations that take place near the person who holds the phone; the StingRay tracker is an example of one of these tools used to monitor cell phone usage in the United States and the United Kingdom. Developed for counterterrorism purposes by the military, they work by broadcasting powerful signals that cause nearby cell phones to transmit their IMSI number, just as they would to normal cell phone towers.
Once the phone is connected to the device, there is no way for the user to know that they are being tracked. The operator of the stingray is able to extract information such as location, phone calls, text messages, but it is believed that the capabilities of the StingRay extend much further. A lot of controversy surrounds the StingRay because of its powerful capabilities and the secrecy that surrounds it. Mobile phones are
Faith Julia Goldy known as Faith Goldy-Bazos, is a Canadian political commentator, whose views have been described as far-right or alt-right, white nationalist, white supremacist. She was a contributor to The Rebel Media and covered the 2017 Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, her contract was terminated in 2017 after she appeared in an interview on The Daily Stormer, a neo-Nazi website. Goldy was a candidate in the 2018 Toronto mayoral election, finishing third with 3.4% of the vote. On April 8, 2019, Goldy was banned from Facebook, along with other white nationalists and hate groups. Goldy was born on June 8, 1989, she received her formal education at Havergal College, a K–12 private school, studied at Huron College at the University of Western Ontario. She graduated in politics and history from Trinity College at the University of Toronto, minoring in philosophy, political science and government, she began a Master of Public Policy degree at the University of Toronto School of Public Policy and Governance.
In 2012, she received the Gordon Cressy Student Leadership Award from the University of Toronto Alumni Association. Goldy is of Greek descent. Goldy is a member of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, she was a director on the board of the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky Institute Foundation from October 7, 2015, until her resignation on May 30, 2017. Goldy has been employed as a commentator and reporter by media outlets including The Catholic Register, the Toronto Sun, TheBlaze, Bell Media, ZoomerMedia, the National Post, she is a former reporter with the Sun News Network and was employed by The Rebel Media, a Canadian right-wing media website, where she presented political commentary in regular YouTube videos and a weekly show called On The Hunt with Faith Goldy. In March 2017, Goldy posted on Twitter a video of herself in the Palestinian city of Bethlehem, expressing shock that she could hear an Islamic call to prayer in the city, suggesting that "Bethlehem's Christian population has been ethnically cleansed".
In June 2017, she broadcast on Rebel Media "White Genocide in Canada?", analyzing the Canadian government's foreign immigration policies with regard to the Third World, the effect of those policies on the demographic composition of Canadian society. She posited. In response to the broadcast, several corporate entities withdrew their financial support for Rebel Media. Goldy broadcast a livestream in August 2017 covering the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, protesting the removal of Confederate monuments. Goldy mocked counter-protesters and complained of apparent police bias against the alt-right demonstrators. Goldy's video recorded the car attack which killed counter-protester Heather Heyer. Rebel Media co-founder Brian Lilley resigned. Goldy was fired by co-founder Ezra Levant after she appeared on The Krypto Report, a podcast on the neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer. Levant explained that he had directed Goldy not to cover the events in Charlottesville and that her appearance on The Daily Stormer was "just too far".
Goldy stated she had made "a poor decision" in consenting to the Stormer interview. In December 2017, Goldy appeared on the alt-right podcast Millennial Woes and recited a white supremacist slogan, the Fourteen Words: "We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children", she continued: "I don't see that as controversial... We want to survive." As a result of reciting the slogan, crowdfunding site Patreon suspended her account in May 2018 and she was subsequently banned from PayPal that July. After losing her Patreon account, she began receiving contributions through an alternative crowdfunding system, Freestartr; this platform was itself shut out of PayPal the same month. As of August 2018, Goldy's YouTube channel had over 60,000 subscribers. Goldy's views have been described as far-right or alt-right, white nationalist, white supremacist. Goldy has promoted the white genocide conspiracy theory, she linked the topic with the removal of Confederate statues, claiming they were being replaced "because people are being replaced".
It has been reported to have raised her profile outlining the "terrible truths of white genocide". Her belief in the subject has resulted in criticism, including a petition to rescind her Gordon Cressy Student Leadership Award. GQ labelled her as "one of Canada's most prominent propagandists" of the theory. According to Winnipeg Free Press columnist Dan Lett, Goldy seemed to be working to provide mainstream respectability to far right demonstrators in the course of her reporting of the Charlottesville Unite the Right rally, arguing that they suggested a wider "rising white racial consciousness" in America. Goldy referred to a manifesto by white supremacist Richard Spencer, which Lett described as including "calls to organize states along ethnic and racial divides and celebrat the superiority of'White America'", as "robust" and "well thought-out". On April 8, 2019, Goldy was banned from Facebook, along with other white nationalists and hate groups. On July 27, 2018, Goldy registered to run for Mayor in the 2018 Toronto election.
Her campaign platform included repair and improvement of transportation infrastructure, affordable housing for millennials born in Toronto, the reinstatement of the Toronto Anti-Violence Intervention Strategy and the Community Contacts Policy, monitoring Islamic organizations, the forced removal of homeless illegal immigrants from the city. Election totals placed her with just over 3 % of votes cast. After posing for a photo with Goldy at a political event on
The Dinner Set Gang was a gang of thieves who became notorious in the late 1960s and 1970s for their burglaries of the homes of the wealthiest Americans while the victims were at home eating dinner. Newspapers in New York City and Florida nicknamed them "The Dinner Set Gang"; the principal members of the gang were Dominick Latella. Others included the husband of Salerno's sister. Salerno and Latella observed the habits of their potential victims until they recognized a pattern to be exploited; the servants were preoccupied with serving the multi-course meals and it was not considered good manners to leave the table during the long meal period, so the rest of the house was deserted. Throughout the year, depending on the season, the elite would drift from Palm Beach, Florida to New England; the gang followed. While Latella watched the victims dine, Salerno would break into the second story, because “the best jewelry was always upstairs”, he gave himself three minutes to go in, find the jewels, get out.
Latella said that despite the enormous nature of the master suites, Salerno "had a sixth sense about finding." Latella would warn Salerno with a slight whistle. They were known for avoiding confrontations at all costs, they were willing to leave a scene empty-handed if necessary. Salerno and Latella researched their potential victims, they found names in the Forbes list of the wealthiest Americans and looked up addresses in Who's Who in America. Photo spreads from Architectural Digest and Town and Country enabled the duo to case the scenario from a safe distance, their victims included the DuPonts, the Flaglers, the Wallaces and the Pillsbury family, as well as Liberace, the entertainer. At their prime, the gang would steal a quarter of a million dollars per job on average; the FBI blamed them for several hundred thefts worth somewhere between $75 million to $150 million in jewels. Their most impressive heist was executed in 1973 in an exclusive, waterfront community just north of Palm Beach. An heir to the DuPont fortune was renting a house there.
Among the sheets in the linen closet of the master bedroom Salerno came across a leather traveling case which contained jewels worth, at that time $12 million. The largest piece was a 17.65 carats natural pink flawless pear-shaped diamond, worth about $1,800,000. The idea of stealing from people while they were home was not something that Peter Salerno came up with on his own accord, he was taught by Frank Bova, a master thief, who learned this skill when he led a Ranger team that stole documents from the Nazis during World War II. To this day, the veteran thief has never been caught. No one benefited from the concept more than Wally Gans. Wally worked in Manhattan's Diamond District on West 47th Street, an area Salerno described as having "more diamonds and cash... than God." For each piece of jewelry the gang received around 10 cents on the dollar, “the going rate for hot jewelry” at the time. Wally Gans and his wife retired after Salerno's two biggest jobs. Salerno and Latella married twin sisters Gloria and Sandra Savino who were from a family with Mafia connections.
Despite the fact that the gang only received a fraction of the total retail value of their thefts, there was always plenty of money around. The Savino sisters recall putting "20,000 dollars at a time" in envelopes, they spent the money on everything: cars, clothes and boats. The money didn't begin to run out until the 1980s when the duo planned to retire from their lives of crime, it was in the 1990s that Latella came out of retirement. Gloria Salerno had been diagnosed with advanced breast cancer and the Salernos did not have enough money to pay for her treatments, they burglarized 40 houses within several months. By this point, Salerno was "obsessed." Gloria Salerno recovered, but her husband and brother-in-law were caught. Bill Adams and Jim Hirsch were two of the detectives assigned in years to the Dinner Set Gang's case. After working on the case for 20 years, they were able to help track down and identify the pair once the thefts began again. "The Dinner Set Gang" was caught on January 1992 in Westport, Connecticut.
When Salerno entered the house's second story, Latella remembers seeing the woman in the house look up, at which point he knew that she had heard them. Dominick whistled to Pete, on his way out without taking anything; the police waited. When they couldn't find them, they set dogs out on their trail. Latella and Salerno were both linked to a series of the other burglaries. Peter Salerno was released from prison in December 2008, is back with his wife Gloria in Florida. Dominick Latella lives in Florida. A sociology textbook that included Pete Salerno among others, focused on burglars and organized crime was published by Greenwood in 1983. A film project is in the works through producer Dick Atkins who controls the life story rights. Interview with 60 Minutes The true story of the Dinner Set Gang - the greatest jewel thief team in America