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Svendborg

Svendborg is a town on the island of Funen in south-central Denmark, the seat of Svendborg Municipality. With a population of 27,210, Svendborg is Funen's second largest city. In 2000 Svendborg was declared "Town of the year" in Denmark, in 2003 it celebrated its 750th anniversary as a market town. By road, Svendborg is located 195 kilometres southwest of Copenhagen, 183 kilometres south of Aarhus, 44.2 kilometres south of Odense, 28.5 kilometres east of Faaborg. Svendborg is home to the “Naturama” museum, which holds a wide variety of stuffed animals from birds to bears; the largest container ship company in the world, A. P. Møller-Mærsk has its origins in Svendborg, in the "Villa Anna". In the light of archaeological discoveries, Svendborg appears to have been established in the first half of the 12th century or earlier. Located at the head of a bay, the natural harbour encouraged trade; the first recorded mention of Svendborg occurred in 1229 in a deed of gift by Valdemar the Victorious, where he refers to the fortification as Swinæburgh.

The name is thought to consist of the elements "svin" meaning "pig" and "borg" meaning "fortification". In 1236, the Greyfriars monastery in Svendborg was established; the Greyfriars would be part of the city for the next 300 years, until the Protestant reformation in 1536. The ruins of the monastery were excavated beside the railway in 2007. In 1253, the city was granted market town privileges by King Christopher I. In the Middle Ages, the city was fortified with moats; the defense system included a few of forts. Most historical facts about the medieval defense system, including the locations of fortifications, are disputed, as little archaeological evidence has been generated. In spite of this, it is a popular theory that the three towers in the coat of arms are the three fortifications. Thanks to its seafarers, in the late Middle Ages Svendborg became one of the most important trading centres in Scandinavia. During the time of the Protestant reformation and the Count's Feud in the 1530s, the citizens of Svendborg joined forces with the King.

Ørkild Castle, located just east of Svendborg, was property of the bishop of Odense, less than popular among the citizens of the city. The tension resulted in the castle being seized and burned down by an angry mob in collaboration with the King's forces; the King's forces would after ending their north-going campaign on Funen, return to pillage and plunder Svendborg. After 1536, Svendborg went through a brief period of progress becoming the islands main port, but it would not last for long. In the following 250 years, the city faced various setbacks in its development, such as plague, a major fire, the effects of the Swedish wars when Svendborg's ships were destroyed, it was not until the end of the war with England and the Industrial Revolution in the early 19th century that the city returned to a period of increasing prosperity. The population grew from a mere 1,942 people in 1801 to more than 11,500 in 1901; this development was followed by improvement of the infrastructure, such as rail links with Odense and Nyborg, improvement of the local roads and the establishment of a real harbour suited for extensive trading, since goods could now be transported there.

In the middle of the 19th century an explosion of industrialization happened, all kinds of factories, from engineering to breweries were established together with modern gas and water systems. In the late 19th century, with industry well established, it was necessary to accommodate the growing population; this led to numerous new schools being founded. Furthermore, a hospital was established in 1871 and expanded in 1891; the rapid increase in population continued at the beginning of the 20th century as Svendborg developed into an more important industrial and educational centre. The food and metallurgy sectors became well established; the port prospered with new facilities, including shipyards such as Svendborg Skibsværft, established in 1907 on an artificial island. On the educational front, a number of maritime and navigational schools were established; the shipyard, which had employed up to 800 in the 1980s closed in 2001, some of the facilities being taken over by Vestas. In recent years, there has been a marked transition from industry into the service sector, the hospital now being one of the principal employers.

Tourism has prospered for those arriving in pleasure boats. The German writer Bertolt Brecht spent the first years of his exile from Nazi Germany in Svendborg; the town provided the title of a collection of Brecht's poems "Svendborger Gedichte". Svendborg lies on the south coast of Funen. By road, Svendborg is located 195 kilometres southwest of Copenhagen, 44.2 kilometres south of Odense, 85.8 kilometres southeast of Middelfart, 28.5 kilometres south-southeast of Faaborg. The Port of Svendborg is accessed by several channels, feeding through the islands of Tåsinge and Thurø. Svendborg Sund approaches the town from the southwest, along which ferries coming from Ærøskøbing pass the smaller islands of Drejø, Hjortø, Skarø. Between Tåsinge and Thurø is Thurø Sund, which passes Bregninge forest on the northeast coast of Tåsinge, approaching the port of Svendborg from the south. From the east, between mainland Funen and the island of Thurø, is the narrow Skårupøre Sund. To the west of Svendborg are several lakes, including Sørup Lake, 3.8 kilometres northwest of the centre, Hvidkilde Lake, 5.8 kilometres northwest of the centre of Svendborg.

Several forested ar

Business routes of U.S. Route 127 in Michigan

There have been 10 business routes of US Highway 127 in the state of Michigan. The business routes are all sections of state trunkline highway that run through the central business districts of their respective towns connecting them to the mainline highway outside of those downtown areas; these various business routes were part of the routing of US Highway 127 or its predecessor in Central Michigan, US 27, before the construction of highway bypasses. The southern two, in Jackson and Mason were parts of US 127, while seven of the northern eight were part of US 27, a highway, replaced on its northern end by US 127 in 2002; the business loop through Alma was once numbered US 27A. In the late 1920s, US 27 was shifted to run through St. Louis instead of Alma, the former route was renumbered US 27A. US 127 was realigned near Mason in the mid-1940s, a business loop was created out of the former routing there. A similar bypass of Jackson in the late 1950s spawned a business loop. In the early 1960s, a new expressway for US 27 through Central Michigan led to the creation of several business loops.

Other bypasses created the last two business loops. The 2002 extension of US 127 to replace US 27 led to the redesignation of business loops to their current monikers. Business US Highway 127 is a business loop of US 127 through Jackson, wholly concurrent with M-50, its southern end is at an interchange in a rural section of Summit Township. From exit 34 on US 127, the business loop runs northwesterly, crossing the Grand River. North of the river, the roadway is bounded by businesses as it runs along Cooper Street through residential areas on the southeastern side of Jackson. In the downtown area, Bus. US 127/M-50 merges with Business Loop Interstate 94 and splits to follow a one-way pairing of streets that form a loop through downtown. Northbound traffic continues along the eastern side of this loop on Cooper Street and crosses the Grand River again. At the intersection with Michigan Avenue, BL I-94/Bus. US 127/M-50 turns westward onto Louis Glick Highway around the northern side of downtown; the business loop crosses the Grand River a final time along Louis Glick.

On the western side of downtown, the business loop angles southwesterly as Louis Glick Highway merges into Michigan Avenue. BL I-94/Bus. US 127/M-50 follows Michigan Avenue westward through residential neighborhoods to an intersection with West Avenue, where Bus. US 127/M-50 turns northward, separating from BL I-94; as the business loop approaches its parent highway, it transitions into a commercial area. The northern terminus of Bus. US 127 is at the same interchange northwest of Jackson in Blackman Township where the US 127 and I-94 freeways merge. Jackson was first bypassed on its eastern side around 1959 with a new US 127 freeway. At that time, the former routing of US 127 through downtown was redesignated Bus. US 127. In 1964, several changes were made to the business routes in downtown Jackson. Southbound Bus. US 127 traffic was shifted off Michigan Avenue along Blackstone Street to Washington Avenue, from there it ran along Washington to Francis Street and back to Michigan Avenue; the northbound traffic was shifted north at Mechanic Street to Pearl Street, continuing until turning south at Blackstone back to Michigan Avenue.

The eastern end was updated further in 1968 to use Louis Glick Highway to connect to the northern half of the loop around downtown to Michigan Avenue. A set of connector streets on the western side of the downtown loop opened in November 1969 to streamline the flow of traffic further resulting in the last changes to the BL I-94 routing in Jackson. Southbound traffic was redirected to the connector on Michigan Avenue just east of Third Street; this connector curved south east to Washington Avenue near First Street. Louis Glick Highway was extended west from Blackstone curving south to merge into Michigan. Major intersections The entire highway is in Jackson County. Business US Highway 127 was a business loop, it started at an intersection on the southern edge of the city where US 127 split from Hull Road to bypass downtown Mason to the west. From there, the business loop ran northward along Hull Road. At the intersection with M-36, Bus. US 127 turned westward and ran concurrently with M-36. After four blocks and a crossing of the Sycamore Creek, Bus.

US 127/M-36 turned northward on Cedar Street to Columbia Avenue and turned westward along Columbia to an intersection with US 127 west of downtown. The state bypassed Mason around 1946, building a new highway to the west of downtown, the former route of US 127 through downtown was redesignated Bus. US 127; this business loop existed until 1964. At that time, the bypass around Mason was upgraded to a full freeway with an interchange at Cedar Street northwest of downtown. Two segments of highway were turned over to local control at this time: the southern half of Bus. US 127 along Jefferson Street as well as the section of Bus. US 127/M-36 along Columbia Avenue. M-36 was extended northward along Cedar Street to the new interchange, the Bus. US 127 designation was decommissioned. Major intersections The entire highway was in Ingham County. Business US Highway 127 is a business route in Lansing, unsigned; the trunkline starts at an intersection with Business Loop Interstate 96 at the corner of Cedar and North streets in the northern part of the city

Hilde Hefte

Hilde Hefte is a Norwegian jazz singer. Hefte got much of her musical education from the well reputated Barratt Due Institute of Music in Oslo, Norway with piano as primary and vocals as secondary instruments, she played saxophone and clarinet for ten years when she was young, as an apprentice to her father, saxophone teacher and musician. She was trained as an actor, first with Alex Scherpf and joining a Theater school, she received an increasing number of roles at Agder Teater and at various other venues, including in plays like Fugleelskerne by Jens Bjørneboe, Piaf by Pan Gam. During a period of some years she was teaching music at Agder musikkonservatorium before she started as a full-time musician, her debut solo album Round Chet's Midnight was released in 1999, received great reviews, like Down Beat Magazine: "She's making waves on the Norwegian scene."There after Hefte has released five more albums under her own name, receiving excellent reviews in the press. She has composed music to both her own albums and a lot of other artists.

Hilde has been given various leading roles among others. She has been hired to write and arrange music for various locale theatre productions. Jazz musician - recordings:'Round Chet's Midnight, Playsong – The Music of Bill Evans Hildes BossaHefte, her onely Norwegian album, On The Corner, An Evening in Prague, recorded in Prague, with Prague Philharmonic Orchestra. In 2013 she released the album Short Stories, in 2017 the album Quiet Dreams. Hilde runs Norsk Jazzforlag and the record label Ponca Jazz Records. 2016THE KRISTIANSAND MUNICIPALITY CULTURE AWARD 2015: Southern Norwegian jazz center award 1999: Round Chet's Midnight 2001: Playsong – The Music of Bill Evans 2003: Hildes bossaHefte 2006: On The Corner 2007: An Evening in Prague 2013: Short Stories 2014: Memory Suite, Japan release 2017: Quiet Dreams 1997: Kråka Knas 2000: Violin 2002: Spor.sorland 2002: Nice But Easy, with Paul Weeden 2003: The Next Step, with Jon Larsen 2006: Jazz Collection 1, with various artists 2008: Vi Aner Deg 2009: Fight Apathy 2009: A Portrait of Jon Larsen 2011: Bossa Nova Around the World Official website Ponca Jazz Records Website Norsk Jazzforlags Website