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Bernard Raveau

Bernard Raveau, born in 1940, is a French researcher in materials science, professor emeritus at the University of Caen Normandy, member of the French Academy of sciences. He has directed CRISMAT, a joint laboratory of the National Engineering School of Caen of the University of Caen and the CNRS, he worked on cuprates, with the aim of making them electrodes of capacitors resistant to oxidation due to sintering, without noble metals. Karl Alexander Müller and Johannes Georg Bednorz have shown that some of these compounds are superconductors, beginning the aerea of high temperature superconductors, they were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1987, after having reused a "sandwich" of copper oxide sheets designed by Bernard Raveau and his laboratory in Caen. Bernard Raveau is a specialist in the crystallochemistry of transition metal oxides, he has devoted a large part of his research to solid-state chemistry and materials science. Bernard Raveau explained non-stop stoichiometry phenomena, he focused on the discovery of original structures with new physical or chemical properties, Bernard Raveau discovered new series of cuprates with a layered structure based on bismuth or thallium, or mercury associated with an alkaline earth cation, which are new superconducting materials at high critical temperature.

Bernard Raveau showed the colossal magnetoresistance effect in insulating manganites, in small-sized A cation manganites doped with n, discovered the CMR effect induced by doping manganese sites with different cations such as cobalt, chromium, ruthenium. This work could have developments in information storage processes. Bernard Raveau has identified cobaltites with a disjointed structure whose remarkable thermoelectric properties are well studied for energy conversion at high temperatures, he was awarded Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur in 2001. He was awarded the title of Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry on March 25, 2009 for his work in materials science. Bernard Raveau, Claude Michel, Maryvonne Hervieu and Daniel Groult, Crystal Chemistry of High-Tc Superconducting Copper Oxides, Springer Verlag, 1991, 331 p. Chintamani N. R. Rao and Bernard Raveau, Transition Metal Oxides: Structure and Synthesis of Ceramic Oxides, John Wiley & Sons, 1995, 392 p

Criminal Girls

Criminal Girls is a role-playing video game series developed by Imageepoch and published by Nippon Ichi Software. Criminal Girls was released on November 18, 2010 in Japan only; the game was remade for PlayStation Vita as Criminal Girls: Invite Only, NIS America published it in the West, a release was made for Microsoft Windows on Steam. A sequel entitled Criminal Girls 2: Party Favors was released in 2015; the "unabashedly risqué Japanese games" were controversially censored for their western releases, by "stripping the sound and obscuring the action". The main character is tasked with rehabilitating seven girls. Gameplay involves a lot of other RPG elements. Criminal Girls: Invite Only has a Metacritic rating of 55/100. GameSpot thought the combat was let down by the "tedious design" and "perverse activities". Criminal Girls 2: Party Favors has a Metacritic rating of 67/100. Pocket Gamer UK thought that the battle system compensated for the game's "shady veneer"