Haiti the Republic of Haiti and called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres in size and has an estimated 10.8 million people, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean as a whole. The region was inhabited by the indigenous Taíno people. Spain landed on the island on 5 December 1492 during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus across the Atlantic; when Columbus landed in Haiti, he had thought he had found India or China. On Christmas Day 1492, Columbus's flagship the Santa Maria ran aground north of what is now Limonade; as a consequence, Columbus ordered his men to salvage what they could from the ship, he created the first European settlement in the Americas, naming it La Navidad after the day the ship was destroyed. The island was claimed by Spain, which ruled until the early 17th century.
Competing claims and settlements by the French led to the western portion of the island being ceded to France, which named it Saint-Domingue. Sugarcane plantations, worked by slaves brought from Africa, were established by colonists. In the midst of the French Revolution and free people of color revolted in the Haitian Revolution, culminating in the abolition of slavery and the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte's army at the Battle of Vertières. Afterward the sovereign state of Haiti was established on 1 January 1804—the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the second republic in the Americas, the only nation in the world established as a result of a successful slave revolt; the rebellion that began in 1791 was led by a former slave and the first black general of the French Army, Toussaint Louverture, whose military genius and political acumen transformed an entire society of slaves into an independent country. Upon his death in a prison in France, he was succeeded by his lieutenant, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who declared Haiti's sovereignty and became the first Emperor of Haiti, Jacques I.
The Haitian Revolution lasted just over a dozen years. The Citadelle Laferrière is the largest fortress in the Americas. Henri Christophe—former slave and first king of Haiti, Henri I—built it to withstand a possible foreign attack, it is a founding member of the United Nations, Organization of American States, Association of Caribbean States, the International Francophonie Organisation. In addition to CARICOM, it is a member of the International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, it has the lowest Human Development Index in the Americas. Most in February 2004, a coup d'état originating in the north of the country forced the resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. A provisional government took control with security provided by the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti; the name Haiti comes from the indigenous Taíno language, the native name given to the entire island of Hispaniola to mean, "land of high mountains."
The h is silent in French and the ï in Haïti has a diacritical mark used to show that the second vowel is pronounced separately, as in the word naïve. In English, this rule for the pronunciation is disregarded, thus the spelling Haiti is used. There are different anglicizations for its pronunciation such as HIGH-ti, high-EE-ti and haa-EE-ti, which are still in use, but HAY-ti is the most widespread and best-established; the name was restored by Haitian revolutionary Jean-Jacques Dessalines as the official name of independent Saint-Domingue, as a tribute to the Amerindian predecessors. In French, Haiti's nickname is the "Pearl of the Antilles" because of both its natural beauty, the amount of wealth it accumulated for the Kingdom of France. At the time of European conquest, the island of Hispaniola, of which Haiti occupies the western three-eighths, was one of many Caribbean islands inhabited by the Taíno Native Americans, speakers of an Arawakan language called Taino, preserved in the Haitian Creole language.
The Taíno name for the entire island was Haiti. The people had migrated over centuries into the Caribbean islands from South America. Genetic studies show, they originated in Central and South America. After migrating to Caribbean islands, in the 15th century, the Taíno were pushed into the northeast Caribbean islands by the Caribs. In the Taíno societies of the Caribbean islands, the largest unit of political organization was led by a cacique, or chief, as the Europeans understood them; the island of Haiti was divided among five Caciquats: the Magua in the north east, the Marien in the north west, the Xaragua in the south west, the Maguana in the center region of Cibao and the Higuey in the south east. The caciquedoms were tributary kingdoms, with payment consisting of harvests. Taíno cultural artifacts include cave paintings in several locations in the country; these have become national symbols of tourist attractions. Modern-day Léogane started as a French colonial town in the southwest, is beside the former capital of the caciquedom of Xaragua.
You Think You Know Somebody
"You Think You Know Somebody" is the fifth episode of the first season of the American mystery television series Veronica Mars. Written by Dayna Lynne North and directed by Nick Gomez, the episode premiered on UPN on October 26, 2004; the series depicts the adventures of Veronica Mars as she deals with life as a high school student while moonlighting as a private detective. In this episode, Veronica goes on the case when her boyfriend Troy Vandegraff's car goes missing and finds out some unpleasant information in the process; the episode opens in Mexico. Luke and Logan go in a car and cross the U. S.-Mexico border. After stopping at a diner, they notice that their car is missing, Troy's father's car. However, Veronica takes them back home. After returning home and Luke leave, Veronica offers to help Troy find his father's car, an offer which he accepts. While Veronica searches for Troy's car, she playfully teases Wallace and talks to him about potential birthday presents for Keith. Veronica checks her dad's voicemail and hears a message from school guidance counselor Rebecca James, with whom Keith had been dating.
Meanwhile, Luke is being threatened by Hank Zigman. He tells them that he will have their "package,", in Troy's car, tomorrow. Veronica tells Keith that she's figured out about his relationship with Rebecca, he says that he is enjoying it; the next day, Luke tells Veronica that there was a piñata of steroids in the backseat of the car and he needs to get it to Hank Zigman or he will punish Luke severely. Veronica reluctantly agrees to help him. Veronica goes to a bank and tells the teller about the safety deposit box key she found in her mom's old stuff. In it, Veronica finds many secret photos of herself. Rebecca shows up to talk to Veronica "outside of school", Veronica treats the idea with sarcasm. Luke is chased by the drug dealers; the next day, Veronica confronts Logan about his steroid plan. Veronica finds Rebecca in their kitchen, but Veronica says that she has to leave before Rebecca can make dinner. At the junkyard, Weevil talks to a worker, who says that Troy's car has come and went. Veronica confronts Luke in the women's bathroom, she tells him that he needs to collect $8,000 himself to pay Zigman back.
Veronica sends disposable cell phones to Lianne's friends and family in an effort to let her know that it is okay to call her. Veronica requests her dad's help in finding Troy's car, he agrees. The next day, Keith poses as a high-ranking executive; the boss reluctantly does a scan. Veronica hands her dad a background check she did on Rebecca, she has a criminal record; this leads to an heated debate in which Veronica brings up her mother. Veronica sobs. Veronica and Troy track the car, which they find is a tracker attached to a dog; the next day, Keith hands Veronica. In addition, Keith tells Rebecca. Veronica confronts Troy about his past, which includes expulsion from two schools due to drug trafficking and possession, she believes that he has something to do with the steroids. Troy says that he would have told her about his crimes when they got to know each other better, he storms off, leaving Veronica to look after in despair. Veronica confronts Hank Zigman and hands him the $8,000, but he still says they are not "even."
Veronica claims that he will regret that moment. She uses an image of Zigman she took with her phone for an unknown purpose. Troy's father sends Troy off in a cab angrily. Troy's taxi stops at the restaurant in Tijuana where they "lost" the car. Troy is seen pulling out in the stolen car, he talks with a girl named Shauna, she tells him that Veronica called and she accidentally revealed their whole plan to Veronica. It turns out that Veronica replaced the steroids with candy and left a sarcastically angry letter for Troy. Zigman is arrested at the U. S.-Mexico border using the photo Veronica took. That night, Veronica receives a call from her mother, who says that she misses her but that Veronica cannot find her. Troy is revealed as a drug dealer and leaves town to meet his girlfriend, in on the drug scheme. However, Veronica figures everything out before he flushes his stash down a toilet. Veronica finds a safe deposit box key; when she opens the safe deposit box, she finds pictures of herself in gun sights.
Veronica's mother calls her at the end of the episode and lets her know that she is okay and that'everything will make sense when the time is right'. The call goes directly to Veronica's voicemail. In addition to the series' theme song, "We Used to Be Friends", by The Dandy Warhols, the following music is heard in the episode: "Such Great Heights" by The Postal Service "Put Your Lights On" by Santana featuring Everlast "The New Kid" by Old 97's Series regular Duncan Kane is absent from the episode. In addition, "You Think You Know Somebody" features recurring character Troy Vandegraff's departure from the show (except for a brief guest appearance in a second season episode; this episode's title refers to Veronica's betrayal by two characters -- her mother. In its original broadcast, "You Think You Know Somebody" was watched by 2.73 million viewers, a significant drop from the previous episode. The airing ranked 107 of 114 in the
Hawaii Five-0 (2010 TV series)
Hawaii Five-0 is an American action police procedural television series that premiered in September 2010 on CBS. It is a re-imagining of the original series, which aired on CBS from 1968 to 1980. Like the original series, the show follows an elite state police task force set up to fight major crimes in the state of Hawaii; the show has had three crossovers with other crime shows and has received praise for its modern take on the original series. The ninth season premiered on September 28, 2018; the series covers the actions of a small, specialized DPS task force in Hawaii, headed by Lt. Commander Steve McGarrett, USNR; the task force answers only to the Governor of the state of Hawaii and is given full immunity and means. The task force is always backed by the Governor; the team is able to investigate crimes ranging from terrorism to kidnapping as well as murder and robberies. McGarrett chooses Honolulu PD Detective-Sergeant Danny "Danno" Williams as his partner and unofficial second in command of the team.
He fills out the team by selecting HPD lieutenant Chin Ho Kelly, his father's protégé, Chin's cousin, Kono Kalakaua, a rookie HPD officer. DHS Special Agent Lori Weston is assigned to the team on, although she is forced to return to the DHS by the governor, they are assisted by Dr. Max Bergman, a medical examiner for the County of Honolulu, Jerry Ortega, Chin's high school classmate and a conspiracy theorist. Steve adds Lou Grover, a HPD SWAT commander, for a brief time, Catherine Rollins, Steve's girlfriend and a former USNR lieutenant. Following Max and Kono's departures, McGarrett fills in their spots by hiring high-achieving HPD academy washout Tani Rey and Junior Reigns, a former Navy SEAL-turned-Police Candidate; the team is now assisted by medical examiner Dr. Noelani Cunha, confidential informants Kamekona Tupuola and Kono's husband Adam Noshimuri, HPD liaison Sergeant Duke Lukela. Alex O'Loughlin as Lieutenant Commander Steven J. "Steve" McGarrett, USNR. A decorated former Navy SEAL, McGarrett is head of the Five-0 Task Force and son of retired HPD Sergeant John McGarrett.
John's murder and storyline forms the premise of Steve's return to Hawaii and the formation of the Task Force. Scott Caan as Detective Sergeant Danny "Danno" Williams, HPD, he is a divorced single father who transferred from Newark PD in New Jersey to be with his daughter and is the de facto second-in-command of Five-0. Daniel Dae Kim as Detective Lieutenant Chin Ho Kelly, HPD. A veteran HPD detective, he was John McGarrett's former rookie and provides technical expertise and local know-how. During the season 7 finale, Chin is offered the lead position of the Five-0 Task Force established in San Francisco, which he accepts; this was written into the show after Kim departed the series in late June 2017 prior to the start of production of the eighth season due to a salary dispute with CBS. Kim had been seeking pay equality with co-stars Alex O'Loughlin and Scott Caan, but CBS's final offer to Kim was 10–15% lower than what O'Loughlin and Caan make in salary. Grace Park as Officer Kono Kalakaua, HPD.
A former surfer, she was recruited by McGarrett while still in her final days at the HPD Academy. She is the cousin of Lieutenant Kelly, becomes the wife of Adam Noshimuri. In the conclusion of the season 7 finale, Kono is seen aboard a flight to Carson City, where it is revealed she has since joined a task force aimed at combating sex trafficking; this was written into the show following Park's departure from the series in late June 2017 prior to the start of production of the eighth season due to a salary dispute with CBS. Park had been seeking pay equality with co-stars Alex O'Loughlin and Scott Caan, but CBS's final offer to Park was 10–15% lower than what O'Loughlin and Caan make in salary. Taryn Manning as Mary Ann McGarrett, Steve's younger sister who lives in Los Angeles and visits Hawaii. At the beginning of the series she and Steve are estranged from each other, but as time goes on begin to make amends. Mary works various odd jobs including flight attendant and caregiver before adopting a baby girl whom she names Joan after their father.
Masi Oka as Dr. Max Bergman, the eccentric and well-respected County of Honolulu medical examiner, he departs the series midway through season 7 upon joining Doctors without Borders in Africa. Lauren German as Special Agent Lori Weston. A senior DHS agent assigned to Five-0 to provide oversight. Michelle Borth as Lieutenant Catherine Rollins, USNR. A former Navy Intelligence officer and McGarrett's ex-girlfriend. Chi McBride as Captain Lou Grover, HPD. A transfer from Chicago has two children with his wife Renée. Jorge Garcia as Special Consultant Jerry Ortega, a conspiracy theorist who assisted Five-0 during several investigations and is hired as a "consultant". Meaghan Rath as Officer Tani Rey, whom McGarrett recruits from her job as a hotel pool lifeguard after being kicked out of the police academy, despite being a first-rate candidate, she declines to join but joins as a team member. Taylor Wily as Kamekona Tupuola, a rehabilitated ex-convict, turned entrepreneur and owner of the Waiola Shave Ice, Kamekona's Shrimp Truck, Kamekona's Helicopter Tours.
He is a CI for their friend. Dennis Chun as Sgt. Duke Lukela, HPD officer who acts as a liaison to Five-0, he was one o
Austin is the capital of the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. It is the 4th-most populous city in Texas, it is the fastest growing large city in the United States, the second most populous state capital after Phoenix and the southernmost state capital in the contiguous United States. As of the U. S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2017 estimate, Austin had a population of 950,715 up from 790,491 at the 2010 census; the city is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,115,827 as of July 1, 2017. Located in Central Texas within the greater Texas Hill Country, it is home to numerous lakes and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake and Lake Travis on the Colorado River, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, Lake Walter E. Long. In the 1830s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado River. In 1839, the site was chosen to replace Houston as the capital of the Republic of Texas and was incorporated under the name "Waterloo."
Shortly afterward, the name was changed to Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin, the "Father of Texas" and the republic's first secretary of state; the city grew throughout the 19th century and became a center for government and education with the construction of the Texas State Capitol and the University of Texas at Austin. After a severe lull in economic growth from the Great Depression, Austin resumed its steady development, by the 1990s it emerged as a center for technology and business. A number of Fortune 500 companies have headquarters or regional offices in Austin including, 3M, Amazon.com, Apple Inc. Cisco, eBay, General Motors, Google, IBM, Oracle Corporation, PayPal, Texas Instruments, Whole Foods Market. Dell's worldwide headquarters is located in Round Rock. Residents of Austin are known as Austinites, they include a diverse mix of government employees, college students, high-tech workers, blue-collar workers, a vibrant LGBT community. The city's official slogan promotes Austin as "The Live Music Capital of the World," a reference to the city's many musicians and live music venues, as well as the long-running PBS TV concert series Austin City Limits.
The city adopted "Silicon Hills" as a nickname in the 1990s due to a rapid influx of technology and development companies. In recent years, some Austinites have adopted the unofficial slogan "Keep Austin Weird," which refers to the desire to protect small and local businesses from being overrun by large corporations. In the late 19th century, Austin was known as the "City of the Violet Crown," because of the colorful glow of light across the hills just after sunset. Today, many Austin businesses use the term "Violet Crown" in their name. Austin is known as a "clean-air city" for its stringent no-smoking ordinances that apply to all public places and buildings, including restaurants and bars. U. S. News & World Report named Austin the #1 place to live in the U. S. for 2017 and 2018. In 2016, Forbes ranked Austin #1 on its "Cities of the Future" list in 2017 placed the city at that same position on its list for the "Next Biggest Boom Town in the U. S." In 2017, Forbes awarded the South River City neighborhood of Austin its #2 ranking for "Best Cities and Neighborhoods for Millennials."
WalletHub named Austin the #6 best place in the country to live for 2017. The FBI ranked Austin as the #2 safest major city in the U. S. for 2012. Austin, Travis County and Williamson County have been the site of human habitation since at least 9200 BC; the area's earliest known inhabitants lived during the late Pleistocene and are linked to the Clovis culture around 9200 BC, based on evidence found throughout the area and documented at the much-studied Gault Site, midway between Georgetown and Fort Hood. When settlers arrived from Europe, the Tonkawa tribe inhabited the area; the Comanches and Lipan Apaches were known to travel through the area. Spanish colonists, including the Espinosa-Olivares-Aguirre expedition, traveled through the area for centuries, though few permanent settlements were created for some time. In 1730, three missions from East Texas were combined and reestablished as one mission on the south side of the Colorado River, in what is now Zilker Park, in Austin; the mission was in this area for only about seven months, was moved to San Antonio de Béxar and split into three missions.
Early in the 19th century, Spanish forts were established in what are now San Marcos. Following Mexico's independence, new settlements were established in Central Texas, but growth in the region was stagnant because of conflicts with the regional Native Americans. In 1835 -- 1836, Texans won independence from Mexico. Texas thus became an independent country with its own president and monetary system. After Vice President Mirabeau B. Lamar visited the area during a buffalo-hunting expedition between 1837 and 1838, he proposed that the republic's capital in Houston, be relocated to the area situated on the north bank of the Colorado River. In 1839, the Texas Congress formed a commission to seek a site for a new capital to be named for Stephen F. Austin. Mirabeau B. Lamar, second president of the newly formed Republic of Texas, advised the commissioners to investigate the area named Waterloo, noting the area's hills and pleasant surroundings. Waterloo was selected, "Austin" was chosen as the town's new name.
The location was seen as a convenient crossroads for trade routes between Santa Fe and Galveston Bay, as well as routes between northern Mexico and the Red River. Edwin Wall
Nine Lives (2005 film)
Nine Lives is a 2005 American drama film written and directed by Rodrigo García. The screenplay, an example of hyperlink cinema, relates nine short, loosely intertwined tales with nine different women at their cores, their themes include parent-child relationships, fractured love, adultery and death. Similar to García's previous work, Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her, it is a series of overlapping vignettes, each one running about the same length and told in a single, unbroken take, featuring an ensemble cast. Imprisoned Sandra has an emotional breakdown when the broken telephone in her cubicle prevents her from communicating with her daughter on visiting day. Diana and Damian, two former flames now married to others, unexpectedly have a poignant reunion in the aisle of the local supermarket. Holly returns home to confront her sexually abusive stepfather and dissolves into gun-waving hysteria. Feuding married couple Sonia and Martin have an emotional meltdown while visiting their friends Lisa and Damian in their new apartment.
Teenaged Samantha is torn between her non-communicative parents Ruth, Larry, each of whom questions her about everything the other one has to say. Divorcée Lorna must cope with her ex-husband Andrew's sexual desire for her during his second wife's funeral. Ruth, primary caretaker for her wheelchair-using husband, becomes guilt-ridden during a tryst with drunken widower Henry in a hotel. Camille is facing breast cancer surgery and uses her waiting time to lash out at her supportive husband Richard. Maggie discusses life with her daughter Maria during a picnic in the cemetery and realizes how much she needs the little girl's loving comfort; the film premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2005 and was shown at the Los Angeles Film Festival and the Locarno Film Festival, where it won the Golden Leopard for Best Film and the entire cast was awarded the Bronze Leopard for Best Actress, before going into limited release in the US in October. It earned $28,387 in its opening weekend, it grossed $478,830 in the US and $1,084,093 in foreign markets for a total worldwide box office of $1,562,923.
Elpidia Carrillo..... Sandra Robin Wright Penn..... Diana Lisa Gay Hamilton..... Holly Holly Hunter..... Sonia Amanda Seyfried..... Samantha Amy Brenneman..... Lorna Sissy Spacek..... Ruth Kathy Baker..... Camille Glenn Close..... Maggie K Callan..... Marisa Stephen Dillane..... Martin Dakota Fanning..... Maria William Fichtner..... Andrew Jason Isaacs..... Damian Joe Mantegna..... Richard Ian McShane..... Larry Molly Parker..... Lisa Mary Kay Place..... Alma Wyatt Sydney Tamiia Poitier..... Vanessa Lawrence Pressman..... Roman Aidan Quinn..... Henry Miguel Sandoval..... Ron Shawayna Phillips...... Elizabeth Stephen Holden of The New York Times described it as "a film that may be the closest movies have come to the cinematic equivalent of a collection of Chekhov short stories; the film's reward for intense concentration is a feeling of deep connection. For once, you don't harbor the uneasy suspicion of having been manipulated... Mr. García has made a film that could be described as radically realistic... In its subtle, understated performances, the actors vanish into characters who behave like ordinary people observed through one-way glass."Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said, "Rodrigo Garcia... the son of the novelist Gabriel Garcia Marquez... has the same love for his characters, although his stories are all realistic, he shares his father's appreciation for the ways lives interweave and we touch each other if we are strangers.
A movie like this, with the appearance of new characters and situations, focuses us. He added, " stories might seem the stuff of soap opera, but Garcia and his superb cast turn most of them into dramatic gold; the peculiar overall structure makes them distinctive as well, the way these little semi-Chekhovian, semi-Andre Dubus pieces play out against each other."Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times called it "that rare episode film that accrues a cumulative power and doesn't proceed from one segment to the next. By the time it's over it has become a testament to the inner resilience of women in coping with a critical moment in their lives... Each segment seems shaped and timed, not lasting a second too long yet always of sufficient length to be satisfying in itself. García's large ensemble cast is impeccable, he and his actors have created a film as memorable as it is subtle... Nine Lives is a sophisticated, elegant-looking film shot in distinctive, wide-ranging L. A. locales, but its real terrain is the human heart, explored with compassion and respect."
Satellite Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama Satellite Award for
Sir Sidney Poitier, is a Bahamian-American actor, film director and diplomat. In 1964, Poitier became the first Bahamian and first black actor to win an Academy Award for Best Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor for his role in Lilies of the Field, he continued to break ground by starring in three successful 1967 films, all of which dealt with issues involving race and race relations: To Sir, with Love. Poitier has directed a number of films, including Uptown Saturday Night, Let's Do It Again, A Piece of the Action, with Bill Cosby. From 1997 to 2007, he served as the Bahamian Ambassador to Japan. Poitier was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1974. On August 12, 2009, Poitier was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor, by President Barack Obama. In 2016, he was awarded the BAFTA Fellowship for outstanding lifetime achievement in film. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Poitier 22nd of 25 on their list of Greatest Male Stars of classic Hollywood cinema.
In 2002, thirty-eight years after receiving the Best Actor Award, Poitier was chosen by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to receive an Academy Honorary Award, in recognition of his "remarkable accomplishments as an artist and as a human being". Sidney Poitier's parents were Evelyn and Reginald James Poitier, Bahamian farmers who owned a farm on Cat Island and traveled to Miami to sell tomatoes and other produce. Reginald worked as a cab driver in Bahamas. Poitier was the youngest of seven surviving children, was born in Miami while his parents were visiting, his birth was two months premature and he was not expected to survive, but his parents remained in Miami for three months to nurse him to health. Poitier grew up in the Bahamas a British Crown colony; because of his birth in the United States, he automatically received American citizenship. Poitier's uncle has claimed that the Poitier ancestors on his father's side had migrated from Haiti and were among the runaway slaves who established maroon communities throughout the Bahamas, including Cat Island.
He mentions that the surname Poitier is a French name, there were no white Poitiers from the Bahamas. The name Poitier came from a planter of English heritage who immigrated to Cat Island from Jamaica in the early 1800s, his name was Charles Leonard Poitier. In 1834, his wife's estate on Cat Island had 39 men and 47 women; the slaves kept the name Poitier, a name, introduced into England during the Norman conquest in the 11th century. That is where the Poitier name came from - not from Haiti. Poitier lived with his family on Cat Island until he was 10, when they moved to Nassau, where he saw his first automobile, first experienced electricity, plumbing and motion pictures, he was raised a Roman Catholic but became an agnostic with views closer to deism. At the age of 15, he was sent to Miami to live with his brother's large family. At the age of 16, he held a string of jobs as a dishwasher. A waiter sat with him every night for several weeks helping, he lied about his age and enlisted in the Army during World War II in 1943.
He only served as a mental hospital attendant and feigned insanity to get discharged, but dropped this tactic. After talking to a psychiatrist, Poitier was granted release from the Army, after which he worked as a dishwasher until a successful audition landed him a spot with the American Negro Theater. Poitier was rejected by audiences. Contrary to what was expected of black actors at the time, Poitier's tone deafness made him unable to sing. Determined to refine his acting skills and rid himself of his noticeable Bahamian accent, he spent the next six months dedicating himself to achieving theatrical success. On his second attempt at the theater, he was noticed and given a leading role in the Broadway production Lysistrata, for which, though it ran a failing four days, he received an invitation to understudy for Anna Lucasta. By the end of 1949, he had to choose between leading roles on stage and an offer to work for Darryl F. Zanuck in the film No Way Out, his performance in No Way Out, as a doctor treating a Caucasian bigot, was noticed and led to more roles, each more interesting and more prominent than those most African-American actors of the time were offered.
In 1951, he traveled to South Africa with the African-American actor Canada Lee to star in the film version of Cry, the Beloved Country. Poitier's breakout role was as Gregory W. Miller, a member of an incorrigible high-school class in Blackboard Jungle. Poitier was the first black male actor, he was the first black actor to win the Academy Award for Best Actor.. His satisfaction at this honor was undermined by his concerns that this award was more of the industry congratulating itself for having him as a token and it would inhibit him from asking for more substantive considerations afterward. Poitier worked little
Death Proof is a 2007 American exploitation horror film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. It stars Kurt Russell as a stuntman who murders young women in staged car accidents using his "death-proof" stunt car, it co-stars Rosario Dawson, Vanessa Ferlito, Jordan Ladd, Rose McGowan, Sydney Tamiia Poitier, Tracie Thoms and Mary Elizabeth Winstead, with stuntwoman Zoë Bell as herself. The film pays homage to the slasher and muscle car films of the 1970s. Death Proof was released theatrically in the United States as part of a double feature with Robert Rodriguez’s Planet Terror under the collective title Grindhouse, to recreate the experience of viewing exploitation film double features in a "grindhouse" theater; the films were released separately outside the United States and on DVD, with Death Proof going on sale in the U. S. on September 18, 2007. The film was in the main competition for the Palme d'Or at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. Three friends, Arlene and radio DJ "Jungle" Julia Lucai, drive down Congress Avenue in Austin, Texas on their way to celebrate Julia's birthday.
In a bar, Julia reveals that she made a radio announcement offering a free lap dance from Arlene in return for addressing her as "Butterfly", buying her a drink, reciting a segment of the poem "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening". Aging Hollywood stunt double "Stuntman" Mike claims the lap dance. Arlene is suspicious, having seen Mike's car earlier that day, but he convinces her to give him the lap dance; the women prepare to depart with another friend. Pam, Julia's old classmate, accepts Mike's offer of a ride home. Mike takes Pam to his Hollywood stunt car rigged with a roll cage and tells her the car is "death proof", but only for the driver, he slams on the brakes, smashing Pam's skull on the dashboard, killing her. He drives into it at high speed, killing them. Mike survives with no serious injury. Sheriff McGraw believes Mike killed the women intentionally, but because Mike was sober while the women were intoxicated, he cannot be charged. Fourteen months three young women, Abernathy Ross, Kim Mathis and Lee Montgomery, are driving through Lebanon, Tennessee.
They stop at a convenience store. The women pick up their friend, stuntwoman Zoë Bell, from the airport while Mike photographs them unawares. Zoë tells them she wants to test-drive a 1970 Dodge Challenger, the same type of car from the 1971 film Vanishing Point, for sale nearby; the owner lets them test-drive it unsupervised after Abernathy tells him Lee is a porn star and will stay behind. Zoë tells Abernathy and Kim that she wants to play a game they call "Ship's Mast", whereby she rides the hood holding belts fastened to the car while Kim drives at speed. Kim agrees; the three enjoy the stunt, unaware. He rear-ends them in his car, causing Zoë to accidentally drop Abernathy's belts. After several more collisions, he T-bones them. Kim shoots Mike's left shoulder and he flees in his car. Abernathy and Kim cry over the loss of their friend; the three agree to kill him. Mike has stopped in a narrow road to treat his wound with whiskey; the women rear-end him at speed. Zoë gets out and beats him with a pipe.
After a long chase, the women push Mike's car off the road. They beat him to death. Kurt Russell as Stuntman Mike McKay Zoë Bell as Herself Rosario Dawson as Abernathy Ross Vanessa Ferlito as Arlene/Butterfly Sydney Tamiia Poitier as Jungle Julia Lucai Tracie Thoms as Kim Mathis Jordan Ladd as Shanna Rose McGowan as Pam Mary Elizabeth Winstead as Lee Montgomery Quentin Tarantino as Warren Marcy Harriell as Marcy Eli Roth as Dov Omar Doom as Nate Michael Bacall as Omar Monica Staggs as Lanna Frank Jonathan Loughran as Jasper Michael Parks as Texas Ranger Earl McGraw James Parks as Ranger Edgar McGraw Marley Shelton as Dr. Dakota Block The story for Death Proof developed from Quentin Tarantino's fascination for the way stuntmen would “death-proof” stunt cars so a driver could survive horrific, high-speed crashes and collisions; this inspired Tarantino to create a slasher film featuring a deranged stuntman who stalks and murders sexy young women with his “death-proof” car. Tarantino remembers, “I realized I couldn't do a straight slasher film, because with the exception of women-in-prison films, there is no other genre quite as rigid.
And if you break that up, you aren't doing it anymore. It's inorganic, so I realized—let me take the structure of a slasher film and just do what I do. My version is going to be fucked up and disjointed, but it uses the structure of a slasher film against you.”According to Robert Rodriguez, “ had an idea and a complete vision for it right away when he first talked about it. He started to tell me the story and said, ‘It’s got this death-proof car in it.’ I said, ‘You have to call it Death Proof.’ I helped title the movie, but that's it.” Of the car chases, Tarantino stated: “CGI for car stunts doesn't make any sense to me—how is that supposed to be impressive? I don't think there have been any good car chases since I started making films in ’92—to me, the last terrific car chase was in Terminator 2, and Final Destination 2 had a magnificent car action piece. In between that, not a lot; every time a stunt happens, there’s twelve cameras and they use every angle for Avid editing, but I don’t feel it in my stomach.
It’s just action." Death Proof marked Tarantino's first credit as a cinematographer. Tarantino attempted to cast John Travolta, Willem Dafoe, John Malkovich, Mickey Rourke, Ron Perlman, Bruce Willis, Kal Penn and