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Illegal immigration to Canada

Irregular immigration to Canada or illegal immigration to Canada is the act of a non-Canadian individual entering or remaining in Canada against the rules and regulations of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. This includes persons who entered Canada on a travel visa but remained beyond the period of stay specified or persons who entered Canada without presenting themselves at a port of entry; the use of the term "irregular" or "illegal" is disputed when referring to the act of crossing the Canada–United States border outside of a point of entry to claim asylum. Entering Canada outside of a port of entry is not an offence under the Criminal Code, but regulations under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act do require any person seeking to enter Canada to "appear without delay" at the nearest port of entry. While entering Canada outside of a port of entry may represent an unlawful act, section 133 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act requires that charges related to the crossing are stayed while an entrant's claim is being processed.

If the Canadian government grants refugee status, any charges are stayed permanently. Claimants may face charges for other crimes, or background checks may determine the claimant has a criminal history or presents a national security risk, which are outside the scope of the section 133 staying of charges and may result in denial of a claim; the Government of Canada, including the Immigration and Refugee Board, use the term "irregular" to refer to these border crossings. Refugee organizations, the Liberal Party of Canada, the New Democratic Party use "irregular"; the Conservative Party of Canada uses the term "illegal", with the justification that entering outside of a port of entry is a violation of the Customs Act. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police use neither word, instead using the term "interceptions". Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, established in 2003 outlines the ruling and procedures associated with immigrants within Canada, it provides officers of the Canada Border Services Agency with the authority to detain permanent residents and foreign nationals if any of the individuals have violated the rulings of the Act.

12,600 individuals who were living in Canada including 1,900 criminals who violated this Act and either posed a high risk to Canada or were illegal immigrants who were deported in the year of 2006-07. Canada is signatory to the 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, within Canada, the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act is the legislation that governs the flow of people. Article 31 of the UN refugee convention says receiving countries may not penalize refugees for how they enter a country, as long as they present themselves “without delay” to authorities and show “good cause” for their presence. Illegal entry is not an offence in Canada’s Criminal Code, but the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations 27 says anyone who does not enter at a port of entry must check in “without delay” at a border point. As clarified by Prof. Hathaway of the Centre for Criminology and Sociolegal Studies at the University of Toronto “If someone a) comes forward voluntarily, b) explains that the reason they crossed the border illegally was they were looking for protection, it’s clear as a bell: You may not under any circumstance penalize them”.

An asylum seeker would be considered in violation of the Immigration and Refugee Act if they cross at an unofficial border point, does not promptly go to a port of entry and doesn’t file a refugee claim. In addition to potential criminal charges if a refugee seeker' asylum is rejected. Canada has an immigration program, established for every migrant wishing to live in Canada; this program seeks individuals who will have the highest chances of providing positive input into the Canadian economy. By example, the New Federal Skilled Worker Program measures the capabilities of individuals who are required to meet a passing mark, in order to have their application accepted; the passing mark is 67 out of a 100 in six categories: education, work experience, age, arranged employment, adaptability. As of 2017, Canada has a number of immigration programs through which migrants can enter Canada: Federal Skilled Worker Canadian Provincial Nominee Program Canadian Business Immigration Canadian Experience Class Family Class SponsorshipIn addition, migrants may enter and apply for temporary resident status under the terms and conditions of the UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees of which Canada is a co-writer and signatory.

It is this class of entrant. From January 2017 to March 2018, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police intercepted 25,645 people crossing the border into Canada illegally. Public Safety Canada estimated that another 2,500 came across in April 2018 for a total of just over 28,000, of which 1,000 had been removed from Canada. Federal government ministers expected that "…close to 90 per cent…" of asylum claimants would be rejected; the last audit of the Canadian population was performed in 2004 that indicated 36,000 more individuals over a span of 6 years became illegal residents within Canada. These statistics are considered inaccurate because Canada does not record the information of illegal individuals leaving the country, but it is the last authentic value provided. A federal government draft report from 2001 included an estimate of 100,000 illegal immigrants residing in Canada. In the 1980s large numbers of Brazilians were arriving in Canada claiming refugee statuses, they would reside until the end of their refugee process which allowed them to study and collect social benefits.

Canada noticed the large trend and imposed a req

Buzzer Beater (manga)

Buzzer Beater is a manga series by Takehiko Inoue. The series debuted on the web, where it was made available in Japanese, English and Korean. Buzzer Beater was being serialized in Monthly Shōnen Jump shortly after its introduction on the web. An anime adaptation of the webcomic supervised by Inoue was released in 2005, a second season coming out two years later. Inoue launched Buzzer Beater in 1997 on the World Wide Web in collaboration with ESPN, it was his second manga to focus on basketball, following his successful second manga series, Slam Dunk. The name of the manga comes from the term used for when a basket is scored at the same moment a period or the game itself ends; the story revolves around a basketball team from Earth assembled to participate in an intergalactic basketball competition. The webcomic is released online in four languages; the original Japanese webcomic is available on Inoue's personal website. Inoue manually wrote all text in the webcomic, though these were altered in the translated adaptions.

The English translation leaves all the Japanese sound effects untranslated, keeping the manga unedited. The manga's Korean translation has a different designed page, replacing the Japanese sound effects with a Korean translation drawn by Inoue; the same translation was serialized in Daiwon C. I.'s manhwa magazine Comic Champ, published under its Champ Comics line. The Chinese edition is directly translated from the Korean one. Inoue has suggested. Buzzer Beater was published in print format by Shueisha shortly after it began, as it was being serialized in its Monthly Shōnen Jump manga magazine; the manga has been compiled in four print volumes. Buzzer Beater is Inoue's second manga series to have been adopted into an anime. A 13 episode TV series was produced by TMS Entertainment and premiered on WOWOW from February 5, 2005, ending its run on May 7, 2005. A second 13 episode series, continuing the story and animated by TMS, premiered on Nippon Television on July 4, 2007 and ended its run on September 26, 2007.

Both anime adaptations were supervised by Inoue. The anime series includes story elements and characters that were either hinted at or did not appear in the manga. Hideyoshi Tanaka Voiced by: Fujiko TakimotoJersey #:1 Position: Point guardAn orphaned street kid and boisterous 14-year-old who survived on the streets by hustling adult basketball players with his phenomenal skills, he was selected to the Earth All-Star team because of his superhuman speed. Hideyoshi is prone to paralyzing migraines in games, it was revealed by DT that he is growing horns because he is a half-Goran taken from the symptoms, DT's self history. Hideyoshi wears a wristband made of unique elastic material found only on the planet Goru, the sole memento from his unknown parents. Cha-che Voiced by: Sanae KobayashiJersey #:2 Position: Shooting guardThe teenage granddaughter of the team's creator, Yoshimune. Cha-che wanted nothing more than pleasing her grandfather and making his long-term dream come true: lead a complete team of Earthlings that will conquer the Intergalactic League.

She challenged Maru to a shooting match in order to join the team. She is an good sharpshooter who sank 2 10-point baskets early in the game against the Swallows, the first team they faced. In the anime, her shooting skills was the basis of a comeback which allowed her team to triumph over the Smoky Queen. DT Voiced by: Yūji UedaJersey #:9 Position: Point guardEarth's best point guard and the captain of the team. With speed and mind numbing play. "DT" is a nickname that he gave himself, referring to his ability to put his opponents and teammates into a state of "dream time" when he plays. He has a friendly rivalry with Hideyoshi, similar to that between Sakuragi and Rukawa from Slam Dunk. DT is a former Goran, but broke off his horns when they began to manifest themselves when he was a teenager, thus wears his trademark skull cap to hide the scars. Ivan Voiced by: Tetsu InadaJersey #:55 Position: Power ForwardA 15-year-old who looks like a full-grown man, he had adult-like definition. He met Hideyoshi during the elimination match to recruit players.

He is the reigning shotblocking king of State R. Maru Jersey #:7 Position: Shooting guardVoiced by: Jūrōta Kosugi A player, known as the JBA's "shooting android", whose specialty is shooting; however it is shown that during the final minutes of an all-deciding match, he missed two free throws and made one which he was purposely trying to miss. He revealed that he had undergone "tough physical and mental training". In the anime, he was not able to show his skills against the Smoky Kings, missing all of his shots, however became a key part of the team in matches, he is a fond parent. Mo Voiced by: George NakataJersey #:35 Position: CenterA former sumo wrestler, he is 220 cm tall and a monster under the basket with his physique and skills. Rose Voiced by: Daisuke FujitaJersey #:8 Position: Point guardStylish in purple, he loses to DT in the PG match because of his temper, he didn't go into the game vs. the Swallows. Lazuli Voiced by: Yū AsakawaJersey #:21 Position: Small forwardA tall player who turns out to be a woman.

In the anime, Lazuli was the captain of the Smoky Queens, a Goran team in the Underground League who cheat to victory, are notorious for injuring and brawling with their opponents. After Yoshimune's team defeated them, Lazuli joined the team on their quest to conquer the intergalactic league. Lazuli is an admirer of Apiru, the ace player for the Swallows who happens to be a w


In Philippine Culture, Loob or Kalooban refers to one's inner self, or, more to the internal dimension of a person's identity. Its external counterpart is labas - the outward appearance. Loob is a core concept in Filipino Psychology, a field, unthinkable without both the internal and external dimensions, "loob"/"labas". Loob or kalooban has been compared to similar concepts in other Southeast Asian and Oceanian cultures, such as the Indonesian concept of batin or kebatinan. "Walang sarili kung walang loob." According to a publication by Dionisio M. Miranda entitled Loob--The Filipino Within, we can view Loob as a Psycho-Moral Reality; this part of the publication tells us that Loob is made up of two more concepts, these are Katauhan and Pagkatao. Now from this, most people would think that Katauhan and Pagkatao are similar concepts, but these translate to Personality and Character which are usually used interchangeably but are two different things. Personality, according to Loob as a Psycho-Moral Reality, embodies the traits, attitudes or habits that distinguish one individual from another.

It is one's behavioral and emotional tendencies. It is not just the structure or the organization of these qualities, but it is the whole of these qualities that gives form and meaning to an individual and his existence, it is more or less static in the way that it is the basic or initial particularity of a person, what makes him different from everyone else. It could be viewed from static to dynamic terms. Moral Character, on the other hand, is understood to be dynamic and secondarily static, it is related to personality in the sense that character is based on personality and is determined by it. In the concrete sense, character is the aspect which constitutes one's ethicity which structures him not only as subject but further as a moral subject and moral agent. Content-wise, it is the values and attitudes and norms, ideals and projects that lend the person his moral form. In the generic sense, it responds to perceptions of realities of good and evil and wrong, appropriate and inappropriate and so on.

Personality as Katauhan, Character as Pagkatao The core of both personality and character is the ego or the self. Sarili manifests itself either as character. Makes us distinct/unique from others StaticUnder Katauhan are the following distinctive constituents: One needs to be active. Knowing what is acceptable and what is not; this kind of bait may characterize the katauhan of the self for example, as a kind of natural endowment. In being consistent with the self over time, this defines the pagkatao of a person. In other words, "bait must not remain natural. Practical There are "levels" of bait There is a "set" amount of bait Right or wrong Kusa refers to both purpose and intention. Sadya where the ought, presented is a value for the person himself either as something, part of his nature or something needed to perfect it. Pasiya is that which takes a clear and concrete stand against such options. Kalooban as decisive will looks similar to isip as paninindigan. However, isip is more generic; the word Loob taken as'inside' and not a construct, is used for "looban," which means an interior compound, or community.

As a core concept of value and its variants are a critical aspect of numerous Filipino value constructs, of which the following are examples: Culture of the Philippines Filipino Psychology

Oleksandr Sych

Oleksandr Maksymovych Sych is a Ukrainian politician. He is a member of the Svoboda party. On 27 February 2014 he became one of two "Vice Prime Ministers" to the Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine following the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution. On 12 November 2014 Sych and his fellow two Svoboda ministers in the Yatsenyuk Government resigned and became acting ministers till a new Government was formed. In 1986 Sych graduated from the Vasyl Stefanyk Subcarpathian National University as a history teacher and in 1999 as a lawyer. Sych is a candidate of historic sciences and a docent of the Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas. In 1993 to 1999, he was a member of the far-right Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists, he was elected to the 7th Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada during the 2012 parliamentary election as a member of the VO Svoboda party. Sych is a member of the National Scout Organization of Ukraine "Plast". Following Euromaidan and the removal of former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, Sych was appointed to the position of Vice Prime Minister in the new Ukrainian government.

He and other Svoboda cabinet ministers resigned on 12 November 2014 due to the results of the early parliamentary elections. In October 2015, the Ivano-Frankivsk police conducted a house search of Sych's apartment. Sych holds nationalist views, which he maintains are distinct from fascism and Nazism. In April 2013, three Svoboda officials, including Sych registered a bill that would ban abortions in Ukraine with the only exceptions being if the pregnancy threatened a woman's life, if the pregnancy occurred through rape or if the fetus developed defects in its pathology. One of the major reasons behind the bill appears to be the demographics of Ukraine. Sych publicly stated that women should "lead the kind of lifestyle to avoid the risk of rape, including refraining from drinking alcohol and being in controversial company", comments which, according to The Guardian, attracted criticism from women's and human rights organisations. Sych has a son and a daughter. Personal website

Uncertainty theory

Uncertainty theory is a branch of mathematics based on normality, self-duality, countable subadditivity, product measure axioms. It was founded by Baoding Liu in 2007 and refined in 2009. Mathematical measures of the likelihood of an event being true include probability theory, fuzzy logic and credibility, as well as uncertainty. Axiom 1. M = 1 for the universal set Γ. Axiom 2. M + M = 1 for any event Λ. Axiom 3. For every countable sequence of events Λ1, Λ2... we have M ≤ ∑ i = 1 ∞ M. Axiom 4. Let be uncertainty spaces for k = 1, 2, ⋯, n; the product uncertain measure M is an uncertain measure on the product σ-algebra satisfying M = min 1 ≤ i ≤ n M i. Principle. For any event, if there are multiple reasonable values that an uncertain measure may take the value as close to 0.5 as possible is assigned to the event. An uncertain variable is a measurable function ξ from an uncertainty space to the set of real numbers, i.e. for any Borel set B of real numbers, the set = is an event. Uncertainty distribution is inducted to describe uncertain variables.

Definition:The uncertainty distribution Φ: R → of an uncertain variable ξ is defined by Φ = M. Theorem A function Φ: R → is an uncertain distribution if and only if it is an increasing function except Φ ≡ 0 and Φ ≡ 1. Definition: The uncertain variables ξ 1, ξ 2, …, ξ m are said to be independent if M = min 1 ≤ i ≤ m M for any Borel sets B 1, B 2, …, B m of real numbers. Theorem 1: The uncertain variables ξ 1, ξ 2, …, ξ m are independent if M = max 1 ≤ i ≤ m M for any Borel sets B 1, B 2