Täby Municipality

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Täby Municipality

Täby kommun
Municipal building
Municipal building
Coat of arms of Täby Municipality
Coat of arms
Täby Municipality in Stockholm County.png
CountrySweden
CountyStockholm County
SeatTäby
Area
 • Total71.22 km2 (27.50 sq mi)
 • Land60.72 km2 (23.44 sq mi)
 • Water10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi)
 Area as of 1 January 2014.
Population
 (31 December 2018)[2]
 • Total71,397
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
ProvinceUppland
Municipal code0160
Websitewww.taby.se
Density is calculated using land area only.

Täby Municipality (Täby kommun) is a municipality north of Stockholm in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Täby. Täby Municipality can be characterized as a suburb of Stockholm.

The municipality is one of few in Sweden which has approximately the same size as the original entity created out of Täby parish, when the first local government acts came into force in 1863, it has not been amalgamated with other units, but minor changes of its limits have been carried out.

Localities[edit]

For statistical purposes the municipality is divided into two non-administrative urban areas (tätort); the southern built-up area constituted until 2014 the multimunicipal [3] urban area Täby which was partly situated in Danderyd Municipality. From 2015 it is considered part of Stockholm urban area

The northern built-up area, (Täby kyrkby) is part of the bimunicipal [3] Vallentuna urban area, of which the main part constitutes the seat of Vallentuna Municipality.

Demography[edit]

Population development in Täby Municipality 1970–2017
Year Population
1970
38,406
1975
41,307
1980
47,105
1985
54,185
1990
56,714
1995
58,833
2000
60,197
2005
60,594
2010
63,789
2015
68,281
2017
70,405

Source: SCB - Folkmängd efter region och år.

Residents with a foreign background[edit]

On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background (persons born outside of Sweden or with two parents born outside of Sweden) was 15 429, or 21.91% of the population (70 405 on the 31st of December 2017). On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was (per the same definition) 9 760, or 16.21% of the population (60 198 on the 31st of December 2002).[4]

Foreign countries of birth[edit]

On 31 December 2017 there were 70 405 residents in Täby, of which 12 183 people (17.30%) were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.[5]

Income and Education[edit]

Täby is one of the wealthiest municipalities in Sweden, with the 2nd highest median income per capita;[6] the share of highly educated persons, according to Statistics Sweden's definition: persons with post-secondary education that is three years or longer, is 43.9% and the 6th highest in the country.[7]

Public transportation[edit]

The municipality is served by the Stockholm public transport system through SL. There are twelve stops on all the three branches of the narrow gauge Roslagsbanan suburban railway. There is also bus connection with the Stockholm metro as well as an extensive internal bus network.

History[edit]

Runestone at Jarlabankes bro
Näsby Manor
Rydboholm Manor

During the first millennium, Täby was part of the lands of the Svear, known as Svitjod. Remains from this period can be found in more than 37 runestones found in the municipality.[8] In the north of the municipality can be found, the remains of the 11th-century causeway known as Jarlabankes bro; the cross on Täby's coat of arms is found on the Risbylestenen, a runestone, in the northern part of the municipality. It is said that this runestone shows the first signs of Christianity reaching this part of Europe. During the Middle Ages, Täby was part of the Attundaland region. [9]

Täby remained a rural community until the 19th century. Most of the land was owned by the noble families. During the 16th and 17th centuries, most of the land in eastern Täby was owned by the Brahe family of Rydboholm Manor (Rydboholms slott). Other noble families owning land in Täby at different times during this period were Banér, Bååth, Roos, Sparre, Gyllenstierna and Meijerfeldt.

The latter two owned, at different times, Näsby Manor (Näsby Slott) in the southeast of the municipality. By 1790 Täby had a population of approximately 900 people, most of them living on one of the 36 farms. By the end of the 19th century the population had grown to approximately 1,250. [10][11]

In 1885, the Roslagsbanan narrow-gauge railway was built, connecting Täby with the city of Stockholm. Täby experienced a population expansion. People settled near the railway stations. In 1902 the wealthy engineer Carl Robert Lamm (1856-1938), acquired the burned down Näsby Manor and rebuilt it. [12]

Around the time of the First World War many city dwellers in Stockholm acquired small summer residences in the eastern part of Täby, what is now the district pof Näsbypark. By 1919 Täby's population had grown to 3,000; some years after Second World War Täby increasingly became a suburb of Stockholm, and by 1947 the population had increased to 8,584, concentrated in the southern and eastern parts of the municipality.

In 1948 Täby acquired the title of a "merchant town" (Swedish: köping), valid until the reform of 1971; this was also the beginning of the large scale development of Täby, led by the mayor Gustaf Berg. By 1975 the population had increased to 41,307 people.[13]

Today, Täby is considered an attractive suburb to Stockholm with one of the highest median incomes in Sweden.

Politics[edit]

Täby has for a long period of time been run by a coalition of centre-right parties. Filippa Reinfeldt, ex-wife of Fredrik Reinfeldt (the former Swedish Prime Minister and former leader of the Moderate Party), had been mayor of Täby for a long time, until Jan Rosenberg, of the Moderate Party,[14] became the current mayor of Täby Municipality.

The slogan of the municipality is today in translation "Täby, the city on the countryside".[citation needed]

Sights[edit]

  • Runestones: There are 37 identified runestones in Täby. Their inscriptions have provided many interesting and useful insights into the life and destinies of the people of the Viking Age. Judging from the inscriptions of the runestones and legends, the most important man at that time was Jarlabanke Ingefastsson (ca. 1000). He has given name to the remains of the Viking era causeway known as Jarlabankes bro.[15][16]
  • Näsby Manor: Originally built in the 1660s and designed by Nicodemus Tessin the Elder, Näsby Manor is located in the picturesque and natural setting of Näsbyviken shore. The manor was burned to the ground in 1897, but was rebuilt according to the original design on the initiative of Carl Robert and Dora Lamm who moved into the manor in 1905. Parts of the old manor garden still exist and are being well preserved.
  • Taby Racecourse: Sweden's largest horse racing track, inaugurated in 1960.
  • Täby Church: Built in the 13th century. It houses a triptych from the 15th century; the most notable objects are the wall paintings from the medieval times, painted by Albertus Pictor. One of them, Death playing chess, portrays a man playing chess with the Grim Reaper and was the inspiration for the movie director Ingmar Bergman when he made the perhaps best known Swedish movie ever, The Seventh Seal.
  • Täby Centrum: Sweden's largest shopping mall.[17]

Notable natives[edit]

Sister towns[edit]

Täby is twinned with the following municipalities:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2018" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  3. ^ a b http://w41.scb.se/templates/Publikation____186288.asp[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Antal personer efter region, utländsk/svensk bakgrund och år (Read 4 januari 2019)
  5. ^ a b Statistiska centralbyrån: Utrikes födda efter län, kommun och födelseland 31 december 2017 (XLS-fil) Läst 4 januari 2019
  6. ^ "Medianinkomst". Ekonomifakta. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  7. ^ "Andel högutbildade". Ekonomifakta. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2006-06-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Jarlabankes bro". upplevvallentuna.se. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  10. ^ "Rydboholm". slottsguiden.info. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  11. ^ "Näsby Slott". smultronstallen.se. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  12. ^ Boo von Malmborg. "Carl Robert Lamm". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-26. Retrieved 2006-06-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-17. Retrieved 2007-06-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Hans Gillingstam. "Jarlabanke Ingefastsson". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  16. ^ "Jarlabankes bro". runriket.s. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  17. ^ "Täby Centrum". www.tabycentrum.se.
  18. ^ a b c d e "Vänorter" (in Swedish). Täby kommun. Archived from the original on 2011-04-03.
  19. ^ "Välissuhted" (in Estonian). Viimsi vald. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  20. ^ "Rivningen av det gamla kommunhuset pågår" (in Swedish). Täby Municipality. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 17 November 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°26′N 18°05′E / 59.433°N 18.083°E / 59.433; 18.083