SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Téviec

Téviec or Théviec is an island situated to the west of the isthmus of the peninsula of Quiberon, near Saint-Pierre-Quiberon in Brittany, France. The island is an important archaeological site due to its occupation during the Mesolithic period. Many archaeological finds have been made dating back to over 6,700 years before the present day, including the remains of over 20 people. One of the most remarkable finds was that of the grave of two young women who had died violently but had received an elaborate burial under a "roof" of antlers, their bodies decorated with jewellery made from shells. Téviec is owned and since 12 January 1982 it has been the subject of a biotope protection scheme, which aims to preserve important biotopes. Landing on the island is prohibited from 15 April to 31 August. From 1928 to 1934, archaeologists Marthe and Saint-Just Péquart discovered and excavated a range of Mesolithic habitats and a necropolis of the same period; the island is one of only a few known Mesolithic sites in Brittany, along with Pointe de la Torche, Hoëdic and Beg er Vil on the Quiberon peninsula.

During the Mesolithic period, the sea level was much lower – it was possible to walk from France to England – and Téviec was situated in a lagoon. Extensive middens were found near places of habitation on the island, containing the remains of shellfish, squid, birds and terrestrial mammals including wild boar, red deer, roe deer, dogs and so on; the hunter-gatherers of Téviec buried their own dead in the middens. This helped to preserve the graves, as the carbonates from the shells in the middens insulated human bones from the acid soil. Many tools made of bone and antler were found along with numerous flint microliths, they were believed to date to 6575 years BP but have now been dated to between 6740 and 5680 years BP. This indicates a longer occupation than thought, with its end coming at the beginning of the Neolithic period. Ten multiple graves were discovered at Téviec containing a total of 23 individuals, including adults and children; some of the remains were scattered between different locations.

Several of those interred appear to have died violent deaths. One individual was found to have a flint arrowhead stuck in a vertebra. In another grave, the skeletons of two women aged 25–35, dubbed the "ladies of Téviec", were found with signs of violence on both. One had sustained five blows to the head, two of which would have been fatal, had received at least one arrow shot between the eyes; the other had traces of injuries. However, this diagnosis is disputed by some archaeologists, who have suggested that the weight of earth above the grave may have been responsible for damaging the skeletons; the bodies had been buried with great care in a pit, dug into the ground and covered over with debris from the midden. They had been protected by a roof made of antlers and provided with a number of grave goods including pieces of flint and boar bones, jewellery made of sea shells drilled and assembled into necklaces and ringlets for the legs; the grave assemblage was excavated from the site in one piece and is now on display at the Muséum de Toulouse, where its restoration in 2010 earned a national award

Sarfaraz Alam

Sarfraz Alam is an Indian politician, representing the Araria seat of Bihar in the Indian Parliament as a candidate of Rashtriya Janata Dal. Alam is the son of Mohammed Taslimuddin, a member of Rashtriya Janata Dal and a MP from the Araria seat, he has 14 children with his wife Begum Shania. Alam had been elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly thrice - first one as a candidate of Rashtriya Janata Dal, the next two as a candidate of Janata Dal. In January 2016, he was suspended by his party after a FIR was lodged against him for misbehaving with a couple in a train. In February 2018, Alam rejoined Rashtriya Janata Dal, he said that Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar had betrayed secular forces by breaking the Mahagathbandhan alliance and allying with Bharatiya Janata Party. Subsequently, he was nominated by the party to contest the Parliamentary bypoll for the seat of Araria, he won the election, held in March by a margin of 61 thousand votes

Padampat Singhania

Sir Lala Padampat Singhania was an Indian industrialist and member of the Indian Constituent Assembly. He was born in Kanpur into a prominent Marwari family, the oldest grandson of Lala Juggilal and son of Lala Kamlapat Singhania, his brothers were Kailashpat and Lakshmipat Singhania. He was chairman of the JK Mills, part of the J. K. Organisation, he was knighted in the 1943 New Year Honours list, invested with his knighthood by the Viceroy of India, the Marquess of Linlithgow, at Viceroy's House in New Delhi on 23 February. After independence in 1947, he became a member of the Indian Constituent Assembly and was one of the signatories of the Indian constitution, but chose not to enter politics