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Tai Po

Tai Po is an area in the New Territories of Hong Kong. It refers to the vicinity of the traditional market towns in the area presently known as Tai Po Old Market or Tai Po Kau Hui on the north of Lam Tsuen River and the Tai Po Hui on Fu Shin Street on the south of the Lam Tsuen River, near the old Tai Po Market railway station of the Kowloon-Canton Railway. Both market towns became part of the Tai Po New Town in the early 1980s. In present-day usage, "Tai Po" may refer to the area around the original market towns, the Tai Po New Town, or the entire Tai Po District. In Chinese, the place, Tai Po, was written as 大步. Treating the Chinese characters separately, the pronounce of Po in the third tone in Cantonese are shared with many words, not only Po in the sixth tone. For example the "Po" of Sham Shui Po deep water port. Moreover, according to the Kangxi Dictionary, the word 埠; as a coincidence, Tai Po is a seashore town. The name Tai Po Hoi was appeared in Nanhai Zhi of the Yuan dynasty, which stated that pearl was the product of the Tai Po sea.

In Ming dynasty's Yue Daji, recorded the names Tai Po Hoi and Tai Po Tau. In the attached map of that book, the sea next to Tai Po Tau was labelled with "can shelter hurricane". In early Qing dynasty Kangxi 27th Year edition of Xin'an Xianzhi, Tai Po Tau Hui as market centre, Tai Po Tau as village and Tai Po Hoi as water body, were recorded. According to Hong Kong sinologist and historian Jao Tsung-I, the character Po in Tai Po, should interpreted as port or sea side. However, there was another urban legend version of the meaning of Tai Po. In the urban legend, the area around Tai Po was a habitat of wild animal, which people have to "Big-Step". Tai Po as a populated place, could be traced back to the Stone Age. Archaeological site in Yuen Chau Tsai, had discovered stone axe and pottery, believed to be made in Neolithic era; the indigenous inhabitants of Tai Po lived by clamming and pearl farming in Tai Po Hoi since at least AD 963. The pearl making business reached its peak during the Song Dynasty and started to decline in the midst of the Ming Dynasty.

Tai Po had been developed as a fishing port around the Qing Dynasty. While a village that belong to the modern day Tai Po area, Wun Yiu, had developed into a center of porcelain industry in the Ming dynasty. Tang clan migrated from the area north of the border of the modern day Hong Kong to the modern day the New Territories of Hong Kong in the Song dynasty of China. A branch of Tang clan was split from Lung Yeuk Tau of the modern day the New Territories, to establish the village in Tai Po Tau; the Tai Po Tau branch and Lung Yeuk Tau branch founded the first Tai Po Hui the market town, despite it is now defunct and the area now known as Tai Po Old Market. The area around the first market town lived other people that were not from the Tang clan, they formed an inter-villages alliance Tai Po Tsat Yeuk. The inter-villages alliance founded another market town Tai Wo Shi after the Qing government ruled that Tai Po Hui was belonged to Tangs, other clans cannot open shops in Tang's market town. However, Tai Wo Shi replaced the original Tai Po Hui as the main market, took the name Tai Po Hui.

The old market town thus became Tai Po Kau Hui. During the British colonial rule, a District Office, a police station, two railway stations: Tai Po Market railway station and Tai Po Kau railway station and other public facilities were built with-in the modern day area that belong to the new town and the administrative district. Most of them in close distance with the market town of Tai Po at that time. In the 1970s, the Hong Kong government began to develop satellite towns: Tai Po Industrial Estate, the first industrial estate in Hong Kong was built in the reclaimed land of the former Tai Po Hoi in 1974; the new town was designed to incorporate and interact with the existing market town. The first public housing estate of Tai Po New Town: Tai Yuen Estate – was established in 1981; the population has soared to 320,000, Tai Po New Town began to prosper following the completion of the Tolo Highway which were integrated with the older urban areas. At present, due to the development of the new town, the place name Tai Po may refer to Tai Po New Town or the historical area centre Tai Po Market, or the Tai Po District that cover the new town and Lam Tsuen Valley and other area.

However, the boundary of Tai Po was not defined. In contrast, a namesake election constituency of Tai Po Market had its defined boundary, as well as Tai Po District. Moreover, Hong Kong police, as well as primary

Markandeshwar Temple

Markandeshwar Temple is a place where sage Markandeya meditated on lord Shiva. He wondered upon. Lord Vishnu assured him from the doubt; the ancient Markandeswar Shiva Temple is situated in the Markandeswar street by the side of the Markandeswar tank, to the north of the Jagannath temple, Puri. This place can be approached on the right side of Markandeswar road leading from Markandeswar chowk to Puri-Brahmagiri road. Markandeya tank is an open structure and it enclosed within a stone wall made of dressed laterite blocks. Bathing ghats are provided for the tourists in southern side of the tank; the tank is used for rituals as well as for normal bathing. Rituals like Pinda Dana, Mundan Kriya etc. are observed on the steps of the tank. Both Markandeswar temple and Markandeswar tank can be dated back to the 12th century AD. Puri became an important center of pilgrimage by the 12th century; the history in Puri proves that Sri Ramanuja visited Puri during 1107 and 1117. More on Markandeshwar Temple

Romanian Campaign (1916)

After a series of quick tactical victories on the numerically overpowered Austro-Hungarian forces in Transylvania, in the autumn of 1916, the Romanian Army suffered a series of devastating defeats, which forced the Romanian military and administration to withdraw to Western Moldavia, allowing the Central Powers to occupy two thirds of the national territory, including the state capital, Bucharest. The main causes of the Romanian Army’s defeat by the numerically inferior German and Austro-Hungarian forces in the campaign of 1916 were the major political interferences in the act of military supervision, the incompetence, the imposture and the cowardice of a significant part of the military echelon of conduct, as well as the lack of an adequate training and troops’ equipment for that specific type of war. In the night of 27 August 1916, three Romanian armies started the attack by crossing the Southern Carpathians and entering in Transylvania; the first attacks were paved with success. While the Romanian army was advancing in Transylvania at 9 p.m. the Romanian ambassador in Vienna, count Edgar Mavrocordat, presented Romania’s declaration of war at the secretariat of the Austria-Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

During that day, many Romanians with Austria-Hungarian citizenship were arrested in Bucharest. Among these were Ioan Slavici and Ioan Bălan. By mid-September the Germans transferred four divisions on the front of Transylvania and stopped the Romanian advance; the Russians moved three divisions in order to help Romanians, but these troops were not equipped properly. General Esposito affirmed that the Romanian army leaders made some strategic and operational mistakes: From a military point of view, the Romanian strategy had been the worst. By choosing Transylvania as a primary objective, the Romanian army ignored the Bulgarian army behind it; when the offensive through the mountains failed, the High Romanian Commandment refused to save the forces on the front in order to allow the creation of a moving supply, with which the threat of Falkenhayn would rejected. Romanians never amassed its forces appropriate in order to obtain the concentration of the fight power; the first counterattack of the Central Powers was organized by General August von Mackensen, who coordinated a multinational army consisting of German and Turkish troops.

The northward attack was initiated by Bulgaria on 1 September. The attack was directed from the positions on the Danube to Constanța; the garrison from Turtucaia, enveloped by the Bulgarian-German troops, surrendered on 6 September. On 15 September, the Romanian Council of War decided to suspend the offensive in Transylvania and to concentrate instead on the destruction of the Mackensen groups of armies; the plan, known as Flămânda Offensive, consisted in an attack on the Central Powers forces through a flank and back shot, after the crossing of Danube at Flămânda, while, on the main front line, the Romanian-Russian troops had to launch an offensive from Cobadin towards Kurtbunar. On 1 October, two Romanian divisions forced the course of the Danube at Flămânda and created a large bridgehead of 14 kilometers and 4 kilometers in depth. On the same day, the Romanian-Russian division initiated an offensive on the frontline of Dobruja which recorded limited success; the fail of the attempt to break the German-Bulgarian front in Dobruja, combined with the violent storm during the night of October 1/October 2, which damaged the pontoon bridge over Danube, determined Averescu to cancel the whole operation.

The consequences of this failure were big for the rest of the campaign. The command of the Austrian-Hungarian troops in Transylvania was assigned to Erich von Falkenhayn, fired from the position of Chief of General Staff after the failure at the Battle of Verdun, the opening of the Allied offensive on the Somme, the Brusilov Offensive and the entry of Romania into the war, he initiated his own offensive on 1 September. The first attack was directed against the Romanian 1st Army near the city of Hațeg; the attack stopped the advance of the Romanians. After eight days, two divisions of German mountain infantry managed to disperse the Romanian marching columns near Sibiu; the Romanian troops had to retreat towards the mountains, the Germans managed to occupy Turnu Roșu Pass. On 4 October, the Romanian 2nd Army attacked the German forces at Brașov, but it was repulsed; the 4th Army that operated in the north of the country retreated when the 1st Austro-Hungarian Army exerted a moderate pressure on it.

Therefore, by 25 October, the Romanian Army retreated to the initial lines before the offensive. The forces under the command of Falkenhayn executed a certain number of attack tests in the passes of Carpathians in order to test the weak points of the defense. On 10 November, after a few weeks of concentration of their best troops, the elite unit Alpenkorps, Germans attacked in front of the Vulcan Pass, so that they pushed back the Romanian defenders into the mountains. On 26 November, fighting took to the hills. In the mountains, the snowfall started and soon the military operations stopped; the German 9th Army advanced in other sectors of the battle front, attacking all of the passes of the Southern Carpathians, Romanians being forced to retreat whenever their lines of supply became more and more stretched. On 23 November, the best trained troops under the command of Mackensen crossed the Danube, leaving from two locations near Svishtov; the German attack took the Romanians by the front getting closer to Bucharest.

The attack of Mackensen threatened to cut in two the Romanian front, the new Chief of General Staff, the newly promoted General Constantin Prezan, tried to organize a desperate counterattack. The plan was audacious since it used the entir

Henry S. Levy and Sons

Henry S. Levy and Sons, popularly known as Levy's, was a bakery based in Brooklyn, New York, most famous for its rye bread, it is best known for its advertising campaign "You Don't Have to Be Jewish to Love Levy's", which columnist Walter Winchell referred to as "the commercial with a sensayuma". Levy's was founded in 1888 by a Russian Jewish immigrant; the Bakery began at the intersection of Moore Street and Graham Avenue in Brooklyn, NY. In time it relocated to Park Avenue, to 115 Thames Street, where it stayed for nearly sixty years. Levy's was known for its "cheese bread," but the bakery's real hallmark was its authentic seeded rye: thick crust and heavy texture; when Henry Levy died in 1943, the business was passed first to his son Abraham, his grandson Nathan. Both were dead by 1979, when the bakery's president, Samuel Rubin, decided to sell Levy's to Arnold's Bakers of Greenwich, CT; the sale meant the relocation of Levy's from New York to Greenwich. Henry Levy's original "sour" starter, the yeast bacteria from which all Levy's rye came, made the move with the company.

Arnold Bread, now a division of Bimbo Bakeries USA, still owns Levy's Bakery today. Levy's is best known for the ad campaign "You Don't have to Be Jewish to Love Levy's Real Jewish Rye," which ran in New York in the 1960s. Large white posters hung in the city's subway system to broadcast the company's new slogan, each bearing a large, photographic portrait of a distinctly non-Jewish person eating a slice of rye bread. Early renditions featured a choirboy, Catholic cop, American Indian. Levy's hired ad agency Doyle Dane Berbach for the campaign. Judy Petras, a Jewish copywriter at DDB, now timeless tagline herself. William Taubin, the male copywriter who received credit at the time for the posters, went on to be inducted into the Art Director's Hall of Fame, and the photographer, William Zieff, went on to direct many successful Hollywood films. The campaign transformed Levy's into New York's top seller of rye, is cited as one of the first sensitive and successful uses of cultural and racial identity in public advertising.

One of the Levy's ad posters, featuring a Native American biting into a Levy's rye sandwich, was included in the Oakland Museum of California's 1999 exhibit "Posters American Style." Others are a part of the permanent collection at the Smithsonian. Gallery of Levy's advertisements

Norm Hitzges

Norman Richard "Norm" Hitzges is an author and sports talk radio host at KTCK in Dallas, a Texas Radio Hall of Fame member. Hitzges pioneered radio sports talk in the morning at KLIF radio at a time when sports talk was on in the evening. Hitzges moved to KTCK in early 2000 after 15 years at sister station KLIF when the latter removed sports talk programming from its lineup. Hitzges serves as the television play-by-play voice of the Dallas Sidekicks, he has provided major league baseball commentary for ESPN. Hitzges is known for his enthusiasm and knowledge of sports trivia and has been compared to Dick Vitale for his energy and love of sports. Hitzges has been honored by the Texas Baseball Hall of Fame. Hitzges hosts "Norm-A-Thon", a yearly 18-hour marathon broadcast to raise money for the Austin Street Center, a Dallas area homeless shelter. Hitzges has been a long-time supporter of Texans! Can Academy, an organization that provides at-risk youths with education and training. Weekly segments on his show include “The Birdhouse,” “Shuttle Run,” “The Meatheads of the Week,” and “The Weekend-around.”

Since 2010, Hitzges and his wife have lived in the Dallas suburb of Texas. Horizons in the Mirror Norm Hitzges Historical Sports Almanac Essential Baseball: A Revolutionary New Method for Evaluating Major League Teams and Managers Greatest Team Ever: The Dallas Cowboys Dynasty of The 1990s Norm's Clubhouse Norm Hitzges' entry on The Ticket website

A Swag of Aussie Poetry

A Swag of Aussie Poetry Out of the Bluegums, is a mid-1980s recording project with celebrity voices reciting or singing Australian poetry. The compilation consists of 53 works of prose and verse from writers across Australia’s literary landscape, features 31 narrators delivering a mix of folk ballads and bush poetry from the 1800s through to 20th century prose, lyrical songs reflecting on life in their country, it was released as a double album and a double cassette on J&B Records in 1984 with 50 tracks. The compilation was produced by Gene Pierson – born as Giancarlo Salvestrin,In 2010 the material was digitally re-mastered as a 2-CD set on the Lifestyle Music label, released on 2 August 2010. Pierson lamented the death of many contributing artists since the original album, "the fact this compilation has been re-mastered 25 years after they made their contributions means this is not only a memorial to our great poets but to those people who bought their words alive again for listeners in the 21st century".

The cover art was by Pro Hart. In Australia it appeared in September the following year; the CD cover art is by Jenny Glaze and is based on The Swagman, circa 1908. Nancy May McDonald, Douglas Stewart, Kate Llewellyn, A. D. Hope, Ronald McCuaig, R. F. Brissenden, Spike Milligan, P. J. Hartigan, Dame Mary Gilmore, Jack Moses, Judith Wright, Les Murray, Henry Kendall, Mary Durack-Miller, Norman Lindsay, Vivian Smith, David Campbell, Henry Lawson, James McAuley, Rhyll McMaster, A. B. Paterson, R. D. Fitzgerald, Peter Lawson, Kenneth Slessor, John Blight, Dorothea Mackellar, Victor Daley, Ray Mathew, Kath Walker, Kenneth Mackenzie, Alwyn Lee, Alisha Salvestrin, Ron Jones, Peter Allen, Charles Perkins and Dame Edna Everage. Barry Humphries, Spike Milligan, Dame Joan Sutherland, Bobby Limb, Ron Jones, John Meillon, Bert Newton, Dame Edna Everage, Rolf Harris, Sir Robert Helpmann, Ita Buttrose, Peter Allen, Thomas Keneally, John Newcombe, Judy Stone, Smoky Dawson, Terry Willesee, John Waters, Dawn Lake, Judy Morris, Diane Cilento, Simon Townsend, Eddie Charlton, Charles Perkins, Dawn Fraser, Rowena Wallace, Michael Edgley, Peter Lawson, Ron Haddrick, Rev. Roger Bush and Alisha Salvestrin.

Guide to Australian poetry Early Australian bush poems Kate Llewellyn Ronald McCuaig P. J. Hartigan Jack Moses Keith Newman