Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times, commonly referred to as the Times or LA Times, is a paid daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, since 1881. It was the largest metropolitan newspaper in circulation in the United States in 2008, the Times is owned by tronc. The Times was first published on December 4,1881, as the Los Angeles Daily Times under the direction of Nathan Cole Jr. and it was first printed at the Mirror printing plant, owned by Jesse Yarnell and T. J. Unable to pay the bill and Gardiner turned the paper over to the Mirror Company. Mathes had joined the firm, and it was at his insistence that the Times continued publication, in July 1882, Harrison Gray Otis moved from Santa Barbara to become the papers editor. Otis made the Times a financial success, in an era where newspapers were driven by party politics, the Times was directed at Republican readers. As was typical of newspapers of the time, the Times would sit on stories for several days, historian Kevin Starr wrote that Otis was a businessman capable of manipulating the entire apparatus of politics and public opinion for his own enrichment.
Otiss editorial policy was based on civic boosterism, extolling the virtues of Los Angeles, the efforts of the Times to fight local unions led to the October 1,1910 bombing of its headquarters, killing twenty-one people. Two union leaders and Joseph McNamara, were charged, the American Federation of Labor hired noted trial attorney Clarence Darrow to represent the brothers, who eventually pleaded guilty. Upon Otiss death in 1917, his son-in-law, Harry Chandler, Harry Chandler was succeeded in 1944 by his son, Norman Chandler, who ran the paper during the rapid growth of post-war Los Angeles. Family members are buried at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery near Paramount Studios, the site includes a memorial to the Times Building bombing victims. The fourth generation of family publishers, Otis Chandler, held that position from 1960 to 1980, Otis Chandler sought legitimacy and recognition for his familys paper, often forgotten in the power centers of the Northeastern United States due to its geographic and cultural distance.
He sought to remake the paper in the model of the nations most respected newspapers, notably The New York Times, believing that the newsroom was the heartbeat of the business, Otis Chandler increased the size and pay of the reporting staff and expanded its national and international reporting. In 1962, the paper joined with the Washington Post to form the Los Angeles Times-Washington Post News Service to syndicate articles from both papers for news organizations. During the 1960s, the paper won four Pulitzer Prizes, more than its previous nine decades combined, eventually the coupon-clipping branches realized that they could make more money investing in something other than newspapers. Under their pressure the companies went public, or split apart, thats the pattern followed over more than a century by the Los Angeles Times under the Chandler family. The papers early history and subsequent transformation was chronicled in an unauthorized history Thinking Big and it has been the whole or partial subject of nearly thirty dissertations in communications or social science in the past four decades.
In 2000, the Tribune Company acquired the Times, placing the paper in co-ownership with then-WB -affiliated KTLA, which Tribune acquired in 1985
Open Library is an online project intended to create one web page for every book ever published. It provides access to public domain and out-of-print books, which can be read online. Its book information is collected from the Library of Congress, other libraries, if books are available in digital form, a button labelled Read appears next to its catalog listing. Links to where books can be purchased or borrowed are provided, tens of thousands of modern books were made available from four and 150 libraries and publishers for ebook digital lending. Open Library began in 2006 with Aaron Swartz as the engineer and leader of Open Librarys technical team. The project was led by George Oates from April 2009 to December 2011, Oates was responsible for a complete site redesign during her tenure. In 2015, the project was continued by Giovanni Damiola and Brenton Cheng, the site was redesigned and relaunched in May 2010. The site uses Infobase, its own database framework based on PostgreSQL, the source code to the site is published under the GNU Affero General Public License.
The website was relaunched adding ADA compliance and offering over 1 million modern, under certain provisions of United States copyright law, libraries are sometimes able to reproduce copyrighted works in formats accessible to users with disabilities
On 6 August 2016, the project completed project number 10,000. Most releases are in the English language, but many works are available. There are multiple affiliated projects that are providing additional content, LibriVox is closely affiliated with Project Gutenberg from where the project gets some of its texts, and the Internet Archive that hosts their offerings. LibriVox was started in August 2005 by Montreal-based writer Hugh McGuire, who set up a blog, the first recorded book was The Secret Agent by Joseph Conrad. LibriVox is an invented word inspired by Latin words liber in its genitive form libri and vox, the word was coined because of other connotations as liber means child and free, unrestricted. As the LibriVox forum says it, We like to think LibriVox might be interpreted as child of the voice, the other link we like is library so you could imagine it to mean Library of Voice. There has been no decision or consensus by LibriVox founders or the community of volunteers for a single pronunciation of LibriVox and it is accepted that any audible pronunciation is accurate.
LibriVox is a volunteer-run, free content, Public Domain project and it has no budget or legal personality. The development of projects is managed through an Internet forum, supported by an admin team, in early 2010, LibriVox ran a fundraising drive to raise $20,000 to cover hosting costs for the website of about $5, 000/year and improve front- and backend usability. Volunteers can choose new projects to start, either recording on their own or inviting others to join them, once a volunteer has recorded his or her contribution, it is uploaded to the site, and proof-listened by members of the LibriVox community. Finished audiobooks are available from the LibriVox website, and MP3, recordings are available through other means, such as iTunes, being free of copyright, they are frequently distributed independently of LibriVox on the Internet and otherwise. LibriVox only records material that is in the domain in the United States. Because of copyright restrictions, LibriVox produces recordings of only a number of contemporary books.
These have included, for example, the 9/11 Commission Report and it contains much popular classic fiction, but includes less predictable texts, such as Immanuel Kants Critique of Pure Reason and a recording of the first 500 digits of pi. The collection features poetry, religious texts and non-fiction of various kinds, in January 2009, the catalogue contained approximately 55 percent fiction and drama,25 percent non-fiction and 20 percent poetry. By the end of 2016, the most viewed item was The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in a 2006 solo recording by John Greenman, around 90 percent of the catalogue is recorded in English, but recordings exist in 31 languages altogether. Chinese and German are the most popular languages other than English amongst volunteers, LibriVox has garnered significant interest, in particular from those interested in the promotion of volunteer-led content and alternative approaches to copyright ownership on the Internet. It has received support from the Internet Archive and Project Gutenberg, intellectual freedom and commons proponent Mike Linksvayer described it in 2008 as perhaps the most interesting collaborative culture project this side of Wikipedia
Salmagundi, or The Whim-whams and Opinions of Launcelot Langstaff, Esq. & Others, commonly referred to as Salmagundi, was a 19th-century satirical periodical created and written by American writer Washington Irving, his oldest brother, the collaborators produced twenty issues at irregular intervals between January 24,1807 and January 15,1808. Salmagundi lampooned New York City culture and politics in a manner much like todays Mad magazine and it was in the November 11,1807, issue that Irving first attached the name Gotham to New York City, based on the alleged stupidity of the people of Gotham, Nottinghamshire. Irving and his collaborators published the periodical using a variety of pseudonyms, including Will Wizard, Launcelot Langstaff, Pindar Cockloft. Irving and Paulding discontinued Salmagundi in January 1808, following a disagreement with publisher David Longworth over profits, the Complete Works of Washington Irving, Volume 6. Edited by Bruce Granger & Martha Hartzog
Dewey Decimal Classification
The Dewey Decimal Classification, or Dewey Decimal System, is a proprietary library classification system first published in the United States by Melvil Dewey in 1876. It has been revised and expanded through 23 major editions, the latest issued in 2011 and it is available in an abridged version suitable for smaller libraries. It is currently maintained by the Online Computer Library Center, a cooperative that serves libraries. OCLC licenses access to a version for catalogers called WebDewey. The Decimal Classification introduced the concepts of relative location and relative index which allow new books to be added to a library in their location based on subject. Libraries previously had given books permanent shelf locations that were related to the order of acquisition rather than topic, the classifications notation makes use of three-digit Arabic numerals for main classes, with fractional decimals allowing expansion for further detail. Using Arabic numerals for symbols, it is flexible to the degree that numbers can be expanded in linear fashion to cover aspects of general subjects. A library assigns a number that unambiguously locates a particular volume in a position relative to other books in the library.
The number makes it possible to find any book and to return it to its place on the library shelves. The classification system is used in 200,000 libraries in at least 135 countries, the major competing classification system to the Dewey Decimal system is the Library of Congress Classification system created by the U. S. Melvil Dewey was an American librarian and self-declared reformer and he was a founding member of the American Library Association and can be credited with the promotion of card systems in libraries and business. He developed the ideas for his classification system in 1873 while working at Amherst College library. He applied the classification to the books in library, until in 1876 he had a first version of the classification. In 1876, he published the classification in pamphlet form with the title A Classification and Subject Index for Cataloguing and Arranging the Books and he used the pamphlet, published in more than one version during the year, to solicit comments from other librarians.
It is not known who received copies or how many commented as only one copy with comments has survived, in March 1876, he applied for, and received copyright on the first edition of the index. The edition was 44 pages in length, with 2,000 index entries, comprised 314 pages, with 10,000 index entries. Editions 3–14, published between 1888 and 1942, used a variant of this same title, Dewey modified and expanded his system considerably for the second edition. In an introduction to that edition Dewey states that nearly 100 persons hav contributed criticisms, one of the innovations of the Dewey Decimal system was that of positioning books on the shelves in relation to other books on similar topics
Madrid is the capital city of the Kingdom of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has a population of almost 3.2 million with an area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union after London and Berlin, the municipality itself covers an area of 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid, this community is bordered by the communities of Castile and León. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political, the current mayor is Manuela Carmena from Ahora Madrid. Madrid is home to two football clubs, Real Madrid and Atlético de Madrid. Madrid is the 17th most liveable city in the according to Monocle magazine. Madrid organises fairs such as FITUR, ARCO, SIMO TCI, while Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets.
Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city, the first documented reference of the city originates in Andalusan times as the Arabic مجريط Majrīṭ, which was retained in Medieval Spanish as Magerit. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins, according to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named Metragirta or Mantua Carpetana. The most ancient recorded name of the city Magerit comes from the name of a built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD. Nevertheless, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river, the name of this first village was Matrice. In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the changed to Mayrit, from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra. The modern Madrid evolved from the Mozarabic Matrit, which is still in the Madrilenian gentilic, after the disintegration of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Madrid was integrated in the Taifa of Toledo.
With the surrender of Toledo to Alfonso VI of León and Castile, the city was conquered by Christians in 1085, Christians replaced Muslims in the occupation of the centre of the city, while Muslims and Jews settled in the suburbs. The city was thriving and was given the title of Villa, since 1188, Madrid won the right to be a city with representation in the courts of Castile. In 1202, King Alfonso VIII of Castile gave Madrid its first charter to regulate the municipal council, which was expanded in 1222 by Ferdinand III of Castile
Sunnyside (Tarrytown, New York)
Sunnyside is a historic house on 10 acres along the Hudson River in Tarrytown, New York. It was the home of the noted American author Washington Irving, best known for his short stories Rip Van Winkle and it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1962. This cottage-like estate shows Dutch Colonial Revival, Scottish Gothic and Tudor Revival influences, with its instantly recognizable wisteria-covered entrance, in some sense, Sunnyside began almost 200 years before Irving with Wolfert Acker, a Dutch-American inhabitant of the region. His property, Wolferts Roost, was part of the Manor of Philipsburg, among other buildings, it contained a simple two-room stone tenant farmhouse, the property came into the hands of the Van Tassel family who were married into the Eckert family and who owned it until 1802. That year,150 acres were deeded to the family of Benson Ferris, one-time clerk of the Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow, whose wife, in 1832, Washington Irving visited his nephew Oscar Irving who lived near the old stone farmhouse.
Irving had recently undertaken a substantial trip through the prairies of the Arkansas River and Mississippi River and he was frustrated because he had lived most of his adult life as a guest in other peoples homes. As Irving wrote, he was eager for a home and was willing to pay a little unreasonably for it. Irving finally purchased the property on June 7,1835 for $1,800, he would later, through the years, Irving wrote a story, Wolferts Roost, about Acker and the site. In a letter to his brother Peter, he described it as a beautiful spot, I have had an architect up there, and shall build upon the old mansion this summer. My idea is to make a little nookery somewhat in the Dutch style, the result is a cottage that was widely known even at the time, appearing in Harpers Weekly and in guidebooks to the area. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. said that Sunnyside stood next to Mount Vernon, the public interest in the home, and in Irving, Americas first literary star, drew numerous visitors throughout the year, hoping to catch a glimpse of Irving working.
Irvings neighbor Nathaniel Parker Willis joked, Could not Sunny-side pay to be got ready for a boarding-house, in 1842, Irving accepted a nomination as Ambassador to the Court of Isabella II of Spain. He left Sunnyside in the care of his brother Ebenezer, who lived there with his four grown daughters, Irving wrote, The only drawback upon all this is the hard trial of tearing myself away from dear little Sunnyside. He returned to New York on September 19,1846, shortly after his return, in 1847, he added to the cottage the Spanish Tower, influenced by Spanish monastic architecture and the Alhambra in Granada. It added four bedrooms to the house, Irving died of a heart attack in his bedroom at Sunnyside on November 28,1859. The Irving family continued to inhabit the cottage until 1945, when Louis Irving sold it to John D. Rockefeller and it was restored – including tearing down a Victorian style northern addition – and was opened to the public in 1947. Sunnyside is now operated as a museum by Historic Hudson Valley and it contains a large collection of Irvings original furnishings and accessories.
In particular, all furniture and most accessories in his writers study are original
Washington Irving Memorial
The Washington Irving Memorial is located at Broadway and West Sunnyside Lane in Irvington, New York. It features a bust of Irving and sculptures of two of his characters by Daniel Chester French, set in a small stone plaza at the street corner designed by Charles A. Platt. It is near Irvings Sunnyside estate and her dream took almost 20 years to realize. The opening of Sunnyside since has led the Irving admirers there instead, in 2000, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. The memorial sits on a triangle of land at the southwest corner of the junction. Sunnyside Creek, a tributary of the nearby Hudson River, flows through a culvert underneath and lends a sloping. Curved wing walls four feet high and twelve feet long come out on either side, all the stone is pink Vermont granite with dark veins. An inscription carved in the center memorializes Irvings multiple careers, in front of the panel are several square stone piers intended to support benches that were never built. Two were added at the sides, the surface of the memorial area was once flagstone, today most of it has been replaced in concrete.
Piers at the end were built for a gate and path to the brook that was never built. The construction of the memorial was beset by problems, complicated site issues. Its location was not ideal for such a project, and was not finally settled until a year before it was finished and its original budget grew despite intensive fundraising efforts, and even so French was never fully paid for his work. Issues persisted even after it was formally dedicated, during his lifetime, Irving – revered as Americas first great writer – regularly received visitors and admirers at Sunnyside. Plans for a tower in Tarrytown in the late 19th century had never come to fruition and she credited an inner voice and continued to advocate for the memorial for years without success. In 1924, Cyrus West Field, another Irvington resident, put her in touch with sculptor Daniel Chester French, the involvement of Americas top sculptor made Blacks dream a reality. He was commissioned to design the memorial that summer, while the newly formed Washington Irving Memorial Association began looking for a site, Frenchs design came together quickly, buying the land was the hard part.
Black wanted the memorial to be on Broadway, in view of traffic on the busy Albany Post Road. A property facing Irvingtons Main Street was considered next but the owners would not consent, the Irvings were moved by these difficulties to reconsider their original reservations
The Golden Cockerel
The Golden Cockerel is an opera in three acts, with short prologue and even shorter epilogue, by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. Its libretto, by Vladimir Belsky, derives from Alexander Pushkins 1834 poem The Tale of the Golden Cockerel, the opera was completed in 1907 and premiered in 1909 in Moscow, after the composers death. Outside Russia it has often performed in French as Le coq dor. However the political situation in Russia at the time inspired him to take up the pen to compose a satire of the autocracy, of Russian imperialism. The Golden Cockerel had the same magic, Bilibin – Ivan Bilibin had already produced artwork for the Golden Cockerel, and this conjured up the same traditional Russian folk flavours as those in Tsar Saltan. Russo-Japanese War – Under Tsar Nikolay II, Russia became involved in a war with Japan and this war was highly unpopular amongst the Russian people. It proved to be a disaster, and Russia was eventually defeated. Russian Revolutionary Activity in 1905 – Many Russian people were not only upset by the Russo-Japanese War, on January 9,1905, several thousand people, led by a priest, demonstrated peacefully in the Palace Square in Sankt-Peterburg.
They tried to hand in a petition asking for better working conditions, a day, a minimum wage. However, more than 1,000 persons were shot by the Tsarist troops, news of this massacre spread rapidly – there was an uprising in Odessa, where the sailors in the battleship Potemkin took over the ship and fired on the headquarters of the tsarist troops. Again, there was a massacre of people on the Odessa steps, the Students in the Sankt-Peterburg Conservatoire demonstrated against the Tsar, and Rimsky-Korsakov supported their protest. For this he was dismissed from his post as head of the Conservatoire, Alexander Glazunov and Anatoly Lyadov resigned and left with him. See Russian Revolution of 1905, Rimsky-Korsakov started work on his Golden Cockerel opera. The opera was banned by the Palace, and was not allowed to be staged. Rimsky-Korsakov’s health was affected by this, and he was dead by the time it was performed two years later. The premiere took place on 7 October 1909, at Moscows Solodovnikov Theatre in a performance by the Zimin Opera, Emil Cooper conducted, set designs were by Ivan Bilibin.
The opera was given at the citys Bolshoi Theatre a month later, on 6 November, conducted by Vyacheslav Suk, the Met performed the work regularly through 1945. All Met performances before World War II were sung in French, during the final season in the Met repertory
Washington Irving was an American short story writer, biographer and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Irving served as the U. S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846. He made his debut in 1802 with a series of observational letters to the Morning Chronicle. After moving to England for the business in 1815, he achieved international fame with the publication of The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. He continued to publish regularly—and almost always successfully—throughout his life, and just eight months before his death, Irving was admired by some European writers, including Walter Scott, Lord Byron, Thomas Campbell, Francis Jeffrey, and Charles Dickens. Washington Irvings parents were William Irving, Sr. originally of Quholm, Shapinsay and they married in 1761 while William was serving as a petty officer in the British Navy. They had eleven children, eight of whom survived to adulthood and their first two sons, each named William, died in infancy, as did their fourth child, John.
Their surviving children were, William, Jr. Ann, Catherine, John Treat and Washington. At age six, with the help of a nanny, Irving met his namesake, the president blessed young Irving, an encounter Irving commemorated in a small watercolor painting, which still hangs in his home today. The Irvings lived at 131 William Street at the time of Washington Irvings birth, the family moved across the street to 128 William St. An uninterested student, Irving preferred adventure stories and drama and and it was in Tarrytown that Irving became familiar with the nearby town of Sleepy Hollow, with its quaint Dutch customs and local ghost stories. Irving made several trips up the Hudson as a teenager, including an extended visit to Johnstown, New York, where he passed through the Catskill mountain region. F all the scenery of the Hudson, Irving wrote later, the 19-year-old Irving began writing letters to the New York Morning Chronicle in 1802, submitting commentaries on the citys social and theater scene under the name of Jonathan Oldstyle.
The name, which evoked the writers Federalist leanings, was the first of many pseudonyms Irving would employ throughout his career. The letters brought Irving some early fame and moderate notoriety, concerned for his health, Irvings brothers financed an extended tour of Europe from 1804 to 1806. Irving bypassed most of the sites and locations considered essential for the development of an upwardly mobile young man, William wrote that, though he was pleased his brothers health was improving, he did not like the choice to gallop through Italy. Leaving Florence on your left and Venice on your right, Irving honed the social and conversational skills that would make him one of the worlds most in-demand guests. I endeavor to take things as they come with cheerfulness, Irving wrote, while visiting Rome in 1805, Irving struck up a friendship with the American painter Washington Allston, and nearly allowed himself to be persuaded into following Allston into a career as a painter
Villa Zorayda is a house at 83 King Street in St. Augustine, Florida. Built in 1883 by the eccentric Boston millionaire Franklin W. Smith as his home, it was inspired by the 12th-century Moorish Alhambra Palace in Granada. Smith named it Villa Zorayda, after one of the princesses in Washington Irvings Tales of the Alhambra, the building and part of Franklin Smiths art and antique collection were sold to Abraham Mussallem, a rug and antiquities merchant originally from Syria, in 1913. On September 23,1993, it was added to the U. S. National Register of Historic Places, the Villa Zorayda Museum is still owned by the Mussallem family and contains the original art and antique collection assembled by Franklin Smith and Abraham Mussallem. Franklin W. Smith was an architect and pioneer experimenter in poured concrete construction. His winter home, Villa Zorayda, was the first residence built in the Moorish Revival style in Florida, Villa Zorayda could be considered the first example of fantasy architecture in Florida.
Smith was an member of the Republican Party, and danced with his wife at Abraham Lincolns inaugural ball in 1861. He was a founder of the Boston YMCA, and was involved in many reform efforts and he is buried in the Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. One block east of Villa Zorayda is the largest building Smith constructed in St. Augustine, in addition to its intended purpose as a private residence, the Villa Zorayda has been used as a restaurant, a nightclub and gambling casino, and a hotel. The building underwent renovations beginning in 2003 and reopened to the public in 2008, audio tours are available in English and French. Audio tours provide an overview of the history of the building, the importance of the building to St. Augustine, Florida. These alabaster and plaster reliefs are referred to as traceries or arabesques and are replicas of walls in the Alhambra Palace. The saying, There is no conqueror but God, the same phrase reproduced in the tracery of the Alhambra, is inscribed in Arabic script above the front entrance.
The collection includes hand-pierced brass lamps from Damascus and other parts of the Middle East, Oriental rugs, carved furniture, decorative tiles, david Nolan, Fifty Feet in Paradise, The Booming of Florida. Villa Zorayda Museum - Official Website St. Johns County listings at National Register of Historic Places Villa Zorayda Google Street View