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Tarragon known as estragon, is a species of perennial herb in the sunflower family. It is widespread in the wild across much of Eurasia and North America, is cultivated for culinary and medicinal purposes. One subspecies, Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa, is cultivated for use of the leaves as an aromatic culinary herb. In some other subspecies, the characteristic aroma is absent; the species is polymorphic. Informal names for distinguishing the variations include "French tarragon", "Russian tarragon", "wild tarragon". Tarragon grows with slender branches; the leaves are 2 -- 8 cm long and 2 -- 10 mm broad, glossy green, with an entire margin. The flowers are produced in small capitula 2–4 mm diameter, each capitulum containing up to 40 yellow or greenish-yellow florets. French tarragon, however produces any flowers; some tarragon plants produce seeds that are sterile. Others produce viable seeds. Tarragon has rhizomatous roots that it uses to spread and reproduce. French tarragon is the variety used for cooking in the kitchen and is not grown from seed, as the flowers are sterile.

Russian tarragon can be grown from seed but is much weaker in flavor when compared to the French variety. However, Russian tarragon is a far more hardy and vigorous plant, spreading at the roots and growing over a meter tall; this tarragon prefers poor soils and tolerates drought and neglect. It is not as aromatic and flavorsome as its French cousin, but it produces many more leaves from early spring onwards that are mild and good in salads and cooked food. Russian tarragon loses what flavor it has as it ages and is considered useless as a culinary herb, though it is sometimes used in crafts; the young stems in early spring can be cooked as an asparagus substitute. Horticulturists recommend that Russian tarragon be grown indoors from seed and planted out in the summer; the spreading plants can be divided easily. A better substitute for French tarragon is Spanish tarragon known as Mexican mint marigold, Mexican tarragon, Texas tarragon, or winter tarragon, it is much more reminiscent of French tarragon, with a hint of anise.

Although not in the same genus as the other tarragons, Spanish tarragon has a stronger flavor than Russian tarragon that does not diminish with age. Tarragon has an aromatic property reminiscent of anise, due to the presence of estragole, a known carcinogen and teratogen in mice; the European Union investigation revealed that the danger of estragole is minimal at 100–1,000 times the typical consumption seen in humans. Estragole concentration in fresh tarragon leaves is about 2900 mg/kg. Tarragon is one of the four fines herbes of French cooking, is suitable for chicken and egg dishes. Tarragon is the main flavoring component of Béarnaise sauce. Fresh bruised sprigs of tarragon are steeped in vinegar to produce tarragon vinegar. Tarragon is used to flavor a popular carbonated soft drink in the countries of Armenia, Georgia and, by extension, Russia and Kazakhstan; the drink, named Tarkhuna, is made out of colored bright green. In Iran, tarragon is used as a side dish in sabzi khordan, or in stews and in Persian style pickles khiar shoor.

In Slovenia, tarragon is used in a variation of the traditional nut roll sweet cake, called potica. In Hungary a popular kind of chicken soup is flavored with tarragon. Cis-Pellitorin, an isobutyramide eliciting a pungent taste, has been isolated from the tarragon plant. A. dracunculus oil contained predominantly phenylpropanoids such as methyl chavicol and methyl eugenol. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of the essential oil revealed the presence of trans-anethole, α-trans-ocimene, limonene, α-pinene, allo-ocimene, methyl eugenol, β-pinene, α-terpinolene, bornyl acetate and bicyclogermacrene as the main components; the organic compound capillin was isolated from Artemisia capillaris in 1956. James Andrew Beard, American cookbook author, syndicated columnist and television personality, was quoted as saying, "I believe that if I had to practice cannibalism, I might manage if there were enough tarragon around."Fernand Point, French chef and restaurateur, was quoted as saying "A Bearnaise sauce is an egg yolk, a shallot, a little tarragon vinegar, butter, but it takes years of practice for the result to be perfect."

Flora of Pakistan: Artemisia dracunculus "Tarragon" at Purdue Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Voigt, Chuck. Propagating and Growing French Tarragon. Illinois Specialty Crops and Organic Conference. Springfield, IL

Liam Lindsay

Liam James Lindsay is a Scottish professional footballer who plays as a centre back for EFL Championship club Stoke City. Lindsay started his career with Partick Thistle breaking into the first team at Firhill after loan spells with Alloa Athletic and Airdrieonians. After a successful 2016–17 season with the Jags which saw him named in the PFA Scotland Team of the Year, Lindsay joined English Championship side Barnsley; the Tykes were relegated from the Championship in 2017–18 but were able to gain an instant return in 2018–19 finishing 2nd in EFL League One. Lindsay joined Stoke City in June 2019 for an initial fee of £2 million. Lindsay was born in Glasgow and attended St Ninian's High School in Giffnock where he played in the school football team along with Andrew Robertson. After joining the youth system at Partick Thistle in 2011, Lindsay signed his first professional contract with the club on 6 June 2012, he made his debut for the club in their final match of the 2012–13 season, a 0–0 draw away to Dumbarton on 4 May 2013.

On 31 January 2014, Lindsay signed for Scottish Championship club Alloa Athletic on loan for the rest of the 2013–14 season. He made his debut on 1 February 2014, he played 11 times for Alloa helping them to avoid a relegation play-off. After returning to Partick Thistle, Lindsay signed a new two-year contract with the club in June 2014. Lindsay made his full Scottish Premiership debut, playing 90 minutes on 4 January 2015, in a 2–2 draw with high-flying Dundee United. On 29 January 2015, Lindsay signed for Scottish League One side Airdrieonians on a loan deal until the end of the 2014–15 season. Lindsay played 13 matches for Airdrieonians scoring once in a 1–0 away win against Peterhead on 25 April 2015. Lindsay broke into Thistle's first team in the 2015–16 season after impressing manager Alan Archibald in pre-season, he scored his first goal for Partick Thistle in a 1–1 draw with Dundee on 8 December 2015. He was sent-off twice during the campaign firstly against Kilmarnock in August 2015 and against Dundee in January 2016.

Lindsay played 27 times in 2015–16 as Thistle finished in 9th position. He became a main stay of the defence in 2016–17 which saw him make 42 appearances, scoring seven goals as the Jags finished in 6th position after. Lindsay was named in the Scottish Premiership 2016–17 Team of the Year. In June 2017 he turned down a prospective transfer to English club Oxford United; that month Partick Thistle accepted an offer for Lindsay from Barnsley. Lindsay signed a three-year contract with Barnsley on 22 June, he made his Barnsley debut on 26 August 2017 in a 3–0 victory against Sunderland. Lindsay settled into life at Barnsley well and by November 2017 there were calls for him to earn a Scotland call-up; however Barnsley hit poor form around December and they ended up being relegated after losing 4–1 at Derby County in the final match of the 2017–18 season. In 2018–19 under the management of Daniel Stendel, Lindsay formed a strong partnership with Ethan Pinnock as the Tykes held the best defensive record in the EFL with only 39 goals conceded and kept 21 clean sheets helping them secure second spot and a return to the Championship at the first time of asking.

Lindsay joined Stoke City on 25 June 2019 for an initial fee of £2 million, rising to £2.5 million, along with Barnsley teammate Adam Davies. He scored his first goal for Stoke against Birmingham City on 31 August 2019. Lindsay's uncle Ricky Gillies is a professional footballer, whilst his father, was once on the books at Celtic; as of match played 31 January 2020 Barnsley EFL League One runner-up: 2018–19Individual PFA Scotland Team of the Year: 2016–17 Scottish Premiership

If Winter Comes (1923 film)

If Winter Comes is a lost 1923 American silent drama film directed by Harry Millarde and starring, in a breakout role, Percy Marmont. It was distributed the Fox Film Corporation, it is based on a novel turned into a play by A. S. M. Hutchinson and B. MacDonald Hatings. Percy Marmont as Mark Sabre Arthur Metcalfe as Hapgood Sidney Herbert as Twyning Wallace Kolb as Harold Twyning Riley Hatch as Reverend Sebastian Fortune Raymond Bloomer as Lord Tybar Leslie King as Humpo George Pelzer as Old Bright Jim Tenbrooke as The Coroner Ann Forrest as Nona, Lady Tybar Margaret Fielding as Mabel Gladys Leslie as Effie Bright Dorothy Allen as High Jinks Eleanor Daniels as Low Jinks Virginia Lee as Miss Winifred Eugenie Woodward as Mrs. Perch Russell Sedgwick as Young Perch If Winter Comes 1937 Fox vault fire If Winter Comes on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Jacket cover of novel, with still from the film

Fredonia, Pennsylvania

Fredonia is a borough in Mercer County, United States. The population was 652 at the 2000 census, it is part of the OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Fredonia is located at 41°19′17″N 80°15′31″W. Fredonia is the proven geographic center of Mercer County, Pennsylvania. A brass placard denoting the spot is located on the premises of "Fredonia Stainless Exhaust", at the southwest corner of Main and 1st Streets. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 652 people, 252 households, 184 families residing in the borough; the population density was 1,641.3 people per square mile. There were 272 housing units at an average density of 684.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 99.69% White, 0.15% Asian, 0.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.31% of the population. There were 252 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families.

23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03. In the borough the population was spread out, with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $37,917, the median income for a family was $39,643. Males had a median income of $32,857 versus $19,500 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $14,233. About 17.6% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.6% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over. The first resident of the area that became Fredonia was Levi Arnold. Arnold build a grist mill there between 1837 and 1838 and was, over time, joined by several other businesses and residences.

William Simmons built the first store in the small village. Based upon the success of his business and the further gains that could be made after the construction of a proposed railroad, Simmons purchased the land that became the borough of Fredonia and had it surveyed and divided into lots; the land came was purchased from two “Donation tracts,” which were tracts of land given to Revolutionary War soldiers in an attempt to encourage them to continue to serve. The name “Fredonia” came from Simmon’s “free” donation of the land for the town square and as a nod to the “Donation” tracts from which the land was purchased; the first post office was established in 1870 and Fredonia was incorporated in August 1876. Fredonia was serviced by passenger train between 1869 and 1955; the Fredonia Volunteer Fire Department was established in 1934 and has continued to host their “Old Home Week” festival each summer since 1935. Fredonia was home to the Fredonia Institute known as a “normal academy” or “select school.”

This higher education institution trained individuals who went on to become physicians, teachers and enter into other professions. It was boasted a library established by Andrew Carnegie. During the Depression, the borough received Works Progress Administration funds; the funds were used to pave streets and construct a water system to provide water service to the town that had relied on streams, individual wells, cisterns. The WPA provided workers who helped construct Fredonia-Delaware High School; this stone building was built in 1942 on Delaware Road and served first as a high school until 1960 when it began to be used as an elementary school within Reynolds School District. The elementary school was closed by the district in the mid-1990s, the building was subsequently purchased and converted into a personal care and independent living facility. Since the 1940s, Fredonia has been home to a diner created from a trolley car; the trolley car came from the Harmony Line of the interurban trolley line that ran from New Castle, PA to Pittsburgh, PA.

Ownership has changed several times, but the diner is still open at its original location. Fredonia is home to Pennsylvania’s largest Swiss cheese manufacturer. Fairview Swiss Cheese, which opened in 1955, is operated by Son Inc.. The company produces over 7 million pounds of Swiss cheese each year


A rhinolith is a stone present in the nasal cavity. The word is derived from the roots rhino- and -lith meaning "nose stone", it is an uncommon medical phenomenon. A rhinolith forms around the nucleus of a small exogenous foreign body, blood clot or secretion by slow deposition of calcium and magnesium salts. Over a period of time, they grow into large irregular masses, they may cause pressure necrosis of the nasal lateral wall of nose. Rhinoliths can cause nasal obstruction, headache and epiphora, they can be diagnosed from the history with unilateral foul-smelling blood-stained nasal discharge or by anterior rhinoscopy. On probing, the probe can be passed around all its corners. In both CT and MRI a rhinolith will appear like a radiopaque irregular material. Small rhinoliths can be removed by a foreign body hook. Whereas large rhinoliths can be removed either by crushing with Luc's forceps or by Moore's lateral rhinotomy approach. Rhinoliths present as a unilateral nasal obstruction. Foul-smelling, blood-stained discharge is present.

Epistaxis and pain may occur due to the ulceration of surrounding mucosa. They are removed under general anaesthesia. Most can be removed through anterior nares. Large ones need to be broken into pieces before removal; some hard and irregular ones may require lateral rhinotomy

Ernesto Alonso

Ernesto Alonso was a Mexican producer, director and actor. He was nicknamed "El Señor Telenovela" because most of his work centered on telenovelas known around the world. Ernesto began his career as an uncredited extra in a movie starring Lupe Vélez, he appeared in 1939's "Papacito Lindo". His popularity grew as he starred in many films of the 1940s, including "La Gallina Culeca", "Historia de una gran Amor", "El Padre Morelas", "El Jorobado", "La Corte del Faraon", "Marina", "El Gallero", "El Precio de la Gloria" in which he starred with his brother Alfonso Ramírez Alonso, he made another series of films throughout the 1950s, including as the narrator of Los Olvidados and the lead in Ensayo de un crimen, both directed by Luis Buñuel. However, it wasn't until the 1960s, his first was "Cartas de amor" which starred another rising star Angélica María. Ernesto from there on only came out in telenovelas including "Leyendas de Mexico" opposite Jacqueline Andere, with whom he worked a lot in both films and telenovelas.

Alonso's most memorable performance was as Enrique de Martino in the 1983 telenovela El Maleficio in which he played a devil-like character. His last acting appearance was in the telenovela Entre el Amor y el Odio in which he played Father Abad. Ernesto only made one film between those years, 1986's El Maleficio II. Ernesto directing and starred in his own telenovelas sometimes. 1960's "Espejo de Sombras" was his first job as a director and he produced it, but his first producing job was "Cuidado con el Angel" that same year. Ernesto made many memorable telenovelas including "La Leona", "La Cobarde", both of which he directed and starred in, his last job as a director was the series "Cumbres Borrascosas", a telenovela version of an Emily Brontë novel. Ernesto went to continue his career has a producer, producing twenty-five telenovelas throughout the 1980s, nine throughout the 1990s, four in the 2000s, his last producing work being the telenovela "Barrera de Amor" which starred Yadhira Carrillo and Raquel Olmedo.

Ernesto was awarded the Special Golden Ariel at the Ariel Awards in 2006 for his amazing career and contributions. Ernesto Alonso died at the age of 90 at his home in Mexico City. Being kept in a hospital, sources say he knew he was passing, that he wanted to spend his last moments in his home. In the end Ernesto Alonso acted in sixty-three films, directed forty-three films and telenovelas, but he would be most remembered for producing 158 telenovelas throughout his long career; the White Monk Tragic Wedding Everybody's Woman Philip of Jesus Ernesto Alonso on IMDb Ernesto Alonso at the Legacy