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"Techne" is a term, etymologically derived from the Greek word τέχνη, translated as "craftsmanship", "craft", or "art". Techne is a term in philosophy which resembles epistēmē in the implication of knowledge of principles, although techne differs in that its intent is making or doing as opposed to disinterested understanding. Martin Heidegger maintains that the concept for the ancients goes together with episteme citing Plato who used the two terms interchangeably; the idea is that techne and episteme mean knowing and "both words are names for knowledge in the widest sense." However, Aristotle distinguishes between the two, as different modes of thought. As an activity, techne is concrete and context-dependent; as one observer has argued, techne "was not concerned with the necessity and eternal a priori truths of the cosmos, nor with the a posteriori contingencies and exigencies of ethics and politics. Moreover, this was a kind of knowledge associated with people; that is, techne was chiefly operative in the domestic sphere, in farming and slavery, not in the free realm of the Greek polisAristotle saw it as representative of the imperfection of human imitation of nature.

For the ancient Greeks, it signified all the mechanic arts, including music. The English aphorism, "gentlemen don't work with their hands", is said to have originated in ancient Greece in relation to their cynical view on the arts. Due to this view, it was only fitted for the lower class while the upper class practiced the liberal arts of'free' men. Socrates compliments techne only when it was used in the context of epistēmē. Epistēmē sometimes means knowing; the craft-like knowledge is called a technê. It is most useful when the knowledge is applied, rather than theoretically or aesthetically applied. For the ancient Greeks, when techne appears as art, it is most viewed negatively, whereas when used as a craft it is viewed positively because a craft is the practical application of an art, rather than art as an end in itself. In The Republic, written by Plato, the knowledge of forms "is the indispensable basis for the philosophers' craft of ruling in the city". Techne is used in philosophical discourse to distinguish from art.

"In fact and arts referred less to a class of objects than to the human ability to make and perform... the issue is not about the presence or absence of a word but about the interpretation of a body of evidence, I believe there is massive evidence that the ancient Greeks and Romans had no category of fine art." In his work The Invention of Art, Larry Shiner argues that techne cannot be translated to art nor either to craft. This being due to art and craft being constructed at a certain period in history. Techne is used as a term to further define the process of rhetoric as an art of persuasion. In his writing Toward a Sophistic Definition of Rhetoric, rhetoric scholar Dr. John Poulakos explains how the Sophists believed rhetoric to be an art that aimed for terpis, or aesthetic pleasure, while maintaining a medium of logos. For centuries, debate between sophists and followers of Plato has ensued over whether rhetoric can be considered a form of art based on the different definitions of techne.

Contrasting from others, Isocrates saw rhetoric as an art—yet in the form of a set of rules, or a handbook. Some examples of handbooks are the Rhetoric of Aristotle, the Rhetorica ad Alexandrum, the De Inventione of Cicero, all composed of rules to write effective speeches. On the other hand, it can be seen in David Roochnik's book of Art and Wisdom: Plato's Understanding of Techne that Plato viewed techne as "a stable body of reliable knowledge able to tell us, in fixed terms teachable to others, how we ought to live." He believed that moral knowledge is equivalent to a techne and that the meaning of the term techne must be grasped to understand the nature of moral knowledge. In Gorgias, Plato wrote that rhetoric is not techne but a habit of a ready wit. Plato continued saying rhetoric is not an art but an experience because it fails to explain the nature of its own application, he compared it to cookery and medicine saying cookery pretends to know what is best for the body because it is pleasurable while medicine knows what is for the best of the health of the human body.

Medicine is techne for it seeks what is best for the health of a person unlike cookery, only for pleasure and fools a person into believing it is better for their health. Richard Parry writes that Aristotle believed techne aims for good and forms an end, which could be the activity itself or a product formed from the activity. Aristotle used health as an example of an end, produced from the techne of medicine. To make a distinction between techne and arete, he said the value of techne is the end product while arete values choosing the action that promotes the best moral good. Techne is a part of communication, affects how human cultures interact; when people speak to one another, they apply their knowledge of social interactions and nonverbal cues, their shared language to the skill of speaking. It is both personal and social, everybody has their own personal techne around their speech based on learned experiences and personal tics, social in that communities all communicate amongst each other on the interpersonal and large scale.

In relation to communication, techne is based less on what a person says or thinks, but on what they do. The mechanical action of speaking is unconscious, most of the work takes place in the c

Airedale, Castleford

Airedale is a suburb in the town of Castleford, West Yorkshire, England. It consists of Local Authority Housing, it borders with Ferry Fryston. The ward of the City of Wakefield called Airedale and Ferry Fryston had a population of 14,811 at the 2011 Census; the River Aire is thought to get its name from there. Yvette Copper MP is from Airedale; the area attracted much media attention in November 1984, when a local strikebreaker named Michael Fletcher was savagely beaten by a group of pickets during the UK miners' strike. A masked gang waving baseball bats invaded his house and beat him for five minutes, whilst his pregnant wife and two children hid upstairs. Two miners from Wakefield were convicted of causing grievous bodily harm in the incident, whereas four others were acquitted of riot and assault

Canadian federal election results in the Côte-Nord and Saguenay

Canadian federal elections have provided the following results in the Côte-Nord and Saguenay. This region used to be traditionally Liberal, except for Roberval which has voted for the Social Credit Party; the Liberal dominance ended in 1984 as Brian Mulroney, from this area, was able to gather Quebec nationalist support and sweep the region in 1984 and 1988. With the advent of the nationalist Bloc Québécois in 1993, nationalist support left the Tories, this area became a traditional Bloc stronghold; this is true except for the Chicoutimi area which has voted federalist with André Harvey running as a Progressive Conservative and winning in 1997, running as a Liberal and winning in 2000. The Bloc swept the region in 2004, but the Conservatives picked up a seat here in 2006 and weakened the Bloc's grip on the remaining seats as Liberal support collapsed. In 2011, another regional sweep gave four of the five seats to the New Democrats, shutting out the Bloc and leaving the Conservatives with one of their two seats.

In the 2015 election, the NDP lost all but one of its seat in the region, while the Bloc managed a comeback in the Côte-Nord region, the Liberals won one seat in Chicoutimi and the Conservatives won one seat in the southwestern part of the region near Quebec City. ^ André Forbes was no longer endorsed by the party. ^ Girard-Bujold lost nomination battle ^ André Harvey was elected as a Progressive-Conservative in the 1997 election but left the PC caucus to seat as a Liberal MP. 2.^ Lucien Bouchard was elected as a Progressive-Conservative in 1988 election but left the PC caucus in 1990 to seat as independent and Bloc Québécois MP from 1991 onwards

Tina Charles (singer)

Tina Charles is an English singer who achieved success as a disco artist in the mid to late 1970s. Her most successful single was the no. 1 hit "I Love to Love" in 1976. Born Tina Hoskins in Whitechapel, London, to Charles Hoskins, who worked in a box-making factory in Bow and his wife Hilda, she recovered from meningitis as a newborn, she has a brother, her tour manager during the height of her career. Charles began her career as a backing singer and session musician, recorded her first solo single in 1969 with a then-unknown Elton John playing piano. During the early 1970s she supplied vocals for the Top of the Pops album series of cover versions of contemporary hits. In 1971 she made appearances in the first series of The Two Ronnies, the BBC1 sketch show starring Ronnie Barker and Ronnie Corbett, performing songs such as "River Deep - Mountain High" and "Ruby Tuesday". In 1975 Charles and her friend Linda Lewis were backing vocalists on the Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel chart topping song, "Make Me Smile".

She provided the lead vocals for 5000 Volts' 1975 disco hit single "I'm on Fire". Although not publicly acknowledged as a group member at the time due to contractual problems, Charles was considered to have a stronger voice than the group's official lead singers; the song reached number 4 in the UK Singles Chart, 26 in the Billboard Hot 100. Charles' big break came soon after in 1975, when Indian-British composer/producer Biddu, who had just enjoyed success with the disco song "Kung Fu Fighting" for Carl Douglas, produced the singles "You Set My Heart on Fire" and "I Love to Love" for her; the latter single spent three weeks at number one on the UK chart in March 1976, was a major hit around the world. It won a Juno Award in 1977. Biddu's collaboration continued on a future album and another song hit: "Dance Little Lady Dance". In total, Charles spent 42 weeks on the UK Singles Chart in 1976 alone due to these two records. During this time, her touring band included Trevor Horn, Geoff Downes, Bruce Woolley.

Further hits like "Love Me Like a Lover", "Dr Love", "Rendezvous" and "Love Bug" made her a pop star in Europe, Asia and New Zealand, but she was never able to achieve success in the US. Her only solo recording to chart in the US was "You Set My Heart on Fire," which reached number 3 on Record World's'Disco File Top 20' chart in the autumn of 1975. In 1978, Charles was a joint winner at the World Popular Song Festival held in Tokyo, performing the tune, "Love Rocks". Charles represented the UK, shared the top prize with Japan's own entry. By 1980 her career was in decline, disco music was losing some of its public appeal, she attempted to change her disco style for her 1980 album Just One Smile for a more hard edge rock electronic style but the album was ignored. Charles married and had a child, devoted herself for some years to her family life, putting her singing career on hold. In the mid-1980s she had a resurgence with a remix of "I Love to Love", produced by longtime friend and associate Sanny X.

Since 2000, Charles has performed throughout Europe where disco music and her hit singles have been reappraised, she has become a popular live performer. Charles featured in the Top 5 of the US Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart with "Higher" in 2006; the song was produced by Sanny X. She made a guest appearance with The Producers at their 2007 concert, singing "Slave to the Rhythm". In October 2007, Charles recorded "Hide and Seek" with producer Ian Levine for the album Disco 2008, her latest album, Listen 2 the Music was released in March 2008. In 2010, Charles was signed by the British writer and producer Carl M Cox to his PMG Music production and record label. Other notable acts that have been signed by Cox's label are Amanda Lear. Charles' first single with PMG, "Your Love Is My Light", was released physically on 7 November 2011 and digitally on 14 November 2011. In 2010, it was announced that Charles was to tour with 5000 Volts, the band with which she experienced her first hit record. Charles was married to Bernard Webb and had a son Max, born in London in 1977.

She was divorced in 1979. She remarried in 1993 to Tetoo, they lived in Caterham, England. Tetoo died of cancer in 2013. Charles still lives in Surrey with her current husband David Fancourt. Greatest Hits I Love to Love – Greatest Hits World of Emotion I Love to Love – The Best Of I Love to Love Foundation of Love


Shoubak is a municipality that lies at the northwestern edge of the Ma'an Governorate in Jordan. It had a population of 19297. At one of the highest elevations above sea level in Jordan, this municipality is famous for apple and fruit farms; the Crusader castle Montreal is located in Shoubak. Shoubak was first settled by the Edomites who had their capital in Busaira in neighboring Tafilah Governorate, it was settled by the Nabataeans. Shoubak became a Nahia in 1894, was administratively belonging to the then-Ottoman Kerak department. In 1973, it was ranked up to a Qadaa. In the 31st Administrative Divisions System of 1995, Shoubak became a full department within Ma'an Governorate benefiting from the decentralization program. Shoubak is known for its Crusader castle Montreal. Along with Petra and Aqaba, Shoubak forms the third head of this triangle that lies on the cross road between Syria, Saudi Arabia and Egypt, its unique high elevation gave it a strategic importance. The importance of Shoubak reached its peak after Baldwin I of Jerusalem took control of it, cutting the roots between Egypt and Syria, the Montreal castle was built on top of a hill there in 1115.

Shoubak was annexed to the Ayyubid dynasty by Saladin in 1187. During the Arab Revolt, T. E. Lawrence entered Shoubak in Feb. 1918, commenting, "We went over the ridge and down to the base of the shapely cone, whose mural crown was the ring-wall of the old castle of Monreale noble against the night sky." Upon departure, he wrote, "...we skated timorously down the rapid path to the open plain across which still stretched the Roman road with its groups of fallen milestones, inscribed by famous emperors." Shoubak is located at an area bordering Tafilah Governorate to the north and Aqaba Governorate to the west. It is administratively in Ma'an Governorate. Due to its high elevation, Shoubak is famous for its cold freezing winters, due to its location at the borders of the Arabian Desert, it has a dry summer season. In Shoubak, there is a Warm-summer Mediterranean climate. Most rain falls in the winter; the Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Csb, but close to Dsa and BSk. The average annual temperature in Shoubak is 12.7 °C.

About 317 mm of precipitation falls annually. The national census of the year 2004 showed that the total population of Shoubak was 12,590 persons, of whom 5,666 are males and 6924 are females, constituting 55% of the total population. There were 1,663 households with an average of 5 persons/household; the entire population are Muslims. Agriculture forms the major source of income for Shoubak, followed by tourism. Benefiting from its high altitude of more than 1,300 m above sea level, the countryside of Shoubak extends to about 189 km2 of olive and fruit farms apple farms surrounding and within the town of Shoubak, resulting in the city spanning a large area. There are 129 honey bee farms in the town's countryside; the college of agriculture of Al-Balqa` Applied University is located in Shoubak. The Regional Center of Agricultural Research and Technology Transport is located in Shoubak. Eid Dahiyat, incumbent Minister of Education Taha Ali Al-Habahbeh, Minister of State. Official website

Trinidad and Tobago women's national football team

The Trinidad & Tobago women's national football team is known in their country as the "Soca Princesses", but they prefer to be called the Women Soca Warriors. They are one of the top women's national football teams in the Caribbean region along with Jamaica and Haiti. Trinidad & Tobago women's national football team is coached by Richard Hood, who replaced Randy Waldrum in 2016; the national team plays their home games in one of three stadia in the country. Games of significant importance are played at the Hasely Crawford Stadium. However, many World Cup qualification matches have been played at the Queen's Park Oval, a multipurpose, but cricket, stadium. Low profile games, such as international friendlies against other islands in the Caribbean, are played at the Marvin Lee Stadium. *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. 2002 – Did not qualify 2004 – Did not qualify 2006 – Did not qualify 2008 – Did not qualify 2010 – Did not qualify 2012 – Did not qualify 2014 – Did not qualify 2016 – Did not qualify 2018 – Did not qualify 2008 – Did not qualify 2010 – Eliminated after preliminary round 2012 – Did not qualify 2014 – Did not qualify 2016 – Did not qualify 1996 – Did not qualify 2000 – Did not qualify 2004 – Did not qualify 2008 – Did not qualify 2012 – Did not qualify 2016 – Did not qualify They are the only nation to appear in every CONCACAF Women's Championship.

*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. For the 2020 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Championship qualification. Head coach: Stephan De Four as of 11 July 2016 Head coachAnton Corneal Team chefMarlon CharlesAssistant coachVacantManagerVernetta FlandersTechnical directorAnton Corneal Trinidad and Tobago women's national under-17 football team Trinidad and Tobago national football team Official website FIFA profile