Telford is a large new town in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, about 13 miles east of Shrewsbury, 30 miles north west of Birmingham. With an estimated population of 175,271 in 2017 and around 155,000 in Telford itself, Telford is the largest town in Shropshire, one of the fastest-growing towns in the United Kingdom, it is named after civil engineer Thomas Telford, who engineered many road and rail projects in Shropshire. The town was put together in the 1960s and 1970s as a new town on industrial and agricultural land and smaller towns. Like other planned towns of the era, Telford was created from the merger of other, smaller settlements, most notably the towns of Wellington, Oakengates and Dawley. Many of the New Town's newer inhabitants were from Birmingham or Wolverhampton. Telford Shopping Centre, a modern shopping mall, was constructed at the new town's geographical centre, along with an extensive Town Park; the M54 motorway was completed in 1983, improving the town's road links with the West Midlands conurbation.
On Telford's southern boundaries is the Ironbridge Gorge, a scenic tourist destination and UNESCO World Heritage Site. The town advertises itself as "The Birthplace of Industry", due to it having Coalbrookdale and other places in the Ironbridge Gorge area, within its boundary; these areas are internationally recognised as being important to the Industrial Revolution, being to a large extent constructed on the Shropshire Coalfield. Its influence was used to further Birmingham’s industry through innovations as well. Early settlement in the area was thought to be on the land that sloped up from the Weald Moors towards the line along which the Roman Watling Street was built. Farmland surrounded three large estates in the 10th century, namely Wellington and Lilleshall. From the 13th century there was urban development in Wellington and Madeley, where Wenlock Priory founded a new town. Six monastic houses, founded in the 11th and 12th centuries, had large interests in the area's economic growth, they collectively acquired half of the area, profited from coal and ironstone mines and iron smithies on their estates.
The area was the site of the 1821 Cinderloo Uprising which saw 3,000 people protest the lowering of wages for those working in the local coal industry. The protests resulted in the deaths of three striking colliers; the New Town was first designated on 16 January 1963 as Dawley New Town, covering 9,100 acres of Dawley, Oakengates, Wellington Rural District and Shifnal Rural District. Development started, guided by the Dawley New Town Development Corporation, with the first homes on the new Sutton Hill housing estate being occupied in 1967. Initial planning and design concepts for Dawley New Town were produced by the Birmingham-based John Madin Design Group; the Minister proposed an extension of 12,000 acres in 1968, which saw objections and a public inquiry take place. The Dawley New Town Amendment Order was made on 29 November 1968, extending the New Town area by 10,143 acres of "land lying within the urban districts of Oakengates and Wellington and the rural districts of Shifnal and Wellington".
This Order renamed the new town Telford, after the Scottish-born civil engineer Thomas Telford who, in 1787, became Surveyor of Public Works for Shropshire. Other suggested names at the time were Wrekin Forest City. Most of the infrastructure was constructed from the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s with the major housing and commercial development occurring over three decades up to the early 1990s when the Development Corporation was wound up to be replaced by Commission for the New Towns English Partnerships, most of the property was handed over to the Wrekin District Council. Telford was now 25 years old and was established as one of the most important towns in the region. In 1983, after fierce opposition and three public enquiries, the M54 motorway was completed, connecting the town to the M6 and thence the rest of the UK's motorway network. Other major roads are the A5, A518 and A442, known as the Eastern Primary or EP, is branded Queensway. Many of the new town's residents were from the West Midlands conurbation, which includes Wolverhampton, Birmingham and Walsall.
The vast majority of the council house tenants in Telford were rehoused from inner city Birmingham. Some individuals still refuse to put Telford in their address, instead using the original local name and citing the existence of Town Councils as support for the argument "you can't live in a town in a town," e.g. Wellington Telford; the new town's residents who arrived in the 1960s and 1970s earned the unwanted nickname "overspill" from people living in the existing towns and villages. In 2007, a £250 million regeneration plan for the town centre was announced, which will include the pedestrianisation of the road surrounding the shopping centre, the creation of new cafés, bars and shops which will lead to 1,750 new jobs; the reason for this expansion is that the original "centre" was only a shopping place with no real heart. Since the "centre" closed early evening, there was no nightlife at all in the area, the only major local entertainment areas being in Oakengates and Wellington; the first phase of the town centre development, named Southwater, was completed in 2014.
Erzsébet Schaár was a Hungarian sculptor. She studied with Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl. In 1932, she was awarded the Young Artist Award for the Szinyei Prize. In 1935, she married a sculptor, her first solo exhibition was in 1932 in Budapest. In the 40s, she made small wooden reliefs, similar to the Giacometti statues, At the same time, she patterned several reclining figures. Architectural elements were employed. In 1970, she had a retrospective exhibition at the Műcsarnok, two years she was exhibited in Antwerp and Geneva. In 1977, the Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum in Dusseldorf held a retrospective. There are several public statues exhibited in Budapest, Kecskemét, Miskolc, Pécs, Tihany and elsewhere. Much of his estate is in St. Stephen's King Museum in Székesfehérvár. Németh, Lajos. "Schaár, Erzsébet." In Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Media related to Erzsébet Schaár at Wikimedia Commons Entry for Erzsébet Schaár on the Union List of Artist Names
Abeno Cues Town is the name of the Abeno A1 Area Urban Redevelopment Project A2 Building in Abeno-ku, Japan. Abeno Cues Town consists of Abeno Q's Mall. Via Abeno Walk is the area for the local tenants, Q's Mall is the area the specific architect, Tokyu Land Corporation, manages; the area opened on April 26, 2011. This shopping area is connected to Tennoji Station operated by Osaka Metro by the underground passage; the area is connected to the pedestrian bridge via the Abeno A1 Area Urban Redevelopment Project A1-2 Building opened on February 1, 2012 along with the elevated walkway between Cues Town and Abeno nini. The other passage was opened on March 15, 2014 to connect to Abeno Station on the Osaka Metro Tanimachi Line. Osaka Metro: Tennoji Station, Abeno Station JR West: Tennoji Station Kintetsu Minami Osaka Line: Osaka Abenobashi Station Hankai Uemachi Line: Tennoji-ekimae Tennoji Mio Main Building Plaza Building Abechika List of shopping malls in Japan Via Abeno Walk Abeno Q's Mall