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Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan is an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub-valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico, 40 kilometres northeast of modern-day Mexico City. Teotihuacan is known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas, it is the largest pre-Columbian city in Mexico. At its zenith in the first half of the first millennium CE, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, with a population estimated at 125,000 or more, making it at least the sixth-largest city in the world during its epoch. After the collapse of Teotihuacan, central Mexico was dominated by the Toltecs of Tula until about 1150 CE; the city covered 8 square miles. Apart from the pyramids, Teotihuacan is anthropologically significant for its complex, multi-family residential compounds, the Avenue of the Dead, its vibrant murals that have been well-preserved. Additionally, Teotihuacan exported fine obsidian tools.

The city is thought to have been established around 100 BCE, with major monuments continuously under construction until about 250 CE. The city may have lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries CE, but its major monuments were sacked and systematically burned around 550 CE. Teotihuacan began as a religious center in the Mexican Highlands around the first century CE, it became the largest and most populated center in the pre-Columbian Americas. Teotihuacan was home to multi-floor apartment compounds built to accommodate the large population; the term Teotihuacan is used for the whole civilization and cultural complex associated with the site. Although it is a subject of debate whether Teotihuacan was the center of a state empire, its influence throughout Mesoamerica is well documented; the Aztecs saw these magnificent ruins and claimed a common ancestry with the Teotihuacanos and adopting aspects of their culture. The ethnicity of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan is the subject of debate.

Possible candidates are the Otomi or Totonac ethnic groups. Scholars have suggested; the city and the archaeological site are located in what is now the San Juan Teotihuacán municipality in the State of México 40 kilometres northeast of Mexico City. The site covers a total surface area of 83 square kilometres and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, it is the most visited archaeological site in Mexico, receiving 4,185,017 visitors in 2017. The name Teōtīhuacān was given by the Nahuatl-speaking Aztecs centuries after the fall of the city around 550 CE; the term has been glossed as "birthplace of the gods", or "place where gods were born", reflecting Nahua creation myths that were said to occur in Teotihuacan. Nahuatl scholar Thelma D. Sullivan interprets the name as "place of those who have the road of the gods." This is. The name is pronounced with the accent on the syllable wa. By normal Nahuatl orthographic conventions, a written accent would not appear in that position. Both this pronunciation and Spanish pronunciation: are used, both spellings appear in this article.

The original name of the city is unknown, but it appears in hieroglyphic texts from the Maya region as puh, or "Place of Reeds". This suggests that, in the Maya civilization of the Classic period, Teotihuacan was understood as a Place of Reeds similar to other Postclassic Central Mexican settlements that took the name of Tollan, such as Tula-Hidalgo and Cholula; this naming convention led to much confusion in the early 20th century, as scholars debated whether Teotihuacan or Tula-Hidalgo was the Tollan described by 16th-century chronicles. It now seems clear that Tollan may be understood as a generic Nahua term applied to any large settlement. In the Mesoamerican concept of urbanism and other language equivalents serve as a metaphor, linking the bundles of reeds and rushes that formed part of the lacustrine environment of the Valley of Mexico and the large gathering of people in a city. Historical Course The first human establishment in the area dates back to 600 BC and until 200 BC there were scattered small villages on the site of the future city of Teotihuacan, while it is estimated that the total population of the Teotihuacan Valley amounted Approximately 6,000 inhabitants.

During the period from 100 BC to 750 AD, Teotihuacan had evolved into a huge urban and administrative centre with cultural influences throughout the broader Mesoamerican region. The history of the city of Teotihuacan is distinguished in four consecutive periods, known as Teotihuacan I, II, III and IV. Period I marks the genesis of a real city. During this period, Teotihuacan was formed on the axis of the "Avenue of the Dead ", at the stage of its construction, there have been discovered 23 clusters of temples, belonging to this period and located along the Avenue of the dead. Were built the most impressive monuments, the pyramids of the sun and the moon, dedicated to the worship of the two celestial bodies. Period II lasted from the year 0 to 350 AD and testifies the evolution of Teotihuacan from city-state to Metropolitan centre of the wider region; this period is notable both for its monumental sculpture. The most b

Udi Spielman

Ehud Spielman is an Israeli singer and Hazzan. He came to Chazzanut after a long career as a performer in Israel, he has published several CDs and DVDs and his music is featured in the Florida Atlantic University Judaica Sound Archives and will soon be in the Dartmouth Jewish Sound Archives. Udi Spielman was born in 1951 in Tel-Aviv, he is the great-grandson of Zerach Barnett, a Zionist activist, settling first Petah Tikva and the initiator and founder of Neve Shalom Tel-Aviv. Both of Spielman's grandfathers were cantors. Spielman studied at an agricultural high school. After graduation, he entered the Israel Defense Forces and served as a soloist and singer in the Israeli Air Force Band. Following his honorable discharge from the IDF, Spielman recorded songs as a soloist. In 1978, Spielman performed the song "Nesich haChlomot", better known as "Valentino" along with Zvi Bums and Gali Atari, at the Festival Hazemer Ha'ivri, the Israeli qualification heat for the Eurovision Song Contest; the song placed third.

Spielman created the band "Afifon", which appeared in the 1980 Israel Song Festival performing the song "1980". In the same year, he appeared in the Chassidic Song Festival, recorded two songs for their album of the same name, he founded the "Udi Spielman Band", Israel's most acclaimed and successful pop orchestra for twenty years performing both in Israel and abroad, became the house band for Israel's first commercial TV channel for the Israel Broadcasting Services. In 2000, Spielman retired his performing groups, he studied at and graduated from the Tel Aviv Cantorial Institute, administered by Cantor Naftali Hershtik, the Chief Cantor of the Great Synagogue in Jerusalem. Afterwards, Herstik referred Spielman to another teacher, who put him in touch with the greatest cantorial pianist, Raymond Goldstein. Chaim Feifel added much to Udi's education as well. Besides his Cantorial services as a Hazzan, Udi has performed in Cantorial concerts with the most regarded Hazzanim of our time, he previously served as Artistic Director for the Concert Series of B’nai Torah Congregation, the largest Conservative Synagogue in the SE United States.

Since beginning his cantorial career, Spielman has launched one solo Cantorial CD and two liturgical music CDs with his wife, Varda Noga Spielman, former singer with the Northern Command and the popular 80's girl's band Sexsta, as well as a concert DVD in 2012. 2004 Seven Voice and Spirit 2008 A Still Small Voice 2008 Set me as a Seal 2012 Udi and Varda Spielman in Concert 2012 List of Israeli musical artists List of Jewish musicians Florida Atlantic University Judaica Sound Archives” Udi and Varda Spielman in Concert 2009 on YouTube Udi and Varda Spielman in Concert 2012” on YouTube Udi Spielman Chazzanut”

Ragtime Cowboy Joe (film)

Ragtime Cowboy Joe is a 1940 American Western film directed by Ray Taylor and written by Sherman L. Lowe; the film stars Johnny Mack Brown, Fuzzy Knight, Nell O'Day, Dick Curtis, Lynn Merrick and Walter Soderling. The film was released on September 1940, by Universal Pictures. Johnny Mack Brown as Steve Logan Fuzzy Knight as Joe Bushberry Nell O'Day as Helen Osborne Dick Curtis as Bo Gilman Lynn Merrick as Mary Curtiss Walter Soderling as Virgil Parker Roy Barcroft as Putt Lewis Harry Tenbrook as Del Porter George Plues as Roy Gordon Ed Cassidy as Sheriff Buck Moulton as Buck Edwards Harold Goodwin as Duncan Wilfred Lucas as Sam Osborne William Gould as Mansfield Bob O'Connor as Bartender Bud Osborne as Clements Slim Whitaker as Foreman Jack Rube Clifford as Clayton Veola Vonn as Singer Ragtime Cowboy Joe on IMDb