Lake Texoma is one of the largest reservoirs in the United States, the 12th largest US Army Corps of Engineers' lake, the largest in USACE Tulsa District. Lake Texoma is formed by Denison Dam on the Red River in Bryan County and Grayson County, about 726 miles upstream from the mouth of the river, it is located at the confluence of the Washita Rivers. The project was completed in 1944; the damsite is about 5 miles northwest of Denison, 15 miles southwest of Durant, Oklahoma. Lake Texoma is the most developed and most popular lake within the USACE Tulsa District, attracting around 6 million visitors a year. Oklahoma has more of the lake within its boundaries than Texas. Lake Texoma's two main sources are Washita River from the north. Other notable sources include Big Mineral Creek, Little Mineral Creek, Buncombe Creek, Rock Creek, Glasses Creek. Lake Texoma drains into the Red River at the Denison Dam. Normal elevation of the conservation pool varies from 615 to 619 ft National Geodetic Vertical Datum depending on the time of year.
The flood control pool extends to elevation 645 ft NGVD. The lake has crested the dam's spillway at a height of 640 ft five times: once in 1957, again in 1990, 2007, May 24, 2015, most on June 18, 2015; the lake's highest elevation was recorded on May 6, 1990, at 644.76 feet. This record was broken on May 29, 2015, the lake crested on June 1, 2015, at a new record elevation of 645.72 feet. The top of Denison Dam is at 670 feet; the Red River that formed Lake Texoma is a saltwater river due to salt deposits left over from a 250 million year old former sea, in the current Texas-Oklahoma border region. As time passed, that sea evaporated, leaving salt deposits — sodium chloride. Rock and silt buried the deposits, but the salt continues to leech through natural seeps in tributaries above Lake Texoma, sending as much as 3,450 tons of salt per day flowing down the Red River; the problem with the water in the Red River is much of it is too salty and requires costly treatment, if it is usable at all. Due to this phenomenon striped bass, a saltwater fish, thrive in Lake Texoma.
Lake Texoma is home to the only self-sustaining population of striped bass in Texas. Lake Texoma is situated on the border between the states of Oklahoma and Texas in the Oklahoma counties of Bryan, Marshall and Love, the Texas counties of Grayson and Cooke, it has a surface area of 93,000 acres, a conservation water volume of 2,525,568 acre⋅ft, a flood-control volume of 5,194,163 acre⋅ft. Notable cities surrounding the lake in Texas are Denison and Gainesville. In Oklahoma, the most notable city is Durant. Other towns and cities near the lake in Bryan County, include Cartwright, Calera and Mead. In Marshall County, Oklahoma and Kingston are the nearest cities with many notable communities near the lake including Enos, Little City, Kingston, Woodville, McBride and the unsubmerged portion of Aylesworth. Most of Aylesworth was submerged under the water of the lake. Other towns and cities in Texas include Gordonville, Fink and Preston. Several small islands on Lake Texoma are accessible only by means of water transportation.
Some of the island names include, in order from west to east, West Island, Wood Island, Hog Island, Treasure Island, Little Island, North Island. Lake Texoma features 54 USACE-managed parks; the northern and southern reaches of the lake each terminate within a national wildlife refuge. According to the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, George Moulton, a businessman from Denison, first talked publicly about damming the Red River at Baer's Ferry in 1925, he began lobbying the Chambers of Commerce in Durant. Congressman Sam Rayburn became interested in the project in the early 1930s, helped bring Federal funding and the Corps of Engineers to make Lake Texoma a reality. Denison Dam and Lake Texoma were authorized for construction by the Flood Control Act approved June 28, 1938, for flood control and generation of hydroelectric power; the dam and outlet works were started in August 1939 and completed in February 1944. By 1942, much of the labor on the facilities was provided by German prisoners of war.
These men were members of the Afrika Korps, captured by the U. S. Army in North Africa, they were the first POWs used in labor camps by the U. S, they were housed in camps near Tishomingo and Powell, Oklahoma. At that time, Denison Dam was the largest rolled, earthfilled dam in the United States; the project was put into operation for flood control in January 1944. The first hydroelectric turbine was placed in operation in March 1945, while a second unit became operational in September 1949; the town of Woodville, was submerged by the lake. The site was exposed by a severe drought in 2011. Most of the town of Aylesworth was submerged by the construction of the lake. Lake Texoma is the only lake in the contiguous United States to have its own independent government known as Lake Texoma Indian Territory. North of Gainesville, Texas Camp Howze was constructed for military training. German prisoners were sent there; some were used to clearcut the timber below the flood line for Lake Texoma. The lake was pristine until flood waters rose above the clear cut line in 1957.
The lake attracted worldwide media attention in June 2015 when water was drained following a flood, causing a vortex with 2.5-m-wide hole to form. Lake Texoma's popularity is attributed to its sheer size and proximity to the Dallas
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Dallas the City of Dallas, is a city in the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U. S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U. S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton and oil in North and East Texas.
The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. A "beta" global city, the economy of Dallas has been considered diverse with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, transportation. Dallas is home to 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits; the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, ExxonMobil and J. C. Penney. Over 41 colleges and universities are in its metropolitan area, the most of any metropolitan area in Texas; the city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States as of 2016.
WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most-diverse city in the U. S. in 2018. Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. France claimed the area but never established much settlement. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory; the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. Three years after Texas achieved independence, John Neely Bryan surveyed the area around present-day Dallas, he established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas. A further theory gives the origin as the village of Dallas, Scotland, similar to the way Houston, Texas was named after Sam Houston whose ancestors came from the Scottish village of Houston, Renfrewshire; the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856. With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century, it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, the Midwest. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time.
It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth; the rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing. In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited Downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico; the small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population, drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, the Mexican Revolution. On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Downtown Dallas; the upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in Downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states.
The gunman identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m. killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were injured; this marked the deadliest day for U. S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he
Fannin County, Texas
Fannin County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 33,915; the county seat is Bonham. The county was named for James Fannin, who commanded the group of Texans killed in the Goliad Massacre during the Texas Revolution; the county was organized the next year. Fannin County is a part of the Texoma region. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles, of which 891 square miles are land and 8.0 square miles are covered by water. It is drained by Bois D'Arc Sulphur River. U. S. Highway 69 U. S. Highway 82 State Highway 11 State Highway 34 State Highway 50 State Highway 56 State Highway 78 State Highway 121 Bryan County, Oklahoma Lamar County Delta County Hunt County Collin County Grayson County Caddo National Grassland As of the census of 2000, there were 31,242 people, 11,105 households, 7,984 families residing in the county; the population density was 35 people per square mile. There were 12,887 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 86.56% White, 7.96% Black or African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.78% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races. 5.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of 2015 the largest self-reported ancestry groups were 48.50% English, 16.10% Welsh, 11.00% German and 7.25% Irish. There were 11,105 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females there were 113.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,501, the median income for a family was $42,193. Males had a median income of $31,140 versus $23,101 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,066. About 9.90% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 16.50% of those age 65 or over. Dodd City Ladonia Whitewright Windom National Register of Historic Places listings in Fannin County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Fannin County Media related to Fannin County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Fannin County government's website Fannin County from the Handbook of Texas Online
Sherman is a U. S. city in and the county seat of Grayson County, Texas. The city's population in 2010 was 38,521, it is one of the two principal cities in the Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is part of the Texoma region of North Texas and southern Oklahoma. Sherman was named after a hero of the Texas Revolution; the community was designated as the county seat by the act of the Texas legislature which created Grayson County on March 17, 1846. In 1847, a post office began operation. Sherman was located at the center of the county, but in 1848 it was moved about 3 miles east to its current location. By 1850, Sherman had become an incorporated town under Texas law, it had become a stop on the Butterfield Overland Mail route through Texas. By 1852, Sherman had a population of 300, it consisted of a public square with a log court house, several businesses, a district clerk's office, a church along the east side of the square. During the 1850s and 1860s, Sherman continued to participate in regional politics.
The first flour mill was built in 1861. Because many residents of North Texas had migrated from the Upper South and only a low percentage were slaveholders, there was considerable Unionist sentiment in the region. E. Junius Foster, the publisher of Sherman's anti-secessionist Whig newspaper, the Patriot, circulated a petition to establish North Texas as an independent free state. Following Confederate passage of a conscription law, there was resistance in North Texas to conscription as large slaveholders were exempted. Slaveholders in nearby Cooke County feared that some Unionists might ally with others, in October 1862, state militia captured and arrested 150-200 suspects from the area on suspicion of insurrection. In the Great Hanging at Gainesville, the county seat, 42 men were murdered hanged by a mob, with several men sentenced by a so-called "Citizens' Court". While the court was operating, Col. William Young had been killed by unknown assailants, he had organized the jury for the court and by the time of his death, it was responsible for more than 20 deaths.
After Foster "applauded" Young's death in his newspaper, he was murdered by Capt. Jim Young, son of the colonel. Anti-Unionist state militia rounded up more suspects in Sherman, but Confederate Brigadier General James W. Throckmorton intervened, saving all but five men, lynched. During and after the Civil War, north Texas outlaw bands led by Jesse James and William Quantrill were seen in Sherman. Years James spent at least part of his honeymoon in Sherman, where he was photographed on horseback. Education developed in north Texas during this time; the Sherman Male and Female High School started accepting students during 1866, under the patronage of the North Texas Methodist Conference. It was one of three private schools in Sherman at the time; this school operated under several names until 1935. It lost Methodist support, after the opening of Southern Methodist University in 1915 in Dallas. In 1876, Austin College, the oldest continuously operating college in Texas, relocated from Huntsville to Sherman.
Sherman Female Institute known as Mary Nash College, opened in 1877 under sponsorship of the Baptist Church. It continued operation until 1901. Carr–Burdette College, a women's college affiliated with the Disciples of Christ, operated there from 1894 to 1929. Jews have had a long history in Sherman, settling in the area and meeting for the High Holidays by 1873. While there was general depression and lawlessness during Reconstruction, Sherman remained commercially active. During the 1870s Sherman's population reached 6,000. In 1875, two fires destroyed many buildings east of the square, they were rebuilt with superior materials. This included a new Grayson County Courthouse built in 1876. In 1879, the Old Settlers' Association of North Texas met near Sherman; the Old Settlers' Association of Grayson County incorporated in 1898 and completed purchase of Old Settlers' Park in 1909. On May 15, 1896, a tornado measuring F5 on the Fujita scale struck Sherman; the tornado had a damage path 400 yards wide and 28 miles long, killing 73 people and injuring 200.
About 50 homes were destroyed, with 20 of them being obliterated. In 1901 the first electric "Interurban" railway in Texas, the Denison and Sherman Railway, was completed between Sherman and Denison; the Texas Traction Company completed a 65-mile interurban between Sherman and Dallas in 1908, it purchased the Denison and Sherman Railway in 1911. Through the connections in Dallas and Denison, it was possible to travel to the Texas destinations of Terrell, Waco, Fort Worth and Denton, as well as to Durant, Oklahoma, by interurban railways. One popular destination on the Interurban between Sherman and Denison was Wood Lake Park, a private amusement park at the time. By 1948, all interurban rail service in Texas had been discontinued. During the Sherman Riot of May 9, 1930, Sherman's elegant 1876 courthouse was burned down by arson during the trial of an African American man, George Hughes. During the riot, Hughes was died in the fire. After rioters retrieved Hughes' body from the vault, it was dragged behind a car and set afire.
The black business section was destroyed. Texas Ranger Frank Hamer was in Sherman during this riot and reported the situation to Texas Governor Dan Moody. Governor Moody sent National Guard troops to Sherman on May 9 and more on May 10 to control
Kingston is a town in Marshall County, United States. The population was 1,601 at the 2010 census. Kingston is located at 34°0′1″N 96°43′16″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,390 people, 552 households, 381 families residing in the town; the population density was 791.8 people per square mile. There were 629 housing units at an average density of 358.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 78.56% White, 0.14% African American, 14.68% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 1.80% from other races, 4.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.39% of the population. Kingston and the surrounding area has a large Hispanic community due to a large influx of immigration attracted to the area's manufacturing jobs, but the United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce places a new estimate at over 10 percent. There were 552 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families.
27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $22,429, the median income for a family was $30,259. Males had a median income of $25,278 versus $18,403 for females; the per capita income for the town was $11,850. About 18.1% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 26.0% of those age 65 or over. Kingston Is Home to The award-winning "Kingston Show Choir", who have received superior ratings at district and Tri-State. Kingston is an incorporated community in Marshall County, located eight miles southeast of the county seat, Madill.
Records indicate that the town was established in 1894 in Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory. The town was named for Jeff King. A U. S. Post Office was established on April 1894, with John F. Robinson serving as postmaster; the early settlement included a general store, cotton gin, a schoolhouse that doubled as a church. Several of the older buildings in Kingston, were torn down in the late 80s to make way for a new hardware store and lumberyard. Kingston has a new multipurpose activity building to the community; the oldest remaining building in Kingston, which used to serve as the town's bank in the early days, now houses Dee's Creative Corner. Kingston's High School Alumni Association, is the oldest active alumni association in the state of Oklahoma, founded in 1911; each year graduates of Kingston High School are given the opportunity to join the association. The association, through donations and fund raisers, helps to send local students to college. Notable figures include country music singer, Dale Lay, rock and roll drummer Greg Upchurch.
Dale released several country albums, several radio singles and performed on the Grand Ole Opry. Dale was responsible for the support of the Kingston High School band. For several years, Dale raised money to buy new instruments and band uniforms at his annual benefit concert. Dale’s son, Anthony Lay, is a nationally syndicated radio personality, he goes by “The AntMan” and hosts a syndicated Saturday night show, Country House Party on more than 80 iHeart Country radio stations across the nation. Greg Upchurch began his rock career with the band Puddle of Mudd, since 2005 has been the drummer for 3 Doors Down. Greg first learned his percussion skills in the Kingston High School band; the high school used to be housed in the now present-day elementary building until a new building was made. Today, the elementary, middle school, high school each have their own buildings; the school also had a pool, until it was paved over into a parking lot. A. E. Findley was the band director of Kingston High School's first band.
He was the first elected into the Oklahoma Bandmasters Association in 1966. The high school has two blood drives each year and does a yearly food drive as part of their charity work. Kingston High School and Madill High School had a football rivalry up until 2017 known as the “Marshall County Super Bowl.” Madill is now the home of the bowl until the next time Madill and Kingston play again, unknown. Madill and Kingston will not play each other for the next few years because of class differentials. Kingston OK Visitor Guide
Calera is a town in Bryan County, United States, only 5 miles south of Durant and 10 miles north of the Oklahoma-Texas stateline. The population was 2,164 at the 2010 census, an increase of 24.4 percent from 1,739 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Durant Micropolitan Area, it is part of the Texoma region. Calera is located at 33°56′3″N 96°25′42″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.6 square miles, all of it land. The Calera town limits borders the Southern Durant city limits, but the actual downtowns of Calera and Durant are 5 miles apart. Known as Cale Switch or Cale when in 1872 the Missouri and Texas Railway built a railroad through the Choctaw Nation, the small community was established on the east side of the tracks; the name Cale came from railroad official George W. Cale. Seventeen years the people of Cale Switch had their first post office; that same year the town was given the name Sterrett, but Katy referred to as Missouri and Texas Railway, railroad official refused to call it by that name.
The debate continued for twenty-one years when in 1910 the town accepted the name Calera. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,739 people, 676 households, 469 families residing in the town; the population density was 678.6 per square mile. There were 742 housing units at an average density of 289.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 81.31% White, 0.12% African American, 11.67% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 2.07% from other races, 4.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.99% of the population. There were 676 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.99. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $27,766, the median income for a family was $31,140. Males had a median income of $26,793 versus $18,688 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,850. About 12.2% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 21.3% of those age 65 or over. Calera has a wide variety of travelers through the streets; this is because of travelers and tourists visiting the Choctaw Casino & Resort, north of town. Thanks to this large contribution, the town has experienced economic growth over the last few years. More eating establishments such as Sonic Drive-In, Subway, & Taco Casa, have opened in recent years. Other places people can get food include: Okie Donuts, Naifeh's Steak House, Sports City Cafe, The Iron Gate Cafe, Catfish Barn. There is a hotel, Best Express Inn & Suites, another hotel is being built.
There are many small businesses throughout the small town. These include: Ginger's Hair Styles, Unique Designs, Calera Tag Agency, The Amish Store, Ferguson Animal Clinic. Calera is situated along U. S. 69/75, the second busiest north-south route in Oklahoma, after Interstate 35. The Union Pacific Rail Road Runs through Calera on the East Side of US 69/75 Calera is home to Calera Public Schools, classified as 2A by the OSSAA; the average enrollment is 700 students. The school mascot is the Calera Bulldogs and Lady Bulldogs; the schools consist of Calera Early Childhood, Calera Elementary, Calera High School. Gerald Parks has been the Superintendent of these schools for five years. Calera Early Childhood is for children who are between the grades of First Grade; the Elementary School is for students who are between the grades of Sixth. Steve Evans has been the principal of these two schools for four years. Calera High School consists of students between Twelfth grads. Kevin Robinson has been the principal of Calera High School for six years, in 2016 was named Bryan County Administrator of the Year.
In 1995, Calera High School's Academic team won the Oklahoma Secondary Schools Activities Association State Championship. Through the years, the Academic Team has continued to be successful; the Calera boys' basketball program has advanced to the state tournament seven times, is home to the 1956 Class B Boys State Champions. In 2014, the Calera girls' softball basketball team was named Area Quarterfinalist. Calera is home to three individual cross-country state champions, as well as three 1600m state champions, won by former East Central University cross-country runner, Cale Eidson; the Calera softball team has been successful in the last few years. In the 2014, 2015, 2016 Slow-Pitch season the girls advanced to the state tournament; the 2014 season was the first time any girls' team at Calera High School had made it to a state tournament. The local FFA Chapter was named Three Star National FFA Chapter and the National Convention form 2007 through 2011, has experienced major successes in Career Development Events at the State and National levels.
Famous Calera residents include: Jason Meadows, Country music artist and Nashville Star runner-Up Cale Eidson, Runner and ECU Male Athlete of the Year nominee Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History a