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The Ashes

The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia. The Ashes are regarded as being held by the team that most won the Test series. If the test series is drawn, the team that holds the Ashes retains the trophy; the term originated in a satirical obituary published in a British newspaper, The Sporting Times after Australia's 1882 victory at The Oval, its first Test win on English soil. The obituary stated that English cricket had died, "the body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia"; the mythical ashes became associated with the 1882–83 series played in Australia, before which the English captain Ivo Bligh had vowed to "regain those ashes". The English media therefore dubbed the tour the quest to regain the Ashes. After England had won two of the three Tests on the tour, a small urn was presented to Bligh by a group of Melbourne women including Florence Morphy, whom Bligh married within a year; the contents of the urn are reputed to be the ashes of a wooden bail, were humorously described as "the ashes of Australian cricket".

It is not clear whether that "tiny silver urn" is the same as the small terracotta urn given to the MCC by Bligh's widow after his death in 1927. The urn has never been the official trophy of the Ashes series, having been a personal gift to Bligh. However, replicas of the urn are held aloft by victorious teams as a symbol of their victory in an Ashes series. Since the 1998–99 Ashes series, a Waterford Crystal representation of the Ashes urn has been presented to the winners of an Ashes series as the official trophy of that series. Irrespective of which side holds the tournament, the urn remains in the MCC Museum at Lord's. An Ashes series is traditionally of five Tests, hosted in turn by England and Australia at least once every two years. There have been 71 Ashes series: Australia have won 33, England 32 and six series have been drawn; the first Test match between England and Australia was played in Melbourne, Australia, in 1877, though the Ashes legend started after the ninth Test, played in 1882.

On their tour of England that year the Australians played just one Test, at the Oval in London. It was a low-scoring affair on a difficult wicket. Australia made a mere 63 runs in its first innings, England, led by A. N. Hornby, took a 38-run lead with a total of 101. In its second innings, boosted by a spectacular 55 runs off 60 deliveries from Hugh Massie, managed 122, which left England only 85 runs to win; the Australians were demoralised by the manner of their second-innings collapse, but fast bowler Fred Spofforth, spurred on by the gamesmanship of his opponents, in particular W. G. Grace, refused to give in. "This thing can be done," he declared. Spofforth went on to devastate the English batting, taking his final four wickets for only two runs to leave England just eight runs short of victory; when Ted Peate, England's last batsman, came to the crease, his side needed just ten runs to win, but Peate managed only two before he was bowled by Harry Boyle. An astonished Oval crowd fell silent, struggling to believe that England could have lost to a colony on home soil.

When it sank in, the crowd swarmed onto the field, cheering loudly and chairing Boyle and Spofforth to the pavilion. When Peate returned to the pavilion he was reprimanded by his captain for not allowing his partner, Charles Studd, to get the runs. Peate humorously replied, "I had no confidence in Mr Studd, sir, so thought I had better do my best."The momentous defeat was recorded in the British press, which praised the Australians for their plentiful "pluck" and berated the Englishmen for their lack thereof. A celebrated poem appeared in Punch on 9 September; the first verse, quoted most reads: On 31 August, in the Charles Alcock-edited magazine Cricket: A Weekly Record of The Game, there appeared a mock obituary: On 2 September a more celebrated mock obituary, written by Reginald Shirley Brooks, appeared in The Sporting Times. It read: Ivo Bligh promised that on 1882–83 tour of Australia, he would, as England's captain, "recover those Ashes", he spoke of them several times over the course of the tour, the Australian media caught on.

The three-match series resulted in a two-one win to England, notwithstanding a fourth match, won by the Australians, whose status remains a matter of ardent dispute. In the 20 years following Bligh's campaign the term "the Ashes" disappeared from public use. There is no indication; the term became popular again in Australia first, when George Giffen, in his memoirs, used the term as if it were well known. The true and global revitalisation of interest in the concept dates from 1903, when Pelham Warner took a team to Australia with the promise that he would regain "the ashes"; as had been the case on Bligh's tour 20 years before, the Australian media latched fervently onto the term and, this time, it stuck. Having fulfilled his promise, Warner published a book entitled. Although the origins of the term are not referred to in the text, the title served to revive public interest in the legend; the first mention of "the Ashes" in Wisden Cricketers' Almanack occurs in 1905, while Wisden's first account of the legend is in the 1922 edition.

As it took many years for the name "The Ashes" to be given to ongo


Yerriyong is a locality in the City of Shoalhaven in New South Wales, Australia. It lies about 17 km to the southwest of Nowra on the road to Canberra, it is made up of eucalyptus forest. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 25; the name is believed to be of Aboriginal origin, as in Tharawal "Yerri" means "tooth" and "ong" is a common place name ending, so it is considered to relate to an initiation ceremony. Yerriyong had a state school from 1885 to 1948; this was described as a "provisional school", "public school", or "half-time school". It was replaced by Yerriyong Vale, a "half-time school" or a "provisional school"

Doctor of the Church

Doctor of the Church referred to as Doctor of the Universal Church, is a title given by the Catholic Church to saints recognized as having made a significant contribution to theology or doctrine through their research, study, or writing. Some other churches have similar categories with various names. In the Western church four outstanding "Fathers of the Church" attained this honour in the early Middle Ages: Saint Gregory the Great, Saint Ambrose, Saint Augustine, Saint Jerome; the "four Doctors" became a commonplace notion among Scholastic theologians, a decree of Boniface VIII ordering their feasts to be kept as doubles throughout the Latin Church is contained in his sixth book of Decretals. In the Byzantine Church three Doctors were pre-eminent: Saint John Chrysostom, Saint Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzus; the feasts of these three saints were made obligatory throughout the Eastern Empire by Leo VI the Wise. A common feast was instituted in their honour on 30 January, called "the feast of the three Hierarchs".

In the Menaea for that day it is related that the three Doctors appeared in a dream to John Mauropous, Bishop of Euchaita, commanded him to institute a festival in their honour, in order to put a stop to the rivalries of their votaries and panegyrists. This was under Alexius Comnenus, but sermons for the feast are attributed in manuscripts to Cosmas Vestitor, who flourished in the tenth century. The three are as common in Eastern art. Durandus remarks. In the West analogy led to the veneration of four Eastern Doctors, Saint Athanasius being added to the three hierarchs; the details of the title, Doctor of the Church, vary from one autonomous ritual church to another. In the Latin Church, the four Latin Doctors "had long been recognized" in the liturgy when the four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church, John Chrysostom, Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzus, Athanasius of Alexandria were recognized in 1568 by Pope Pius V. To these names others have subsequently been added with liturgical effects.

The requisite conditions are enumerated as three: eminens doctrina, insignis vitae sanctitas, Ecclesiae declaratio. Benedict XIV explains the third as a declaration by a general council, but though general councils have acclaimed the writings of certain Doctors, no council has conferred the title of Doctor of the Church. The procedure involved extending to the universal Church the use of the Divine Office and Mass of the saint in which the title of doctor is applied to him; the decree is issued by the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints and approved by the pope, after a careful examination, if necessary, of the saint's writings. It is not in any way an ex cathedra decision, nor does it amount to a declaration that no error is to be found in the teaching of the Doctor, it is, well known that the greatest of them are not wholly immune from error. No martyr is in the list, since the Office and the Mass were for Confessors. Hence, as Benedict XIV points out, Saint Ignatius of Antioch, Saint Irenaeus of Lyons, Saint Cyprian of Carthage are not called Doctors of the Church.

The Doctors' works vary in subject and form. Some, such as Pope Gregory the Great and St Ambrose of Milan, were prominent writers of letters and short treatises. Saints Catherine of Siena and John of the Cross wrote mystical theology. Saints Augustine of Hippo and Bellarmine defended the Church against heresy. Bede wrote theological treatises. Systematic theologians include the Scholastic philosophers Saint Anselm of Canterbury, Saint Albert the Great, Saint Thomas Aquinas; until 1970, no woman had been named a doctor in the church, but since four additions to the list have been women: Saints Teresa of Ávila and Catherine of Siena by Pope Paul VI. Saints Teresa and Therese were both Discalced Carmelites, St. Catherine was a lay Dominican, Hildegard was a Benedictine. Traditionally, in the Liturgy, the Office of Doctors was distinguished from that of Confessors by two changes: the Gospel reading Vos estis sal terrae, Matthew 5:13–19, the eighth Respond at Matins, from Ecclesiasticus 15:5, In medio Ecclesiae aperuit os ejus, * Et implevit eum Deus spiritu sapientiae et intellectus.

* Jucunditatem et exsultationem thesaurizavit super eum. The Nicene Creed was recited at Mass, not said except on Sundays and the highest-ranking feast days; the 1962 revisions to the Missal dropped the Creed from feasts of Doctors and abolished the title and the Common of Confessors, instituting a distinct Common of Doctors. As of 2015, the Catholic Church has named 36 Doctors of the Church. Of these, the 17 who died before the Great Schism of 1054 are held in high esteem by the Eastern Orthodox Church, although it does not use the formal title "Doctor of the Church" in the same way that Catholics do. Among these 36 are 27 from the West and 9 from the East. More Doctors


Pentanine is the eighth studio album by Pierre Moerlen's Gong. It was released in 2004, it was recorded in 2002 in Saint Petersburg, with Russian musicians and was the last album recorded by Pierre Moerlen before he died on 3 May 2005. "Flyin' High" – 5:49 "Airway to Seven" – 4:37 "Pentanine" – 3:28 "Au Chalet" – 4:04 "Trip à la Mode" – 4:49 "Réminiscence" – 6:46 "Interlude" – 0:40 "Classique" – 7:12 "Lacheur" – 6:11 "Bleu Nuit" – 3:54 "Pentanine" – 2:11 "Montagnes Russes" – 7:04 "Troyka" – 4:33 Pierre Moerlen – drums, xylophone, programming Meehail Ogorodov – keyboards, recorder, "underwater" voice Arkady Kuznetsov – electric guitar Alexei Pleschunov – bass guitarAdditional personnel Alexander Lutsky – muted trumpet Vadim "dess" Sergeyev – engineer Alexander Repiov – album art design Pierre Moerlen's Gong - Pentanine album credits & releases at Pierre Moerlen's Gong - Pentanine album releases & credits at Pierre Moerlen's Gong - Pentanine album credits & user reviews at Pierre Moerlen's Gong - Pentanine album to be listened as stream at Play.

Ibrahim Ba

Ibrahim "Ibou" Ba is a French former professional footballer who played as a right midfielder. Born in Senegal's capital, Ibrahim Ngom Ba was not yet eighteen when, in 1991, he started playing for the French club Le Havre AC, where he spent five years. In 1996, he moved to fellow Ligue 1 outfit Bordeaux, reaching the final of the Coupe de la Ligue and making his France national football team debut on 22 January 1997 against Portugal, scoring in a 2–0 victory. In 1997, Ba transferred from FC Girondins de Bordeaux to Milan, in 1998–99 he won the Serie A title, he was loaned to AC Perugia, where he suffered a knee injury. He underwent another loan, with Olympique de Marseille, in 2001. Back in Milan, Ba won both the UEFA Champions League and the Coppa Italia during the team's successful 2002–03 season, although he was never a starter, making only 5 appearances in all competitions across the season. In 2003, he joined Bolton Wanderers in England, he helped them reach the 2004 Football League Cup Final, playing in both legs of the semi-final victory over Aston Villa.

However, he was left out of the match day squad. Ba made his last appearance for Bolton against Chelsea on 13 March 2004, he failed to make an impression at Bolton, moved on to Turkey after just one season, joining Çaykur Rizespor on a one-year deal on 24 August 2004. On 6 February 2005, Ba was signed by Swedish side Djurgårdens IF on a two-year contract. Djurgården won the league in his first season. In early 2006, it was decided that his contract would be terminated and he subsequently left Djurgården in January of that year. At the start of 2007 Ba returned to Italy to train with Serie C2 team Varese to help with his fitness. In June 2007, after traveling to Athens together with the A. C. Milan squad to attend the UEFA Champions League final in which they defeated English Premier League side Liverpool, Ba agreed to a one-year contract with the rossoneri. At the conclusion of the 2007–08 season, in which he made only one appearance in the Coppa Italia as a substitute on the bench, he retired from the game as a player and became a scout for Milan in Africa.

Ibrahim Ba is the son of 1970s Senegalese international footballer Ibrahima Ba, who spent his late career in France, where he helped Le Havre AC to promotion in 1979 and finished his career at SC Abbeville. Ibrahima Ba's younger son, Fabien is a footballer, playing in Italy with the Giovanissimi Nazionali of his brother Ibrahim's former club A. C. Milan. In 2018, Paolo Maldini named Ba one of his close friends from the world of football. AC Milan Serie A: 1998–99 UEFA Champions League: 2002–03 Coppa Italia: 2002–03Djurgårdens IF Allsvenskan: 2005 Ibrahim Ba at Soccerbase

Villa Luisa (Alcamo)

Villa Luisa is a mansion located in the town centre of Alcamo, in the province of Trapani. It is an elegant villa built in 1903 in Liberty style, it is situated in Alcamo, a town rich with ancient buildings and beautiful churches. We do not know the name of the architect who planned it, but it is similar to Villa Paino in Palermo belonging to the family Chiarelli Rossotti, whose plan is assigned to the engineer Francesco Naselli of Ernesto Basile school; the mansion has been used as a dance hall and for wedding parties in the 1970s as a nursery school in the 1980s. Today, after the restoration made in 1980, it has become a refined household, with trees of different types, multicoloured flowers: a real peaceful haven; the building has a fine Liberty style tending towards Moorish. On the main façade there is a big balcony with a fine marble parapet, with some carvings with the shape of a Greek cross, five artistic openings. There are 14 rooms, with about 110 square metres large, in the middle of them.

After the restoration made in 1980, this room has become a more functional space, like a corner rich with different plants, well-lighted by a large skylight and a big white chandelier made of Murano glass dated 1943. The furniture is appropriate, as they have maintained the family’s one, dating back to the early 1900s; that one in the hall has geometrical patterns, with the coat of arms of the barons Rossotti Chiarelli, surmounted by a baronial crown. The second fireplace has floral arrangements, with the family crest in the middle of it. Roberto Calia: I Palazzi dell'aristocrazia e della borghesia alcamese. M. Rocca: di alcuni antichi edifici di Alcamo. Castellana-Di Stefano, 1905 House of Ciullo d'Alcamo Palazzo Pastore Palazzo De Ballis Palazzo Rocca