The Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the only major daily newspaper in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, United States. It is the flagship publication of Cox Enterprises; the Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the result of the merger between The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution. The two staffs were combined in 1982. Separate publication of the morning Constitution and afternoon Journal ended in 2001 in favor of a single morning paper under the Journal-Constitution name; the AJC has its headquarters in the Atlanta suburb of Georgia. It was co-owned with television flagship WSB-TV and six radio stations, which are located separately in midtown Atlanta, the AJC remained part of Cox Enterprises, while WSB became part of an independent Cox Media Group. Past issues of the newspaper are archived in the United States Library of Congress; the Atlanta Journal was established in 1883. Founder E. F. Hoge sold the paper to Atlanta lawyer Hoke Smith in 1887. After the Journal supported Presidential candidate Grover Cleveland in the 1892 election, Smith was named as Secretary of the Interior by the victorious Cleveland.
Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist Margaret Mitchell worked for the Journal from 1922 to 1926. Important for the development of her 1936 Gone With the Wind were the series of profiles of prominent Georgia Civil War generals she wrote for The Atlanta Journal's Sunday magazine, the research for which, scholars believe, led her to her work on the novel. In 1922, the Journal founded one of the first radio broadcasting stations in the South, WSB; the radio station and the newspaper were sold in 1939 to James Middleton Cox, founder of what would become Cox Enterprises. The Journal carried the motto "Covers Dixie like the Dew". In 1868, Carey Wentworth Styles, along with his joint venture partners James Anderson and William Hemphill purchased a small newspaper, the Atlanta Daily Opinion which they renamed; the Constitution, as it was known, was first published on June 16, 1868. Its name changed to The Atlanta Constitution in October 1869. Hemphill became the business manager, a position that he retained until 1901.
When Styles was unable to liquidate his holdings in an Albany newspaper, he could not pay for his purchase of the Constitution. He was forced to surrender his interest in the paper to Anderson and Hemphill, who each owned one half. In 1870 Anderson sold his one half interest in the paper to Col. E. Y. Clarke. In active competition with other Atlanta newspapers, Hemphill hired special trains to deliver newspapers to the Macon marketplace; the newspaper became such a force that by 1871 it had overwhelmed the Daily Intelligencer, the only Atlanta paper to survive the American Civil War. In August 1875 its name changed to The Atlanta Daily Constitution for two weeks to The Constitution again for about a year. In 1876 Captain Evan Howell purchased the 50 percent interest in the paper from E. Y. Clarke, became its editor-in-chief; that same year, Joel Chandler Harris began writing for the paper. He soon created the character of Uncle Remus, a black storyteller, as a way of recounting stories from African-American culture.
The Howell family would own full interest in the paper from 1902 until 1950. In October 1876 the newspaper was renamed as The Daily Constitution, before settling on the name The Atlanta Constitution in September 1881. During the 1880s, editor Henry W. Grady was a spokesman for the "New South", encouraging industrial development as well as the founding of Georgia Tech in Atlanta. Evan Howell's family would come to own The Atlanta Constitution from 1902 to 1950; the Constitution established one of the first radio broadcasting stations, WGM, which began operating on March 17, 1922, two days after the debut of the Journal's WSB. However, WGM ceased operations after just over a year, its equipment was donated to what was known as Georgia School of Technology, which used it to help launch WBBF in January 1924. In late 1947, the Constitution established radio station WCON. Subsequently, it received approval to begin operating an FM station, WCON-FM 98.5 mHz, a TV station, WCON-TV, on channel 2. But the 1950 merger with the Journal required major adjustments.
Contemporary Federal Communications Commission "duopoly" regulations disallowed owning more than one AM, FM or TV station in a given market, the Atlanta Journal owned WSB AM 750 and WSB-FM 104.5, as well as WSB-TV on channel 8. In order to comply with the duopoly restrictions, WCON and the original WSB-FM were shut down; the WCON-TV construction permit was canceled, WSB-TV was allowed to move from channel 8 to channel 2. In addition, in order to standardize with its sister stations, WCON-FM's call letters were changed to WSB-FM. Ralph McGill, editor for the Constitution in the 1940s, was one of the few southern newspaper editors to support the American Civil Rights Movement. Other noteworthy editors of The Atlanta Constitution include J. Reginald Murphy. "Reg" Murphy gained notoriety after being kidnapped in 1974. Murphy moved to the West Coast and served as editor of the San Francisco Examiner. From the 1970s until his death in 1994, Lewis Grizzard was a popular humor columnist for the Constitution.
He portrayed Southern "redneck" culture with a mixture of respect. The Constitution won numerous Pulitzer Prizes. In 1931 it won a Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for exposing corruption at the local level. In 1959, The Constitution won a Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing for Ralph McGill's editorial "A Church, A School....". In 1967 it was awarded another Pulitzer Prize for Eugene Patterson's editorials. (Patterson left his post as editor over a dispute over an op-ed p
Festival de las Máscaras was an annual professional wrestling major event produced by Mexican professional wrestling promotion International Wrestling Revolution Group, which took place on June 15, 2014 in Arena Naucalpan, State of Mexico, Mexico. For this annual event IWRG has gotten special permission from the "Comisión de Box y Lucha Libre Mexico D. F." to allow wrestlers, unmasked after losing a Luchas de Apuestas, or bet match, to wear their masks again for this show only. The event celebrated the career of Dos Caras, father of IWRG Intercontinental Heavyweight Champion El Hijo de Dos Caras; the wrestling mask has always held a sacred place in lucha libre, carrying with it a mystique and anonymity beyond what it means to wrestlers elsewhere in the world. The ultimate humiliation a luchador can suffer is to bet match. Following a loss in a Lucha de Apuesta match the masked wrestler would be forced to unmask, state their real name and would be unable to wear that mask while wrestling anywhere in Mexico.
Since 2007 the Mexican wrestling promotion International Wrestling Revolution Group has held a special annual show where they received a waiver to the rule from the State of Mexico Wrestling Commission and wrestlers would be allowed to wear the mask they lost in a Lucha de Apuestas. The annual Festival de las Máscaras event is partly a celebration or homage of lucha libre history with IWRG honoring wrestlers of the past; the IWRG's Festival de las Máscaras shows, as well as the majority of the IWRG shows in general, are held in "Arena Naucalpan", owned by the promoters of IWRG and their main arena. The 2012 Festival de las Máscaras show was the sixth year in a row IWRG held the show; the event featured five professional wrestling matches with different wrestlers involved in pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers were portrayed as either heels or faces as they followed a series of tension-building events, which culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. Unmasked wrestlers IWRG official website
Herbert Lom was a Czech-born British film and television actor who moved to the United Kingdom in 1939. In a career lasting more than 60 years, he appeared in character roles portraying criminals or villains early in his career and professional men in years. Lom was noted for his elegant enunciation of English, he is best known for his roles in The Ladykillers, The Pink Panther film series and Peace and the television series The Human Jungle. Lom was born Herbert Charles Angelo Kuchačevič ze Schluderpacheru in Prague to Karl Kuchačevič ze Schluderpacheru, Olga Gottlieb, of Jewish ancestry. Lom claimed that his family had been ennobled and that the family title dated from 1601, his film debut was in the Czech film Žena pod křížem followed by the Boží mlýny. His early film appearances were supporting roles, with the occasional top billing. At this time he changed his surname to Lom, because it was the shortest he found in a local telephone directory. Due to German hostilities and the possibility of an invasion of Czechoslovakia, Lom moved to Britain in January 1939.
He made numerous appearances in British films throughout the 1940s in villainous roles, although he appeared in comedies as well. He managed to escape being typecast as a European heavy by securing a diverse range of casting, including as Napoleon Bonaparte in The Young Mr. Pitt, again in the King Vidor version of War and Peace, he secured a seven-picture Hollywood contract after World War II, but was unable to obtain an American visa for "political reasons". In a rare starring role, Lom played twin trapeze artists in Dual Alibi. Lom starred as the King of Siam in the original London production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical, The King and I. Opening at the Drury Lane Theatre on 8 October 1953, it ran for 926 performances. Lom can be heard on the cast recording. A few years he appeared opposite Alec Guinness and Peter Sellers in The Ladykillers, with Robert Mitchum, Jack Lemmon and Rita Hayworth in Fire Down Below, he went on to more film success during the 1960s with a wide range of parts, starting with Spartacus.
Subsequent films in this period included El Cid, Mysterious Island, playing Captain Nemo, Hammer Films' remake of The Phantom of the Opera. Again in the leading role, the phantom's mask in this version was full-face. "It was wonderful to play such a part, but I was disappointed with the picture", Lom said. "This version of the famous Gaston Leroux story dragged. The Phantom wasn't given enough to do. Michael Gough was the villain."During this period, Lom starred in his only regular TV series, the British drama The Human Jungle, playing a Harley Street psychiatrist for two seasons. Another low-budget horror film starring Lom was the witch-hunting film Mark of the Devil, which depicted unusually graphic torture scenes. Cinemas handed out sick bags to patrons at screenings of the film, he appeared in other horror films made in both the US and UK, including Asylum, And Now the Screaming Starts!, Murders in the Rue Morgue, The Dead Zone. Lom was best known for his portrayal of Chief Inspector Charles Dreyfus, Inspector Clouseau's long-suffering superior in several of Blake Edwards' Pink Panther films, beginning with the second movie in the series, A Shot in the Dark.
He appeared in two screen versions of the Agatha Christie novel And Then There Were None. In the 1975 version, he played Dr. Armstrong, appeared in the 1989 version as General Romensky. Lom wrote two historical novels, one on the playwright Christopher Marlowe and the other on the French Revolution; the film rights to the latter have been purchased. Lom married Dina Schea in 1948, having two children together before they divorced in 1971, he had a child from a relationship with Brigitta Appleby. He married Eve Lacik, divorcing in 1990. Lom died in his sleep on 27 September 2012 at the age of 95. "Nemesis" in Agatha Christie's Marple series, as Jason Rafiel Herbert Lom on IMDb Herbert Lom at the TCM Movie Database Herbert Lom at AllMovie Herbert Lom at the BFI's Screenonline "Herbert Lom: The Odd Fellow" Photographs and Literature related to Lom