Casablanca is a 1942 American romantic drama film directed by Michael Curtiz based on Murray Burnett and Joan Alison's unproduced stage play Everybody Comes to Rick's. The film stars Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, Paul Henreid. Set during contemporary World War II, it focuses on an American expatriate who must choose between his love for a woman and helping her and her husband, a Czech Resistance leader, escape from the Vichy-controlled city of Casablanca to continue his fight against the Nazis. Warner Bros. story editor Irene Diamond convinced producer Hal B. Wallis to purchase the film rights to the play in January 1942. Brothers Julius and Philip G. Epstein were assigned to write the script. However, despite studio resistance, they left to work on Frank Capra's Why We Fight series early in 1942. Howard Koch was assigned to the screenplay. Principal photography began on May 25, 1942, ending on August 3. Studios in Burbank, California with the exception of one sequence at Van Nuys Airport in Van Nuys, Los Angeles.
Although Casablanca was an A-list film with established stars and first-rate writers, no one involved with its production expected it to be anything other than one of the hundreds of ordinary pictures produced by Hollywood that year. Casablanca was rushed into release to take advantage of the publicity from the Allied invasion of North Africa a few weeks earlier, it had its world premiere on November 26, 1942, in New York City and was released nationally in the United States on January 23, 1943. The film was a solid if unspectacular success in its initial run. Exceeding expectations, Casablanca went on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, while Curtiz was selected as Best Director and the Epsteins and Koch were honored for writing the Best Adapted Screenplay, its reputation improved, to the point that its lead characters, memorable lines, pervasive theme song have all become famous and it ranks near the top of lists of the greatest films in history. In December 1941, American expatriate Rick Blaine owns an upscale nightclub and gambling den in Casablanca.
"Rick's Café Américain" attracts a varied clientele, including Vichy French and German officials, refugees desperate to reach the still-neutral United States, those who prey on them. Although Rick professes to be neutral in all matters, he ran guns to Ethiopia during its war with Italy and fought on the Loyalist side in the Spanish Civil War. Petty crook Ugarte boasts to Rick of "letters of transit" obtained by murdering two German couriers; the papers allow the bearers to travel around German-occupied Europe and to neutral Portugal, are priceless to the refugees stranded in Casablanca. Ugarte plans to sell them at the club, asks Rick to hold them. Before he can meet his contact, Ugarte is arrested by the local police under the command of Captain Louis Renault, the unabashedly corrupt Vichy prefect of police. Ugarte dies in custody without revealing; the reason for Rick's bitterness—former lover Ilsa Lund—enters his establishment. Spotting Rick's friend and house pianist, Ilsa asks him to play "As Time Goes By."
Rick storms over, furious that Sam disobeyed his order never to perform that song, is stunned to see Ilsa. She is accompanied by Victor Laszlo, a renowned fugitive Czech Resistance leader, they need the letters to escape to America to continue his work. German Major Strasser has come to Casablanca to see; when Laszlo makes inquiries, Ferrari, a major underworld figure and Rick's friendly business rival, divulges his suspicion that Rick has the letters. Rick refuses to sell at any price, telling Laszlo to ask his wife the reason, they are interrupted when Strasser leads a group of officers in singing "Die Wacht am Rhein". Laszlo orders the house band to play "La Marseillaise"; when the band looks to Rick, he nods his head. Laszlo starts singing, alone at first patriotic fervor grips the crowd and everyone joins in, drowning out the Germans. Strasser demands Renault close the club, which he does on the pretext of discovering there is gambling on the premises. Ilsa confronts Rick in the deserted café.
When he refuses to give her the letters, she threatens him with a gun, but confesses that she still loves him. She explains that when they met and fell in love in Paris in 1940, she believed her husband had been killed attempting to escape from a concentration camp. While preparing to flee with Rick from the imminent fall of the city to the German army, she learned Laszlo was alive and in hiding, she left Rick without explanation to nurse her sick husband. Rick's bitterness dissolves, he agrees letting her believe she will stay with him when Laszlo leaves. When Laszlo unexpectedly shows up, having narrowly escaped a police raid on a Resistance meeting, Rick has waiter Carl spirit Ilsa away. Laszlo, aware of Rick's love for Ilsa, tries to persuade him to use the letters to take her to safety; when the police arrest Laszlo on a minor, trumped-up charge, Rick persuades Renault to release him by promising to set him up for a much more serious crime: possession of the letters. To allay Renault's suspicions, Rick explains.
When Renault tries to arrest Laszlo as arranged, Rick forces him at gunpoint to assist in their escape. At the last moment, Rick makes Ilsa board the plane to Lisbon with Laszlo, telling her that she would regret it if she stayed—"Maybe not today, maybe not tomorrow, but soon and for the rest of your life." Strasser, tipped off by Renault, drives up alone. Rick shoots him wh
Madeline Gail Kahn was an American actress, voice actress, singer, known for comedic roles in films directed by Peter Bogdanovich and Mel Brooks, including What's Up, Doc?, Young Frankenstein, High Anxiety, History of the World, Part I, her Academy Award-nominated roles in Paper Moon and Blazing Saddles. Kahn made her Broadway debut in Leonard Sillman's New Faces of 1968, received Tony Award nominations for the play In the Boom Boom Room in 1974 and for the original production of the musical On the Twentieth Century in 1978, she starred as Madeline Wayne on the short-lived ABC sitcom Oh Madeline and won a Daytime Emmy Award in 1987 for ABC Afterschool Special. She received a third Tony Award nomination for the revival of the play Born Yesterday in 1989, before winning the 1993 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for the comedy The Sisters Rosensweig, her other film appearances included The Cheap Detective, City Heat and Nixon. Kahn was born on September 29, 1942, in Boston, the daughter of Bernard B.
Wolfson, a garment manufacturer, his wife, Freda. She was raised in a nonobservant Jewish family, her parents divorced when Kahn was two, she moved with her mother to New York City. In 1953, Freda married Hiller Kahn, who adopted Madeline. Madeline Kahn had two half-siblings: Robyn. In 1948, Kahn was sent to the progressive Manumit boarding school in Pennsylvania. During that time, her mother pursued her acting dream. Kahn soon began acting herself, performed in a number of school productions. In 1960, she graduated from Martin Van Buren High School in Queens, earned a drama scholarship to Hofstra University on Long Island. At Hofstra, she studied drama and speech therapy. Kahn graduated from Hofstra in 1964 with a degree in speech therapy, she was a member of a local sorority on Delta Chi Delta. She studied singing in New York City with Beverley Peck Johnson; when asked on television by Kitty Carlisle and Charles Nelson Reilly how she began the opera aspect of her career, she said, "It's so hard to determine when I began or why, singing.
The Muse was not in attendance. I'll tell you exactly." To earn money while a college student, Kahn was a singing waitress at a Bavarian restaurant called Bavarian Manor, a Hofbräuhaus in New York's Hudson Valley. She sang musical comedy numbers during shows. There was a important customer there, a big Italian man, who shouted out to me, "Sing Madame Butterfly", of course he didn't mean the whole opera, he meant that one popular aria, "un Bel Di". So if I was to come back the next summer to earn more money during the next year I'd better know that aria. You know, I didn't know anything about it, but my first actual thing that I did was Candide for Leonard Bernstein's 50th birthday at Philharmonic Hall—at the time that's what it was called. And I don't know if, an opera, but it was hard to sing. I have done Musetta in La Bohème a long time ago in Washington, DC. I mean, utterly terrifying. I mean I feel as though I was asked to do it and I did it. Kahn began auditioning for professional acting roles shortly after her graduation from Hofstra.
Just before adopting the professional name Madeline Kahn, she made her stage debut as a chorus girl in a revival of Kiss Me, which led her to join Actors' Equity. Her part in the flop How Now, Dow Jones was written out before the 1967 show reached Broadway, as was her role as Miss Whipple in the original production of Promises, Promises, she made her Broadway debut in 1969 with Leonard Sillman's New Faces of 1968. In 1968, she performed her first professional lead in a special concert performance of the operetta Candide in honor of Leonard Bernstein's 50th birthday. In 1969, she appeared off Broadway in the musical Promenade, she appeared in two Broadway musicals in the 1970s: a featured role in Richard Rodgers' 1970 Noah's Ark-themed show Two by Two and a leading lady turn as Lily Garland in 1978's On the Twentieth Century. She left the latter show early in its run, yielding the role to Judy Kaye, she starred in a 1977 Town Hall semi-staged concert version of She Loves Me. Kahn's film debut was in the 1968 short De Düva.
Her feature debut was as Ryan O'Neal's hysterical fiancée in Peter Bogdanovich's screwball comedy What's Up, Doc? starring Barbra Streisand. Her film career continued with Paper Moon, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. Kahn was cast in the role of Agnes Gooch in the 1974 film Mame, but star Lucille Ball fired Kahn due to artistic differences. A close succession of comedies — Blazing Saddles, Young Frankenstein, High Anxiety — were all directed by Mel Brooks, able to bring out the best of Kahn's comic talents, their last collaboration was 1981's History of the World, Part I. For Blazing Saddles, she was again nominated for
Abraham Charles Vigoda was an American actor best known for his portrayals of Salvatore Tessio in The Godfather and Phil Fish in Barney Miller and Fish. Vigoda was born in Brooklyn, New York, on February 24, 1921, the son of Samuel and Lena Vigoda, Jewish immigrants from Russia, his father was a tailor who had two other sons: Bill. The latter was a comic book artist. Vigoda began acting while in his teens, his career as a professional actor began in 1947. He gained acting notability in the 1960s with his work in Broadway productions, including Marat/Sade, portraying Mad Animal, The Man in the Glass Booth, portraying Landau and Tough to Get Help, his best known film role is that of Salvatore Tessio in The Godfather. He appeared in The Godfather Part II in a flashback sequence at the end of the film. According to Francis Ford Coppola's commentary on the DVD's widescreen edition, Vigoda landed the role of Tessio in an "open call", in which actors who did not have agents could come in for an audition.
He gained further fame as Phil Fish on Barney Miller, a character known for his world-weary demeanor and persistent hemorrhoids. Vigoda landed the role after an unusual audition, in which he unwittingly displayed that he was a perfect fit for the role: While living in Los Angeles, I'd jog three to five miles a day. One morning jogging, my agent calls about a new series called Barney Miller, saying, "Go there at once."Well, I was tired and exhausted... I must have run five miles that morning. I said. "I have to go home and take a shower.""No, no, no. Go right now to Studio City, you're right for it, they know you from The Godfather, they want to see you.""With my shorts?""Go."Danny Arnold and Ted Flicker, the producers, look at me, I look at them, they look at me again. "You look tired.""Of course I'm tired, I jogged five miles this morning, I'm exhausted.""Yeah, tell me, you look like you have hemorrhoids.""What are you, a doctor or a producer?" Vigoda starred in a brief spin-off of Barney Miller that centered on his character eponymously titled Fish until it was cancelled in June 1978.
Prior to his actual death in January 2016, Vigoda was a constant victim of celebrity death hoaxes. In 1982, People magazine mistakenly referred to Vigoda as dead. At the time, aged 60, was performing in a stage play in Calgary, he took the mistake with good humor, posing for a photograph published in Variety in which he was sitting up in a coffin, holding the erroneous issue of People. Jeff Jarvis, a People employee at the time, said that the magazine's editors were known for "messing up" stories and one of them inserted the phrase "the late" in reference to Vigoda after a researcher removed it; the erroneous version was. In 1987, the same mistake was made when a reporter for WWOR, Channel 9 in Secaucus, New Jersey, mistakenly referred to him as the "late Abe Vigoda", she corrected her mistake the next day. He had been the subject of many running gags pertaining to the mistaken reports of his death. In 1997, Vigoda appeared in Good Burger as a restaurant's French fry man. Several jokes were made about his advanced age, including his character Otis saying, "I should've died years ago."
That same year, he was shopping at Bloomingdale's in Manhattan when the salesman remarked, "You look like Abe Vigoda. But you can't be Abe Vigoda because he's dead." A Late Night with David Letterman skit showed Letterman trying to summon Vigoda's ghost, but Vigoda walked in and declared, "I'm not dead yet, you pinhead!". At a New York Friars Club roast of Rob Reiner which Vigoda attended, Billy Crystal wisecracked, "I have nothing to say about Abe. I was always taught to speak well of the dead."In May 2001, a website was created with only one purpose: to report whether Vigoda was alive or dead. In addition, in 2005, a "tongue-in-cheek" Firefox extension was released with the sole purpose of telling the browser user Vigoda's status. Continuing with the gag, he appeared to make fun of his status on Late Night with Conan O'Brien, including a guest appearance on the show's final episode. At the 1998 New York Friars Club roast of Drew Carey, with Vigoda in the audience, Jeff Ross joked, "My one regret is that Abe Vigoda isn't alive to see this."
He followed. On January 23, 2009, Vigoda appeared live on The Today Show, he said he was doing well, joked about previous reports of his death and announced he had just completed a voice-over for an H&R Block commercial to air during the Super Bowl. Vigoda and Betty White, both 88 years old at the time, appeared in "Game", a Snickers commercial that debuted during Super Bowl XLIV on February 7, 2010; the synopsis made fun of the advanced age of the actors. The Super Bowl Ad Meter poll respondents rated the ad the highest of any shown during the game. Vigoda and his first wife Sonja Gohlke had one daughter named Carol; the marriage ended in divorce. His second marriage to Beatrice Schy lasted from 1968 until her death in 1992. Vigoda enjoyed playing handball and stated in an interview that he was "almost" a champion at the game in his youth. On January 26, 2016, Vigoda died in his sleep at his daughter Carol Fuchs' home in Woodland Park, New Jersey of natural causes at age 94.. He had gone there “to escape the hazards of a blizzard.“Vigoda's funeral was held on January 31, 2016.
Notable figures including comic Gilbert Gottfried, former New York City mayor David Dinkins, Friars Club roastmaster general Jeffrey Ross attended. On the 2017 Academy Awards show, Vigoda was
Phil Silvers was an American entertainer and comedic actor, known as "The King of Chutzpah". He starred in The Phil Silvers Show, a 1950s sitcom set on a U. S. Army post. Born Philip Silver or Philip Silversmith on May 11, 1911, in Brooklyn, New York, in the working-class Brownsville section, he was the eighth and youngest child of Russian Jewish immigrants and Sarah Silver, his siblings were Lillian, Jack, Pearl and Reuben Silver. His father, a sheet metal worker, helped build the early New York skyscrapers. Silvers began entertaining aged 11, when he would sing in theaters when the film projector broke down, to the point where he was allowed to keep attending the same movie theater free of charge, to sing through any future breakdowns. By age 13, he was working as a singer in the Gus Edwards Revue, worked in vaudeville and as a burlesque comic. Silvers next worked in short films for the Vitaphone studio, such as Ups and Downs, on Broadway, where he made his début in the short-lived show Yokel Boy in 1939.
Critics raved about Silvers, hailed as the bright spot in the mediocre play. The Broadway revue High Kickers was based on his concept, he made his feature film début in Hit Parade of 1941 in 1940. Over the next two decades, he worked as a character actor for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 20th Century Fox, in such films as All Through the Night with Humphrey Bogart. Around the same time, he played a scene with W. C. Fields in Tales of Manhattan, cut from the original release, but restored decades in home video issues. Silvers appeared in Lady Be Good, Coney Island, Cover Girl, with Gene Kelly and Rita Hayworth, Summer Stock; when the studio system began to decline, he returned to the stage. Silvers wrote the lyrics for Frank Sinatra's "Nancy". Although he was not a songwriter, he wrote the lyrics while visiting composer Jimmy Van Heusen; the two composed the song for Van Heusen's writing partner Johnny Burke, for his wife Bessie's birthday. Substituting Sinatra's little daughter's name Nancy at her birthday party, the trio pressed the singer to record it himself.
The song was a staple in Sinatra's live performances. Towards the end of the Second World War, Silvers entertained the troops during several successful overseas USO tours with Sinatra. Silvers scored a major triumph in Top Banana, a Broadway show of 1952. Silvers played the egocentric, always-busy star of a major television show. Silvers won a Tony Award for his performance, he repeated the role in the 1954 film version, released in 3-D. According to the documentary on the DVD of It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World, Silvers was not a traditional comedian: he was a comic actor. Silvers never did stand-up, out of character, he was not known for cracking jokes. Silvers became a household name in 1955 when he starred as Sergeant Ernest G. Bilko in You'll Never Get Rich retitled The Phil Silvers Show; the military comedy became a television hit, with the opportunistic Bilko fast-talking his way through one obstacle after another. In 1958, CBS switched the show to be telecast on Friday nights and moved the setting to Camp Fremont in California.
A year the show was off the schedule. Silvers returned to Broadway in the musical Do Re Mi in December 1960, receiving a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical. Stanley Green wrote, "It was blessed by offering two outstanding clowns in Phil Silvers as the pushiest of patsies and Nancy Walker." Throughout the 1960s, he appeared in films such as It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World and 40 Pounds of Trouble. He was featured in Marilyn Monroe's last film, the unfinished Something's Got to Give. In the 1963–1964 television season, he appeared as Harry Grafton, a factory foreman interested in get-rich-quick schemes, much like the previous Bilko character, in CBS's 30-episode The New Phil Silvers Show, with co-stars Stafford Repp, Herbie Faye, Buddy Lester, Elena Verdugo as his sister and her children, played by Ronnie Dapo and Sandy Descher. In 1967, he starred as a guest in one of the British Carry On films, Follow That Camel, a Foreign Legion parody in which he played a variation of the Sergeant Bilko character, Sergeant Nocker.
Producer Peter Rogers employed him to ensure the Carry On films' success in America, though Silvers' presence did not ensure the film's success on either side of the Atlantic. His salary was £30,000, the largest Carry On salary only met by the appearance of Elke Sommer in Carry On Behind. Silvers was offered the leading role of conniving Roman slave Pseudolus in the Broadway musical comedy A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum. Silvers declined, the role went instead to Zero Mostel, so successful in the role that he repeated the role in the 1966 film version. By this time, Silvers realized his error, agreed to appear in the film as a secondary character, flesh merchant Marcus Lycus; when actor-producer Larry Blyden mounted a Broadway revival of Forum in 1972, he wanted Phil Silvers to play the lead, this time Silvers agreed. The revival was a hit and Silvers became the first leading actor to win a Tony Award in a revival of a musical. Silvers guested on The Beverly Hillbillies, various TV variety shows such as The Carol Burnett Show, Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In and The Dean Martin Show.
He appeared as curmudgeonly
Dominick DeLuise was an American actor, voice actor, director, producer and author. He was the husband of actress Carol Arthur and the father of actor, director and writer Peter DeLuise, actors David DeLuise and Michael DeLuise, he starred in a number of movies directed by Mel Brooks, in a series of films with career-long best friend Burt Reynolds, as a voice actor in various animated films by Don Bluth. DeLuise was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Italian American parents Vincenza "Jennie", a homemaker, John DeLuise, a public employee, he was the youngest of three children, having an older brother, Nicholas "Nick" DeLuise, an older sister, Antoinette DeLuise-Daurio. DeLuise graduated from Manhattan's High School of Performing Arts and attended Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts. DeLuise had a particular devotion to the Virgin Mary. In 1961, DeLuise played in the Off-Broadway musical revue "Another Evening with Harry Stoons" that lasted nine previews and one performance. Another member of the cast was 19-year-old Barbra Streisand.
He was in the Off-Broadway play "All in Love" which opened on November 10, 1961, at the Martinique Theatre and ran for 141 performances. Other New York theater performances include, "Half-Past Wednesday", "Around the World in 80 Days", "The Student Gypsy", "Here's Love", "Last of the Red Hot Lovers". DeLuise appeared in comedic parts, although an early appearance in the movie Fail-Safe as a nervous USAF technical sergeant showed a broader range, his first acting credit was as a regular performer in the television show The Entertainers in 1964. He gained early notice for his supporting turn in the Doris Day film The Glass Bottom Boat. In his review in The New York Times, Vincent Canby panned the film but singled out the actor, stating, "he best of the lot, however, is a newcomer, Dom DeLuise, as a portly, bird-brained spy."In the 1970s and 1980s, he co-starred with Burt Reynolds. Together they appeared in the films The Cannonball Run and Cannonball Run II, Smokey and the Bandit II, The End, All Dogs Go to Heaven and The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas.
DeLuise was the host of the television show Candid Camera from 1991 to 1992. DeLuise lent his distinct voice to various animated films and was a particular staple of Don Bluth's features, playing major roles in The Secret of NIMH, An American Tail, A Troll in Central Park and All Dogs Go to Heaven. All Dogs Go to Heaven featured Reynolds' voice as Charlie B. Barkin, the cheeky anti-hero, DeLuise voiced Itchy Itchiford, Charlie's best friend, wing-man and partner in business. Unlike DeLuise, Reynolds did not voice Charlie in any of the eventual film sequels, TV episodes, TV-episode sequels, or TV series. DeLuise voiced the legendary character of Charles Dickens' Fagin in the Walt Disney film Oliver & Company and made voice guest appearances on several animated TV series. TV producer Greg Garrison hired DeLuise to appear as a specialty act on The Dean Martin Show. DeLuise ran through his "Dominick the Great" routine, a riotous example of a magic act gone wrong, with host Martin as a bemused volunteer from the audience.
Dom's catch phrase, with an Italian accent, was "No Applause Please, Save-a to the End." The show went so well that DeLuise was soon a regular on Martin's program, participating in both songs and sketches. Garrison featured DeLuise in his own hour-long comedy specials for ABC. In 1968 he hosted his own hour-long comedy variety series for The Dom DeLuise Show. Taped in Miami at The Jackie Gleason Theater it featured many regular Gleason show cast members including The June Taylor Dancers and The Sammy Spear Orchestra. Dom's wife Carol Arthur regularly appeared; the 16-week run was the summer replacement for The Jonathan Winters Show. He starred in his own sitcom, Lotsa Luck, which only lasted for 1973-1974 season. DeLuise was best known as a regular in Mel Brooks' films, he appeared in The Twelve Chairs, Blazing Saddles, Silent Movie, History of the World, Part I, Robin Hood: Men in Tights. Brooks' late wife, actress Anne Bancroft, directed Dom in Fatso, he had a cameo in Johnny Dangerously as the Pope and in Jim Henson's The Muppet Movie as a wayward Hollywood talent agent who comes across Kermit the Frog singing "The Rainbow Connection" in the film's opening scene.
He guest-starred in Season 2 Episode 11 of The Muppet Show, where he interacted with Miss Piggy and appeared with fellow Brooks regulars Gene Wilder, Marty Feldman, Madeline Kahn in The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother, as well as alongside Wilder and Gilda Radner in a Gene Wilder-directed film, Haunted Honeymoon. He appeared in Stargate SG-1 as Urgo. DeLuise exhibited his comedic talents while playing the speaking part of the jailer Frosch in the comedic operetta Die Fledermaus at the Metropolitan Opera, playing the role in four separate revivals of the work at the Met between December 1989 and January 1996. In the production, while the singing was in German, the spoken parts were in English. A lifelong opera fan, he portrayed the role of L'Opinion Publique in drag for the Los Angeles Opera's production of Offenbach's Orpheus in the Underworld. An avid cook and author of several books on cooking, he appeared as a regular contributor to a syndicated home improvement radio show, On The House with The Carey Brothers, giving listeners tips on culinary topics.
He was a friend and self-proclaimed
Ann-Margret Olsson, known as Ann-Margret, is a Swedish-American actress and dancer. As an actress, Ann-Margret is best known for her roles in Bye Bye Birdie, Viva Las Vegas, The Cincinnati Kid, Carnal Knowledge, The Train Robbers,Tommy, Grumpy Old Men, Grumpier Old Men, All's Faire in Love, she has won five Golden Globe Awards and been nominated for two Academy Awards, two Grammy Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award, six Emmy Awards. In 2010, she won an Emmy Award for her guest appearance on Order: Special Victims Unit, her singing and acting careers span five decades, starting in 1961. She has a sultry vibrant contralto voice, she had a minor hit in 1961 and a charting album in 1964, scored a disco hit in 1979. In 2001, she recorded a critically acclaimed gospel album, an album of Christmas songs in 2004. Ann-Margret Olsson was born in Valsjöbyn, Jämtland County, the daughter of Anna Regina and Carl Gustav Olsson, a native of Örnsköldsvik, she described Valsjöbyn as a small town of "lumberjacks and farmers high up near the Arctic Circle".
Her father worked in the United States during his youth and moved there again in 1942, working with the Johnson Electrical Company, while his wife and daughter stayed behind. Ann-Margret and her mother joined her father in the United States in November 1946, her father took her to Radio City Music Hall on the day they arrived, they settled in Illinois. She became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1949. Ann-Margret took her first dance lessons at the Marjorie Young School of Dance, showing natural ability from the start mimicking all the steps, her parents were supportive, her mother handmade all of her costumes. To support the family, Ann-Margret's mother became a funeral parlor receptionist after her husband suffered a severe injury on his job. While a teenager, Ann-Margret appeared on the Morris B. Sachs Amateur Hour, Don McNeill's Breakfast Club, Ted Mack's Amateur Hour, she attended New Trier High School in Winnetka and continued to star in theater. In 1959, she enrolled at Northwestern University, where she was a member of the sorority Kappa Alpha Theta, but did not graduate.
As part of a group known as the Suttletones, she performed at the Mist nightclub in Chicago and went to Las Vegas for a promised club date which fell through after the group arrived. They moved on to Los Angeles, through agent Georgia Lund, secured club dates in Newport Beach and Reno, Nevada; the group arrived at the Dunes in Las Vegas, which headlined Tony Bennett and Al Hirt at that time. George Burns heard of her performance, she auditioned for his annual holiday show, in which she and Burns performed a softshoe routine. Variety proclaimed that "George Burns has a gold mine in Ann-Margret... she has a definite style of her own, which can guide her to star status". Ann-Margret began recording for RCA Victor in 1961, her first RCA Victor recording was "Lost Love" from her debut album And Here She Is: Ann-Margret, produced in Nashville with Chet Atkins on guitar, the Jordanaires, the Anita Kerr Singers, with liner notes by mentor George Burns. She had a sexy, throaty contralto singing voice, RCA Victor attempted to capitalize on the'female Elvis' comparison by having her record a version of "Heartbreak Hotel" and other songs stylistically similar to Presley's.
She scored the minor hit "I Just Don't Understand", which entered the Billboard Top 40 in the third week of August 1961 and stayed six weeks, peaking at number 17. The song was covered in live performances by The Beatles and was recorded during a live performance at the BBC, her only charting album was The Beauty and the Beard, on which she was accompanied by trumpeter Al Hirt. Ann-Margret appeared on The Jack Benny Program in 1961, she sang at the Academy Awards presentation in 1962, singing the Oscar-nominated song "Theme from Bachelor in Paradise." Her contract with RCA Victor ended in 1966. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, she had hits on the dance charts, the most successful being 1979's "Love Rush," which peaked at number eight on the disco/dance charts. In 2001, working with Art Greenhaw, she recorded; the album went on to earn a Grammy nomination and a Dove nomination for best album of the year in a gospel category. Her album Ann-Margret's Christmas Carol Collection produced and arranged by Greenhaw, was recorded in 2004.
In 1961, she was signed to a seven-year contract. Ann-Margret made her film debut in a loan-out to United Artists in Pocketful of Miracles, with Bette Davis, it was a remake of the 1933 movie Lady for a Day. Both versions were directed by Frank Capra. Came a 1962 remake of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical State Fair, playing the "bad girl" role of Emily opposite Bobby Darin and Pat Boone, she had tested for the part of Margie, the "good girl", but seemed too seductive to the studio bosses, who decided on the switch. The two roles represented two sides of her real-life personality — shy and reserved offstage, but wildly exuberant and sensuous onstage. In her autobiography, the actress wrote that she changed "from Little Miss Lollipop to Sexpot-Banshee" once the music began, her next starring role, as the all-American teenager Kim from Sweet Apple, Ohio, in Bye Bye Birdie, made her a major star. The premiere at Radio City Music Hall, 16 years after her first visit to the famed theater, was a smash hit: the highest first-week grossing film to date at the Music Hall.
Life put her on the cove
Estelle Louise Fletcher, known professionally as Louise Fletcher, is an American actress. Fletcher had her acting debut in the television series Yancy Derringer in 1958, she guest starred in the television series Wagon Train in 1959 before making her film debut in A Gathering of Eagles in 1963. In 1974, after a decade-long hiatus from acting in which she raised a family, Fletcher appeared in Robert Altman's Thieves Like Us; the following year, Fletcher gained international recognition for her performance as Nurse Ratched in the drama film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress, BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role and Golden Globe Award for Best Actress. She became only the third actress to win an Academy Award, BAFTA Award and Golden Globe Award for a single performance, after Audrey Hepburn and Liza Minnelli. Other notable film roles include Exorcist II: The Heretic, Firestarter, Flowers in the Attic, 2 Days in the Valley, Cruel Intentions.
In her career, Fletcher returned to television, appearing as Winn Adami in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, as well as receiving Primetime Emmy Award nominations for her guest-starring roles in the television series Picket Fences and Joan of Arcadia. In 2011–2012, she appeared in a recurring role on the Showtime television series Shameless as Frank Gallagher's foul-mouthed and hard-living mother, serving a prison sentence for manslaughter. More she portrayed the recurring role of Rosie on the Netflix series Girlboss. Fletcher was born in Birmingham, the second of four children to Estelle Caldwell and the Reverend Robert Capers Fletcher, an Episcopal missionary from Arab, Alabama. Both of her parents were worked with the deaf and hard-of-hearing. Fletcher's father founded more than forty churches for the deaf in Alabama. Fletcher and her siblings, Roberta and Georgianna, were all born without any hearing loss. After attending the University of North Carolina, she traveled to Los Angeles, where she found work as a secretary by day and received acting lessons by night.
Fletcher began appearing in several television series including Lawman and Maverick.. In 1959, she appeared in the second episode of the original Untouchables TV series, "Ma Barker and Her Boys" as Elouise. Fletcher recalled having greater success being cast in Westerns due to her height: "I was 5 feet 10 inches tall, no television producer thought a tall woman could be sexually attractive to anybody. I was able to get jobs on westerns because the actors were taller than I was."In 1960, Fletcher made two guest appearances on Perry Mason, both times as defendant Gladys Doyle in "The Case of the Mythical Monkeys," and Susan Connolly in "The Case of the Larcenous Lady." In the summer of 1960, she was cast as Roberta McConnell in the episode "The Bounty Hunter" of NBC's western television series Tate, starring David McLean. In 1974, she returned to film in Thieves Like Us, co-produced by her husband and Robert Altman, who directed; when the two had a falling out on Altman's next project, Altman decided to cast Lily Tomlin for the role of Linnea Reese created for and by Fletcher.
Meanwhile, director Miloš Forman saw Fletcher in Thieves and cast her as McMurphy's nemesis Nurse Ratched in One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest. Fletcher gained international recognition and fame for the role, winning Academy Award for Best Actress, as well as a BAFTA Award and Golden Globe; when Fletcher accepted her Oscar, she used sign language to thank her parents. After Cuckoo's Nest, Fletcher had mixed success in film, she made several financially and critically successful films. Fletcher's film roles were in such features as Exorcist II: The Heretic, The Cheap Detective, The Lady in Red, The Magician of Lublin, Firestarter, Invaders From Mars, Flowers in the Attic, Two Moon Junction, Best of the Best, Blue Steel, High School High, Cruel Intentions. Additionally, she played the character Ruth Shorter, a supporting role, in Aurora Borealis, alongside Joshua Jackson and Donald Sutherland, appeared in the Fox Faith film The Last Sin Eater. Fletcher co-starred in such made-for-TV movies as The Karen Carpenter Story, Nightmare on the 13th Floor, The Haunting of Seacliff Inn, The Stepford Husbands.
From 1993 to 1999, she held a recurring role in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine as the scheming Bajoran religious leader Kai Winn Adami. She earned Emmy Award nominations for her guest roles on the Tom Skerritt's CBS television series, Picket Fences, on Joan of Arcadia. In 2009, Fletcher appeared in the NBC series Heroes as the physician mother of character Emma Coolidge. In 2011, she appeared in the Showtime series Shameless as Grammy Gallagher, Frank Gallagher's foul-mouthed and hard-living mother, serving a prison sentence for manslaughter related to a meth lab explosion. Fletcher married literary agent and producer Jerry Bick in 1960, divorcing in 1977; the couple had John Dashiell Bick and Andrew Wilson Bick. Fletcher took an 11-year hiatus from acting to raise her sons. Fletcher received an honorary degree from Gallaudet University in 1982. Louise Fletcher on IMDb