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The Clovers

The Clovers are an American rhythm and blues/doo-wop vocal group who became one of the biggest selling acts of the 1950s. They had a top 30 US hit in 1959 with the Leiber and Stoller song "Love Potion No. 9". The group was formed at Armstrong High School, Washington, D. C. in 1946 by Harold Lucas, Billy Shelton and Thomas Woods. A trio, they expanded to a quartet with the addition of John "Buddy" Bailey and began calling themselves The Four Clovers. Billy Shelton was replaced by Matthew McQuater in 1948; as The Four Clovers, the group started to appear at local amateur music shows including the WWDC amateur hour show hosted by Jack Lowe Endler at the Republic Theatre. This brought them to the attention of a wider audience including Harold Winley who, after hearing them on WWDC, decided to introduce himself to the group. By the end of 1948 Woods had been replaced by Winley. An introduction to Lou Krefetz, a record sales distributor who became their manager, led to their first recording session for New York's Rainbow Records and the release of one single in November 1950, "Yes Sir, That's My Baby" / "When You Come Back to Me".

By the end of 1950 Bill Harris had joined as their guitarist. Krefetz brought them to the attention of Atlantic Records, which signed them in February 1951; the Clovers were booked by the Shaw Artists agency to perform at the Apollo Theater in Harlem starting on February 15. A week on February 22, they went into the studio for their first recording session for Atlantic, which included the Ahmet Ertegun composition "Don't You Know I Love You", their second recording session resulted in the release of "Fool, Fool" in August 1951, which by September had reached #1 on the R&B chart. The Clovers' lead vocalist, Buddy Bailey, was drafted into the army at the end of August 1951 and John Phillip was brought in to replace him. Philip was soon replaced by Charlie White, in the vocal groups The Dominoes and The Checkers; the tracks "One Mint Julep" and the Ertegun composition "Middle of the Night" were both top ten hits on the R&B chart of May 1952. Their next release, "Ting-A-Ling", peaked at #2 on the Billboard R&B chart and reached #1 on the Billboard Juke Box R&B chart.

They followed up this early success with a string of R&B hits, including "Hey Miss Fannie" / "I Played The Fool", "Good Lovin'" and "Little Mama" / "Lovey Dovey". By the end of 1953 White had been replaced by Billy Mitchell. Buddy Bailey rejoined the group; the releases "I've Got My Eyes On You" and "Your Cash Ain't Nothin' But Trash" featured in the top 30 best-selling R&B records of 1954, with "Lovey Dovey" proving to be the most successful Clovers release of that year. The Clovers continued to record with Mitchell now sharing lead vocal duties; the single "Blue Velvet" / "If You Love Me" was released in February 1955. In April the groupl recorded four tracks. "Devil or Angel" was entered the top five of the R&B chart in February. Their next release, "Love, Love", charted in the R&B top ten of June and reached the top 50 of the national chart in August. In April 1957 Quincy Jones arranged five tracks for the group, of which two—"So Young" and "I I I Love You"—were released as a double A-sided single, while "Pretty Pretty Eyes", "Baby Darling" and "Shakin'" were not issued.

Krefetz left Atlantic and formed Poplar Records in June 1957. The Clovers' Atlantic contract expired in July 1957 and Krefetz signed Mitchell in September as a solo artist to his Poplar label. In February 1958 Krefetz confirmed that Mitchell would continue recording with The Clovers as well as pursuing his solo career on Poplar. Krefetz signed The Clovers to Poplar Records in May 1958. Poplar was purchased by United Artists Records in 1959; the Clovers, now part of the United Artists' roster of acts, entered the studio for their first UA recording session in June 1959, which resulted in the July release of "Love Potion No. 9" featuring Billy Mitchell on lead vocals. "Love Potion No. 9" became the biggest hit of their career, peaking at #23 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart of November 1959. In 1961 their United Artists contract expired and they moved to Winley Records; the label was started in 1956 by brother of The Clovers' bass Harold Winley. Paul Winley had written songs for Big Joe Turner and Ruth Brown.

Winley Records had released songs featuring the former Clovers' vocalist Charlie White, "Nobody's Fault But Mine" / "Dearest To Me". However, their sojourn on Winley Records didn't prove successful, they disbanded in 1961; the break-up resulted in the creation of two new groups. John "Buddy" Bailey continued recording for Winley Records, releasing in 1961 "They're Rockin Down the Street"/"Be My Baby" credited to The Fabulous Clovers featuring Bailey. Harold Lucas and Billy Mitchell formed a new quartet with James "Toy" Walton and Robert Russell, recording four tracks for Atlantic in October 1961 which resulted in the December release of a double-

Paul Albert Laurens

Paul Albert Laurens was a French painter. Laurens was the eldest son of painter Jean-Paul Laurens, of humble origins, his wife, Madeleine Willemsens. Laurens was born in Rue Taranne, off the Boulevard Saint-Germain in Paris, to where his parents had moved. Aware of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, his father moved his family back to the relative safety his native village, Fourquevaux in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France; the family home may still be found in the village today, near the church. Laurens' younger brother, Jean-Pierre Laurens, was a painter. Laurens attended school on Rue d'Assas where he met, among others, André Gide and it was with Gide that he made his first trip to Biskra, Algeria in 1894. Meanwhile, in 1890 the Académie Julian founded new workshops at 31 Rue du Dragon and Laurens and his brother were taught there alongside Paul Landowski and Henri Bouchard. On 18 October 1893 Laurens sailed from Marseille with his friend Gide bound for Tunis, from there on to Sousse.

In January 1894 Laurens and Gide settled in the former home of the White Fathers. Madame Gide, concerned about the health of her son joined them. Laurens married Bertha Guerin in 1900 and moved with her to 126 Boulevard du Montparnasse, in the same building as the painter Émile-René Ménard. Around 1912, with his father and a student of his, Ulysses Ravaut, Laurens worked to decorate the Capitole at the request of the municipality of Toulouse. During the First World War, he worked with other artists including Dunoyer de Segonzac, Georges Paul Leroux, Abel Truchet, Henri Callot and Devambez on camouflage within the armed forces and their work served as a model for the Allied armies. Laurens was Professor of Drawing at the École Polytechnique between 1919 and 1934. was appointed member of the French Academy of Fine Arts in 1933. Among his students were Jean Bertholle, Yvonne Kleiss-Herzig, René Marie Castaing, Robert Lepeltier, Raoul Dastrac, Albert Demarest, Monique Cras, Lucien Simon, Yvon Dieulafé, Roger Marius Debat, Lucien-Victor Delpy, Achener Maurice, Jean Jules Louis Cavaillès, Lucienne Capdevielle, André Leroux, Nicolas Untersteller, Feyhaman Duran, Fang Ganmin, Pierre Langlade and Dominique Frassati.

1893: Les Saintes Femmes, Salon No. 1052 1894: Rue a Tunis, 27 cm x 35 cm 1895: St. Paul, Altar of the parish church of Saint-Germier, Fourquevaux c. 1895: Joueur de Tambour sur un Chameau c. 1895: La Maison du Baron d'Erlanger, Sidi Bou Saïd, 19 cm x 24 cm 1896: La Dignitaure, 46.5 cm x 35 cm 1897: La robe noire au col de dentelle, 61 cm x 49 cm 1899: Vénus accueillie par les heures not dated: Scène d'intérieur, 35.5 cm x 26.4 cm Scene Galante in Pierrot 32.8 cm x 40.7 cm Fantasie Dans le Jardin de l'Amour, 85.1 cm x 62.2 cm Femme nue et ses chiens Jeune femme assise au châle et aux orchidées, 100 cm x 86 cm Jeune femme au bouquet de roses, 46 cm x 38 cm Jeune femme à la Cascade, 38 cm x 45 cm Les Baigneuses Bouquet de fleurs, 35.5 cm x 26.3 cm Bouquet au pichet d'étain, 27 cm x 22 cm Rose thé dans un verre oil on card), 27 cm x 21 cm Personnages de la Comédia dell'Arte, 31 cm x 56 cm Paris, 34.5 cm x 30.5 cm Pierrot attablé, 33 cm x 46 cm Pierrot sous la Tonnelle, 61 cm x 50 cm Colombine et Pierrot, 40 cm x 33 cm Amoureux au clair de Lune, 54 cm x 46 cm Danseuses, 39.5 cm x 49.5 cm Une élégante au bord de la rivière, 61 cm x 50.8 cm Deux femmes jouant avec les vagues Après la Baignade, 46 cm x 55 cm Conversation au crépuscule, 55 cm x 46 cm Les Caravaniers, 61 cm x 60 cm Dame élégante dans un parc, 35.6 cm x 25.4 cm Scène symboliste, 53 cm x 2.60m Terrasse en Provence, 56 cm x 46 cm Terrasse dans le Midi, 55 cm x 46 cm Tête de jeune fille, 46 cm x 38 cm 1900: Solitude, 86 cm x 146.5 cm, Salon n°763, Musée de Brou à Bourg-en-Bresse 1900: Portrait de Jean-Paul Laurens, the artist's father, 61 cm x 50 cm, Musée du Louvre, acquired by the state for Luxembourg in 1902 1910: Didon c. 1911: Le Salon Jaune, 55 cm x 46 cm, Musée de Laval 1911: La Dame en Bleu, exhibited at the Salon of 1911 Elégante au châle bleu, 54 cm x 45 cm Le Châle Vert, 55 cm x 45 cm La Danseuse, 72 cm x 48 cm Jeune femme à la robe longue devant un escalier, card, 45 cm x 37 cm La Crique de l'Apothicaire, 51 cm x 61 cm 1912: Suzanne, exhibited at the Salon c. 1912: Triomphe de Clémence Isaure, oil on ceiling of the grand staircase at the Capitole de Toulouse c. 1912: La Poésie, oil at the Capitole de Toulouse c. 1912: La Musique, oil at the Capitole de Toulouse c. 1912: Jeune musicien et Danseuse, fragment of a decorative panel for Toulouse Town Hall and exhibited at the Salon of 1913 1913: Les Soupirants, exhibited at the Salon of 1913 1914: Divertissement dans un parc, 39 cm x 46 cm, exhibited at the Salon of 1914 1920: Travest, 92 cm X 60 cm, Musée du Petit-Palais in Paris Portrait d'Émile Picard, Member of the French Academy of Sciences 1923: Portrait de Famille, the artist and his family, 1.65 m x 1.84 m, donated by the artist to Luxembo


Cephalanthera, abbreviated Ceph in horticultural trade, is a genus of terrestrial orchids. Members of this genus have rhizomes rather than tubers. About 15 species are recognized, most of them native to Europe and Asia; the only species found in the wild in North America is Cephalanthera austiniae, the phantom orchid or snow orchid. Ecologically, this species is myco-heterotrophic; some of the Eurasian species hybridise. Several of the European species have common names including the word "helleborine", though orchids in other genera are called helleborines. In addition to those listed here large numbers of other specific names will be found in the older literature, but these are all synonyms for the best known species such as C. longifolia or C. damasonium, the European white helleborine. Species accepted as of May 2014 are: Cephalanthera alpicola Fukuy. - Taiwan Cephalanthera austiniae Heller - British Columbia, Oregon, California Cephalanthera calcarata Chen & Lang - Yunnan Cephalanthera caucasica Krzl.

- Iran, southern European Russia, Armenia, Republic of Georgia Cephalanthera cucullata Boiss. & Heldr. - Crete Cephalanthera damasonium Druce - Europe and the Middle East from England and Sweden to Russia and Iran. & Mytnik - Laos Cephalanthera exigua Seidenf. - Laos, Thailand Cephalanthera falcata Blume - China, Korea Cephalanthera gracilis S. C. Chen & G. H. Zhu - Yunnan Cephalanthera humilis X. H. Jin - Yunnan Cephalanthera kotschyana Renz & Taub. - Turkey, Armenia, Republic of Georgia Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. Ex Kraenzl. - Turkey, Armenia, Republic of Georgia, Iraq, southern European Russia Cephalanthera longibracteata Blume - China, Korea, Russian Far East Cephalanthera longifolia Fritsch - widespread across Europe and north Africa from Ireland and Morocco to China Cephalanthera × mayeri A. Camus in E. G. Camus & A. A. Camus - Germany Cephalanthera nanchuanica X. H. Jin & X. G. Xiang - Sichuan Cephalanthera × otto-hechtii G. Keller in G. Keller & al. - Austria, Switzerland Cephalanthera pusilla Seidenf.

- Myanmar, China Cephalanthera × renzii B. Baumann & al.. - Azerbaijan Cephalanthera rubra Rich. - Europe, North Africa and southwest Asia from England and Morocco to Russia and Iran Cephalanthera x schaberi Baum. - European Turkey Cephalanthera × schulzei E. G. Camus in E. G. Camus, P. Bergon & A. A. Camus - Austria, France, the former Yugoslavia Cephalanthera × taubenheimii H. Baumann - Turkey Jepson Manual Treatment

Wilhelm Henzen

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Henzen was a German philologist and epigraphist born in Bremen. He studied philology at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin, afterwards traveling to Paris and London, where he furthered his education by becoming fluent in French and English. With Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker, he undertook archaeological investigations in Italy and Greece, in 1842 settled in Rome, where in 1856 he succeeded August Emil Braun as first secretary of the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut. From 1876 onward, he was a member of the Accademia dei Lincei. Henzen was a leading authority on Latin epigraphy. With Theodor Mommsen and Giovanni Battista de Rossi, he carried out plans for a universal "Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum" based on a scheme presented to the Berlin Academy by Mommsen in 1847, he provided a supplemental volume to Johann Caspar von Orelli's collection of Latin inscriptions, "Inscriptionum latinarum collectio". "Quaestionum polybianarum specimen, continens vitam...", Berolini: Brandes & Klewert, 1840.

"Tabula alimentaria Baebianorum: illustravit deque publicis Romanorum alimentis", 1845. Iscrizione onoraria d'Adriano / illustrata da G. Henzen, Roma: Tipografia tiberina, 1862. Scavi nel bosco sacro de' fratelli Arvali, 1869. Wilhelm Henzen und das Institut auf dem Kapitol. Wikisource, Wilhelm @ Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie


The Volksblad is an Afrikaans-language daily newspaper published in Bloemfontein, South Africa, distributed in the Free State and Northern Cape provinces, where it is the largest Afrikaans daily. It is South Africa's oldest Afrikaans newspaper; the paper is owned by Media24. VOLKSBLAD, the oldest Afrikaans daily newspaper in South Africa, made its first appearance on 18 November 1904 in Potchefstroom in the form of Het Westen, a Dutch weekly with four pages with Hendrik de Graaf as the founder owner; the paper devoted itself to the interests and development of the Afrikaner people of the former independent Orange Free State and Transvaal Republics in the aftermath of the Second Anglo-Boer War. Het Westen changed its name to Het Volksblad on 26 March 1915, because it was no longer a regional newspaper for the Western Transvaal, but rather a fully-fledged newspaper for the “nation” or volk; the next year its head office moves to Bloemfontein after general De Wet and other Free State rebellion leaders asked De Graaf to move his newspaper to the Free State, the heart of Afrikaner Nationalism.

On 15 September 1917 the Nasionale Pers bought Het Volksblad for £16 000 and on 20 November of the same year its name was changed to Die Volksblad. On 2 October 1925 Die Volksblad became a daily newspaper, it was a morning newspaper until 29 July 1933 when it became an afternoon paper for nearly six decades. By 1948 it was a strong, profitable newspaper with a wide distribution area and influence in the Free State, parts of the former Cape Province and Transvaal. In mid 1973 Die Volksblad posted its best circulation figure to date with a weekday circulation of 41 050 and a Saturday figure of 35 485. In 1974 Nasionale Pers started a new newspaper in Beeld. Die Volksblad suffered circulation losses to Beeld in the Northern Free Western Transvaal. Other landmark dates are 24 February 1983 when Die Volksblad appeared for the first time in full colour, on 4 March 1991 it became a morning newspaper. Highlights for the newspaper in the early nineties was winning the prestigious national McCall Trophy for typographical excellence two years in a row, 1993 and 1994..

On 20 April 2001 the “Die” disappeared from the name and the newspaper became known as Volksblad. In 2004 Volksblad celebrated its centenary, with among other things, the publication of the book ’n Lewe van sy eie – die biografie van Volksblad; the editors through the years were the people that led the newspapers with distinction: Hendrik de Graaf. G. Versélewel de Witt Hamer. P. du Toit. H. G. Viljoen. J. F. W. Grosskopf. H. Malan. J. G. Conradie, dr. Reinard G. Kottich. J. Werth. A. J. R. van Rhijn. Otto du Plessis. Bart Zaaiman. Volksblad is involved with a number of projects; the Volksblad-Kersfonds is a fundraising project which raises funds for less fortunate people in the newspaper’s readership area. Around R1 million is raised annually through this initiative, distributed to around 60 NGO’s in the Free State and Northern Cape. Donations for this fund can be deposited into its bank account: Volksblad-Kersfonds, Nedbank Current Account 102 891 9980, branch code 117 134. Send a fax a proof of payment to Marie McLaren at 051-448-3771.

The Matriculant of the Year is a competition, held annually in partnership with the University of the Free State. In 2014, the competition will be in its 34th year; the aim of the competition is to reward versatile achievers and to encourage them to pursue their tertiary studies in Bloemfontein. Points are awarded for academic achievements, as well as achievements in the fields of leadership and culture; the finalists get treated to a weekend in Bloemfontein during which judging takes place and the winner is announced. Prices of around R800 000 is awarded to the top 25, which include bursaries and an overseas trip for the winner. Other sponsors include Astra XL Travels, Kovsie- Alumni Trust, Absa, SA Truck Bodies, Lindsay Saker Volkswagen, KPMG and Vodacom. Dink-of-sink is another project that Volksblad hosts annually in partnership with AfriForum and Hoër Meisieskool Oranje in Bloemfontein. Dink-of-sink is a debating contest for high school learners that teaches them to think on their feet. Cash prizes are up for grabs and Afrikaans celebrities are used as judges.

The Vryfees is another project. This arts festival is held annually during the June/July holidays on the campus of the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein; this festival was known as the Volksblad-kunstefees. Spel-en-speel is a project which Volksblad launched in 2014; this spelling bee for primary school learners in Bloemfontein took place for the first time on 13 March in partnership with Eduplus Independent School, AfriForum and the Free State Department of Education. Volksblad presents the Volksblad-Roosknoppie competition annually in partnership with the Loch Logan Waterfront in Bloemfontein to coincide with the Rose Festival; the competition is open to 4 year old girls who are reminiscent of a rose bud. The photos of the finalists are published in Volksblad; the 30 finalists appear before a judging panel after which the winners are announ

John Smith (Wendover MP)

John Smith was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1806 to 1835 and a banker. John Smith was born on 6 September 1767, he was the sixth son of Abel Smith, a Nottingham banker, a Member of Parliament for Aldborough, St Ives, St Germans, the brother of Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington. He lived at Blendon Hall in Kent and at Dale Park in Sussex. There is a fine memorial to him in Chichester Cathedral, he served as a Tory Member of Parliament for Wendover from 1802 to 1806 and represented Nottingham from 1806 to 1818, Midhurst from 1818 to 1830, Chichester from 1830 to 1831, Buckinghamshire from 1831 to 1835. Between 1800 and 1831 when pocket boroughs were abolished 12 members of the Smith family sat for the Midhurst parliamentary seat alone. In 1806, Smith served as a Manager of the newly formed London Institution, he married three times. By his second wife, Mary Tucker, he had two sons, John Abel Smith, who succeeded him as MP for Midhurst, Martin Tucker Smith, who became MP for Wycombe.

He died on 20 January 1842 at Dale Park when he was accidentally poisoned by his wife who gave him an overdose of laudanum. His great-grandson Vivian Smith was created Baron Bicester in 1938. – John Smith Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Smith