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The Downward Spiral

The Downward Spiral is the second studio album by American industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails, released on March 8, 1994, by Nothing Records and Interscope Records in the United States and by Island Records in Europe. It is a concept album detailing the destruction of a man from the beginning of his "downward spiral" to his death by suicide; the Downward Spiral features elements of industrial rock and heavy metal music, in contrast to the band's synthpop-influenced debut album Pretty Hate Machine, was produced by Nine Inch Nails frontman Trent Reznor and Flood. In 1992, Reznor moved to 10050 Cielo Drive in Benedict Canyon, Los Angeles, where actress Sharon Tate was murdered by members of the Manson Family, it was used as a studio called "Le Pig" for recording Broken and The Downward Spiral with collaborations from other musicians. The album was influenced by late-1970s rock music albums such as David Bowie's Low and Pink Floyd's The Wall in particular, focused on texture and space; the album spawned two singles, "March of the Pigs" and "Closer", in addition to the promotional singles "Piggy" and "Hurt".

"March of the Pigs" and "Closer" were accompanied by music videos, with the former shot twice and the latter's censored. The Downward Spiral was a commercial success, established Nine Inch Nails as a reputable force in the 1990s music scene, with its sound being imitated and Reznor receiving media attention and multiple honors, while diverging into drug abuse and depression, it has been regarded by music critics and audiences as one of the most important albums of the 1990s, was praised for its abrasive and eclectic nature and dark themes, although it was scrutinized by social conservatives for some of its lyrics. A remix album titled Further Down the Spiral was released in 1995; the Downward Spiral was conceived after the Lollapalooza festival tour as Trent Reznor thought of a "negative vibe" felt by the band when they were in a European hotel. Nine Inch Nails live performances were known for its aggressive on-stage dynamic, in which band members act angry, injure themselves, destroy instruments.

Reznor had a feud with TVT Records that resulted in him co-founding Nothing Records with his former manager John Malm, Jr. and signing with Interscope. He wanted to explore a fictional character whose life is psychologically wounded and developed a concept about the album's themes; the concept was based on Reznor's social issues at the time: he had personal conflicts with band member Richard Patrick and was known for enjoying alcohol. When developing The Downward Spiral, Reznor struggled with drug addiction and was depressed as he wrote songs related to personal issues, his friends suggested that he could take Prozac, an antidepressant, but this choice did not appeal to him. He wanted the album's sound to diverge from Broken, emphasizing mood, texture and subtlety, although he was not sure about its musical direction; the album was made with "full range" and focused on texture and space, avoiding explicit usage of guitars or synthesizers. Reznor searched for and moved to 10050 Cielo Drive in 1992 for recording Broken and The Downward Spiral, a decision made against his initial choice to record the album in New Orleans.

10050 Cielo Drive is referred to as the "Tate House" since Sharon Tate was murdered by members of the Manson Family in 1969. He called his first night in 10050 Cielo Drive "terrifying" because he knew it and read books related to the incident. Reznor chose the Tate house to calibrate his engineering skills and the band bought a large console and two Studer machines as resources, a move that he believed was cheaper than renting; the studio was used for the recording of Marilyn Manson's debut album Portrait of an American Family, which Reznor co-produced. Marilyn Manson accepted Reznor's offer of signing a contract with Nothing Records. Reznor collaborated with former Jane's Addiction and Porno for Pyros drummer Stephen Perkins, progressive rock guitarist Adrian Belew, Nine Inch Nails drummer Chris Vrenna. Belew's first visit to the studio involved playing the guitar parts in "Mr. Self-Destruct", he was told to play think on reacting to melodies, concentrate on rhythm, use noise; this approach improved Reznor's confidence in the instrument: he found it to be more expressive than the keyboard due to the interface.

Belew praised Reznor for his "command of technology," and commented that the music of Nine Inch Nails made innovations "that are in realm." Vrenna and Perkins played drum parts recorded live in the studio. Reznor took a similar approach to recording guitar parts: he would tape 20- to 25-minute-long sessions of himself playing guitars on a hard disc recorder with the Studio Vision sequencer. Most of the music was recorded into a Macintosh computer using a board and manipulated with music editor programs on the computer. Unique effects such as analyzing and inverting the frequency were applied to the tracks to create original sounds; the band would "get an arrangement together" and convert it into analog tape. Reznor sampled excerpts from guitar tracks and processed them to the point of randomness and expression. Digidesign's TurboSynth and Zoom 9030 effects unit were used extensively to process guitar tracks in conjunction with a Marshall JMP-1 preamp. Acoustic drums in various settings, as well as Roland's TR-808 and R-70 drum machines were sampled through multiple Akai S1000s and a Kurzweil K2000.

Additionally, Vrenna had compiled various movie samples on digital

Stanley Kubrick Archive

The Stanley Kubrick Archive is held by the University of the Arts London in their Archives and Special Collection Centre at the London College of Communication. The Archive opened in October 2007 and contains material collected and owned by the film director Stanley Kubrick, it was transferred from his home in 2007 through a gift by his family. It contains much of Kubrick's working material, accumulated during his lifetime; the collection spans Kubrick's career as a photographer as a film Director. His films are: Fear and Desire, Killer's Kiss, The Killing, Paths of Glory, Lolita, Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, 2001: A Space Odyssey, A Clockwork Orange, Barry Lyndon, The Shining, Full Metal Jacket and Eyes Wide Shut. Kubrick planned to make a number of other films two in particular were abandoned just before production and The Aryan Papers, he played an important role in the conception of AI: Artificial Intelligence, although it was completed after his death by Steven Spielberg.

The collection held by the University is made up of a range of material including props, research, production paperwork such as call sheets and photographs for all his films and Look, as well as material for those projects that were conceived but never visualised. By maintaining a high degree of control in the film making process, Kubrick was able to retain material generated by his pioneering techniques and production work: arguably making this collection one of the most complete examples of film making practice worldwide. Items from the archive are on loan for the touring Stanley Kubrick Exhibition. University of the Arts London Archives and Special Collections Centre Stanley Kubrick Archive on Archives Hub Stanley Kubrick archive at University of the Arts London Online exhibition of materials from the Stanley Kubrick Archive Archives Hub Feature on the Stanley Kubrick Archive

Aakhri Ghulam

Aakhri Ghulam is a 1989 Hindi-language Indian feature film directed by Shibbu Mitra, starring Mithun Chakraborty, Raj Babbar, Shreedhara, Shakti Kapoor, Moushmi Chatterjee, Anupam Kher and Anu Kapoor. "Saathiya O Saathiya" - Shabbir Kumar, Asha Bhosle "Malik Mere Hoton Pe Sab Ke" - Yesudas "Saathiya O Saathiya" - Uttara Kelkar, Sarika Kapoor "Dil Ki Kitaab Hu, Aisi Kitaab Hu Mai, Padkar Toh Dekho Jara" - Alisha Chinai "Pyar Mila To Jaana Yeh Dil Ne" - Asha Bhosle, Shabbir Kumar, Sailendra Singh Aakhri Ghulam on IMDb

Peada of Mercia

Peada, a son of Penda, was King of southern Mercia after his father's death in November 655 until his own death in the spring of the next year. In about the year 653 Peada was made king of the Middle Angles by his father. Bede, describing Peada as "an excellent youth, most worthy of the title and person of a king", wrote that he sought to marry Alchflaed of Bernicia, the daughter of King Oswiu of Northumbria. Bede says that Peada eagerly accepted conversion: When he heard the preaching of truth, the promise of the heavenly kingdom, the hope of resurrection and future immortality, he declared that he would willingly become a Christian though he should be refused the virgin. Peada was subsequently baptized by Finan of Lindisfarne, this was followed by a campaign to convert Peada's people: Accordingly he was baptized by Bishop Finan, with all his earls and soldiers, their servants, that came along with him, at a noted village belonging to the king, called At the Wall, and having received four priests, who for their erudition and good life were deemed proper to instruct and baptize his nation, he returned home with much joy.

These priests were Cedd and Adda, Betti and Diuma. Adda was brother to Utta... a renowned priest, abbot of the monastery of Gateshead. The aforesaid priests, arriving in the province with the prince, preached the word, were willingly listened to. On 15 November 655 Oswiu defeated and killed Penda at the Battle of the Winwaed, he came to exercise power in Mercia. According to Bede, Oswiu allowed Peada to rule the southern part of Mercia. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Peada helped found the monastery at Peterborough: In his time they came together, Oswy, brother of King Oswald, declared that they wished to establish a minster in praise of Christ and in honor of St Peter, and they did so, gave it the name Medeshamstede, because there is a spring there called Medeswael. And they began the foundations and built upon them, entrusted it to a monk, called Seaxwulf, he was a great friend of God, all people loved him, he was nobly born in the world and powerful. He is now much more powerful with Christ.

However, the Chronicle continues, "Peada ruled no length of time, because he was betrayed by his own queen at Eastertide". Kings of Mercia family tree Peada 1 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Mary Beal

Mary Beal was a pioneering botanist who spent most of her life in Daggett, living at the ranch of local judge Dix Van Dyke. Though an amateur botanist, she was praised by Willis Linn Jepson for her excellent botanical specimens, many of these were kept by the University and Jepson Herbaria to this day, she wrote a regular botany column for the Desert Magazine from 1939–1953. Back-issues of this publication are available online today through Desert Magazine. A trail at the Mojave National Preserve commemorates her life and contribution to Mojave Desert botany; some of her papers are held at the Mojave Desert Heritage and Cultural Association and some of her paintings of Mojave Desert flowers are held at the Mojave River Valley Museum in Barstow, California. Other papers and plant specimens are held at the archives of the University and Jepson Herbaria at the University of California, Berkeley. Video showing location of Mary Beal's grave

Sarah Woodward

Sarah Woodward is a British actress. She won the Olivier Award for best performance in a supporting role in 1998 for her role in Tom & Clem by Stephen Churchett. Directed by Richard Wilson, was nominated for a Tony Award in 2000 for her role in the Donmar Warehouse production of Tom Stoppard's The Real Thing. Opposite Jennifer Ehle and Stephen Dillane, directed by David Levaux, she is the daughter of actor Edward Woodward and his first wife, actress Venetia Barrett, the sister of actor Tim Woodward, voice artist, screenwriter Peter Woodward, actress Emily Woodward, whose mother is actress Michele Dotrice. She is married to actor Patrick Toomey, they live in London. Woodward trained as an actress at RADA, where she won the Bancroft Gold Medal, before joining the Royal Shakespeare Company, where she appeared in Shakespeare's Richard III with Antony Sher, Henry V with Kenneth Branagh, she returned to the RSC in 1993, playing Miranda in The Tempest, directed by Sam Mendes, with whom she has worked on London Assurance, with Paul Eddington.

She won the Olivier Award for best performance in a supporting role in 1998 for her role in Tom & Clem by Stephen Churchett. and was nominated for a Tony Award in 2000 for her role in the Donmar Warehouse production of Tom Stoppard's The Real Thing. Sarah Woodward on IMDb Spotlight Directory Page