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The Eye of the World

The Eye of the World is a fantasy novel by American writer Robert Jordan, the first book of The Wheel of Time series. It was published by Tor Books and released on January 15, 1990; the unabridged audiobook is read by Kate Reading. Upon first publication, The Eye of the World consisted of one prologue and 53 chapters, with an additional prologue authored upon re-release. On January 2, 2002, The Eye of the World was re-released as two separate books aimed at a young adult literature market, with larger text and a handful of illustrations; these were To the Blight. The former included an additional prologue entitled "Ravens"; the American Library Association put The Eye of the World on its 2003 list of Popular Paperbacks for Young Adults. The Eye of the World revolves around protagonists Rand al'Thor, Matrim Cauthon, Perrin Aybara, Egwene al'Vere, Nynaeve al'Meara, after their residence of "Emond's Field" is unexpectedly attacked by Trollocs and a Myrddraal intent on capturing Rand and Perrin. To save their village from further attacks, Mat and Egwene flee the village, accompanied by the Aes Sedai Moiraine Damodred, her Warder Al'Lan Mandragoran, gleeman Thom Merrilin, joined by Wisdom Nynaeve al'Meara.

Pursued by increasing numbers of Trollocs and Myrddraal, the travellers take refuge in the abandoned city of Shadar Logoth, where Mat is infected by the malevolent Mashadar. While escaping the city the travelers are separated. In Caemlyn, Rand befriends an Ogier named Loial. Trying to catch a glimpse of the captured False Dragon, Rand befriends Elayne Trakand, heir apparent to the throne of Andor, her brothers Gawyn Trakand and Galad Damodred. Rand is taken before Queen Morgase and her Aes Sedai advisor, Elaida. Egwene and Perrin are guided separately to Caemlyn by Elyas Machera, a man who can communicate telepathically with wolves and who claims that Perrin can do the same; the three run afoul of the Children of the Light, where Perrin kills two for the death of a wolf at their hands, is sentenced to death. Moiraine and Nynaeve rescue Egwene and Perrin, all are reunited with Rand and Mat. Thereafter Moiraine determines that Mat must travel to Tar Valon, the Aes Sedai's center of power, to overcome the influence of Shadar Logoth.

Loial warns Moiraine of a threat to the Eye of the World, a pool of Saidin untouched by the Dark One's influence, confirmed by vivid and disturbing dreams Mat and Perrin have had. The Eye of the World is protected by Someshta and contains one of the seven seals on the Dark One's prison, the Dragon banner of Lews Therin Telamon, the Horn of Valere. At the civilized world's border, the group enters the Blight to protect the Eye. After a pursuit they meet the Green Man and he reveals the Eye; the group is confronted by the Forsaken Aginor and Balthamel. As battle ensues and the Green Man slay each other. Soon after, Rand uses the Eye to decimate the Trolloc army and defeat Ba'alzamon; as a result, Moiraine concludes that Rand is the Dragon Reborn, but her opinion and all other details of the final battle are kept from all the male members of the group except Lan. Robert Jordan has stated that he consciously intended the early chapters of The Eye of the World to evoke the Shire of Middle-Earth in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings.

Despite their similarities, these two works differ in themes. For instance, both Jordan and Tolkien created narratives. However, The Eye of the World discussed how it can be deployed whereas The Lord of the Rings was more focused on its renunciation. Rand needed to wield his power so he could fight an emerging war with the Dark One; this theme is inimical to Frodo's quest to destroy the ring of Sauron, a source of immense power that corrupted its wearer. 1990, hardcover. Saint Martin's United States. ISBN 0-312-85009-3 1990, paperback. Tor Books, United States. ISBN 0-8125-0048-2 1990, hardcover. Little, United Kingdom. ISBN 0-356-19068-4 1990, hardcover. Orbit, United Kingdom. ISBN 1-85723-353-0 1992, paperback. Orbit, United Kingdom. ISBN 1-85723-076-0 1993, paperback. Tom Doherty Associates, United States. ISBN 0-812-51181-6 1995, audio book. Gallant / Publishing Mills, United States. ISBN 1-879371-52-9 1999, hardcover with library binding. Sagebrush, United States. ISBN 0-613-17634-0 2000, paperback. Tor Books, United States.

ISBN 0-8125-7995-X In January 2002, Starscape Books released The Eye of the World into two halves, part one being titled From the Two Rivers and part two titled To the Blight. ATOM, a British publishing house, printed these halves the following March. Detailed summaries of each chapter from http://www.encyclopaedia-wot.org

Roman Chytilek

Roman Chytilek is a Czech correspondence chess grandmaster No.1 of International Correspondence Chess Federation rating list and winner of the 16th Olympiad. Chytilek holds a Ph. D. in political science and works as an Associate Professor and a Vice-Dean of Social Studies on the Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic. His field of expertise consists of party systems, electoral systems, experimental political science and game theory. Chytilek likes competitive debates, he opposed direct election of Czech President and won a debate against upcoming Czech President Miloš Zeman who supported the bill, in December 2011. Chytilek has obtained his FIDE international master title in 2001. During his junior years, he took part in European Junior championship in Siofok, with a 5.5/11 score. Nowadays, he participates at individual tournaments, last notable performance has been 4-7th place at Leiden Open. Chytilek has been active in Czech team league, playing 1996-1997 for Tatran Havřice, in 1999-2012 for ŠK Zlín and from 2012 for TŽ Třinec.

He has won Slovak team league twice: in 2003/04 with and 2009/10 International Master since 2000, Senior International Master since 2002, Grandmaster since 2004. His best achievements include: winner of the Itzhak Veinger Invitational Tournament, 2nd in Simon Webb, František Batík and Maximo Portela Memorial Invitational Tournaments, he has won Interzonal team tournament with team Europe 1, picked up bronze with Czech Rep. in the European Team championship, behind Germany and Lithuania) and Silver in 12th Olympiad. Chytilek achieved his highest rating of 2693 in 2010 rated 2685 = 1st place on ICCF rankings, he has played 127 ICCF games since 1999, won 56, drew 67, lost 4. He participated in several computer assisted tournaments. In 2006, he was invited by Jiri Dufek to the 4th PAL/CSS Freestyle Final Tournament, held on Playchess.com. Rather their team, won the event, after finishing only 10th in the preliminary round. Chytilek himself described his analytical style as a combination of non-routine use of chess engines and regular aim at exploitation of the weaknesses of his opponents, leading to a non-trivial solutions in the critical situations - a view his fellow grandmasters at the ICCF have been sharing about him.

The Heemsoth Memorial was an invitational tournament organized by the German Correspondence chess federation, played in memory of German grandmaster Hermann Heemsoth, who died in 2006 at the age of 96. The event started on 20 January 2008 with 17 players. With an average rating of 2633, the tournament was the strongest invitational correspondence chess event of all times. Four former correspondence chess world champions- Vytas Palciauskas, Tunc Hamarat, Mikhail Umansky and Ivar Bern- took part, as well as Ron Langeveld, who has become world champion in 2012. Chytilek won the tournament on tiebreak over Langeveld and English grandmaster Richard Hall. With 10 points out of 16 games, he scored 4,5/5 against world champions. Chytilek won the special prize for the best game of the tournament for his win against Langeveld; the dramatic course of the tournament was described in the book "Fernschachdramen", written by the former CC World Champion, Fritz Baumbach and the tournament participant, German grandmaster Stephan Busemann.

In 2010, Chytilek started to play for the Czech team in the Final of the 16th Correspondence Chess Olympiad, on Board 1. The Czechs won the Gold medals convincingly, with a huge lead over France. Chytilek himself had the best result on Board 1. In the interview for the Novoborsky sachovy server in January 2015, Chytilek admitted, he has been considering to suspend, or end his correspondence career, because of the lack of proper tournaments available for the player of his class and decreasing motivation, he however declared himself always ready to play correspondence chess in charity events. Personal profile on iips.cz ICCF profile nss.cz in-depth interview FIDE profile Playchess server

Lex Gabinia de piratis persequendis

The lex Gabinia was an Ancient Roman special law granting Pompey the Great proconsular powers in any province within 50 miles of the Mediterranean Sea without holding a properly elected magistracy for the purpose of combating piracy. It included for Pompey powers to appoint a many legates and significant financial resources; the law was proposed and passed by the tribune Aulus Gabinius and it was known as lex de uno imperatore contra praedones instituendo or lex de piratis persequendis. Pompey enjoyed huge popularity amongst the plebeians of Rome on account of his previous successes against Sertorius and the allies of Gaius Marius, but the Roman Senate was wary of him and his growing power; the Senate was reluctant to give massive powers to any one man one as popular as Pompey, fearing it would allow another dictator to seize power as Sulla had done just fifteen years before. The people, were unconcerned about vague abstractions of tyranny, they were concerned about the material effects of the pirates' raids and resulting disruption of the grain supply.

In 68 BC, pirates set ablaze Rome’s port at Ostia, destroyed the consular war fleet, kidnapped two prominent senators, along with their retinue. Pompey, seeing a political opportunity, arranged for Aulus Gabinius to introduce what would become lex Gabinia; the command came with a substantial fleet and army to fight the growing problems of pirates disrupting trade in the Mediterranean Sea. Appian, in his Roman History, estimated it at 270 warships, 120,000 infantry, 4,000 cavalry. Others estimate these at 120,000 infantry and around 5,000 cavalry, he was granted 144 million sesterces, disposal of the state treasury, the authority to appoint 25 legates of praetorian rank. He was given an unprecedented term of three years to solve the problem. Pompey managed to defeat the pirates in just three months; because most Roman territory was within the 50-mile limit around the Mediterranean, the law gave Pompey, just 39, power over every province. In fact, this led to a dispute in 67 BC with the proconsul Quintus Caecilius Metellus Creticus, when the Cretans attempted to obtain better terms from Pompey than they were receiving from Metellus, charged with pacifying Crete.

The main impact of the lex Gabinia was not its direct impact on Roman trade, though this was considerable. Rather, it created a clear vision of the unity of the Republic's empire under the control of one man. While Sulla, during his dictatorship, had intended to strengthen the senate and weaken the popular assemblies, Pompey's career and preceding consulship in 70 BC showed that the Sullan constitutional reforms were not working; the senate was not empowered. The elevation of a person who, until his election to the highest office in the state was not a senator, to a military command over an immense swath of the Republic's empire, established the precedent of extreme centralisation of military authority that could become central to the constitutional arrangements of the Principate. During the Roman Empire, the law served as precedent for Augustus' receipt of greater proconsular authority over the entire empire in the constitutional settlement of 23 BC; the provision allowing Pompey to appoint various legates with propraetorian authority was a forerunner to the legati Augusti who served as the emperor's deputies in his provinces.

That it occurred during the Republic allowed Augustus room to claim that his actions were not out of line with the mos maiorum lending him credibility in claiming the restoration of the Republic and the sovereignty of the Roman people. Roman law List of Roman laws The Roman Law Library, incl. Leges