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The Hitch-Hiker

The Hitch-Hiker is a 1953 film noir directed by Ida Lupino, about two fishing buddies who pick up a mysterious hitchhiker during a trip to Mexico. Inspired by the crime spree of the psychopathic murderer Billy Cook, the screenplay was written by Robert L. Joseph and her former husband Collier Young, based on a story by blacklisted Out of the Past screenwriter Daniel Mainwaring; the Hitch-Hiker is regarded as the first American mainstream film noir directed by a woman and was selected in 1998 for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being "culturally or aesthetically significant."The film is in the public domain. Two men from El Centro, are driving toward a planned fishing trip at the Mexican town of San Felipe on the Gulf of California. Just south of Mexicali, they pick up a hitchhiker named Emmett Myers, whose stolen car has run out of gas. Myers turns out to be a psychopath who has committed multiple murders while hitch-hiking between Illinois and Southern California, has managed to slip into Mexico at Mexicali.

To evade the pursuing authorities, Myers forces the two men at gunpoint to journey deep into the heart of the Baja California Peninsula, toward the town of Santa Rosalía, where he plans to take a ferry across the Gulf of California. Meanwhile, the men try to plot their escape from the paranoid Myers, they try tactics such as leaving clues at various points on their journey. One man badly twists his ankle during an escape attempt; the sadistic Myers physically and mentally torments the men, forcing them to continue on foot and mocking their loyalty to each other by claiming that they could have escaped separately if they embraced Myers' each-man-for-himself ethos. They follow the tracking of Myers -, covered extensively on the radio - and on is purposely altered to suggest that he is still in the United States so that the two men will not be at risk. Arriving at Santa Rosalía, Myers tries to conceal his identity by forcing one of the men to wear his clothes. Myers, upon discovering that the regular ferry to Guaymas has burned down, hires a fishing boat.

However, while he is awaiting the fisherman, locals discover his status as a wanted murderer and contact authorities. Police surround the pier and, after some confusion over Myers' identity, take him into custody following a brief scuffle in which the boastful Myers is revealed to be a coward; the film ends with the weary friends agreeing to give statements to police. Edmond O'Brien as Roy Collins Frank Lovejoy as Gilbert Bowen William Talman as Emmett Myers José Torvay as Captain Alvarado Wendell Niles as Himself. Jean Del Val as Inspector General Clark Howat as Government Agent Natividad Vacío as Jose Rodney Bell as William JohnsonCollier Young, the husband of director Ida Lupino and the co-writer of the screenplay, makes an uncredited appearance in the film as a Mexican peasant; the inspiration for The Hitch-Hiker is the true-life story of Billy Cook, who in California in 1950, murdered a family of five and a traveling salesman kidnapped Deputy Sheriff Homer Waldrip from Blythe, California.

Cook ordered his captive to drive into the desert, where he tied Deputy Waldrip up with blanket strips and took his police cruiser, leaving Waldrip to die. Waldrip got loose, walked to the main road, got a ride back to Blythe. Cook took two men hostage who were on a hunting trip. Cook was tried and received the death penalty. On December 12, 1952, Cook was executed in the gas chamber at San Quentin State Prison in California; the Hitch-Hiker wrapped in late July. The director of photography was RKO Pictures regular Nicholas Musuraca. Location shooting took place in the Alabama Hills near Big Pine, California. Working titles for the film were "The Difference" and "The Persuader". Lupino was a noted actress who began directing when Elmer Clifton got sick and couldn't finish the film he was directing for Filmakers Inc. the production company founded by Lupino and her husband Collier Young to make low-budget, issue-oriented movies. Lupino went on to direct her own projects; the Hitch-Hiker was her first hard-paced, fast-moving picture after four "women's" films about social issues.

Lupino interviewed the two prospectors whom Billy Cook had held hostage, got releases from them and from Cook as well, so that she could integrate parts of Cook's life into the script. To appease the censors at the Hays Office, she reduced the number of deaths to three; the Hitch-Hiker premiered in Boston on March 20, 1953 to little fanfare and went into general release. The film was marketed with the tagline: "When was the last time you invited death into your car?" A. H. Weiler, the film critic for The New York Times, gave The Hitch-Hiker a mixed review on its initial release; the acting and use of locations were praised, but the plot was deemed to be predictable. Critic John Krewson lauded the work of Ida Lupino, wrote, As a screenwriter and director, Lupino had an eye for the emotional truth hidden within the taboo or mundane, making a series of B-styled pictures which featured sympathetic, honest portrayals of such controversial subjects as unmarried mothers and rape... in The Hitch-Hiker, arguably Lupino's best film and the only true noir directed by a woman, two utterly average middle-class American men are held at gunpoint and psychologically broken by a serial killer.

In addition to her critical but compassionate sensibility, Lupino had a great filmmaker's eye, using the starkly beautiful street scen

Teresa Gisbert Carbonell

Teresa Gisbert Carbonell de Mesa was a Bolivian architect and art historian. She specialized in the history of the Andean region. Teresa Gisbert Carbonell was born on 30 November 1926 in Bolivia, her family emigrated from Spain. She earned a bachelor's degree in arquitecture and urbanism in the Higher University of San Andrés in 1950. After finishing her studies, Teresa Gisbert travelled to Spain, along with her husband José de Mesa, whom she had married in 1950, to complete her graduate studies in art history. De Mesa and Gisbert had four children: Andrés, Isabel and Teresa Guiomar. During her staying in Spain, between 1953 and 1962,she served as a researcher at the Laboratory of Art of the University of Seville and at the Diego Velasquez Art Institute. From 1954 to 1970, she taught Bolivian culture and art history in the Faculty of Humanities at the Higher University of San Andrés and in 1972 and 1975 she taught American Art in the Faculty of Arquitecture of this same institution. Gisbert was the director of the National Art Museum in La Paz from 1970 to 1976.

She was president of the Bolivian Society for History from 1983 to 1984. She directed the Bolivian Cultural Institute from 1985 to 1989 and was president of the International Council on Monuments and Sites in Bolivia from 1986 to 1992. Gisbert has received numerous awards and scholarships for her research in art and history; these include a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1966 to conduct research on colonial art. And a visiting scholarship at Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities from 1990 to 1991 and from 1993 to 1994. With José de MesaHistoria de la pintura Cuzqueña Holguín y la pintura virreinal en Bolivia Independent worksLiteratura virreinal en Bolivia Iconografía y mitos indígenas en el arte Arte textil y mundo Andino Manual de historia de Bolivia El Paraíso de los pájaros parlantes. La imagen del otro en la cultura andina

Themed Entertainment Association

The Themed Entertainment Association is an international non-profit association that represents creators, developers and producers of themed entertainment. It is noted for its THEA Awards, which were founded in 1995 and are distributed annually in a range of themed entertainment categories; the TEA was founded in 1991 by Monty Lunde, a former special effects designer for Disney who had gone on to start the special effects company Technifex with his business partner Rock Hall. The TEA mission, as stated in its bylaws, is to facilitate dialogue and communication among its members, to stimulate knowledge and professional growth, to expand the size and awareness of the themed entertainment industry; every year since 2007, the TEA has hosted a two-day SATE, lecture-based industry conference in the spring, just before the Thea Awards. The TEA presents the annual Thea Awards to projects that exemplify the highest standards of excellence and achievement, including individuals, attractions and experiences in the themed entertainment industry.

The Thea Awards began in 1994 with a single honoree: Harrison “Buzz” Price, the first recipient of the Thea Lifetime Achievement Award. That award is now called the Buzz Price Thea Award for a Lifetime of Outstanding Achievements in his honor; the second recipient was Marty Sklar in 1995. Bob Gurr was the recipient in 1999. In 1996, the Awards for Outstanding Achievement were introduced, ten were distributed. In the years since, additional special categories of AOA have been created, ensuring a multi-award event. Anyone can nominate a project, but judging is conducted by a committee that includes all past lifetime achievement honorees, one board liaison, nine members-at-large appointed to three-year terms. Award recipients are announced in November and formally presented the following spring. In 2019, Theas were awarded to the following: The Buzz Price Thea Award: Mark Woodbury, Vice Chairman of Universal Parks & Resorts.

Arvid Hanssen

Arvid Hanssen was a Norwegian journalist, newspaper editor, poet and children's writer. Hanssen was born in Vika at Indre Senja in Troms, he completed Finnsnes High School in 1948. He graduated from Moldenæs University College in Tromsø in 1951. Hanssen became as a journalist in 1957, he became the editor of the newspaper Senjens Blad from 1957 to 1962. From 1963 he was editor of the magazine Midnattsol. In 1972, Hanssen became a full-time song writer, his songs reached a wide audience through Tove Karoline Knutsen's 1980 album Blå kveill, based on Hanssen's lyrics. He received a number of prizes, including the Prøysen Prize in 1982, The Fritt Ord Honorary Award in 1984, the Cappelen Prize in 1985, he was married in 1958 with Ingebjørg Langhaug. He was the father of author Sigrid Merethe Hanssen, he died at Dyrøy in Troms. Lenvik municipality named. A bust of the writer is located outside the cultural centre in Finnsnes

Sgùrr a' Mhàim

Sgùrr a' Mhàim is a Scottish mountain situated 5.5 kilometres north north-west of Kinlochleven in the Lochaber region of the Highland area. With a height of 1099 metres Sgùrr a' Mhàim is the second highest peak in the Mamores, it can be seen up Glen Nevis from Fort William with its capping of quartzite stones giving it a light grey appearance which can be mistaken for a covering of snow. Its Gaelic name means "Peak of the large rounded hill". Sgùrr a' Mhàim is the first or last peak of the “Ring of Steall”, a ridge walk taking in the other Munros of An Gearanach, Stob Coire a' Chàirn and Am Bodach, it is linked to the main spine of the Mamore group on its southern side by a feature called The Devil’s Ridge, a one kilometre undulating ridge with a few exposed sections which require care. The most difficult part is a rock gap known as "The Bad Step" with Scottish hill walker Hamish Brown commenting, The Devil's Ridge has its own peak at the midpoint called Stob Choire a' Mhàil and carries on to link to Sgor an Iubhair, a 1001 m peak that gained Munro status in 1981 only to lose it again in 1997.

When viewed from the ridge, Sgor an Iubhair appears to be a separate mountain, but both the above peaks are listed as "tops" of Sgùrr a' Mhàim in the Munro Tables. Sgùrr a' Mhàim's northern side contrasts to its southern flank; the northern slopes drop steeply to Glen Nevis, there are two corries which end abruptly in cliffs which fall steeply into the Nevis gorge. From the northern flank, the mountain can be ascended directly using one of the three ridges that descend to the glen; the most popular of these is up the north west ridge from Achriabhach where there is a carpark but it is possible to ascend from upper Glen Nevis via the north east or east ridges which spring from the Allt Coire a’ Mhàil above the An Steall Ban waterfall. Both these routes require some scrambling. A more circuitous ascent goes up to the head of Coire a' Mhusgain from Achriabhach to cross the ridge to the summit; the summit cairn is substantial being made up of light coloured quartzite stones and gives a view of the southern side of Ben Nevis, an aerial view down into Glen Nevis.

The Munros, Donald Bennett et al. ISBN 978-0-907521-13-6 100 Best Routes on Scottish Mountains, Ralph Storer, ISBN 978-0-7515-0300-5 The High Mountains of Britain and Ireland, Irvine Butterfield, ISBN 978-0-906371-30-5 Hamish’s Mountain Walk, Hamish Brown, ISBN 978-1-898573-08-1 The Munros, Scotland's Highest Mountains, Cameron McNeish, ISBN 978-1-84204-082-9 The Magic Of The Munros, Irvine Butterfield, ISBN 978-0-7153-2168-3Footnotes

Luis Robles

Luis Robles is an American soccer player who plays as a goalkeeper for Inter Miami in Major League Soccer. Robles holds the MLS record for most consecutive regular-season starts with 183, spanning September 2012 to May 2018. Born in Fort Huachuca, Arizona to a Puerto Rican father and a Korean mother, Robles got his start at the prestigious Tucson Soccer Academy, training under the guidance of coach Wolfgang Weber. From 2003–06, Robles played for the University of Portland Pilots, making a school-record 346 saves during his college career, he played two seasons for the Boulder Rapids Reserve in the USL Premier Development League. Robles was drafted by Major League Soccer club D. C. United with the 50th overall selection in the 2007 MLS SuperDraft. However, he decided to pass up MLS and signed instead with German side Kaiserslautern in January 2007. Robles made his league debut on October 2008 against Rot Weiss Ahlen, he was thrust into the starting role due to an injury to incumbent starter Tobias Sippel and outperformed fellow backup and German youth international Kevin Trapp.

In his first season of German football he finished the season with sixteen games played and conceded seventeen goals. Robles missed much of the summer training with Kaiserslautern – which had hired a new manager, Marco Kurz – because of his inclusion in the United States squad at the 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup; as a result, he entered the 2009–10 season as the backup once again. After making few appearances in 2009–10, which saw Kaiserslautern promoted for the 2010–11 Fußball-Bundesliga season, Robles chose to sign a two-year deal with 2. Fußball-Bundesliga club Karlsruher SC. In his first year with Karlsruhe he appeared in twenty-three games as the club's starting goalkeeper. In 2011–12, he appeared in five league matches and was released by the club at the end of the season. On August 8, 2012, Robles was acquired by the New York Red Bulls through Major League Soccer's Allocation Process. Before signing with the club, Robles contemplated retiring from soccer after his offer with the Vancouver Whitecaps fell through.

Once he heard that the offer failed, he took a job with a realtor in order to receive healthcare for his pregnant wife. A few weeks Robles made contact with the league office and Ali Curtis who entered him in the Allocation draft, where he signed with the Red Bulls. Robles made his debut for New York, starting against Toronto FC on September 29, 2012 a game in which the Red Bulls won 4–1. After first choice goalkeeper Ryan Meara suffered a hip injury, Robles was named the starter for the final four matches as well as the 2012 MLS Cup Playoffs. Robles cemented his position as the club's starting goalkeeper during the 2013 season as he started all 34 league matches and received praises from star midfielder, Tim Cahill about his fearlessness and desire to succeed, his strong performances in goal throughout the season led New York to the MLS Supporters' Shield - their first trophy. For the second year in a row, Robles started all 34 league matches, led his team to the 2014 Eastern Conference Finals where they fell to the New England Revolution 4–3 on aggregate.

Robles' was awarded with the MLS Save of the Year for his double save against the Seattle Sounders on September 20. After the controversial firing of head coach Mike Petke in January 2015, Robles attended a town hall meeting for season ticket holders with newly appointed Sporting Director, Ali Curtis and head coach, Jesse Marsch. Robles volunteered to attend the meeting to be a voice for the players and to calm the nerves of the supporters. On September 20, 2015 Robles helped New York to a 2–0 victory over Portland Timbers, earning his ninth shutout of the season, 28th of his MLS career, adding to the club record he set earlier in the season. In this match Robles became the only player in league history to make 100 consecutive starts for the same club. In a 1–0 playoff victory against D. C. United, Robles became the club's all-time leader for career shutouts with 31. Robles was awarded the 2015 MLS Goalkeeper of the Year Award on November 19, 2015. During the 2016 pre-season, it was announced that Robles had signed a multi-year contract extension with the club.

As per MLS regulations the details of the contract were not disclosed. At the conclusion of the Red Bulls 2–1 loss to the Colorado Rapids on April 16, 2016, Robles became the MLS' new Ironman, by setting a new record of playing 90 minutes in 113 consecutive matches. During the Red Bulls next home match on April 25, previous record holder Kevin Hartman awarded Robles with the Ironman trophy. On April 29, 2016, Robles helped New York to a 4–0 victory against FC Dallas recording his first shutout of the season. During a 6-game span in from May 13 to June 22, Robles helped the Red Bulls shut out opponents for 472 consecutive minutes. In June 2016, Robles received an ESPY nomination for MLS Player of the Year. On June 25, Robles made his 140th appearance with the club, tying him with Tony Meola and Roy Miller for tenth all-time in club history. On August 16, Robles made his CONCACAF Champions League debut in a 1–1 draw against Alianza F. C. in El Salvador. On March 11, 2017, Robles set an MLS record for consecutive league starts with 142.

Robles has started every league game with the club since his first appearance on September 29, 2012. Robles became the first player in club history to record 50 clean sheets on April 15, 2017 after a 2–0 victory against rivals D. C. United. On October 25, Robles became the club's all-time appearance leader with 199, surpassing former captain, Dax McCarty; the following weekend on October 30, he became the first player in team history to make 200 appearances for the club across all competitions. Before the start of