The Holocaust known as the Shoah, was the World War II genocide of the European Jews. Between 1941 and 1945, across German-occupied Europe, Nazi Germany and its collaborators systematically murdered some six million Jews, around two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population; the murders were carried out in pogroms and mass shootings. Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Adolf Hitler's appointment as Chancellor on 30 January 1933, the regime built a network of concentration camps in Germany for political opponents and those deemed "undesirable", starting with Dachau on 22 March 1933. After the passing of the Enabling Act on 24 March, which gave Hitler plenary powers, the government began isolating Jews from civil society. On 9–10 November 1938, eight months after Germany annexed Austria, Jewish businesses and other buildings were ransacked, smashed or set on fire throughout Germany and Austria during what became known as Kristallnacht. After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, triggering World War II, the regime set up ghettos to segregate Jews from the rest of the population.
Thousands of camps and other detention sites were established across German-occupied Europe. The segregation of Jews in ghettos culminated in the policy of extermination the Nazis called the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question", discussed by senior Nazi officials at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin in January 1942; as German forces captured territories in the East, all anti-Jewish measures were radicalized. Under the coordination of the SS, with directions from the highest leadership of the Nazi Party, killings were committed within Germany itself, throughout occupied Europe, within territories controlled by Germany's allies. Paramilitary death squads called Einsatzgruppen, in cooperation with the German Army and local collaborators, murdered around 1.3 million Jews in mass shootings and pogroms between 1941 and 1945. By mid-1942, victims were being deported from ghettos across Europe in sealed freight trains to extermination camps where, if they survived the journey, they were worked to death or gassed.
The killing continued until the end of World War II in Europe in May 1945. The European Jews were targeted for extermination as part of a larger event during the Holocaust era defined as beginning in January 1933, in which Germany and its collaborators persecuted and murdered other groups, including Slavs, the Roma, the "incurably sick", political and religious dissidents, gay men; the death toll of these groups is thought to rise to 11 million. The term holocaust used in 1895 to describe the massacre of Armenian Christians by Ottoman Muslims, comes from the Greek: ὁλόκαυστος, romanized: holókaustos; the biblical term shoah, meaning "destruction", became the standard Hebrew term for the murder of the European Jews. According to Haaretz, the writer Yehuda Erez may have been the first to describe events in Germany as the shoah. Davar and Haaretz both used the term in September 1939. On 3 October 1941 the American Hebrew used the phrase "before the Holocaust" to refer to the situation in France, in May 1943 The New York Times, discussing the Bermuda Conference, referred to the "hundreds of thousands of European Jews still surviving the Nazi Holocaust".
In 1968 the Library of Congress created a new category, "Holocaust, Jewish". The term was popularized in the United States by the NBC mini-series Holocaust, about a fictional family of German Jews, in November that year the President's Commission on the Holocaust was established; as non-Jewish groups began to include themselves as Holocaust victims, many Jews chose to use the term Shoah or the Yiddish term Churban. The Nazis used the phrase "Final Solution to the Jewish Question". Most Holocaust historians define the Holocaust as the genocide of the European Jews by Nazi Germany and its collaborators between 1941 and 1945. In Teaching the Holocaust, Michael Gray, a specialist in Holocaust education, offers three definitions: "the persecution and murder of Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators between 1933 and 1945", which views Kristallnacht in 1938 as an early phase of the Holocaust; the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum distinguishes between the Holocaust and "the era of the Holocaust", which began when Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933.
The Fantasy Stakes is an American Thoroughbred horse race run annually in April at Oaklawn Park in Hot Springs, Arkansas. The Fantasy is open to three-year-old fillies competing at a distance of one and one-sixteenth miles on the dirt; the race is a Grade II event with a current purse of $400,000 and has been a prep race to the Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing, including the Kentucky Oaks, Black-Eyed Susan Stakes and Mother Goose Stakes. Speed record: 1:41.20 - My Darling One Most wins by a jockey: 4 - Chris McCarron Most wins by a trainer: 3 - Charles Whittingham 3 - J. Larry Jones Most wins by an owner: 3 - Fox Hill Farms Road to the Kentucky Oaks The 2008 Fantasy Stakes at the NTRA
Louisiana's 7th State Senate district is one of 39 districts in the Louisiana State Senate. It has been represented by Democratic Senator Troy Carter since 2016, succeeding retiring fellow Democrat David Heitmeier. Carter is the Senate Minority Leader. District 7 covers much of southern New Orleans and parts of Jefferson and Plaquemines Parishes, including all of Algiers and parts of Gretna and Belle Chasse; the district overlaps with U. S. congressional districts 1 and 2, with Louisiana House of Representatives districts 85, 87, 102, 105. Louisiana uses a jungle primary system. If no candidate receives 50% in the first round of voting, when all candidates appear on the same ballot regardless of party, the top-two finishers advance to a runoff election