click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is a gothic story by American author Washington Irving, contained in his collection of 34 essays and short stories entitled The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. Written while Irving was living abroad in Birmingham, England, "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" was first published in 1820. Along with Irving's companion piece "Rip Van Winkle", "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is among the earliest examples of American fiction with enduring popularity during Halloween because of a character known as the Headless Horseman believed to be a Hessian soldier, decapitated by a cannonball in battle. From the listless repose of the place, the peculiar character of its inhabitants, who are descendants from the original Dutch settlers, this sequestered glen has long been known by name of Sleepy Hollow... A drowsy, dreamy influence seems to hang over the land, to pervade the atmosphere; the story is set in 1790 in the countryside around the Dutch settlement of Tarry Town, in a secluded glen known as Sleepy Hollow.

Sleepy Hollow is renowned for its ghosts and the haunting atmosphere that pervades the imaginations of its inhabitants and visitors. Some residents say this town was bewitched during the early days of the Dutch settlement, while others claim that the mysterious atmosphere was caused by an old Native American chief, the "wizard of his tribe... before the country was discovered by Master Hendrik Hudson." The most infamous spectre in the Hollow is the Headless Horseman the ghost of a Hessian trooper whose head had been shot off by a stray cannonball during "some nameless battle" of the Revolution, who "rides forth to the scene of battle in nightly quest of his head". The "Legend" relates the tale of Ichabod Crane, a lean and superstitious schoolmaster from Connecticut, who competes with Abraham "Brom Bones" Van Brunt, the town rowdy, for the hand of 18-year-old Katrina Van Tassel, the daughter and sole child of wealthy farmer Baltus Van Tassel. Ichabod Crane, a Yankee and an outsider, sees marriage to Katrina as a means of procuring Van Tassel's extravagant wealth.

Bones, the local hero, unable to force Ichabod into a physical showdown to settle things, plays a series of pranks on the superstitious schoolmaster. The tension among the three continues for some time, is soon brought to a head. On a placid autumn night, the ambitious Crane attends a harvest party at the Van Tassels' homestead, he dances, partakes in the feast, listens to ghostly legends told by Brom and the locals, but his true aim is to propose to Katrina after the guests leave. His intentions, are ill-fated. After having failed to secure Katrina's hand, Ichabod rides home on his temperamental horse "heavy-hearted and crestfallen" through the woods between Van Tassel's farmstead and the farmhouse in Sleepy Hollow where he is quartered at the time; as he passes several purportedly haunted spots, his active imagination is engorged by the ghost stories told at Baltus' harvest party. After nervously passing a lightning-stricken tulip tree purportedly haunted by the ghost of British spy Major André, Ichabod encounters a cloaked rider at an intersection in a menacing swamp.

Unsettled by his fellow traveler's eerie size and silence, the teacher is horrified to discover that his companion's head - in the form of a Jack-o'-Lantern - is not on his shoulders, but on his saddle. In a frenzied race to the bridge adjacent to the Old Dutch Burying Ground, where the Hessian is said to "vanish, according to rule, in a flash of fire and brimstone" before crossing it, Ichabod rides for his life goading Gunpowder down the Hollow. However, while Crane and Gunpowder are able to cross the bridge ahead of the ghoul, to Crane's horror it rears its horse and hurls its severed pumpkin head directly at Ichabod; the schoolmaster is too late. The next morning, Ichabod has mysteriously disappeared from the area, leaving Katrina to marry Brom Bones, said "to look exceedingly knowing whenever the story of Ichabod was related". Indeed, the only relics of the schoolmaster's flight are his discarded hat, Gunpowder's trampled saddle, a mysterious shattered pumpkin. Although the true nature of both the Headless Horseman and Ichabod's disappearance that night are left open to interpretation, the story implies that the Horseman was Brom in disguise, suggests that Crane survived the fall from Gunpowder and fled Sleepy Hollow in horror, never to return but to prosper elsewhere, or was killed by Brom himself.

Irving's narrator concludes the story, however, by stating that the old Dutch wives continue to promote the belief that Ichabod was "spirited away by supernatural means", a legend develops around his disappearance and sightings of his melancholy spirit. In a Postscript, the narrator states the circumstances in which he heard the story from an old gentleman "at a Corporation meeting at the ancient city of Manhattoes", who didn't "believe one-half of it." Irving wrote The Sketch Book during a tour of Europe, parts of the tale may be traced to European origins. Headless horsemen were staples of Northern European storytelling, featuring in German, Irish and English legends, were included in Robert Burns's poem "Tam o' Shanter" and Bürger's Der wilde Jäger, translated as The Wild Huntsman. Viewed as omens of ill-fortune for those who chose to disregard their apparitions, these specters found their victims in proud, scheming persons and characters with hubris and arrogance. One

Nicolas Biever

Nicolas "Nic" Biever was a Luxembourgian politician. Nic Biever worked in ARBED's factory in Dudelange. In February 1919, he became secretary of the Dudelange section of the trade union Luxemburger Berg- und Metallindustriearbeiter-Verband, in February 1920 became one of two secretaries of the LBMV. From 1938 onwards he was the president of the union, he was elected a member of the Dudelange city council on 14 October 1924, an LSAP member of the Chamber of Deputies on 1 March 1925. Apart from the war years of 1940-1944, his tenure as a minister, he would continue to hold these offices. On 12 March 1945 he was appointed a member of the Consultative Assembly, as a former Deputy. From 3 July 1951 to 1 February 1959 he was Minister for Labour in the governments of Dupong-Bodson and Bech-Bodson, again from 15 July 1964 until his death on 15 July 1965, in the Werner-Cravatte government; the following are named after him: Rue Nicolas Biever in Rodange Rue Nicolas Biever in Esch Rue Nic. Biever in Dudelange Lycée Nic-Biever in Dudelange Grand Officer of the Order of the Oak Crown Durlet, Jos. Nic.

Biever. Sein Leben - von der Wiege bis zur Bahre. Esch-sur-Alzette: Éditpress, 1990. ISBN 2-87964-008-3 Haag, Emile, 2011. "De Nic Biever à Joseph Daleiden: l'évolution du syndicalisme." In: Une réussite originale - Le Luxembourg au fil des siècles. 576 pages.

Drakensang Online

Drakensang Online is a freemium online role-playing video game developed and published by Bigpoint. The title was in an open beta phase from August 2011 to July 2012. A retail version was released in November 2011. Drakensang Online is similar to the Diablo game franchise and to other comparable titles in the way, played from an isometric perspective. At the beginning of the game, the player creates a character by choosing to play as one of the four different character classes each of which has a different set of attributes, it is possible to create a maximum of up to four characters per server. The player can play together with other players. There is a guild system where players can organize themselves into alliances. Communication takes place via an internal chat system; the Drakensang world known as Duria is a explorable open worldsimilar to medieval Europe. Duria has eleven regions with multiple cities and wilderness areas. For faster progression, a player can use the in game virtual currency called Andermant to purchase weapons, upgrade items, teleport to other locations and more.

There are a few ways to get Andermant. You can find it in the game by completing slaying monsters or opening chests, it can be bought with real money, similar to other free online and browser games, in an item shop by clicking on the in game Purchase button. And it can be earned by participating in surveys or deals offered by the game's sponsors; the roots of the project sprouted in 2008 when German developer studio Radon Labs released the title Drakensang: The Dark Eye and in 2010, its successor Drakensang: The River of Time. They were classical single player role-playing games that both took place in the virtual game world of The Dark Eye. In May 2010, Radon Labs filed for bankruptcy, it was acquired by Bigpoint Games and was integrated in the existing studio of Bigpoint Berlin. In September 2010, the development of Drakensang Online was announced; because Bigpoint did not acquire a DSA license and only had ownership of the name rights for "Drakensang", they developed a new game world with an independent rule system which had no relationship to any of its predecessors.

Like all other Radon Labs titles, the game is based on the custom Nebula Engine, meant for use in a browser. The game runs within a Java applet in the browser. Since Java is no longer supported by some browsers, a downloadable client was made available in April 2015. In August 2011, Drakensang Online released an open beta version for testing which included the item shop for purchasing Andermant. With the inclusion of the virtual currency, the game was able to start its business operations. Although it is a browser-based game, two retail versions were released which included some items, that were otherwise available in the in-game store; the less expensive version included stronger armor as well as more combat power of the character and 10,000 Andermant, with which the player could use to buy other items via the in-game shop. The more expensive version included all the content of the other version plus a dragon that could be used as a pet, increased armor and combat power. According to the developer, the dragon gave the player a +20% bonus of experience points.

The contingent of included Andermant got increased from 10,000 to 12,000 Andermant. It received a positive reception by the German magazine GameStar for its high-quality graphics in comparison with other browser-based games. Overall, Drakensang Online was described as a "frame of action role-playing game". A month after its release, more than 850,000 accounts were created, it has been cited as one of the best new browser MMOs upon release. In 2011, Drakensang Online was awarded the German Developer Prize as best German role-playing game. In 2012, it won the "best browser game" award at the German Video Game Awards and was described as an "outstanding German game production". Official website

Broken Head, New South Wales

Broken Head is a coastal feature and suburb located in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia 9 km south of Cape Byron, the easternmost point of Australia, the closest town being Byron Bay. Adjacent is the 98-hectare Broken Head Nature Reserve which contains an intact segment of littoral rainforest; the suburb of Broken Head contained a population of 225 at the 2011 national census, in addition supports some tourist accommodation and a campsite. The area is noted for its Aboriginal culture, rainforest walks, whale watching and fishing from pristine beaches, it is highly regarded as a surfing locality; the Broken Head Holiday Park is administered by the indigenous Arakwal people, having been passed to their control by the New South Wales Crown Lands Department in 2009

Crazy Taxi: Fare Wars

Crazy Taxi: Fare Wars, is a PSP game, a port of both Crazy Taxi and Crazy Taxi 2. There is a multiplayer aspect, not available in the games' predecessors, where players compete against one another for customers and fare money; the game was developed by newly created Sniper Studios. Crazy Taxi: Fare Wars combines both Crazy Taxi and Crazy Taxi 2 with new features that allow players to interact with their opponents in brand new ways unseen on other systems. Giving players the ability to play wirelessly with other PSP systems nearby through Ad Hoc or game sharing. Players can ram their opponent's cab to steal their fare or use the new interference feature to make them crash or slow down their fare delivery time. Crazy Taxi: Fare Wars gives users the ability to record about 80 seconds of gameplay footage and transfer it to a computer for media uses. Another feature unseen in previous Crazy Taxi games is the ability to play any MP3 files stored on a memory stick in-game. All of the sound effects have been re-recorded and are different from older versions of Crazy Taxi.

The original game's soundtracks, containing songs by the bands Bad Religion, Methods of Mayhem and The Offspring, have been removed, as well as many of the real-world stores in-game due to licensing issues, though many retain the iconic designs of copyrighted stores. However, the game allows custom soundtracks; these changes were retained for the Xbox Live Arcade re-release of Crazy Taxi. Other differences include the aforementioned multiplayer via Ad Hoc wireless, game sharing, using only one copy of the game, the ability to record your game footage; the game received "mixed" reviews according to video game review aggregator Metacritic. Official website Crazy Taxi: Fare Wars at MobyGames

Avenida Córdoba

Córdoba Avenue is one of the principal thoroughfares in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Mayor Torcuato de Alvear, inspired by the urban redevelopment works in Paris at the hand of Baron Haussmann, drew up master plans for major boulevards, running east to west, every six blocks. During the 1880s, Córdoba Avenue widened; the Buenos Aires Metro authority at the time, operated by the Spanish-Argentine concern CHADOPyF, built Line under Córdoba Avenue during the 1930s. Following the popularization of the automobile in Argentina during the 1960s, a 1967 ordinance made the avenue a one-way thoroughfare, east to west; the avenue's outset at Eduardo Madero Avenue is the continuation of Cecilia Grierson Street in Puerto Madero. Past this point, Córdoba Av. enters downtown Buenos Aires and passes along the northern end of the financial district. Microsoft's Latin American headquarters, opened in 2000, the 42-story Alas building are located on this corner. Past Leandro Alem Avenue, the avenue climbs around 15 m in a block-long segment known as "el bajo" - an incline where the riverfront once was.

The Lancaster Hotel, located at the top of the incline, is where writer Graham Greene stayed in Buenos Aires while writing his celebrated mystery, The Honorary Consul. The avenue crosses pedestrianized Florida Street a few blocks on; the southeast corner of this intersection is known for the Galerías Pacífico shopping arcade, housed in ornate structure occupying a city block and built in 1889 as the Buenos Aires affiliate of Paris' renowned Bon Marché. The eclectic Beaux-Arts structure is complemented by the Naval Officers' Association building, on the intersection's northeast corner. Writer Jorge Luis Borges frequented the Café St. James nearby, where he held his lectures on English literature during the 1950s and 1960s. One block west is the eclecticist Bencich Building, known for its tapered red cupola. Buenos Aires' Nueve de Julio Avenue was extended northwards past Córdoba Avenue in the 1950s, the intersection of the two avenues was graced by the placement of two fountains located at the Plaza de Mayo.

Italian automaker FIAT opened the Mirafiori Tower, its Argentine headquarters, at this intersection in 1964. Its intersection with Libertad Street is distinguished by Plaza Lavalle, the Cervantes Theatre and the Libertad Street Temple, the most important synagogue in Buenos Aires. Further west, the avenue passes by the Water Company Palace, an ornate water pumping station completed in 1894; the Neo-classical Sáenz Peña Teachers' School is across the avenue. Córdoba Avenue is home to a concentration of University of Buenos Aires schools, as well; the School of Medicine and its Clinical Hospital are across the avenue from the School of Economics, all are a block east of the Neo-gothic National Music Conservatory. Entering the historic Jewish district of Buenos Aires, the avenue's intersection with Pasteur Street lies one block north of the Jewish Argentine Mutual Association, whose original building was destroyed in an as-yet-unsolved 1994 terrorist attack; the 8 km avenue demarcates a number of Buenos Aires' boroughs.

At its outset, it separates Retiro to the north from San Nicolás and, further west, from Balvanera. It separates Balvanera from Recoleta, to the north and, further west, Palermo from Almagro and Villa Crespo. Entering Villa Crespo, the avenue passes under Reconquista Bridge, an overpass opened in 1969 to facilitate traffic along Juan B. Justo Avenue. Córdoba Avenue's Villa Crespo section is known for its many footwear stores; the avenue ends as such at Federico Lacroze Avenue, though geographically it continues as Giribone Street for another eight blocks, extending well into the Chacarita borough. Avenida Córdoba